Manages application of security headers with many safe defaults
Latest commit 9965178 Jul 28, 2018

README.md

Secure Headers Build Status Code Climate Coverage Status

master represents 6.x line. See the upgrading to 4.x doc, upgrading to 5.x doc, or upgrading to 6.x doc for instructions on how to upgrade. Bug fixes should go in the 5.x branch for now.

The gem will automatically apply several headers that are related to security. This includes:

It can also mark all http cookies with the Secure, HttpOnly and SameSite attributes. This is on default but can be turned off by using config.cookies = SecureHeaders::OPT_OUT.

secure_headers is a library with a global config, per request overrides, and rack middleware that enables you customize your application settings.

Documentation

Configuration

If you do not supply a default configuration, exceptions will be raised. If you would like to use a default configuration (which is fairly locked down), just call SecureHeaders::Configuration.default without any arguments or block.

All nil values will fallback to their default values. SecureHeaders::OPT_OUT will disable the header entirely.

Word of caution: The following is not a default configuration per se. It serves as a sample implementation of the configuration. You should read more about these headers and determine what is appropriate for your requirements.

SecureHeaders::Configuration.default do |config|
  config.cookies = {
    secure: true, # mark all cookies as "Secure"
    httponly: true, # mark all cookies as "HttpOnly"
    samesite: {
      lax: true # mark all cookies as SameSite=lax
    }
  }
  # Add "; preload" and submit the site to hstspreload.org for best protection.
  config.hsts = "max-age=#{1.week.to_i}"
  config.x_frame_options = "DENY"
  config.x_content_type_options = "nosniff"
  config.x_xss_protection = "1; mode=block"
  config.x_download_options = "noopen"
  config.x_permitted_cross_domain_policies = "none"
  config.referrer_policy = %w(origin-when-cross-origin strict-origin-when-cross-origin)
  config.csp = {
    # "meta" values. these will shape the header, but the values are not included in the header.
    preserve_schemes: true, # default: false. Schemes are removed from host sources to save bytes and discourage mixed content.

    # directive values: these values will directly translate into source directives
    default_src: %w('none'),
    base_uri: %w('self'),
    block_all_mixed_content: true, # see http://www.w3.org/TR/mixed-content/
    child_src: %w('self'), # if child-src isn't supported, the value for frame-src will be set.
    connect_src: %w(wss:),
    font_src: %w('self' data:),
    form_action: %w('self' github.com),
    frame_ancestors: %w('none'),
    img_src: %w(mycdn.com data:),
    manifest_src: %w('self'),
    media_src: %w(utoob.com),
    object_src: %w('self'),
    sandbox: true, # true and [] will set a maximally restrictive setting
    plugin_types: %w(application/x-shockwave-flash),
    script_src: %w('self'),
    style_src: %w('unsafe-inline'),
    worker_src: %w('self'),
    upgrade_insecure_requests: true, # see https://www.w3.org/TR/upgrade-insecure-requests/
    report_uri: %w(https://report-uri.io/example-csp)
  }
  # This is available only from 3.5.0; use the `report_only: true` setting for 3.4.1 and below.
  config.csp_report_only = config.csp.merge({
    img_src: %w(somewhereelse.com),
    report_uri: %w(https://report-uri.io/example-csp-report-only)
  })
end

Default values

All headers except for PublicKeyPins and ClearSiteData have a default value. The default set of headers is:

Content-Security-Policy: default-src 'self' https:; font-src 'self' https: data:; img-src 'self' https: data:; object-src 'none'; script-src https:; style-src 'self' https: 'unsafe-inline'
Strict-Transport-Security: max-age=631138519
X-Content-Type-Options: nosniff
X-Download-Options: noopen
X-Frame-Options: sameorigin
X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies: none
X-Xss-Protection: 1; mode=block

API configurations

Which headers you decide to use for API responses is entirely a personal choice. Things like X-Frame-Options seem to have no place in an API response and would be wasting bytes. While this is true, browsers can do funky things with non-html responses. At the minimum, we suggest CSP:

SecureHeaders::Configuration.override(:api) do |config|
  config.csp = { default_src: 'none' }
  config.hsts = SecureHeaders::OPT_OUT
  config.x_frame_options = SecureHeaders::OPT_OUT
  config.x_content_type_options = SecureHeaders::OPT_OUT
  config.x_xss_protection = SecureHeaders::OPT_OUT
  config.x_permitted_cross_domain_policies = SecureHeaders::OPT_OUT
end

However, I would consider these headers anyways depending on your load and bandwidth requirements.

Similar libraries

License

Copyright 2013-2014 Twitter, Inc and other contributors.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0: http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0