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;;; minibuffer.el --- Minibuffer completion functions
;; Copyright (C) 2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
;; Author: Stefan Monnier <>
;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.
;; GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
;; (at your option) any later version.
;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs. If not, see <>.
;;; Commentary:
;; Names with "--" are for functions and variables that are meant to be for
;; internal use only.
;; Functional completion tables have an extended calling conventions:
;; - The `action' can be (additionally to nil, t, and lambda) of the form
;; (boundaries . SUFFIX) in which case it should return
;; (boundaries START . END). See `completion-boundaries'.
;; Any other return value should be ignored (so we ignore values returned
;; from completion tables that don't know about this new `action' form).
;;; Bugs:
;; - completion-all-sorted-completions list all the completions, whereas
;; it should only lists the ones that `try-completion' would consider.
;; E.g. it should honor completion-ignored-extensions.
;; - choose-completion can't automatically figure out the boundaries
;; corresponding to the displayed completions because we only
;; provide the start info but not the end info in
;; completion-base-position.
;; - quoting is problematic. E.g. the double-dollar quoting used in
;; substitie-in-file-name (and hence read-file-name-internal) bumps
;; into various bugs:
;; - choose-completion doesn't know how to quote the text it inserts.
;; E.g. it fails to double the dollars in file-name completion, or
;; to backslash-escape spaces and other chars in comint completion.
;; - when completing ~/tmp/fo$$o, the highligting in *Completions*
;; is off by one position.
;; - all code like PCM which relies on all-completions to match
;; its argument gets confused because all-completions returns unquoted
;; texts (as desired for *Completions* output).
;; - C-x C-f ~/*/sr ? should not list "~/./src".
;; - minibuffer-force-complete completes ~/src/emacs/t<!>/lisp/minibuffer.el
;; to ~/src/emacs/trunk/ and throws away lisp/minibuffer.el.
;;; Todo:
;; - extend `boundaries' to provide various other meta-data about the
;; output of `all-completions':
;; - quoting/unquoting (so we can complete files names with envvars
;; and backslashes, and all-completion can list names without
;; quoting backslashes and dollars).
;; - indicate how to turn all-completion's output into
;; try-completion's output: e.g. completion-ignored-extensions.
;; maybe that could be merged with the "quote" operation above.
;; - completion hook to run when the completion is
;; selected/inserted (maybe this should be provided some other
;; way, e.g. as text-property, so `try-completion can also return it?)
;; both for when it's inserted via TAB or via choose-completion.
;; - indicate that `all-completions' doesn't do prefix-completion
;; but just returns some list that relates in some other way to
;; the provided string (as is the case in filecache.el), in which
;; case partial-completion (for example) doesn't make any sense
;; and neither does the completions-first-difference highlight.
;; - make partial-completion-mode obsolete:
;; - (?) <foo.h> style completion for file names.
;; This can't be done identically just by tweaking completion,
;; because partial-completion-mode's behavior is to expand <string.h>
;; to /usr/include/string.h only when exiting the minibuffer, at which
;; point the completion code is actually not involved normally.
;; Partial-completion-mode does it via a find-file-not-found-function.
;; - special code for C-x C-f <> to visit the file ref'd at point
;; via (require 'foo) or #include "foo". ffap seems like a better
;; place for this feature (supplemented with major-mode-provided
;; functions to find the file ref'd at point).
;; - case-sensitivity currently confuses two issues:
;; - whether or not a particular completion table should be case-sensitive
;; (i.e. whether strings that differ only by case are semantically
;; equivalent)
;; - whether the user wants completion to pay attention to case.
;; e.g. we may want to make it possible for the user to say "first try
;; completion case-sensitively, and if that fails, try to ignore case".
;; - add support for ** to pcm.
;; - Add vc-file-name-completion-table to read-file-name-internal.
;; - A feature like completing-help.el.
;;; Code:
(eval-when-compile (require 'cl))
;;; Completion table manipulation
;; New completion-table operation.
(defun completion-boundaries (string table pred suffix)
"Return the boundaries of the completions returned by TABLE for STRING.
STRING is the string on which completion will be performed.
SUFFIX is the string after point.
The result is of the form (START . END) where START is the position
in STRING of the beginning of the completion field and END is the position
in SUFFIX of the end of the completion field.
E.g. for simple completion tables, the result is always (0 . (length SUFFIX))
and for file names the result is the positions delimited by
the closest directory separators."
(let ((boundaries (if (functionp table)
(funcall table string pred (cons 'boundaries suffix)))))
(if (not (eq (car-safe boundaries) 'boundaries))
(setq boundaries nil))
(cons (or (cadr boundaries) 0)
(or (cddr boundaries) (length suffix)))))
(defun completion--some (fun xs)
"Apply FUN to each element of XS in turn.
Return the first non-nil returned value.
Like CL's `some'."
(let ((firsterror nil)
(while (and (not res) xs)
(condition-case err
(setq res (funcall fun (pop xs)))
(error (unless firsterror (setq firsterror err)) nil)))
(or res
(if firsterror (signal (car firsterror) (cdr firsterror))))))
(defun complete-with-action (action table string pred)
"Perform completion ACTION.
STRING is the string to complete.
TABLE is the completion table, which should not be a function.
PRED is a completion predicate.
ACTION can be one of nil, t or `lambda'."
((functionp table) (funcall table string pred action))
((eq (car-safe action) 'boundaries)
(cons 'boundaries (completion-boundaries string table pred (cdr action))))
((null action) 'try-completion)
((eq action t) 'all-completions)
(t 'test-completion))
string table pred))))
(defun completion-table-dynamic (fun)
"Use function FUN as a dynamic completion table.
FUN is called with one argument, the string for which completion is required,
and it should return an alist containing all the intended possible completions.
This alist may be a full list of possible completions so that FUN can ignore
the value of its argument. If completion is performed in the minibuffer,
FUN will be called in the buffer from which the minibuffer was entered.
The result of the `completion-table-dynamic' form is a function
that can be used as the COLLECTION argument to `try-completion' and
`all-completions'. See Info node `(elisp)Programmed Completion'."
(lexical-let ((fun fun))
(lambda (string pred action)
(with-current-buffer (let ((win (minibuffer-selected-window)))
(if (window-live-p win) (window-buffer win)
(complete-with-action action (funcall fun string) string pred)))))
(defmacro lazy-completion-table (var fun)
"Initialize variable VAR as a lazy completion table.
If the completion table VAR is used for the first time (e.g., by passing VAR
as an argument to `try-completion'), the function FUN is called with no
arguments. FUN must return the completion table that will be stored in VAR.
If completion is requested in the minibuffer, FUN will be called in the buffer
from which the minibuffer was entered. The return value of
`lazy-completion-table' must be used to initialize the value of VAR.
You should give VAR a non-nil `risky-local-variable' property."
