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LedSensor - Library for using an LED as a light sensor. --- Copyright --- Copyright 2012 Tyler Crumpton. This library is licensed under a GPLv3 License (see COPYING). Source at: https://github.com/tac0010/LED-Sensor-Library (Based on http://arduino.cc/playground/Learning/LEDSensor) --- Release Information --- April 14, 2012 - v0.3: Added selectable timing range. March 25, 2012 - v0.2: Using actual timing instead of for-loop. March 19, 2012 - v0.1: Initial release. --- Description --- LedSensor allows you to use a regular LED as a light sensor, by taking advantage of some pretty cool LED phenomena. Basically, LEDs have a small amount of capacitance that can be charge up, and the discharge rate is proportional to the amount of light reaching the LED. This rate can be measured in order to determine the intensity of light shining on the LED. Different LEDs have different responses to different wavelengths of light, where usually the best response is achieved by measuring light of the same wavelength as the LED produces. Using an infrared (IR) LED, one can detect whether an object is white or black, making it quite useful for line following and detection. --- Usage --- The hardware circuit to use with LedSensor is relatively simple. First, connect the anode(+) side of the LED to one of the Arduino's digital or analog pins. Then place a 100ohm (or similar) resistor between the LED's cathode(-) and another digital or analog pin. To initialize the sensor, one of the constructors must be called once at the beginning of your code: LedSensor(int pinP, int pinN); LedSensor(int pinP, int pinN, unsigned long timeout); LedSensor(int pinP, int pinN, unsigned long timeout, boolean resolution); pinP: The Arduino pin to which the LED's anode(+) is connected. pinN: The Arduino pin to which the LED's cathode(-) is connected. timeout: Maximum time to wait for the sensor to register a measurement. resolution: Choose between measuring milliseconds and microseconds. (Options: MILLI or MICRO) After the sensor has been initialized, you can start reading the sensors and make adjustments using the following functions: void LedSensor::calibrate() Reads the sensor ten times and finds the minimum and maximum values over the ten readings. The max and min are used in order to use readCalibrated(), and calibrate() should be run multiple times in order to get the full range of values. unsigned int LedSensor::read() Reads the raw sensor data in terms of milliseconds/microseconds (depending on the set resolution). unsigned int LedSensor::readCalibrated() Reads the calibrated sensor data as a value between 0 and 1000 (regardless of resolution). Requires that calibrate() has been run, or max and min values have been manually set. void LedSensor::setMin(unsigned int minValue) Manually sets the minimum sensor value in terms of milliseconds/microseconds (depending on the set resolution). void LedSensor::setMax(unsigned int maxValue) Manually sets the maximum sensor value in terms of milliseconds/microseconds (depending on the set resolution). void LedSensor::setResolution(boolean resolution) Set the resolution of the sensor to MILLI (milliseconds) or MICRO (microsec). If doing white/black line detection, it is a good idea to use MICRO, but if searching for objects, it is usually better to use MILLI. unsigned int LedSensor::getMin() Returns the minimum sensor value in terms of milliseconds/microseconds (depending on the set resolution). unsigned int LedSensor::getMax() Returns the minimum sensor value in terms of milliseconds/microseconds (depending on the set resolution). boolean LedSensor::getResolution() Returns the currently set resolution of the sensor (MILLI or MICRO). --- Limitations --- Using LEDs as sensors can be a little slow compared to using phototransistors or other forms of light detection. This is mainly a proof of concept, but it can be useful when slow measurements are acceptable. --- Contribution --- I hope you can find this work useful, and if you would like to contribute to the developer of this utility, you may send any amount of Bitcoins to this address: 1NwgD6TdbamuQisdWfsoe4RfGLLqgZWDhF Any amount is appreciated! (more info on Bitcoins at http://bitcoin.org/ )