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package main
import "fmt"
import "os"
import "encoding/base64"
// ----- KEY EXPANSION -----
var blockwidth int
func keyexpansion(key []byte) [][]byte {
// key expansion for the three sizes of AES: 128/192/256.
// we need discrete key material for each round that occurs.
// this will expand our n-bit key to a key of length (block width * rounds)
// we perform varied operations on words of 4 bytes.
var keylen, expandedlen, iter int
var expandedkey, t []byte
blockwidth = 16 // AES requires 16, but this is tunable for use as Rijndael
// the 'expandedlen' vars below can be considered tunable;
// provided they are multiples of the block width, they define the number of rounds
if len(key) == 16 { // AES-128
keylen = 16
expandedlen = 176
} else if len(key) == 24 { // AES-192
keylen = 24
expandedlen = 208
} else if len(key) == 32 { // AES-256
keylen = 32
expandedlen = 240
} else {
fmt.Println("[!] Invalid key length (not 128, 192, or 256 bits)")
if expandedlen%blockwidth != 0 {
fmt.Println("[!] Invalid key schedule tuning - output length must be a multiple of block width")
iter = 1 // iteration count for feeding rcon()
expandedkey = key // the first $keylen bytes of the expanded key are simply the original key
keybytes := keylen
for keybytes < expandedlen {
pos := len(expandedkey)
t = expandedkey[pos-4 : pos] // t is set to the previous 4 bytes of the expanded key
if pos%keylen == 0 { // every $keylen/4 words get special processing
t = keyschedcore(t, iter) // and the special processing is keyschedscore (see below)
iter += 1
if keylen == 32 { // if AES-256:
if pos%keylen == keylen/2 { // words lining up halfway through $keylen (e.g. 48, 80, 112)
t = SubBytes(t, "forward") // get a forward SubBytes
for index, tbyte := range t { // every byte in the word gets XORed with the byte a $keylen before it
expandedkey = append(expandedkey, tbyte^expandedkey[pos-keylen+index])
keybytes += 4
roundkeys := splitblocktochunks(expandedkey, blockwidth, "rotated") // separate the key material into round keys
return roundkeys
func keyschedcore(inword []byte, iter int) []byte {
// core key schedule operations:
// bytewise left-rotation of the 4-byte input word
// forward SubBytes applied to all four bytes
// first byte XORed with rcon(iteration count)
if len(inword) != 4 {
fmt.Println("[!] keyschedcore() provided with a word with length != 4")
outword := SubBytes(rotl(inword), "forward")
outword[0] ^= rcon(byte(iter))
return outword
func rcon(i byte) byte {
// Rijndael's 'rcon' function: 2^i within GF(2^8)
// i don't really understand exponentiation in Galois fields,
// so this is a port of Sam Trenholme's C implementation
c := byte(1)
if i == 0 {
return 0x8d
for i != 1 {
var b byte
b = c & 0x80 // what the fuck
c <<= 1
if b == 0x80 {
c ^= 0x1b
i -= 1
return c
// ----- ROUND OPERATIONS -----
func AddRoundKey(state []byte, roundkey []byte) []byte {
// XOR a state input with a round key
var output []byte
for index, _ := range state {
outbyte := state[index] ^ roundkey[index]
output = append(output, outbyte)
return output
func SubBytes(inbytes []byte, direction string) []byte {
// replace every byte in a bytearray with its corresponding byte in the specified S-box lookup table
var output []byte
if direction == "forward" {
for _, char := range inbytes {
output = append(output, sbox_fwd[char])
} else if direction == "inverse" {
for _, char := range inbytes {
output = append(output, sbox_inv[char])
return output
func ShiftRows(inbytes []byte, direction string) []byte {
// bytewise rotate row n by n bytes, left-rotation forward and right-rotation inverse
// e.g. (forward)
// ->
rows := splitblocktochunks(inbytes, 4, "straight")
if direction == "forward" {
rows[1] = rotl(rows[1])
rows[2] = rotl(rotl(rows[2]))
rows[3] = rotl(rotl(rotl(rows[3]))) // i know n-1 Ls make an R. but readability
} else if direction == "inverse" {
rows[1] = rotr(rows[1])
rows[2] = rotr(rotr(rows[2]))
rows[3] = rotr(rotr(rotr(rows[3])))
outbytes := flattenslice(rows)
return outbytes
func MixColumns(inbytes []byte, direction string) []byte {
// matrix multiplication in GF(2^8)
// rather than perform repeated Galois field multiplication, we'll just use lookup tables
// the matrix:
// 2 3 1 1
// 1 2 3 1
// 1 1 2 3
// 3 1 1 2
// the inverse matrix:
// 14 11 13 9
// 9 14 11 13
// 13 9 14 11
// 11 13 9 14
var finishedcolumns [][]byte
finishedcolumns = make([][]byte, 4)
columns := splitblocktocolumns(inbytes)
for index, col := range columns {
var r0, r1, r2, r3 byte
if direction == "forward" {
r0 = gmult(col[0], 2) ^ gmult(col[1], 3) ^ col[2] ^ col[3] // bitwise XOR is addition