(declare (debug (symbolp lambda-expr)))
(let ((str (make-symbol "string")))
(lambda (,str)
(when (functionp ,var)
(setq ,var (,fun)))
(defun completion-table-with-context (prefix table string pred action)
;; TODO: add `suffix' maybe?
;; Notice that `pred' may not be a function in some abusive cases.
(when (functionp pred)
(setq pred
(lexical-let ((pred pred))
;; Predicates are called differently depending on the nature of
;; the completion table :-(
((vectorp table) ;Obarray.
(lambda (sym) (funcall pred (concat prefix (symbol-name sym)))))
((hash-table-p table)
(lambda (s v) (funcall pred (concat prefix s))))
((functionp table)
(lambda (s) (funcall pred (concat prefix s))))
(t ;Lists and alists.
(lambda (s)
(funcall pred (concat prefix (if (consp s) (car s) s)))))))))
(if (eq (car-safe action) 'boundaries)
(let* ((len (length prefix))
(bound (completion-boundaries string table pred (cdr action))))
(list* 'boundaries (+ (car bound) len) (cdr bound)))
(let ((comp (complete-with-action action table string pred)))
;; In case of try-completion, add the prefix.
((stringp comp) (concat prefix comp))
(t comp)))))
(defun completion-table-with-terminator (terminator table string pred action)
"Construct a completion table like TABLE but with an extra TERMINATOR.
This is meant to be called in a curried way by first passing TERMINATOR
and TABLE only (via `apply-partially').
TABLE is a completion table, and TERMINATOR is a string appended to TABLE's
completion if it is complete. TERMINATOR is also used to determine the
completion suffix's boundary.
in which case TERMINATOR-REGEXP is a regular expression whose submatch
number 1 should match TERMINATOR. This is used when there is a need to
distinguish occurrences of the TERMINATOR strings which are really terminators
from others (e.g. escaped)."
((eq (car-safe action) 'boundaries)
(let* ((suffix (cdr action))
(bounds (completion-boundaries string table pred suffix))
(terminator-regexp (if (consp terminator)
(cdr terminator) (regexp-quote terminator)))
(max (string-match terminator-regexp suffix)))
(list* 'boundaries (car bounds)
(min (cdr bounds) (or max (length suffix))))))
((eq action nil)
(let ((comp (try-completion string table pred)))
(if (consp terminator) (setq terminator (car terminator)))
(if (eq comp t)
(concat string terminator)
(if (and (stringp comp)
;; FIXME: Try to avoid this second call, especially since
;; it may be very inefficient (because `comp' made us
;; jump to a new boundary, so we complete in that
;; boundary with an empty start string).
;; completion-boundaries might help.
(eq (try-completion comp table pred) t))
(concat comp terminator)
((eq action t)
;; FIXME: We generally want the `try' and `all' behaviors to be
;; consistent so pcm can merge the `all' output to get the `try' output,
;; but that sometimes clashes with the need for `all' output to look
;; good in *Completions*.
;; (mapcar (lambda (s) (concat s terminator))
;; (all-completions string table pred))))
(all-completions string table pred))
;; completion-table-with-terminator is always used for
;; "sub-completions" so it's only called if the terminator is missing,
;; in which case `test-completion' should return nil.
((eq action 'lambda) nil)))
(defun completion-table-with-predicate (table pred1 strict string pred2 action)
"Make a completion table equivalent to TABLE but filtered through PRED1.
PRED1 is a function of one argument which returns non-nil if and only if the
argument is an element of TABLE which should be considered for completion.
STRING, PRED2, and ACTION are the usual arguments to completion tables,
as described in `try-completion', `all-completions', and `test-completion'.
If STRICT is t, the predicate always applies; if nil it only applies if
it does not reduce the set of possible completions to nothing.
Note: TABLE needs to be a proper completion table which obeys predicates."
((and (not strict) (eq action 'lambda))
;; Ignore pred1 since it doesn't really have to apply anyway.
(test-completion string table pred2))
(or (complete-with-action action table string
(if (null pred2) pred1
(lexical-let ((pred1 pred2) (pred2 pred2))
(lambda (x)
;; Call `pred1' first, so that `pred2'
;; really can't tell that `x' is in table.
(if (funcall pred1 x) (funcall pred2 x))))))
;; If completion failed and we're not applying pred1 strictly, try
;; again without pred1.
(and (not strict)
(complete-with-action action table string pred2))))))
(defun completion-table-in-turn (&rest tables)
"Create a completion table that tries each table in TABLES in turn."
;; FIXME: the boundaries may come from TABLE1 even when the completion list
;; is returned by TABLE2 (because TABLE1 returned an empty list).
(lexical-let ((tables tables))
(lambda (string pred action)
(completion--some (lambda (table)
(complete-with-action action table string pred))
;; (defmacro complete-in-turn (a b) `(completion-table-in-turn ,a ,b))
;; (defmacro dynamic-completion-table (fun) `(completion-table-dynamic ,fun))
'complete-in-turn 'completion-table-in-turn "23.1")
'dynamic-completion-table 'completion-table-dynamic "23.1")
;;; Minibuffer completion
(defgroup minibuffer nil
"Controlling the behavior of the minibuffer."
:link '(custom-manual "(emacs)Minibuffer")
:group 'environment)
(defun minibuffer-message (message &rest args)
"Temporarily display MESSAGE at the end of the minibuffer.
The text is displayed for `minibuffer-message-timeout' seconds,
or until the next input event arrives, whichever comes first.
Enclose MESSAGE in [...] if this is not yet the case.
If ARGS are provided, then pass MESSAGE through `format'."
(if (not (minibufferp (current-buffer)))
(if args
(apply 'message message args)
(message "%s" message))
(prog1 (sit-for (or minibuffer-message-timeout 1000000))
(message nil)))
;; Clear out any old echo-area message to make way for our new thing.
(message nil)
(setq message (if (and (null args) (string-match-p "\\` *\\[.+\\]\\'" message))
;; Make sure we can put-text-property.
(copy-sequence message)
(concat " [" message "]")))
(when args (setq message (apply 'format message args)))
(let ((ol (make-overlay (point-max) (point-max) nil t t))
;; A quit during sit-for normally only interrupts the sit-for,
;; but since minibuffer-message is used at the end of a command,
;; at a time when the command has virtually finished already, a C-g
;; should really cause an abort-recursive-edit instead (i.e. as if
;; the C-g had been typed at top-level). Binding inhibit-quit here
;; is an attempt to get that behavior.
(inhibit-quit t))
(unless (zerop (length message))
;; The current C cursor code doesn't know to use the overlay's
;; marker's stickiness to figure out whether to place the cursor
;; before or after the string, so let's spoon-feed it the pos.
(put-text-property 0 1 'cursor t message))
(overlay-put ol 'after-string message)
(sit-for (or minibuffer-message-timeout 1000000)))
(delete-overlay ol)))))
(defun minibuffer-completion-contents ()
"Return the user input in a minibuffer before point as a string.
That is what completion commands operate on."
(buffer-substring (field-beginning) (point)))
(defun delete-minibuffer-contents ()
"Delete all user input in a minibuffer.
