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| Twurl |
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Twurl is like curl, but tailored specifically for the Twitter API.
It knows how to grant an access token to a client application for
a specified user and then sign all requests with that access token.
It also provides other development and debugging conveniences such
as defining aliases for common requests, as well as support for
multiple access tokens to easily switch between different client
applications and Twitter accounts.
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| Installing Twurl |
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Twurl can be installed using ruby gems:
% gem install twurl
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| Getting Started |
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The first thing you have to do is register an OAuth application
to get a consumer key and secret.
https://apps.twitter.com/app/new
When you have your consumer key and its secret you authorize
your Twitter account to make API requests with your consumer key
and secret.
% twurl authorize --consumer-key key \
--consumer-secret secret
This will return an URL that you should open up in your browser.
Authenticate to Twitter, and then enter the returned PIN back into
the terminal. Assuming all that works well, you will be authorized
to make requests with the API. Twurl will tell you as much.
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| Making Requests |
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The simplest request just requires that you specify the path you
want to request.
% twurl /1.1/statuses/home_timeline.json
Similar to curl, a GET request is performed by default.
You can implicitly perform a POST request by passing the -d option,
which specifies POST parameters.
% twurl -d 'status=Testing twurl' /1.1/statuses/update.json
You can explicitly specify what request method to perform with
the -X (or --request-method) option.
% twurl -X POST /1.1/statuses/destroy/1234567890.json
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| Creating aliases |
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% twurl alias h /1.1/statuses/home_timeline.json
You can then use "h" in place of the full path.
% twurl h
Paths that require additional options such as request parameters for example can
be used with aliases the same as with full explicit paths, just as you might
expect.
% twurl alias tweet /1.1/statuses/update.json
% twurl tweet -d "status=Aliases in twurl are convenient"
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| Changing your default profile |
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The first time you authorize a client application to make requests on behalf of your account, twurl stores your access token information in its .twurlrc file. Subsequent requests will use this profile as the default profile. You can use the 'accounts' subcommand to see what client applications have been authorized for what user names:
% twurl accounts
noradio
HQsAGcBm5MQT4n6j7qVJw
hhC7Koy2zRsTZvQh1hVlSA (default)
testiverse
guT9RsJbNQgVe6AwoY9BA
Notice that one of those consumer keys is marked as the default. To change the default use the 'set' subcommand, passing then either just the username, if it's unambiguous, or the username and consumer key pair if it isn't unambiguous:
% twurl set default testiverse
% twurl accounts
noradio
HQsAGcBm5MQT4n6j7qVJw
hhC7Koy2zRsTZvQh1hVlSA
testiverse
guT9RsJbNQgVe6AwoY9BA (default)
% twurl set default noradio HQsAGcBm5MQT4n6j7qVJw
% twurl accounts
noradio
HQsAGcBm5MQT4n6j7qVJw (default)
hhC7Koy2zRsTZvQh1hVlSA
testiverse
guT9RsJbNQgVe6AwoY9BA
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| Contributors |
+--------------+
Marcel Molina <marcel@twitter.com> / @noradio
Erik Michaels-Ober / @sferik