r1 = col[0] ^ gmult(col[1], 2) ^ gmult(col[2], 3) ^ col[3] // in a Galois field
r2 = col[0] ^ col[1] ^ gmult(col[2], 2) ^ gmult(col[3], 3) // and gmult() handles
r3 = gmult(col[0], 3) ^ col[1] ^ col[2] ^ gmult(col[3], 2) // Galois multiplication
} else if direction == "inverse" {
r0 = gmult(col[0], 14) ^ gmult(col[1], 11) ^ gmult(col[2], 13) ^ gmult(col[3], 9)
r1 = gmult(col[0], 9) ^ gmult(col[1], 14) ^ gmult(col[2], 11) ^ gmult(col[3], 13)
r2 = gmult(col[0], 13) ^ gmult(col[1], 9) ^ gmult(col[2], 14) ^ gmult(col[3], 11)
r3 = gmult(col[0], 11) ^ gmult(col[1], 13) ^ gmult(col[2], 9) ^ gmult(col[3], 14)
finishedcolumns[index] = append(finishedcolumns[index], r0, r1, r2, r3)
columnordered := flattenslice(finishedcolumns)
rowordered := splitblocktocolumns(columnordered) // block -> column reordering is invertible
return flattenslice(rowordered)
func gmult(inbyte byte, factor int) byte {
// perform multiplication in Rijndael's Finite Field (GF(2^8))
// as per earlier we're using lookup tables for speed and simplicity
var outbyte byte
if factor == 2 {
outbyte = gmult2[inbyte]
} else if factor == 3 {
outbyte = gmult3[inbyte]
} else if factor == 9 {
outbyte = gmult9[inbyte]
} else if factor == 11 {
outbyte = gmult11[inbyte]
} else if factor == 13 {
outbyte = gmult13[inbyte]
} else if factor == 14 {
outbyte = gmult14[inbyte]
} else {
fmt.Println("[!] gmult() given inappropriate factor")
return outbyte
// ----- ROUNDS -----
func initialround(inblock []byte, roundkey []byte) []byte {
// only AddRoundKey
state := AddRoundKey(inblock, roundkey)
return state
func round(inblock []byte, roundkey []byte, direction string) []byte {
// SubBytes, ShiftRows, MixColumns, AddRoundKey
state := inblock
if direction == "forward" {
state = SubBytes(state, direction)
state = ShiftRows(state, direction)
state = MixColumns(state, direction)
state = AddRoundKey(state, roundkey)
} else if direction == "inverse" {
state = AddRoundKey(state, roundkey)
state = MixColumns(state, direction)
state = ShiftRows(state, direction)
state = SubBytes(state, direction)
return state
func finalround(inblock []byte, roundkey []byte, direction string) []byte {
// SubBytes, ShiftRows, AddRoundKey
state := inblock
if direction == "forward" {
state = SubBytes(state, direction)
state = ShiftRows(state, direction)
state = AddRoundKey(state, roundkey)
} else if direction == "inverse" {
state = AddRoundKey(state, roundkey)
state = ShiftRows(state, direction)
state = SubBytes(state, direction)
return state
func encrypt(plaintext []byte, key []byte) []byte {
// a single block of AES
direction := "forward"
roundkeys := keyexpansion(key)
rounds := len(roundkeys) - 1
state := makeaesmatrix(plaintext)
state = initialround(state, roundkeys[0])
for r := 1; r < rounds; r++ {
state = round(state, roundkeys[r], direction)
state = finalround(state, roundkeys[rounds], direction)
return makeaesmatrix(state) // going back to row-major order
func decrypt(ciphertext []byte, key []byte) []byte {
// exactly the same as encrypt() but inverted
direction := "inverse"
roundkeys := keyexpansion(key)
rounds := len(roundkeys) - 1
state := makeaesmatrix(ciphertext)
state = finalround(state, roundkeys[rounds], direction)
for r := rounds - 1; r > 0; r-- {
state = round(state, roundkeys[r], direction)
state = initialround(state, roundkeys[0])
return makeaesmatrix(state)
// ----- UTILITY -----
func rotl(inword []byte) []byte {
// left-rotate a bytearray by one byte (e.g. ABCD -> BCDA)
var outword []byte
a := inword[0]
for c := 1; c < len(inword); c++ {
outword = append(outword, inword[c])
outword = append(outword, a)
return outword
func rotr(inword []byte) []byte {
// right-rotate a bytearray by one byte (e.g. ABCD -> DABC)
var outword []byte
outword = append(outword, inword[len(inword)-1])
for c := 0; c < len(inword)-1; c++ {
outword = append(outword, inword[c])
return outword
func splitblocktochunks(block []byte, chunksize int, row2column string) [][]byte {
// creates a 2-dimensional slice of slices (of bytes)
// e.g. splitblocktochunks(ABCDEFGH, 2) -> [[AB] [CD] [EF] [GH]]
if len(block)%chunksize != 0 {
fmt.Println("[!] splitblocktochunks() was given a block/chunk ratio with a remainder")
var chunks [][]byte
for i := 0; i < len(block); i += chunksize {
if row2column == "straight" {
chunks = append(chunks, block[i:i+chunksize])
} else if row2column == "rotated" { // so we can rotate the round keys to column-major order
chunks = append(chunks, makeaesmatrix(block[i:i+chunksize]))
return chunks
func splitblocktocolumns(block []byte) [][]byte {
// splits a block into columns of length 4
// e.g.