If the current buffer is not a minibuffer, erase its entire contents."
;; We used to do `delete-field' here, but when file name shadowing
;; is on, the field doesn't cover the entire minibuffer contents.
(delete-region (minibuffer-prompt-end) (point-max)))
(defcustom completion-auto-help t
"Non-nil means automatically provide help for invalid completion input.
If the value is t the *Completion* buffer is displayed whenever completion
is requested but cannot be done.
If the value is `lazy', the *Completions* buffer is only displayed after
the second failed attempt to complete."
:type '(choice (const nil) (const t) (const lazy))
:group 'minibuffer)
(defconst completion-styles-alist
completion-emacs21-try-completion completion-emacs21-all-completions
"Simple prefix-based completion.")
completion-emacs22-try-completion completion-emacs22-all-completions
"Prefix completion that only operates on the text before point.")
completion-basic-try-completion completion-basic-all-completions
"Completion of the prefix before point and the suffix after point.")
completion-pcm-try-completion completion-pcm-all-completions
"Completion of multiple words, each one taken as a prefix.
E.g. M-x l-c-h can complete to list-command-history
and C-x C-f /u/m/s to /usr/monnier/src.")
completion-initials-try-completion completion-initials-all-completions
"Completion of acronyms and initialisms.
E.g. can complete M-x lch to list-command-history
and C-x C-f ~/sew to ~/src/emacs/work."))
"List of available completion styles.
where NAME is the name that should be used in `completion-styles',
TRY-COMPLETION is the function that does the completion (it should
follow the same calling convention as `completion-try-completion'),
ALL-COMPLETIONS is the function that lists the completions (it should
follow the calling convention of `completion-all-completions'),
and DOC describes the way this style of completion works.")
(defcustom completion-styles '(basic partial-completion emacs22)
"List of completion styles to use.
The available styles are listed in `completion-styles-alist'."
:type `(repeat (choice ,@(mapcar (lambda (x) (list 'const (car x)))
:group 'minibuffer
:version "23.1")
(defun completion-try-completion (string table pred point)
"Try to complete STRING using completion table TABLE.
Only the elements of table that satisfy predicate PRED are considered.
POINT is the position of point within STRING.
The return value can be either nil to indicate that there is no completion,
t to indicate that STRING is the only possible completion,
or a pair (STRING . NEWPOINT) of the completed result string together with
a new position for point."
(completion--some (lambda (style)
(funcall (nth 1 (assq style completion-styles-alist))
string table pred point))
(defun completion-all-completions (string table pred point)
"List the possible completions of STRING in completion table TABLE.
Only the elements of table that satisfy predicate PRED are considered.
POINT is the position of point within STRING.
The return value is a list of completions and may contain the base-size
in the last `cdr'."
;; FIXME: We need to additionally return the info needed for the
;; second part of completion-base-position.
(completion--some (lambda (style)
(funcall (nth 2 (assq style completion-styles-alist))
string table pred point))
(defun minibuffer--bitset (modified completions exact)
(logior (if modified 4 0)
(if completions 2 0)
(if exact 1 0)))
(defun completion--do-completion (&optional try-completion-function)
"Do the completion and return a summary of what happened.
M = completion was performed, the text was Modified.
C = there were available Completions.
E = after completion we now have an Exact match.
000 0 no possible completion
001 1 was already an exact and unique completion
010 2 no completion happened
011 3 was already an exact completion
100 4 ??? impossible
101 5 ??? impossible
110 6 some completion happened
111 7 completed to an exact completion"
(let* ((beg (field-beginning))
(end (field-end))
(string (buffer-substring beg end))
(comp (funcall (or try-completion-function
(- (point) beg))))
((null comp)
(ding) (minibuffer-message "No match") (minibuffer--bitset nil nil nil))
((eq t comp)
(goto-char (field-end))
(minibuffer--bitset nil nil t)) ;Exact and unique match.
;; `completed' should be t if some completion was done, which doesn't
;; include simply changing the case of the entered string. However,
;; for appearance, the string is rewritten if the case changes.
(let* ((comp-pos (cdr comp))
(completion (car comp))
(completed (not (eq t (compare-strings completion nil nil
string nil nil t))))
(unchanged (eq t (compare-strings completion nil nil
string nil nil nil))))
(unless unchanged
;; Insert in minibuffer the chars we got.
(goto-char end)
(insert completion)
(delete-region beg end))
;; Move point.
(goto-char (+ beg comp-pos))
(if (not (or unchanged completed))
;; The case of the string changed, but that's all. We're not sure
;; whether this is a unique completion or not, so try again using
;; the real case (this shouldn't recurse again, because the next
;; time try-completion will return either t or the exact string).
(completion--do-completion try-completion-function)
;; It did find a match. Do we match some possibility exactly now?
(let ((exact (test-completion completion
(if completed
;; We could also decide to refresh the completions,
;; if they're displayed (and assuming there are
;; completions left).
;; Show the completion table, if requested.
((not exact)
(if (case completion-auto-help
(lazy (eq this-command last-command))
(t completion-auto-help))
(minibuffer-message "Next char not unique")))
;; If the last exact completion and this one were the same, it
;; means we've already given a "Next char not unique" message
;; and the user's hit TAB again, so now we give him help.
((eq this-command last-command)
(if completion-auto-help (minibuffer-completion-help)))))
(minibuffer--bitset completed t exact))))))))
(defun minibuffer-complete ()
"Complete the minibuffer contents as far as possible.
Return nil if there is no valid completion, else t.
If no characters can be completed, display a list of possible completions.
If you repeat this command after it displayed such a list,
scroll the window of possible completions."
;; If the previous command was not this,
;; mark the completion buffer obsolete.
(unless (eq this-command last-command)
(setq minibuffer-scroll-window nil))
(let ((window minibuffer-scroll-window))
;; If there's a fresh completion window with a live buffer,
;; and this command is repeated, scroll that window.
(if (window-live-p window)
(with-current-buffer (window-buffer window)
(if (pos-visible-in-window-p (point-max) window)
;; If end is in view, scroll up to the beginning.
(set-window-start window (point-min) nil)
;; Else scroll down one screen.
(case (completion--do-completion)
(#b000 nil)
(#b001 (minibuffer-message "Sole completion")
(#b011 (minibuffer-message "Complete, but not unique")
(t t)))))
(defvar completion-all-sorted-completions nil)
(make-variable-buffer-local 'completion-all-sorted-completions)
(defun completion--flush-all-sorted-completions (&rest ignore)
(setq completion-all-sorted-completions nil))
(defun completion-all-sorted-completions ()
(or completion-all-sorted-completions
(let* ((start (field-beginning))
(end (field-end))
(all (completion-all-completions (buffer-substring start end)
(- (point) start)))
(last (last all))
(base-size (or (cdr last) 0)))
(when last
(setcdr last nil)
;; Prefer shorter completions.
