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Enforce consistent indentation (indent)

There are several common guidelines which require specific indentation of nested blocks and statements, like:

function hello(indentSize, type) {
  if (indentSize === 4 && type !== 'tab') {
    console.log('Each next indentation will increase on 4 spaces');
  }
}

These are the most common scenarios recommended in different style guides:

  • Two spaces, not longer and no tabs: Google, npm, Node.js, Idiomatic, Felix
  • Tabs: jQuery
  • Four spaces: Crockford

Rule Details

This rule enforces a consistent indentation style. The default style is 4 spaces.

Options

This rule has a mixed option:

For example, for 2-space indentation:

{
    // note you must disable the base rule as it can report incorrect errors
    "indent": "off",
    "@typescript-eslint/indent": ["error", 2]
}

Or for tabbed indentation:

{
    // note you must disable the base rule as it can report incorrect errors
    "indent": "off",
    "@typescript-eslint/indent": ["error", "tab"]
}

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the default options:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: "error"*/

if (a) {
  b=c;
  function foo(d) {
    e=f;
  }
}

Examples of correct code for this rule with the default options:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: "error"*/

if (a) {
    b=c;
    function foo(d) {
        e=f;
    }
}

This rule has an object option:

  • "SwitchCase" (default: 0) enforces indentation level for case clauses in switch statements
  • "VariableDeclarator" (default: 1) enforces indentation level for var declarators; can also take an object to define separate rules for var, let and const declarations.
  • "outerIIFEBody" (default: 1) enforces indentation level for file-level IIFEs.
  • "MemberExpression" (default: 1) enforces indentation level for multi-line property chains. This can also be set to "off" to disable checking for MemberExpression indentation.
  • "FunctionDeclaration" takes an object to define rules for function declarations.
    • parameters (default: 1) enforces indentation level for parameters in a function declaration. This can either be a number indicating indentation level, or the string "first" indicating that all parameters of the declaration must be aligned with the first parameter. This can also be set to "off" to disable checking for FunctionDeclaration parameters.
    • body (default: 1) enforces indentation level for the body of a function declaration.
  • "FunctionExpression" takes an object to define rules for function expressions.
    • parameters (default: 1) enforces indentation level for parameters in a function expression. This can either be a number indicating indentation level, or the string "first" indicating that all parameters of the expression must be aligned with the first parameter. This can also be set to "off" to disable checking for FunctionExpression parameters.
    • body (default: 1) enforces indentation level for the body of a function expression.
  • "CallExpression" takes an object to define rules for function call expressions.
    • arguments (default: 1) enforces indentation level for arguments in a call expression. This can either be a number indicating indentation level, or the string "first" indicating that all arguments of the expression must be aligned with the first argument. This can also be set to "off" to disable checking for CallExpression arguments.
  • "ArrayExpression" (default: 1) enforces indentation level for elements in arrays. It can also be set to the string "first", indicating that all the elements in the array should be aligned with the first element. This can also be set to "off" to disable checking for array elements.
  • "ObjectExpression" (default: 1) enforces indentation level for properties in objects. It can be set to the string "first", indicating that all properties in the object should be aligned with the first property. This can also be set to "off" to disable checking for object properties.
  • "ImportDeclaration" (default: 1) enforces indentation level for import statements. It can be set to the string "first", indicating that all imported members from a module should be aligned with the first member in the list. This can also be set to "off" to disable checking for imported module members.
  • "flatTernaryExpressions": true (false by default) requires no indentation for ternary expressions which are nested in other ternary expressions.
  • "ignoredNodes" accepts an array of selectors. If an AST node is matched by any of the selectors, the indentation of tokens which are direct children of that node will be ignored. This can be used as an escape hatch to relax the rule if you disagree with the indentation that it enforces for a particular syntactic pattern.
  • "ignoreComments" (default: false) can be used when comments do not need to be aligned with nodes on the previous or next line.

Level of indentation denotes the multiple of the indent specified. Example:

  • Indent of 4 spaces with VariableDeclarator set to 2 will indent the multi-line variable declarations with 8 spaces.
  • Indent of 2 spaces with VariableDeclarator set to 2 will indent the multi-line variable declarations with 4 spaces.
  • Indent of 2 spaces with VariableDeclarator set to {"var": 2, "let": 2, "const": 3} will indent the multi-line variable declarations with 4 spaces for var and let, 6 spaces for const statements.
  • Indent of tab with VariableDeclarator set to 2 will indent the multi-line variable declarations with 2 tabs.
  • Indent of 2 spaces with SwitchCase set to 0 will not indent case clauses with respect to switch statements.
  • Indent of 2 spaces with SwitchCase set to 1 will indent case clauses with 2 spaces with respect to switch statements.
  • Indent of 2 spaces with SwitchCase set to 2 will indent case clauses with 4 spaces with respect to switch statements.
  • Indent of tab with SwitchCase set to 2 will indent case clauses with 2 tabs with respect to switch statements.
  • Indent of 2 spaces with MemberExpression set to 0 will indent the multi-line property chains with 0 spaces.
  • Indent of 2 spaces with MemberExpression set to 1 will indent the multi-line property chains with 2 spaces.
  • Indent of 2 spaces with MemberExpression set to 2 will indent the multi-line property chains with 4 spaces.
  • Indent of 4 spaces with MemberExpression set to 0 will indent the multi-line property chains with 0 spaces.
  • Indent of 4 spaces with MemberExpression set to 1 will indent the multi-line property chains with 4 spaces.
  • Indent of 4 spaces with MemberExpression set to 2 will indent the multi-line property chains with 8 spaces.

tab

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the "tab" option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", "tab"]*/

if (a) {
     b=c;
function foo(d) {
           e=f;
 }
}

Examples of correct code for this rule with the "tab" option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", "tab"]*/

if (a) {
/*tab*/b=c;
/*tab*/function foo(d) {
/*tab*//*tab*/e=f;
/*tab*/}
}

SwitchCase

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "SwitchCase": 1 } options:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "SwitchCase": 1 }]*/

switch(a){
case "a":
    break;
case "b":
    break;
}

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "SwitchCase": 1 } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "SwitchCase": 1 }]*/

switch(a){
  case "a":
    break;
  case "b":
    break;
}

VariableDeclarator

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "VariableDeclarator": 1 } options:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "VariableDeclarator": 1 }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

var a,
    b,
    c;
let a,
    b,
    c;
const a = 1,
    b = 2,
    c = 3;

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "VariableDeclarator": 1 } options:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "VariableDeclarator": 1 }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

var a,
  b,
  c;
let a,
  b,
  c;
const a = 1,
  b = 2,
  c = 3;

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "VariableDeclarator": 2 } options:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "VariableDeclarator": 2 }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

var a,
    b,
    c;
let a,
    b,
    c;
const a = 1,
    b = 2,
    c = 3;

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "VariableDeclarator": { "var": 2, "let": 2, "const": 3 } } options:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "VariableDeclarator": { "var": 2, "let": 2, "const": 3 } }]*/
/*eslint-env es6*/

var a,
    b,
    c;
let a,
    b,
    c;
const a = 1,
      b = 2,
      c = 3;

outerIIFEBody

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the options 2, { "outerIIFEBody": 0 }:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "outerIIFEBody": 0 }]*/

(function() {

  function foo(x) {
    return x + 1;
  }

})();


if(y) {
console.log('foo');
}

Examples of correct code for this rule with the options 2, {"outerIIFEBody": 0}:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "outerIIFEBody": 0 }]*/

(function() {

function foo(x) {
  return x + 1;
}

})();


if(y) {
   console.log('foo');
}

MemberExpression

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "MemberExpression": 1 } options:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "MemberExpression": 1 }]*/

foo
.bar
.baz()

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "MemberExpression": 1 } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "MemberExpression": 1 }]*/

foo
  .bar
  .baz();

FunctionDeclaration

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "FunctionDeclaration": {"body": 1, "parameters": 2} } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "FunctionDeclaration": {"body": 1, "parameters": 2} }]*/

function foo(bar,
  baz,
  qux) {
    qux();
}

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "FunctionDeclaration": {"body": 1, "parameters": 2} } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "FunctionDeclaration": {"body": 1, "parameters": 2} }]*/

function foo(bar,
    baz,
    qux) {
  qux();
}

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "FunctionDeclaration": {"parameters": "first"} } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, {"FunctionDeclaration": {"parameters": "first"}}]*/

function foo(bar, baz,
  qux, boop) {
  qux();
}

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "FunctionDeclaration": {"parameters": "first"} } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, {"FunctionDeclaration": {"parameters": "first"}}]*/

function foo(bar, baz,
             qux, boop) {
  qux();
}

FunctionExpression

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "FunctionExpression": {"body": 1, "parameters": 2} } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "FunctionExpression": {"body": 1, "parameters": 2} }]*/

var foo = function(bar,
  baz,
  qux) {
    qux();
}

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "FunctionExpression": {"body": 1, "parameters": 2} } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "FunctionExpression": {"body": 1, "parameters": 2} }]*/

var foo = function(bar,
    baz,
    qux) {
  qux();
}

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "FunctionExpression": {"parameters": "first"} } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, {"FunctionExpression": {"parameters": "first"}}]*/

var foo = function(bar, baz,
  qux, boop) {
  qux();
}

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "FunctionExpression": {"parameters": "first"} } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, {"FunctionExpression": {"parameters": "first"}}]*/

var foo = function(bar, baz,
                   qux, boop) {
  qux();
}

CallExpression

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "CallExpression": {"arguments": 1} } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "CallExpression": {"arguments": 1} }]*/

foo(bar,
    baz,
      qux
);