// ->
var columns [][]byte
columns = make([][]byte, 4)
for i := 0; i < len(block); i++ {
column := (i % 4)
columns[column] = append(columns[column], block[i])
return columns
func flattenslice(inslice [][]byte) []byte {
// flattens a 2-dimensional slice of slices (of bytes)
// e.g. flattenslice([[AB] [CD]] [EF] [GF]) -> ABCDEFGH
var outslice []byte
for _, slice := range inslice {
for _, inbyte := range slice {
outslice = append(outslice, inbyte)
return outslice
func makeaesmatrix(inblock []byte) []byte {
// "rotates" a block from row-major order to column-major order (or back)
return flattenslice(splitblocktocolumns(inblock))
func b64encode(bytesin []byte) string {
return base64.StdEncoding.EncodeToString(bytesin)
func b64decode(textin string) []byte {
bytesout, _ := base64.StdEncoding.DecodeString(textin)
return bytesout
func makebytes(textin string) []byte {
// string to bytearray
return []byte(textin)
func makestring(inbytes []byte) string {
// bytearray to string
return string(inbytes[:])
// ----- S-BOXES -----
var sbox_fwd, sbox_inv []byte
var gmult2, gmult3, gmult9, gmult11, gmult13, gmult14 []byte
func sboxinit() {
// here we define lookup tables for the Rijndael subtitution boxes.
// these are generated by performing a static affine transformation
// on the input's modular multiplicative inverse in GF(2^8)
// we're not generating these from scratch as i don't really get Galois fields
// plus it's faster to just use lookup tables :S
sbox_fwd = []byte{
0x63, 0x7c, 0x77, 0x7b, 0xf2, 0x6b, 0x6f, 0xc5, 0x30, 0x01, 0x67, 0x2b, 0xfe, 0xd7, 0xab, 0x76,
0xca, 0x82, 0xc9, 0x7d, 0xfa, 0x59, 0x47, 0xf0, 0xad, 0xd4, 0xa2, 0xaf, 0x9c, 0xa4, 0x72, 0xc0,
0xb7, 0xfd, 0x93, 0x26, 0x36, 0x3f, 0xf7, 0xcc, 0x34, 0xa5, 0xe5, 0xf1, 0x71, 0xd8, 0x31, 0x15,
0x04, 0xc7, 0x23, 0xc3, 0x18, 0x96, 0x05, 0x9a, 0x07, 0x12, 0x80, 0xe2, 0xeb, 0x27, 0xb2, 0x75,
0x09, 0x83, 0x2c, 0x1a, 0x1b, 0x6e, 0x5a, 0xa0, 0x52, 0x3b, 0xd6, 0xb3, 0x29, 0xe3, 0x2f, 0x84,
0x53, 0xd1, 0x00, 0xed, 0x20, 0xfc, 0xb1, 0x5b, 0x6a, 0xcb, 0xbe, 0x39, 0x4a, 0x4c, 0x58, 0xcf,
0xd0, 0xef, 0xaa, 0xfb, 0x43, 0x4d, 0x33, 0x85, 0x45, 0xf9, 0x02, 0x7f, 0x50, 0x3c, 0x9f, 0xa8,
0x51, 0xa3, 0x40, 0x8f, 0x92, 0x9d, 0x38, 0xf5, 0xbc, 0xb6, 0xda, 0x21, 0x10, 0xff, 0xf3, 0xd2,
0xcd, 0x0c, 0x13, 0xec, 0x5f, 0x97, 0x44, 0x17, 0xc4, 0xa7, 0x7e, 0x3d, 0x64, 0x5d, 0x19, 0x73,
0x60, 0x81, 0x4f, 0xdc, 0x22, 0x2a, 0x90, 0x88, 0x46, 0xee, 0xb8, 0x14, 0xde, 0x5e, 0x0b, 0xdb,
