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;;; lpr.el --- print Emacs buffer on line printer
;; Copyright (C) 1985, 1988, 1992, 1994, 2001, 2002, 2003,
;; 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
;; Maintainer: FSF
;; Keywords: unix
;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.
;; GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
;; (at your option) any later version.
;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
;;; Commentary:
;; Commands to send the region or a buffer to your printer. Entry points
;; are `lpr-buffer', `print-buffer', `lpr-region', or `print-region'; option
;; variables include `printer-name', `lpr-switches' and `lpr-command'.
;;; Code:
;;;###autoload
(defvar lpr-windows-system
(memq system-type '(ms-dos windows-nt)))
;;;###autoload
(defvar lpr-lp-system
(memq system-type '(usg-unix-v hpux irix)))
(defgroup lpr nil
"Print Emacs buffer on line printer."
:group 'wp)
;;;###autoload
(defcustom printer-name
(and (eq system-type 'ms-dos) "PRN")
"The name of a local printer to which data is sent for printing.
\(Note that PostScript files are sent to `ps-printer-name', which see.\)
On Unix-like systems, a string value should be a name understood by
lpr's -P option; otherwise the value should be nil.
On MS-DOS and MS-Windows systems, a string value is taken as the name of
a printer device or port, provided `lpr-command' is set to \"\".
Typical non-default settings would be \"LPT1\" to \"LPT3\" for parallel
printers, or \"COM1\" to \"COM4\" or \"AUX\" for serial printers, or
\"//hostname/printer\" for a shared network printer. You can also set
it to the name of a file, in which case the output gets appended to that
file. If you want to discard the printed output, set this to \"NUL\"."
:type '(choice :menu-tag "Printer Name"
:tag "Printer Name"
(const :tag "Default" nil)
;; could use string but then we lose completion for files.
(file :tag "Name"))
:group 'lpr)
;;;###autoload
(defcustom lpr-switches nil
"List of strings to pass as extra options for the printer program.
It is recommended to set `printer-name' instead of including an explicit
switch on this list.
See `lpr-command'."
:type '(repeat (string :tag "Argument"))
:group 'lpr)
(defcustom lpr-add-switches (memq system-type '(berkeley-unix gnu/linux))
"Non-nil means construct `-T' and `-J' options for the printer program.
These are made assuming that the program is `lpr';
if you are using some other incompatible printer program,
this variable should be nil."
:type 'boolean
:group 'lpr)
(defcustom lpr-printer-switch
(if lpr-lp-system
"-d "
"-P")
"Printer switch, that is, something like \"-P\", \"-d \", \"/D:\", etc.
This switch is used in conjunction with `printer-name'."
:type '(choice :menu-tag "Printer Name Switch"
:tag "Printer Name Switch"
(const :tag "None" nil)
(string :tag "Printer Switch"))
:group 'lpr)
;;;###autoload
(defcustom lpr-command
(purecopy
(cond
(lpr-windows-system
"")
(lpr-lp-system
"lp")
(t
"lpr")))
"Name of program for printing a file.
On MS-DOS and MS-Windows systems, if the value is an empty string then
Emacs will write directly to the printer port named by `printer-name'.
The programs `print' and `nprint' (the standard print programs on
Windows NT and Novell Netware respectively) are handled specially, using
`printer-name' as the destination for output; any other program is
treated like `lpr' except that an explicit filename is given as the last
argument."
:type 'string
:group 'lpr)
;; Default is nil, because that enables us to use pr -f
;; which is more reliable than pr with no args, which is what lpr -p does.
(defcustom lpr-headers-switches nil
"List of strings of options to request page headings in the printer program.
If nil, we run `lpr-page-header-program' to make page headings
and print the result."
:type '(repeat (string :tag "Argument"))
:group 'lpr)
(defcustom print-region-function nil
"Function to call to print the region on a printer.
See definition of `print-region-1' for calling conventions."
:type '(choice (const nil) function)
:group 'lpr)
(defcustom lpr-page-header-program "pr"
"Name of program for adding page headers to a file."
:type 'string
:group 'lpr)
;; Berkeley systems support -F, and GNU pr supports both -f and -F,
;; So it looks like -F is a better default.
(defcustom lpr-page-header-switches '("-h" "%s" "-F")
"List of strings to use as options for the page-header-generating program.
If `%s' appears in any of the strings, it is substituted by the page title.
Note that for correct quoting, `%s' should normally be a separate element.
The variable `lpr-page-header-program' specifies the program to use."
:type '(repeat string)
:group 'lpr)
;;;###autoload
(defun lpr-buffer ()
"Print buffer contents without pagination or page headers.
See the variables `lpr-switches' and `lpr-command'
for customization of the printer command."
(interactive)
(print-region-1 (point-min) (point-max) lpr-switches nil))
;;;###autoload
(defun print-buffer ()
"Paginate and print buffer contents.
The variable `lpr-headers-switches' controls how to paginate.
If it is nil (the default), we run the `pr' program (or whatever program
`lpr-page-header-program' specifies) to paginate.
`lpr-page-header-switches' specifies the switches for that program.
Otherwise, the switches in `lpr-headers-switches' are used
in the print command itself; we expect them to request pagination.
See the variables `lpr-switches' and `lpr-command'
for further customization of the printer command."