(setq all (sort all (lambda (c1 c2) (< (length c1) (length c2)))))
;; Prefer recently used completions.
(let ((hist (symbol-value minibuffer-history-variable)))
(setq all (sort all (lambda (c1 c2)
(> (length (member c1 hist))
(length (member c2 hist)))))))
;; Cache the result. This is not just for speed, but also so that
;; repeated calls to minibuffer-force-complete can cycle through
;; all possibilities.
(add-hook 'after-change-functions
'completion--flush-all-sorted-completions nil t)
(setq completion-all-sorted-completions
(nconc all base-size))))))
(defun minibuffer-force-complete ()
"Complete the minibuffer to an exact match.
Repeated uses step through the possible completions."
;; FIXME: Need to deal with the extra-size issue here as well.
;; FIXME: ~/src/emacs/t<M-TAB>/lisp/minibuffer.el completes to
;; ~/src/emacs/trunk/ and throws away lisp/minibuffer.el.
(let* ((start (field-beginning))
(end (field-end))
(all (completion-all-sorted-completions)))
(if (not (consp all))
(minibuffer-message (if all "No more completions" "No completions"))
(goto-char end)
(insert (car all))
(delete-region (+ start (cdr (last all))) end)
;; If completing file names, (car all) may be a directory, so we'd now
;; have a new set of possible completions and might want to reset
;; completion-all-sorted-completions to nil, but we prefer not to,
;; so that repeated calls minibuffer-force-complete still cycle
;; through the previous possible completions.
(let ((last (last all)))
(setcdr last (cons (car all) (cdr last)))
(setq completion-all-sorted-completions (cdr all))))))
(defvar minibuffer-confirm-exit-commands
'(minibuffer-complete minibuffer-complete-word PC-complete PC-complete-word)
"A list of commands which cause an immediately following
`minibuffer-complete-and-exit' to ask for extra confirmation.")
(defun minibuffer-complete-and-exit ()
"Exit if the minibuffer contains a valid completion.
Otherwise, try to complete the minibuffer contents. If
completion leads to a valid completion, a repetition of this
command will exit.
If `minibuffer-completion-confirm' is `confirm', do not try to
complete; instead, ask for confirmation and accept any input if
If `minibuffer-completion-confirm' is `confirm-after-completion',
do not try to complete; instead, ask for confirmation if the
preceding minibuffer command was a member of
`minibuffer-confirm-exit-commands', and accept the input
(let ((beg (field-beginning))
(end (field-end)))
;; Allow user to specify null string
((= beg end) (exit-minibuffer))
((test-completion (buffer-substring beg end)
;; FIXME: completion-ignore-case has various slightly
;; incompatible meanings. E.g. it can reflect whether the user
;; wants completion to pay attention to case, or whether the
;; string will be used in a context where case is significant.
;; E.g. usually try-completion should obey the first, whereas
;; test-completion should obey the second.
(when completion-ignore-case
;; Fixup case of the field, if necessary.
(let* ((string (buffer-substring beg end))
(compl (try-completion
(when (and (stringp compl) (not (equal string compl))
;; If it weren't for this piece of paranoia, I'd replace
;; the whole thing with a call to do-completion.
;; This is important, e.g. when the current minibuffer's
;; content is a directory which only contains a single
;; file, so `try-completion' actually completes to
;; that file.
(= (length string) (length compl)))
(goto-char end)
(insert compl)
(delete-region beg end))))
((memq minibuffer-completion-confirm '(confirm confirm-after-completion))
;; The user is permitted to exit with an input that's rejected
;; by test-completion, after confirming her choice.
(if (or (eq last-command this-command)
;; For `confirm-after-completion' we only ask for confirmation
;; if trying to exit immediately after typing TAB (this
;; catches most minibuffer typos).
(and (eq minibuffer-completion-confirm 'confirm-after-completion)
(not (memq last-command minibuffer-confirm-exit-commands))))
(minibuffer-message "Confirm")
;; Call do-completion, but ignore errors.
(case (condition-case nil
(error 1))
((#b001 #b011) (exit-minibuffer))
(#b111 (if (not minibuffer-completion-confirm)
(minibuffer-message "Confirm")
(t nil))))))
(defun completion--try-word-completion (string table predicate point)
(let ((comp (completion-try-completion string table predicate point)))
(if (not (consp comp))
;; If completion finds next char not unique,
;; consider adding a space or a hyphen.
(when (= (length string) (length (car comp)))
;; Mark the added char with the `completion-word' property, so it
;; can be handled specially by completion styles such as
;; partial-completion.
;; We used to remove `partial-completion' from completion-styles
;; instead, but it was too blunt, leading to situations where SPC
;; was the only insertable char at point but minibuffer-complete-word
;; refused inserting it.
(let ((exts (mapcar (lambda (str) (propertize str 'completion-try-word t))
'(" " "-")))
(before (substring string 0 point))
(after (substring string point))
(while (and exts (not (consp tem)))
(setq tem (completion-try-completion
(concat before (pop exts) after)
table predicate (1+ point))))
(if (consp tem) (setq comp tem))))
;; Completing a single word is actually more difficult than completing
;; as much as possible, because we first have to find the "current
;; position" in `completion' in order to find the end of the word
;; we're completing. Normally, `string' is a prefix of `completion',
;; which makes it trivial to find the position, but with fancier
;; completion (plus env-var expansion, ...) `completion' might not
;; look anything like `string' at all.
(let* ((comppoint (cdr comp))
(completion (car comp))
(before (substring string 0 point))
(combined (concat before "\n" completion)))
;; Find in completion the longest text that was right before point.
(when (string-match "\\(.+\\)\n.*?\\1" combined)
(let* ((prefix (match-string 1 before))
;; We used non-greedy match to make `rem' as long as possible.
(rem (substring combined (match-end 0)))
;; Find in the remainder of completion the longest text
;; that was right after point.
(after (substring string point))
(suffix (if (string-match "\\`\\(.+\\).*\n.*\\1"
(concat after "\n" rem))
(match-string 1 after))))
;; The general idea is to try and guess what text was inserted
;; at point by the completion. Problem is: if we guess wrong,
;; we may end up treating as "added by completion" text that was
;; actually painfully typed by the user. So if we then cut
;; after the first word, we may throw away things the
;; user wrote. So let's try to be as conservative as possible:
;; only cut after the first word, if we're reasonably sure that
;; our guess is correct.
;; Note: a quick survey on emacs-devel seemed to indicate that
;; nobody actually cares about the "word-at-a-time" feature of
;; minibuffer-complete-word, whose real raison-d'être is that it
;; tries to add "-" or " ". One more reason to only cut after
;; the first word, if we're really sure we're right.
(when (and (or suffix (zerop (length after)))
(string-match (concat
;; Make submatch 1 as small as possible
;; to reduce the risk of cutting
;; valuable text.
".*" (regexp-quote prefix) "\\(.*?\\)"
(if suffix (regexp-quote suffix) "\\'"))
;; The new point in `completion' should also be just
;; before the suffix, otherwise something more complex
;; is going on, and we're not sure where we are.