0xe0, 0x32, 0x3a, 0x0a, 0x49, 0x06, 0x24, 0x5c, 0xc2, 0xd3, 0xac, 0x62, 0x91, 0x95, 0xe4, 0x79,
0xe7, 0xc8, 0x37, 0x6d, 0x8d, 0xd5, 0x4e, 0xa9, 0x6c, 0x56, 0xf4, 0xea, 0x65, 0x7a, 0xae, 0x08,
0xba, 0x78, 0x25, 0x2e, 0x1c, 0xa6, 0xb4, 0xc6, 0xe8, 0xdd, 0x74, 0x1f, 0x4b, 0xbd, 0x8b, 0x8a,
0x70, 0x3e, 0xb5, 0x66, 0x48, 0x03, 0xf6, 0x0e, 0x61, 0x35, 0x57, 0xb9, 0x86, 0xc1, 0x1d, 0x9e,
0xe1, 0xf8, 0x98, 0x11, 0x69, 0xd9, 0x8e, 0x94, 0x9b, 0x1e, 0x87, 0xe9, 0xce, 0x55, 0x28, 0xdf,
0x8c, 0xa1, 0x89, 0x0d, 0xbf, 0xe6, 0x42, 0x68, 0x41, 0x99, 0x2d, 0x0f, 0xb0, 0x54, 0xbb, 0x16,
sbox_inv = []byte{
0x52, 0x09, 0x6a, 0xd5, 0x30, 0x36, 0xa5, 0x38, 0xbf, 0x40, 0xa3, 0x9e, 0x81, 0xf3, 0xd7, 0xfb,
0x7c, 0xe3, 0x39, 0x82, 0x9b, 0x2f, 0xff, 0x87, 0x34, 0x8e, 0x43, 0x44, 0xc4, 0xde, 0xe9, 0xcb,
0x54, 0x7b, 0x94, 0x32, 0xa6, 0xc2, 0x23, 0x3d, 0xee, 0x4c, 0x95, 0x0b, 0x42, 0xfa, 0xc3, 0x4e,
0x08, 0x2e, 0xa1, 0x66, 0x28, 0xd9, 0x24, 0xb2, 0x76, 0x5b, 0xa2, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x8b, 0xd1, 0x25,
0x72, 0xf8, 0xf6, 0x64, 0x86, 0x68, 0x98, 0x16, 0xd4, 0xa4, 0x5c, 0xcc, 0x5d, 0x65, 0xb6, 0x92,
0x6c, 0x70, 0x48, 0x50, 0xfd, 0xed, 0xb9, 0xda, 0x5e, 0x15, 0x46, 0x57, 0xa7, 0x8d, 0x9d, 0x84,
0x90, 0xd8, 0xab, 0x00, 0x8c, 0xbc, 0xd3, 0x0a, 0xf7, 0xe4, 0x58, 0x05, 0xb8, 0xb3, 0x45, 0x06,
0xd0, 0x2c, 0x1e, 0x8f, 0xca, 0x3f, 0x0f, 0x02, 0xc1, 0xaf, 0xbd, 0x03, 0x01, 0x13, 0x8a, 0x6b,
0x3a, 0x91, 0x11, 0x41, 0x4f, 0x67, 0xdc, 0xea, 0x97, 0xf2, 0xcf, 0xce, 0xf0, 0xb4, 0xe6, 0x73,
0x96, 0xac, 0x74, 0x22, 0xe7, 0xad, 0x35, 0x85, 0xe2, 0xf9, 0x37, 0xe8, 0x1c, 0x75, 0xdf, 0x6e,
0x47, 0xf1, 0x1a, 0x71, 0x1d, 0x29, 0xc5, 0x89, 0x6f, 0xb7, 0x62, 0x0e, 0xaa, 0x18, 0xbe, 0x1b,
0xfc, 0x56, 0x3e, 0x4b, 0xc6, 0xd2, 0x79, 0x20, 0x9a, 0xdb, 0xc0, 0xfe, 0x78, 0xcd, 0x5a, 0xf4,
0x1f, 0xdd, 0xa8, 0x33, 0x88, 0x07, 0xc7, 0x31, 0xb1, 0x12, 0x10, 0x59, 0x27, 0x80, 0xec, 0x5f,
0x60, 0x51, 0x7f, 0xa9, 0x19, 0xb5, 0x4a, 0x0d, 0x2d, 0xe5, 0x7a, 0x9f, 0x93, 0xc9, 0x9c, 0xef,
0xa0, 0xe0, 0x3b, 0x4d, 0xae, 0x2a, 0xf5, 0xb0, 0xc8, 0xeb, 0xbb, 0x3c, 0x83, 0x53, 0x99, 0x61,
0x17, 0x2b, 0x04, 0x7e, 0xba, 0x77, 0xd6, 0x26, 0xe1, 0x69, 0x14, 0x63, 0x55, 0x21, 0x0c, 0x7d,
func mixboxinit() {
// MixColumns lookup tables. galois field multiplication every time would be a lot of overhead
gmult2 = []byte{
0x00, 0x02, 0x04, 0x06, 0x08, 0x0a, 0x0c, 0x0e, 0x10, 0x12, 0x14, 0x16, 0x18, 0x1a, 0x1c, 0x1e,