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "CallExpression": {"arguments": 1} } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "CallExpression": {"arguments": 1} }]*/

foo(bar,
  baz,
  qux
);

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "CallExpression": {"arguments": "first"} } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, {"CallExpression": {"arguments": "first"}}]*/

foo(bar, baz,
  baz, boop, beep);

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "CallExpression": {"arguments": "first"} } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, {"CallExpression": {"arguments": "first"}}]*/

foo(bar, baz,
    baz, boop, beep);

ArrayExpression

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "ArrayExpression": 1 } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "ArrayExpression": 1 }]*/

var foo = [
    bar,
baz,
      qux
];

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "ArrayExpression": 1 } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "ArrayExpression": 1 }]*/

var foo = [
  bar,
  baz,
  qux
];

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "ArrayExpression": "first" } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, {"ArrayExpression": "first"}]*/

var foo = [bar,
  baz,
  qux
];

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "ArrayExpression": "first" } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, {"ArrayExpression": "first"}]*/

var foo = [bar,
           baz,
           qux
];

ObjectExpression

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "ObjectExpression": 1 } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "ObjectExpression": 1 }]*/

var foo = {
    bar: 1,
baz: 2,
      qux: 3
};

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "ObjectExpression": 1 } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, { "ObjectExpression": 1 }]*/

var foo = {
  bar: 1,
  baz: 2,
  qux: 3
};

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 2, { "ObjectExpression": "first" } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, {"ObjectExpression": "first"}]*/

var foo = { bar: 1,
  baz: 2 };

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 2, { "ObjectExpression": "first" } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 2, {"ObjectExpression": "first"}]*/

var foo = { bar: 1,
            baz: 2 };

ImportDeclaration

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 4, { "ImportDeclaration": 1 } option (the default):

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 4, { ImportDeclaration: 1 }]*/

import { foo,
    bar,
    baz,
} from 'qux';

import {
    foo,
    bar,
    baz,
} from 'qux';

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 4, { ImportDeclaration: "first" } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 4, { ImportDeclaration: "first" }]*/

import { foo,
    bar,
    baz,
} from 'qux';

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 4, { ImportDeclaration: "first" } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 4, { ImportDeclaration: "first" }]*/

import { foo,
         bar,
         baz,
} from 'qux';

flatTernaryExpressions

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the default 4, { "flatTernaryExpressions": false } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 4, { "flatTernaryExpressions": false }]*/

var a =
    foo ? bar :
    baz ? qux :
    boop;

Examples of correct code for this rule with the default 4, { "flatTernaryExpressions": false } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 4, { "flatTernaryExpressions": false }]*/

var a =
    foo ? bar :
        baz ? qux :
            boop;

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with the 4, { "flatTernaryExpressions": true } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 4, { "flatTernaryExpressions": true }]*/

var a =
    foo ? bar :
        baz ? qux :
            boop;

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 4, { "flatTernaryExpressions": true } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 4, { "flatTernaryExpressions": true }]*/

var a =
    foo ? bar :
    baz ? qux :
    boop;

ignoredNodes

The following configuration ignores the indentation of ConditionalExpression ("ternary expression") nodes:

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 4, { "ignoredNodes": ["ConditionalExpression"] } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 4, { "ignoredNodes": ["ConditionalExpression"] }]*/

var a = foo
      ? bar
      : baz;

var a = foo
                ? bar
: baz;

The following configuration ignores indentation in the body of IIFEs.

Examples of correct code for this rule with the 4, { "ignoredNodes": ["CallExpression > FunctionExpression.callee > BlockStatement.body"] } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 4, { "ignoredNodes": ["CallExpression > FunctionExpression.callee > BlockStatement.body"] }]*/

(function() {

foo();
bar();

})

ignoreComments

Examples of additional correct code for this rule with the 4, { "ignoreComments": true } option:

/*eslint @typescript-eslint/indent: ["error", 4, { "ignoreComments": true }] */

if (foo) {
    doSomething();

// comment intentionally de-indented
    doSomethingElse();
}

Compatibility

Taken with ❤️ from ESLint core

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