(interactive)
(print-region-1 (point-min) (point-max) lpr-switches t))
;;;###autoload
(defun lpr-region (start end)
"Print region contents without pagination or page headers.
See the variables `lpr-switches' and `lpr-command'
for customization of the printer command."
(interactive "r")
(print-region-1 start end lpr-switches nil))
;;;###autoload
(defun print-region (start end)
"Paginate and print the region contents.
The variable `lpr-headers-switches' controls how to paginate.
If it is nil (the default), we run the `pr' program (or whatever program
`lpr-page-header-program' specifies) to paginate.
`lpr-page-header-switches' specifies the switches for that program.
Otherwise, the switches in `lpr-headers-switches' are used
in the print command itself; we expect them to request pagination.
See the variables `lpr-switches' and `lpr-command'
for further customization of the printer command."
(interactive "r")
(print-region-1 start end lpr-switches t))
(defun print-region-1 (start end switches page-headers)
;; On some MIPS system, having a space in the job name
;; crashes the printer demon. But using dashes looks ugly
;; and it seems to annoying to do for that MIPS system.
(let ((name (concat (buffer-name) " Emacs buffer"))
(title (concat (buffer-name) " Emacs buffer"))
;; Make pipes use the same coding system as
;; writing the buffer to a file would.
(coding-system-for-write (or coding-system-for-write
buffer-file-coding-system))
(coding-system-for-read (or coding-system-for-read
buffer-file-coding-system))
(width tab-width)
nswitches
switch-string)
(save-excursion
(and page-headers lpr-headers-switches
;; It's possible to use an lpr option to get page headers.
(setq switches (append (if (stringp lpr-headers-switches)
(list lpr-headers-switches)
lpr-headers-switches)
switches)))
(setq nswitches (lpr-flatten-list
(mapcar 'lpr-eval-switch ; Dynamic evaluation
switches))
switch-string (if switches
(concat " with options "
(mapconcat 'identity switches " "))
""))
(message "Spooling%s..." switch-string)
(if (/= tab-width 8)
(let ((new-coords (print-region-new-buffer start end)))
(setq start (car new-coords)
end (cdr new-coords)
tab-width width)
(save-excursion
(goto-char end)
(setq end (point-marker)))
(untabify (point-min) (point-max))))
(if page-headers
(if lpr-headers-switches
;; We handled this above by modifying SWITCHES.
nil
;; Run a separate program to get page headers.
(let ((new-coords (print-region-new-buffer start end)))
(apply 'call-process-region (car new-coords) (cdr new-coords)
lpr-page-header-program t t nil
(mapcar (lambda (e) (format e title))
lpr-page-header-switches)))
(setq start (point-min)
end (point-max))))
(apply (or print-region-function 'call-process-region)
(nconc (list start end lpr-command
nil nil nil)
(and lpr-add-switches
(list "-J" name))
;; These belong in pr if we are using that.
(and lpr-add-switches lpr-headers-switches
(list "-T" title))
(and (stringp printer-name)
(list (concat lpr-printer-switch
printer-name)))
nswitches))
(if (markerp end)
(set-marker end nil))
(message "Spooling%s...done" switch-string))))
;; This function copies the text between start and end
;; into a new buffer, makes that buffer current.
;; It returns the new range to print from the new current buffer
;; as (START . END).
(defun print-region-new-buffer (ostart oend)
(if (string= (buffer-name) " *spool temp*")
(cons ostart oend)
(let ((oldbuf (current-buffer)))
(set-buffer (get-buffer-create " *spool temp*"))
(widen)
(erase-buffer)
(insert-buffer-substring oldbuf ostart oend)
(cons (point-min) (point-max)))))
(defun printify-region (begin end)
"Replace nonprinting characters in region with printable representations.
The printable representations use ^ (for ASCII control characters) or hex.
The characters tab, linefeed, space, return and formfeed are not affected."
(interactive "r")
(save-excursion
(save-restriction
(narrow-to-region begin end)
(goto-char (point-min))
(let (c)
(while (re-search-forward "[\^@-\^h\^k\^n-\^_\177-\377]" nil t)
(setq c (preceding-char))
(delete-backward-char 1)
(insert (if (< c ?\s)
(format "\\^%c" (+ c ?@))
(format "\\%02x" c))))))))
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;; Functions hacked from `ps-print' package.
;; Dynamic evaluation
(defun lpr-eval-switch (arg)
(cond ((stringp arg) arg)
((functionp arg) (apply arg nil))
((symbolp arg) (symbol-value arg))
((consp arg) (apply (car arg) (cdr arg)))
(t nil)))
;; `lpr-flatten-list' is defined here (copied from "message.el" and
;; enhanced to handle dotted pairs as well) until we can get some
;; sensible autoloads, or `flatten-list' gets put somewhere decent.
;; (lpr-flatten-list '((a . b) c (d . e) (f g h) i . j))
;; => (a b c d e f g h i j)
(defun lpr-flatten-list (&rest list)
(lpr-flatten-list-1 list))
(defun lpr-flatten-list-1 (list)
(cond
((null list) (list))
((consp list)
(append (lpr-flatten-list-1 (car list))
(lpr-flatten-list-1 (cdr list))))
(t (list list))))
(provide 'lpr)
;; arch-tag: 21c3f821-ebec-4ca9-ac67-a81e4b75c62a
;;; lpr.el ends here