0x20, 0x22, 0x24, 0x26, 0x28, 0x2a, 0x2c, 0x2e, 0x30, 0x32, 0x34, 0x36, 0x38, 0x3a, 0x3c, 0x3e,
0x40, 0x42, 0x44, 0x46, 0x48, 0x4a, 0x4c, 0x4e, 0x50, 0x52, 0x54, 0x56, 0x58, 0x5a, 0x5c, 0x5e,
0x60, 0x62, 0x64, 0x66, 0x68, 0x6a, 0x6c, 0x6e, 0x70, 0x72, 0x74, 0x76, 0x78, 0x7a, 0x7c, 0x7e,
0x80, 0x82, 0x84, 0x86, 0x88, 0x8a, 0x8c, 0x8e, 0x90, 0x92, 0x94, 0x96, 0x98, 0x9a, 0x9c, 0x9e,
0xa0, 0xa2, 0xa4, 0xa6, 0xa8, 0xaa, 0xac, 0xae, 0xb0, 0xb2, 0xb4, 0xb6, 0xb8, 0xba, 0xbc, 0xbe,
0xc0, 0xc2, 0xc4, 0xc6, 0xc8, 0xca, 0xcc, 0xce, 0xd0, 0xd2, 0xd4, 0xd6, 0xd8, 0xda, 0xdc, 0xde,
0xe0, 0xe2, 0xe4, 0xe6, 0xe8, 0xea, 0xec, 0xee, 0xf0, 0xf2, 0xf4, 0xf6, 0xf8, 0xfa, 0xfc, 0xfe,
0x1b, 0x19, 0x1f, 0x1d, 0x13, 0x11, 0x17, 0x15, 0x0b, 0x09, 0x0f, 0x0d, 0x03, 0x01, 0x07, 0x05,
0x3b, 0x39, 0x3f, 0x3d, 0x33, 0x31, 0x37, 0x35, 0x2b, 0x29, 0x2f, 0x2d, 0x23, 0x21, 0x27, 0x25,
0x5b, 0x59, 0x5f, 0x5d, 0x53, 0x51, 0x57, 0x55, 0x4b, 0x49, 0x4f, 0x4d, 0x43, 0x41, 0x47, 0x45,
0x7b, 0x79, 0x7f, 0x7d, 0x73, 0x71, 0x77, 0x75, 0x6b, 0x69, 0x6f, 0x6d, 0x63, 0x61, 0x67, 0x65,
0x9b, 0x99, 0x9f, 0x9d, 0x93, 0x91, 0x97, 0x95, 0x8b, 0x89, 0x8f, 0x8d, 0x83, 0x81, 0x87, 0x85,
0xbb, 0xb9, 0xbf, 0xbd, 0xb3, 0xb1, 0xb7, 0xb5, 0xab, 0xa9, 0xaf, 0xad, 0xa3, 0xa1, 0xa7, 0xa5,
0xdb, 0xd9, 0xdf, 0xdd, 0xd3, 0xd1, 0xd7, 0xd5, 0xcb, 0xc9, 0xcf, 0xcd, 0xc3, 0xc1, 0xc7, 0xc5,
0xfb, 0xf9, 0xff, 0xfd, 0xf3, 0xf1, 0xf7, 0xf5, 0xeb, 0xe9, 0xef, 0xed, 0xe3, 0xe1, 0xe7, 0xe5,
gmult3 = []byte{
0x00, 0x03, 0x06, 0x05, 0x0c, 0x0f, 0x0a, 0x09, 0x18, 0x1b, 0x1e, 0x1d, 0x14, 0x17, 0x12, 0x11,
0x30, 0x33, 0x36, 0x35, 0x3c, 0x3f, 0x3a, 0x39, 0x28, 0x2b, 0x2e, 0x2d, 0x24, 0x27, 0x22, 0x21,
0x60, 0x63, 0x66, 0x65, 0x6c, 0x6f, 0x6a, 0x69, 0x78, 0x7b, 0x7e, 0x7d, 0x74, 0x77, 0x72, 0x71,
0x50, 0x53, 0x56, 0x55, 0x5c, 0x5f, 0x5a, 0x59, 0x48, 0x4b, 0x4e, 0x4d, 0x44, 0x47, 0x42, 0x41,
0xc0, 0xc3, 0xc6, 0xc5, 0xcc, 0xcf, 0xca, 0xc9, 0xd8, 0xdb, 0xde, 0xdd, 0xd4, 0xd7, 0xd2, 0xd1,
0xf0, 0xf3, 0xf6, 0xf5, 0xfc, 0xff, 0xfa, 0xf9, 0xe8, 0xeb, 0xee, 0xed, 0xe4, 0xe7, 0xe2, 0xe1,
0xa0, 0xa3, 0xa6, 0xa5, 0xac, 0xaf, 0xaa, 0xa9, 0xb8, 0xbb, 0xbe, 0xbd, 0xb4, 0xb7, 0xb2, 0xb1,
0x90, 0x93, 0x96, 0x95, 0x9c, 0x9f, 0x9a, 0x99, 0x88, 0x8b, 0x8e, 0x8d, 0x84, 0x87, 0x82, 0x81,
0x9b, 0x98, 0x9d, 0x9e, 0x97, 0x94, 0x91, 0x92, 0x83, 0x80, 0x85, 0x86, 0x8f, 0x8c, 0x89, 0x8a,
0xab, 0xa8, 0xad, 0xae, 0xa7, 0xa4, 0xa1, 0xa2, 0xb3, 0xb0, 0xb5, 0xb6, 0xbf, 0xbc, 0xb9, 0xba,