(eq (match-end 1) comppoint)
;; (match-beginning 1)..comppoint is now the stretch
;; of text in `completion' that was completed at point.
(string-match "\\W" completion (match-beginning 1))
;; Is there really something to cut?
(> comppoint (match-end 0)))
;; Cut after the first word.
(let ((cutpos (match-end 0)))
(setq completion (concat (substring completion 0 cutpos)
(substring completion comppoint)))
(setq comppoint cutpos)))))
(cons completion comppoint)))))
(defun minibuffer-complete-word ()
"Complete the minibuffer contents at most a single word.
After one word is completed as much as possible, a space or hyphen
is added, provided that matches some possible completion.
Return nil if there is no valid completion, else t."
(case (completion--do-completion 'completion--try-word-completion)
(#b000 nil)
(#b001 (minibuffer-message "Sole completion")
(#b011 (minibuffer-message "Complete, but not unique")
(t t)))
(defface completions-annotations '((t :inherit italic))
"Face to use for annotations in the *Completions* buffer.")
(defcustom completions-format nil
"Define the appearance and sorting of completions.
If the value is `vertical', display completions sorted vertically
in columns in the *Completions* buffer.
If the value is `horizontal' or nil, display completions sorted
horizontally in alphabetical order, rather than down the screen."
:type '(choice (const nil) (const horizontal) (const vertical))
:group 'minibuffer
:version "23.2")
(defun completion--insert-strings (strings)
"Insert a list of STRINGS into the current buffer.
Uses columns to keep the listing readable but compact.
It also eliminates runs of equal strings."
(when (consp strings)
(let* ((length (apply 'max
(mapcar (lambda (s)
(if (consp s)
(+ (string-width (car s))
(string-width (cadr s)))
(string-width s)))
(window (get-buffer-window (current-buffer) 0))
(wwidth (if window (1- (window-width window)) 79))
(columns (min
;; At least 2 columns; at least 2 spaces between columns.
(max 2 (/ wwidth (+ 2 length)))
;; Don't allocate more columns than we can fill.
;; Windows can't show less than 3 lines anyway.
(max 1 (/ (length strings) 2))))
(colwidth (/ wwidth columns))
(column 0)
(rows (/ (length strings) columns))
(row 0)
(laststring nil))
;; The insertion should be "sensible" no matter what choices were made
;; for the parameters above.
(dolist (str strings)
(unless (equal laststring str) ; Remove (consecutive) duplicates.
(setq laststring str)
(let ((length (if (consp str)
(+ (string-width (car str))
(string-width (cadr str)))
(string-width str))))
((eq completions-format 'vertical)
;; Vertical format
(when (> row rows)
(forward-line (- -1 rows))
(setq row 0 column (+ column colwidth)))
(when (> column 0)
(while (> (current-column) column)
(if (eobp)
(insert "\n")
(forward-line 1)
(insert " \t")
(set-text-properties (- (point) 1) (point)
`(display (space :align-to ,column)))))
;; Horizontal format
(unless (bolp)
(if (< wwidth (+ (max colwidth length) column))
;; No space for `str' at point, move to next line.
(progn (insert "\n") (setq column 0))
(insert " \t")
;; Leave the space unpropertized so that in the case we're
;; already past the goal column, there is still
;; a space displayed.
(set-text-properties (- (point) 1) (point)
;; We can't just set tab-width, because
;; completion-setup-function will kill all
;; local variables :-(
`(display (space :align-to ,column)))
(if (not (consp str))
(put-text-property (point) (progn (insert str) (point))
'mouse-face 'highlight)
(put-text-property (point) (progn (insert (car str)) (point))
'mouse-face 'highlight)
(add-text-properties (point) (progn (insert (cadr str)) (point))
'(mouse-face nil
face completions-annotations)))
((eq completions-format 'vertical)
;; Vertical format
(if (> column 0)
(insert "\n"))
(setq row (1+ row)))
;; Horizontal format
;; Next column to align to.
(setq column (+ column
;; Round up to a whole number of columns.
(* colwidth (ceiling length colwidth))))))))))))
(defvar completion-common-substring nil)
(make-obsolete-variable 'completion-common-substring nil "23.1")
(defvar completion-setup-hook nil
"Normal hook run at the end of setting up a completion list buffer.
When this hook is run, the current buffer is the one in which the
command to display the completion list buffer was run.
The completion list buffer is available as the value of `standard-output'.
See also `display-completion-list'.")
(defface completions-first-difference
'((t (:inherit bold)))
"Face put on the first uncommon character in completions in *Completions* buffer."
:group 'completion)
(defface completions-common-part
'((t (:inherit default)))
"Face put on the common prefix substring in completions in *Completions* buffer.
The idea of `completions-common-part' is that you can use it to
make the common parts less visible than normal, so that the rest
of the differing parts is, by contrast, slightly highlighted."
:group 'completion)
(defun completion-hilit-commonality (completions prefix-len base-size)
(when completions
(let ((com-str-len (- prefix-len (or base-size 0))))
(lambda (elem)
(let ((str
;; Don't modify the string itself, but a copy, since the
;; the string may be read-only or used for other purposes.
;; Furthermore, since `completions' may come from
;; display-completion-list, `elem' may be a list.
(if (consp elem)
(car (setq elem (cons (copy-sequence (car elem))
(cdr elem))))
(setq elem (copy-sequence elem)))))
(put-text-property 0
;; If completion-boundaries returns incorrect
;; values, all-completions may return strings
;; that don't contain the prefix.
(min com-str-len (length str))
'font-lock-face 'completions-common-part
(if (> (length str) com-str-len)
(put-text-property com-str-len (1+ com-str-len)
'font-lock-face 'completions-first-difference
(defun display-completion-list (completions &optional common-substring)
"Display the list of completions, COMPLETIONS, using `standard-output'.
Each element may be just a symbol or string
or may be a list of two strings to be printed as if concatenated.
If it is a list of two strings, the first is the actual completion
alternative, the second serves as annotation.
`standard-output' must be a buffer.
The actual completion alternatives, as inserted, are given `mouse-face'
properties of `highlight'.
At the end, this runs the normal hook `completion-setup-hook'.
It can find the completion buffer in `standard-output'.
The obsolete optional arg COMMON-SUBSTRING, if non-nil, should be a string
specifying a common substring for adding the faces
`completions-first-difference' and `completions-common-part' to
the completions buffer."
(if common-substring
(setq completions (completion-hilit-commonality
completions (length common-substring)
;; We don't know the base-size.
(if (not (bufferp standard-output))
;; This *never* (ever) happens, so there's no point trying to be clever.
(let ((standard-output (current-buffer))
(completion-setup-hook nil))
(display-completion-list completions common-substring))
(princ (buffer-string)))
(with-current-buffer standard-output
(goto-char (point-max))
(if (null completions)
(insert "There are no possible completions of what you have typed.")