0xfb, 0xf8, 0xfd, 0xfe, 0xf7, 0xf4, 0xf1, 0xf2, 0xe3, 0xe0, 0xe5, 0xe6, 0xef, 0xec, 0xe9, 0xea,
0xcb, 0xc8, 0xcd, 0xce, 0xc7, 0xc4, 0xc1, 0xc2, 0xd3, 0xd0, 0xd5, 0xd6, 0xdf, 0xdc, 0xd9, 0xda,
0x5b, 0x58, 0x5d, 0x5e, 0x57, 0x54, 0x51, 0x52, 0x43, 0x40, 0x45, 0x46, 0x4f, 0x4c, 0x49, 0x4a,
0x6b, 0x68, 0x6d, 0x6e, 0x67, 0x64, 0x61, 0x62, 0x73, 0x70, 0x75, 0x76, 0x7f, 0x7c, 0x79, 0x7a,
0x3b, 0x38, 0x3d, 0x3e, 0x37, 0x34, 0x31, 0x32, 0x23, 0x20, 0x25, 0x26, 0x2f, 0x2c, 0x29, 0x2a,
0x0b, 0x08, 0x0d, 0x0e, 0x07, 0x04, 0x01, 0x02, 0x13, 0x10, 0x15, 0x16, 0x1f, 0x1c, 0x19, 0x1a,
gmult9 = []byte{
0x00, 0x09, 0x12, 0x1b, 0x24, 0x2d, 0x36, 0x3f, 0x48, 0x41, 0x5a, 0x53, 0x6c, 0x65, 0x7e, 0x77,
0x90, 0x99, 0x82, 0x8b, 0xb4, 0xbd, 0xa6, 0xaf, 0xd8, 0xd1, 0xca, 0xc3, 0xfc, 0xf5, 0xee, 0xe7,
0x3b, 0x32, 0x29, 0x20, 0x1f, 0x16, 0x0d, 0x04, 0x73, 0x7a, 0x61, 0x68, 0x57, 0x5e, 0x45, 0x4c,
0xab, 0xa2, 0xb9, 0xb0, 0x8f, 0x86, 0x9d, 0x94, 0xe3, 0xea, 0xf1, 0xf8, 0xc7, 0xce, 0xd5, 0xdc,
0x76, 0x7f, 0x64, 0x6d, 0x52, 0x5b, 0x40, 0x49, 0x3e, 0x37, 0x2c, 0x25, 0x1a, 0x13, 0x08, 0x01,
0xe6, 0xef, 0xf4, 0xfd, 0xc2, 0xcb, 0xd0, 0xd9, 0xae, 0xa7, 0xbc, 0xb5, 0x8a, 0x83, 0x98, 0x91,
0x4d, 0x44, 0x5f, 0x56, 0x69, 0x60, 0x7b, 0x72, 0x05, 0x0c, 0x17, 0x1e, 0x21, 0x28, 0x33, 0x3a,
0xdd, 0xd4, 0xcf, 0xc6, 0xf9, 0xf0, 0xeb, 0xe2, 0x95, 0x9c, 0x87, 0x8e, 0xb1, 0xb8, 0xa3, 0xaa,
0xec, 0xe5, 0xfe, 0xf7, 0xc8, 0xc1, 0xda, 0xd3, 0xa4, 0xad, 0xb6, 0xbf, 0x80, 0x89, 0x92, 0x9b,
0x7c, 0x75, 0x6e, 0x67, 0x58, 0x51, 0x4a, 0x43, 0x34, 0x3d, 0x26, 0x2f, 0x10, 0x19, 0x02, 0x0b,
0xd7, 0xde, 0xc5, 0xcc, 0xf3, 0xfa, 0xe1, 0xe8, 0x9f, 0x96, 0x8d, 0x84, 0xbb, 0xb2, 0xa9, 0xa0,
0x47, 0x4e, 0x55, 0x5c, 0x63, 0x6a, 0x71, 0x78, 0x0f, 0x06, 0x1d, 0x14, 0x2b, 0x22, 0x39, 0x30,
0x9a, 0x93, 0x88, 0x81, 0xbe, 0xb7, 0xac, 0xa5, 0xd2, 0xdb, 0xc0, 0xc9, 0xf6, 0xff, 0xe4, 0xed,
0x0a, 0x03, 0x18, 0x11, 0x2e, 0x27, 0x3c, 0x35, 0x42, 0x4b, 0x50, 0x59, 0x66, 0x6f, 0x74, 0x7d,
0xa1, 0xa8, 0xb3, 0xba, 0x85, 0x8c, 0x97, 0x9e, 0xe9, 0xe0, 0xfb, 0xf2, 0xcd, 0xc4, 0xdf, 0xd6,
0x31, 0x38, 0x23, 0x2a, 0x15, 0x1c, 0x07, 0x0e, 0x79, 0x70, 0x6b, 0x62, 0x5d, 0x54, 0x4f, 0x46,
gmult11 = []byte{
0x00, 0x0b, 0x16, 0x1d, 0x2c, 0x27, 0x3a, 0x31, 0x58, 0x53, 0x4e, 0x45, 0x74, 0x7f, 0x62, 0x69,
0xb0, 0xbb, 0xa6, 0xad, 0x9c, 0x97, 0x8a, 0x81, 0xe8, 0xe3, 0xfe, 0xf5, 0xc4, 0xcf, 0xd2, 0xd9,
0x7b, 0x70, 0x6d, 0x66, 0x57, 0x5c, 0x41, 0x4a, 0x23, 0x28, 0x35, 0x3e, 0x0f, 0x04, 0x19, 0x12,
0xcb, 0xc0, 0xdd, 0xd6, 0xe7, 0xec, 0xf1, 0xfa, 0x93, 0x98, 0x85, 0x8e, 0xbf, 0xb4, 0xa9, 0xa2,
0xf6, 0xfd, 0xe0, 0xeb, 0xda, 0xd1, 0xcc, 0xc7, 0xae, 0xa5, 0xb8, 0xb3, 0x82, 0x89, 0x94, 0x9f,
0x46, 0x4d, 0x50, 0x5b, 0x6a, 0x61, 0x7c, 0x77, 0x1e, 0x15, 0x08, 0x03, 0x32, 0x39, 0x24, 0x2f,
0x8d, 0x86, 0x9b, 0x90, 0xa1, 0xaa, 0xb7, 0xbc, 0xd5, 0xde, 0xc3, 0xc8, 0xf9, 0xf2, 0xef, 0xe4,
0x3d, 0x36, 0x2b, 0x20, 0x11, 0x1a, 0x07, 0x0c, 0x65, 0x6e, 0x73, 0x78, 0x49, 0x42, 0x5f, 0x54,
0xf7, 0xfc, 0xe1, 0xea, 0xdb, 0xd0, 0xcd, 0xc6, 0xaf, 0xa4, 0xb9, 0xb2, 0x83, 0x88, 0x95, 0x9e,
0x47, 0x4c, 0x51, 0x5a, 0x6b, 0x60, 0x7d, 0x76, 0x1f, 0x14, 0x09, 0x02, 0x33, 0x38, 0x25, 0x2e,
0x8c, 0x87, 0x9a, 0x91, 0xa0, 0xab, 0xb6, 0xbd, 0xd4, 0xdf, 0xc2, 0xc9, 0xf8, 0xf3, 0xee, 0xe5,
0x3c, 0x37, 0x2a, 0x21, 0x10, 0x1b, 0x06, 0x0d, 0x64, 0x6f, 0x72, 0x79, 0x48, 0x43, 0x5e, 0x55,
0x01, 0x0a, 0x17, 0x1c, 0x2d, 0x26, 0x3b, 0x30, 0x59, 0x52, 0x4f, 0x44, 0x75, 0x7e, 0x63, 0x68,
0xb1, 0xba, 0xa7, 0xac, 0x9d, 0x96, 0x8b, 0x80, 0xe9, 0xe2, 0xff, 0xf4, 0xc5, 0xce, 0xd3, 0xd8,
0x7a, 0x71, 0x6c, 0x67, 0x56, 0x5d, 0x40, 0x4b, 0x22, 0x29, 0x34, 0x3f, 0x0e, 0x05, 0x18, 0x13,
0xca, 0xc1, 0xdc, 0xd7, 0xe6, 0xed, 0xf0, 0xfb, 0x92, 0x99, 0x84, 0x8f, 0xbe, 0xb5, 0xa8, 0xa3,
gmult13 = []byte{
0x00, 0x0d, 0x1a, 0x17, 0x34, 0x39, 0x2e, 0x23, 0x68, 0x65, 0x72, 0x7f, 0x5c, 0x51, 0x46, 0x4b,
0xd0, 0xdd, 0xca, 0xc7, 0xe4, 0xe9, 0xfe, 0xf3, 0xb8, 0xb5, 0xa2, 0xaf, 0x8c, 0x81, 0x96, 0x9b,
0xbb, 0xb6, 0xa1, 0xac, 0x8f, 0x82, 0x95, 0x98, 0xd3, 0xde, 0xc9, 0xc4, 0xe7, 0xea, 0xfd, 0xf0,
0x6b, 0x66, 0x71, 0x7c, 0x5f, 0x52, 0x45, 0x48, 0x03, 0x0e, 0x19, 0x14, 0x37, 0x3a, 0x2d, 0x20,
0x6d, 0x60, 0x77, 0x7a, 0x59, 0x54, 0x43, 0x4e, 0x05, 0x08, 0x1f, 0x12, 0x31, 0x3c, 0x2b, 0x26,
0xbd, 0xb0, 0xa7, 0xaa, 0x89, 0x84, 0x93, 0x9e, 0xd5, 0xd8, 0xcf, 0xc2, 0xe1, 0xec, 0xfb, 0xf6,
0xd6, 0xdb, 0xcc, 0xc1, 0xe2, 0xef, 0xf8, 0xf5, 0xbe, 0xb3, 0xa4, 0xa9, 0x8a, 0x87, 0x90, 0x9d,
0x06, 0x0b, 0x1c, 0x11, 0x32, 0x3f, 0x28, 0x25, 0x6e, 0x63, 0x74, 0x79, 0x5a, 0x57, 0x40, 0x4d,
0xda, 0xd7, 0xc0, 0xcd, 0xee, 0xe3, 0xf4, 0xf9, 0xb2, 0xbf, 0xa8, 0xa5, 0x86, 0x8b, 0x9c, 0x91,
0x0a, 0x07, 0x10, 0x1d, 0x3e, 0x33, 0x24, 0x29, 0x62, 0x6f, 0x78, 0x75, 0x56, 0x5b, 0x4c, 0x41,
0x61, 0x6c, 0x7b, 0x76, 0x55, 0x58, 0x4f, 0x42, 0x09, 0x04, 0x13, 0x1e, 0x3d, 0x30, 0x27, 0x2a,
0xb1, 0xbc, 0xab, 0xa6, 0x85, 0x88, 0x9f, 0x92, 0xd9, 0xd4, 0xc3, 0xce, 0xed, 0xe0, 0xf7, 0xfa,