(insert "Possible completions are:\n")
(completion--insert-strings completions))))
;; The hilit used to be applied via completion-setup-hook, so there
;; may still be some code that uses completion-common-substring.
(let ((completion-common-substring common-substring))
(run-hooks 'completion-setup-hook)))
(defvar completion-annotate-function
;; Note: there's a lot of scope as for when to add annotations and
;; what annotations to add. E.g. completing-help.el allowed adding
;; the first line of docstrings to M-x completion. But there's
;; a tension, since such annotations, while useful at times, can
;; actually drown the useful information.
;; So completion-annotate-function should be used parsimoniously, or
;; else only used upon a user's request (e.g. we could add a command
;; to completion-list-mode to add annotations to the current
;; completions).
"Function to add annotations in the *Completions* buffer.
The function takes a completion and should either return nil, or a string that
will be displayed next to the completion. The function can access the
completion table and predicates via `minibuffer-completion-table' and related
(defun minibuffer-completion-help ()
"Display a list of possible completions of the current minibuffer contents."
(message "Making completion list...")
(let* ((start (field-beginning))
(string (field-string))
(completions (completion-all-completions
(- (point) (field-beginning)))))
(message nil)
(if (and completions
(or (consp (cdr completions))
(not (equal (car completions) string))))
(let* ((last (last completions))
(base-size (cdr last))
;; If the *Completions* buffer is shown in a new
;; window, mark it as softly-dedicated, so bury-buffer in
;; minibuffer-hide-completions will know whether to
;; delete the window or not.
(display-buffer-mark-dedicated 'soft))
(with-output-to-temp-buffer "*Completions*"
;; Remove the base-size tail because `sort' requires a properly
;; nil-terminated list.
(when last (setcdr last nil))
(setq completions (sort completions 'string-lessp))
(when completion-annotate-function
(setq completions
(mapcar (lambda (s)
(let ((ann
(funcall completion-annotate-function s)))
(if ann (list s ann) s)))
(with-current-buffer standard-output
(set (make-local-variable 'completion-base-position)
;; FIXME: We should provide the END part as well, but
;; currently completion-all-completions does not give
;; us the necessary information.
(list (+ start base-size) nil)))
(display-completion-list completions)))
;; If there are no completions, or if the current input is already the
;; only possible completion, then hide (previous&stale) completions.
(if completions "Sole completion" "No completions")))
(defun minibuffer-hide-completions ()
"Get rid of an out-of-date *Completions* buffer."
;; FIXME: We could/should use minibuffer-scroll-window here, but it
;; can also point to the minibuffer-parent-window, so it's a bit tricky.
(let ((win (get-buffer-window "*Completions*" 0)))
(if win (with-selected-window win (bury-buffer)))))
(defun exit-minibuffer ()
"Terminate this minibuffer argument."
;; If the command that uses this has made modifications in the minibuffer,
;; we don't want them to cause deactivation of the mark in the original
;; buffer.
;; A better solution would be to make deactivate-mark buffer-local
;; (or to turn it into a list of buffers, ...), but in the mean time,
;; this should do the trick in most cases.
(setq deactivate-mark nil)
(throw 'exit nil))
(defun self-insert-and-exit ()
"Terminate minibuffer input."
(if (characterp last-command-event)
(call-interactively 'self-insert-command)
(defvar completion-in-region-functions nil
"Wrapper hook around `complete-in-region'.
The functions on this special hook are called with 5 arguments:
NEXT-FUN is a function of four arguments (START END COLLECTION PREDICATE)
that performs the default operation. The other four argument are like
the ones passed to `complete-in-region'. The functions on this hook
are expected to perform completion on START..END using COLLECTION
and PREDICATE, either by calling NEXT-FUN or by doing it themselves.")
(defun completion-in-region (start end collection &optional predicate)
"Complete the text between START and END using COLLECTION.
Return nil if there is no valid completion, else t.
Point needs to be somewhere between START and END."
(assert (<= start (point)) (<= (point) end))
;; FIXME: undisplay the *Completions* buffer once the completion is done.
completion-in-region-functions (start end collection predicate)
(let ((minibuffer-completion-table collection)
(minibuffer-completion-predicate predicate)
(ol (make-overlay start end nil nil t)))
(overlay-put ol 'field 'completion)
(call-interactively 'minibuffer-complete)
(delete-overlay ol)))))
(defvar completion-at-point-functions nil
"Special hook to find the completion table for the thing at point.
It is called without any argument and should return either nil,
or a function of no argument to perform completion (discouraged),
or a list of the form (START END COLLECTION &rest PROPS) where
START and END delimit the entity to complete and should include point,
COLLECTION is the completion table to use to complete it, and
PROPS is a property list for additional information.
Currently supported properties are:
`:predicate' a predicate that completion candidates need to satisfy.
`:annotation-function' the value to use for `completion-annotate-function'.")
(defun completion-at-point ()
"Complete the thing at point according to local mode."
(let ((res (run-hook-with-args-until-success
((functionp res) (funcall res))
(let* ((plist (nthcdr 3 res))
(start (nth 0 res))
(end (nth 1 res))
(or (plist-get plist :annotation-function)
(completion-in-region start end (nth 2 res)
(plist-get plist :predicate)))))))
;;; Key bindings.
(define-obsolete-variable-alias 'minibuffer-local-must-match-filename-map
'minibuffer-local-filename-must-match-map "23.1")
(let ((map minibuffer-local-map))
(define-key map "\C-g" 'abort-recursive-edit)
(define-key map "\r" 'exit-minibuffer)
(define-key map "\n" 'exit-minibuffer))
(let ((map minibuffer-local-completion-map))
(define-key map "\t" 'minibuffer-complete)
;; M-TAB is already abused for many other purposes, so we should find
;; another binding for it.
;; (define-key map "\e\t" 'minibuffer-force-complete)
(define-key map " " 'minibuffer-complete-word)
(define-key map "?" 'minibuffer-completion-help))
(let ((map minibuffer-local-must-match-map))
(define-key map "\r" 'minibuffer-complete-and-exit)
(define-key map "\n" 'minibuffer-complete-and-exit))
(let ((map minibuffer-local-filename-completion-map))
(define-key map " " nil))
(let ((map minibuffer-local-filename-must-match-map))
(define-key map " " nil))
(let ((map minibuffer-local-ns-map))
(define-key map " " 'exit-minibuffer)
(define-key map "\t" 'exit-minibuffer)
(define-key map "?" 'self-insert-and-exit))
;;; Completion tables.
(defun minibuffer--double-dollars (str)
(replace-regexp-in-string "\\$" "$$" str))
(defun completion--make-envvar-table ()
(mapcar (lambda (enventry)
(substring enventry 0 (string-match-p "=" enventry)))
(defconst completion--embedded-envvar-re
(concat "\\(?:^\\|[^$]\\(?:\\$\\$\\)*\\)"
(defun completion--embedded-envvar-table (string pred action)
"Completion table for envvars embedded in a string.
The envvar syntax (and escaping) rules followed by this table are the
same as `substitute-in-file-name'."
;; We ignore `pred', because the predicates passed to us via
;; read-file-name-internal are not 100% correct and fail here:
;; e.g. we get predicates like file-directory-p there, whereas the filename
;; completed needs to be passed through substitute-in-file-name before it
;; can be passed to file-directory-p.
(when (string-match completion--embedded-envvar-re string)
(let* ((beg (or (match-beginning 2) (match-beginning 1)))
(table (completion--make-envvar-table))
(prefix (substring string 0 beg)))
((eq action 'lambda)
;; This table is expected to be used in conjunction with some
;; other table that provides the "main" completion. Let the
;; other table handle the test-completion case.
((eq (car-safe action) 'boundaries)
;; Only return boundaries if there's something to complete,
;; since otherwise when we're used in
;; completion-table-in-turn, we could return boundaries and
;; let some subsequent table return a list of completions.
;; FIXME: Maybe it should rather be fixed in
;; completion-table-in-turn instead, but it's difficult to
;; do it efficiently there.
(when (try-completion (substring string beg) table nil)
;; Compute the boundaries of the subfield to which this
;; completion applies.
(let ((suffix (cdr action)))
(list* 'boundaries
(or (match-beginning 2) (match-beginning 1))
(when (string-match "[^[:alnum:]_]" suffix)
(match-beginning 0))))))
(if (eq (aref string (1- beg)) ?{)
(setq table (apply-partially 'completion-table-with-terminator
"}" table)))
;; Even if file-name completion is case-insensitive, we want
;; envvar completion to be case-sensitive.
(let ((completion-ignore-case nil))
prefix table (substring string beg) nil action)))))))
(defun completion-file-name-table (string pred action)
"Completion table for file names."
((eq (car-safe action) 'boundaries)
(let ((start (length (file-name-directory string)))
(end (string-match-p "/" (cdr action))))
(list* 'boundaries start end)))
((eq action 'lambda)
(if (zerop (length string))
nil ;Not sure why it's here, but it probably doesn't harm.
(funcall (or pred 'file-exists-p) string)))
(let* ((name (file-name-nondirectory string))
(specdir (file-name-directory string))
(realdir (or specdir default-directory)))
((null action)
(let ((comp (file-name-completion name realdir pred)))
(if (stringp comp)
(concat specdir comp)
((eq action t)
(let ((all (file-name-all-completions name realdir)))
;; Check the predicate, if necessary.
(unless (memq pred '(nil file-exists-p))
(let ((comp ())
(if (eq pred 'file-directory-p)
;; Brute-force speed up for directory checking:
;; Discard strings which don't end in a slash.
(lambda (s)
(let ((len (length s)))
(and (> len 0) (eq (aref s (1- len)) ?/))))
;; Must do it the hard (and slow) way.
(let ((default-directory (expand-file-name realdir)))
(dolist (tem all)
(if (funcall pred tem) (push tem comp))))
(setq all (nreverse comp))))
(defvar read-file-name-predicate nil
"Current predicate used by `read-file-name-internal'.")
(make-obsolete-variable 'read-file-name-predicate
"use the regular PRED argument" "23.2")
(defun completion--file-name-table (string pred action)
"Internal subroutine for `read-file-name'. Do not call this.
This is a completion table for file names, like `completion-file-name-table'
except that it passes the file name through `substitute-in-file-name'."
((eq (car-safe action) 'boundaries)
;; For the boundaries, we can't really delegate to
;; completion-file-name-table and then fix them up, because it
;; would require us to track the relationship between `str' and
;; `string', which is difficult. And in any case, if
;; substitute-in-file-name turns "fo-$TO-ba" into "fo-o/b-ba", there's
;; no way for us to return proper boundaries info, because the
;; boundary is not (yet) in `string'.
;; FIXME: Actually there is a way to return correct boundaries info,
;; at the condition of modifying the all-completions return accordingly.
(let ((start (length (file-name-directory string)))
(end (string-match-p "/" (cdr action))))
(list* 'boundaries start end)))
(let* ((default-directory
(if (stringp pred)
;; It used to be that `pred' was abused to pass `dir'
;; as an argument.
(prog1 (file-name-as-directory (expand-file-name pred))
(setq pred nil))
(str (condition-case nil
(substitute-in-file-name string)
(error string)))
(comp (completion-file-name-table
str (or pred read-file-name-predicate) action)))
((stringp comp)
;; Requote the $s before returning the completion.
(minibuffer--double-dollars comp))
((and (null action) comp
;; Requote the $s before checking for changes.
(setq str (minibuffer--double-dollars str))
(not (string-equal string str)))
;; If there's no real completion, but substitute-in-file-name
;; changed the string, then return the new string.
(t comp))))))
(defalias 'read-file-name-internal
(completion-table-in-turn 'completion--embedded-envvar-table
"Internal subroutine for `read-file-name'. Do not call this.")
(defvar read-file-name-function nil
"If this is non-nil, `read-file-name' does its work by calling this function.")
(defcustom read-file-name-completion-ignore-case
(if (memq system-type '(ms-dos windows-nt darwin cygwin))
t nil)
"Non-nil means when reading a file name completion ignores case."
:group 'minibuffer
:type 'boolean
:version "22.1")
(defcustom insert-default-directory t
"Non-nil means when reading a filename start with default dir in minibuffer.
When the initial minibuffer contents show a name of a file or a directory,
typing RETURN without editing the initial contents is equivalent to typing
the default file name.
If this variable is non-nil, the minibuffer contents are always
initially non-empty, and typing RETURN without editing will fetch the
default name, if one is provided. Note however that this default name
is not necessarily the same as initial contents inserted in the minibuffer,
if the initial contents is just the default directory.
If this variable is nil, the minibuffer often starts out empty. In
that case you may have to explicitly fetch the next history element to
request the default name; typing RETURN without editing will leave
the minibuffer empty.
For some commands, exiting with an empty minibuffer has a special meaning,
such as making the current buffer visit no file in the case of
:group 'minibuffer
:type 'boolean)
;; Not always defined, but only called if next-read-file-uses-dialog-p says so.
(declare-function x-file-dialog "xfns.c"
(prompt dir &optional default-filename mustmatch only-dir-p))
(defun read-file-name-defaults (&optional dir initial)
(let ((default
;; With non-nil `initial', use `dir' as the first default.
;; Essentially, this mean reversing the normal order of the
;; current directory name and the current file name, i.e.
;; 1. with normal file reading:
;; 1.1. initial input is the current directory
;; 1.2. the first default is the current file name
;; 2. with non-nil `initial' (e.g. for `find-alternate-file'):
;; 2.2. initial input is the current file name
;; 2.1. the first default is the current directory
(initial (abbreviate-file-name dir))
;; In file buffers, try to get the current file name
(abbreviate-file-name buffer-file-name))))
(run-hook-with-args-until-success 'file-name-at-point-functions)))
(when file-name-at-point
(setq default (delete-dups
(delete "" (delq nil (list file-name-at-point default))))))
;; Append new defaults to the end of existing `minibuffer-default'.