0xb7, 0xba, 0xad, 0xa0, 0x83, 0x8e, 0x99, 0x94, 0xdf, 0xd2, 0xc5, 0xc8, 0xeb, 0xe6, 0xf1, 0xfc,
0x67, 0x6a, 0x7d, 0x70, 0x53, 0x5e, 0x49, 0x44, 0x0f, 0x02, 0x15, 0x18, 0x3b, 0x36, 0x21, 0x2c,
0x0c, 0x01, 0x16, 0x1b, 0x38, 0x35, 0x22, 0x2f, 0x64, 0x69, 0x7e, 0x73, 0x50, 0x5d, 0x4a, 0x47,
0xdc, 0xd1, 0xc6, 0xcb, 0xe8, 0xe5, 0xf2, 0xff, 0xb4, 0xb9, 0xae, 0xa3, 0x80, 0x8d, 0x9a, 0x97,
gmult14 = []byte{
0x00, 0x0e, 0x1c, 0x12, 0x38, 0x36, 0x24, 0x2a, 0x70, 0x7e, 0x6c, 0x62, 0x48, 0x46, 0x54, 0x5a,
0xe0, 0xee, 0xfc, 0xf2, 0xd8, 0xd6, 0xc4, 0xca, 0x90, 0x9e, 0x8c, 0x82, 0xa8, 0xa6, 0xb4, 0xba,
0xdb, 0xd5, 0xc7, 0xc9, 0xe3, 0xed, 0xff, 0xf1, 0xab, 0xa5, 0xb7, 0xb9, 0x93, 0x9d, 0x8f, 0x81,
0x3b, 0x35, 0x27, 0x29, 0x03, 0x0d, 0x1f, 0x11, 0x4b, 0x45, 0x57, 0x59, 0x73, 0x7d, 0x6f, 0x61,
0xad, 0xa3, 0xb1, 0xbf, 0x95, 0x9b, 0x89, 0x87, 0xdd, 0xd3, 0xc1, 0xcf, 0xe5, 0xeb, 0xf9, 0xf7,
0x4d, 0x43, 0x51, 0x5f, 0x75, 0x7b, 0x69, 0x67, 0x3d, 0x33, 0x21, 0x2f, 0x05, 0x0b, 0x19, 0x17,
0x76, 0x78, 0x6a, 0x64, 0x4e, 0x40, 0x52, 0x5c, 0x06, 0x08, 0x1a, 0x14, 0x3e, 0x30, 0x22, 0x2c,
0x96, 0x98, 0x8a, 0x84, 0xae, 0xa0, 0xb2, 0xbc, 0xe6, 0xe8, 0xfa, 0xf4, 0xde, 0xd0, 0xc2, 0xcc,
0x41, 0x4f, 0x5d, 0x53, 0x79, 0x77, 0x65, 0x6b, 0x31, 0x3f, 0x2d, 0x23, 0x09, 0x07, 0x15, 0x1b,
0xa1, 0xaf, 0xbd, 0xb3, 0x99, 0x97, 0x85, 0x8b, 0xd1, 0xdf, 0xcd, 0xc3, 0xe9, 0xe7, 0xf5, 0xfb,
0x9a, 0x94, 0x86, 0x88, 0xa2, 0xac, 0xbe, 0xb0, 0xea, 0xe4, 0xf6, 0xf8, 0xd2, 0xdc, 0xce, 0xc0,
0x7a, 0x74, 0x66, 0x68, 0x42, 0x4c, 0x5e, 0x50, 0x0a, 0x04, 0x16, 0x18, 0x32, 0x3c, 0x2e, 0x20,
0xec, 0xe2, 0xf0, 0xfe, 0xd4, 0xda, 0xc8, 0xc6, 0x9c, 0x92, 0x80, 0x8e, 0xa4, 0xaa, 0xb8, 0xb6,
0x0c, 0x02, 0x10, 0x1e, 0x34, 0x3a, 0x28, 0x26, 0x7c, 0x72, 0x60, 0x6e, 0x44, 0x4a, 0x58, 0x56,
0x37, 0x39, 0x2b, 0x25, 0x0f, 0x01, 0x13, 0x1d, 0x47, 0x49, 0x5b, 0x55, 0x7f, 0x71, 0x63, 0x6d,
0xd7, 0xd9, 0xcb, 0xc5, 0xef, 0xe1, 0xf3, 0xfd, 0xa7, 0xa9, 0xbb, 0xb5, 0x9f, 0x91, 0x83, 0x8d,
// ----- MAIN -----
func main() {
plaintext := makebytes("Block of sixteen")
key := makebytes("YELLOW SUBMARINE")
ciphertext := encrypt(plaintext, key)
fmt.Println("plaintext:\t", makestring(plaintext))
fmt.Println("plaintext b64:\t", b64encode(plaintext))
fmt.Println("ciphertext:\t", makestring(ciphertext))
fmt.Println("ciphertext b64:\t", b64encode(ciphertext))
checkpt := decrypt(ciphertext, key)
fmt.Println("decrypted b64:\t", b64encode(checkpt))
fmt.Println("decrypted:\t", makestring(checkpt))