(if (listp minibuffer-default) minibuffer-default (list minibuffer-default))
(if (listp default) default (list default)))))
(defun read-file-name (prompt &optional dir default-filename mustmatch initial predicate)
"Read file name, prompting with PROMPT and completing in directory DIR.
Value is not expanded---you must call `expand-file-name' yourself.
Default name to DEFAULT-FILENAME if user exits the minibuffer with
the same non-empty string that was inserted by this function.
(If DEFAULT-FILENAME is omitted, the visited file name is used,
except that if INITIAL is specified, that combined with DIR is used.
If DEFAULT-FILENAME is a list of file names, the first file name is used.)
If the user exits with an empty minibuffer, this function returns
an empty string. (This can only happen if the user erased the
pre-inserted contents or if `insert-default-directory' is nil.)
Fourth arg MUSTMATCH can take the following values:
- nil means that the user can exit with any input.
- t means that the user is not allowed to exit unless
the input is (or completes to) an existing file.
- `confirm' means that the user can exit with any input, but she needs
to confirm her choice if the input is not an existing file.
- `confirm-after-completion' means that the user can exit with any
input, but she needs to confirm her choice if she called
`minibuffer-complete' right before `minibuffer-complete-and-exit'
and the input is not an existing file.
- anything else behaves like t except that typing RET does not exit if it
does non-null completion.
Fifth arg INITIAL specifies text to start with.
If optional sixth arg PREDICATE is non-nil, possible completions and
the resulting file name must satisfy (funcall PREDICATE NAME).
DIR should be an absolute directory name. It defaults to the value of
If this command was invoked with the mouse, use a graphical file
dialog if `use-dialog-box' is non-nil, and the window system or X
toolkit in use provides a file dialog box, and DIR is not a
remote file. For graphical file dialogs, any the special values
of MUSTMATCH; `confirm' and `confirm-after-completion' are
treated as equivalent to nil.
See also `read-file-name-completion-ignore-case'
and `read-file-name-function'."
(unless dir (setq dir default-directory))
(unless (file-name-absolute-p dir) (setq dir (expand-file-name dir)))
(unless default-filename
(setq default-filename (if initial (expand-file-name initial dir)
;; If dir starts with user's homedir, change that to ~.
(setq dir (abbreviate-file-name dir))
;; Likewise for default-filename.
(if default-filename
(setq default-filename
(if (consp default-filename)
(mapcar 'abbreviate-file-name default-filename)
(abbreviate-file-name default-filename))))
(let ((insdef (cond
((and insert-default-directory (stringp dir))
(if initial
(cons (minibuffer--double-dollars (concat dir initial))
(length (minibuffer--double-dollars dir)))
(minibuffer--double-dollars dir)))
(initial (cons (minibuffer--double-dollars initial) 0)))))
(if read-file-name-function
(funcall read-file-name-function
prompt dir default-filename mustmatch initial predicate)
(let ((completion-ignore-case read-file-name-completion-ignore-case)
(minibuffer-completing-file-name t)
(pred (or predicate 'file-exists-p))
(add-to-history nil))
(let* ((val
(if (or (not (next-read-file-uses-dialog-p))
;; Graphical file dialogs can't handle remote
;; files (Bug#99).
(file-remote-p dir))
;; We used to pass `dir' to `read-file-name-internal' by
;; abusing the `predicate' argument. It's better to
;; just use `default-directory', but in order to avoid
;; changing `default-directory' in the current buffer,
;; we don't let-bind it.
(lexical-let ((dir (file-name-as-directory
(expand-file-name dir))))
(lambda ()
(setq default-directory dir)
;; When the first default in `minibuffer-default'
;; duplicates initial input `insdef',
;; reset `minibuffer-default' to nil.
(when (equal (or (car-safe insdef) insdef)
(or (car-safe minibuffer-default)
(setq minibuffer-default
(cdr-safe minibuffer-default)))
;; On the first request on `M-n' fill
;; `minibuffer-default' with a list of defaults
;; relevant for file-name reading.
(set (make-local-variable 'minibuffer-default-add-function)
(lambda ()
(window-buffer (minibuffer-selected-window))
(read-file-name-defaults dir initial)))))
(completing-read prompt 'read-file-name-internal
pred mustmatch insdef
'file-name-history default-filename)))
;; If DEFAULT-FILENAME not supplied and DIR contains
;; a file name, split it.
(let ((file (file-name-nondirectory dir))
;; When using a dialog, revert to nil and non-nil
;; interpretation of mustmatch. confirm options
;; need to be interpreted as nil, otherwise
;; it is impossible to create new files using
;; dialogs with the default settings.
(not (memq mustmatch
'(nil confirm confirm-after-completion)))))
(when (and (not default-filename)
(not (zerop (length file))))
(setq default-filename file)
(setq dir (file-name-directory dir)))
(when default-filename
(setq default-filename
(expand-file-name (if (consp default-filename)
(car default-filename)
(setq add-to-history t)
(x-file-dialog prompt dir default-filename
(eq predicate 'file-directory-p)))))
(replace-in-history (eq (car-safe file-name-history) val)))
;; If completing-read returned the inserted default string itself
;; (rather than a new string with the same contents),
;; it has to mean that the user typed RET with the minibuffer empty.
;; In that case, we really want to return ""
;; so that commands such as set-visited-file-name can distinguish.
(when (consp default-filename)
(setq default-filename (car default-filename)))
(when (eq val default-filename)
;; In this case, completing-read has not added an element
;; to the history. Maybe we should.
(if (not replace-in-history)
(setq add-to-history t))
(setq val ""))
(unless val (error "No file name specified"))
(if (and default-filename
(string-equal val (if (consp insdef) (car insdef) insdef)))
(setq val default-filename))
(setq val (substitute-in-file-name val))
(if replace-in-history
;; Replace what Fcompleting_read added to the history
;; with what we will actually return. As an exception,
;; if that's the same as the second item in
;; file-name-history, it's really a repeat (Bug#4657).
(let ((val1 (minibuffer--double-dollars val)))
(if history-delete-duplicates
(setcdr file-name-history
(delete val1 (cdr file-name-history))))
(if (string= val1 (cadr file-name-history))
(pop file-name-history)
(setcar file-name-history val1)))
(if add-to-history
;; Add the value to the history--but not if it matches
;; the last value already there.
(let ((val1 (minibuffer--double-dollars val)))
(unless (and (consp file-name-history)
(equal (car file-name-history) val1))
(setq file-name-history
(cons val1
(if history-delete-duplicates
(delete val1 file-name-history)
(defun internal-complete-buffer-except (&optional buffer)
"Perform completion on all buffers excluding BUFFER.
BUFFER nil or omitted means use the current buffer.
Like `internal-complete-buffer', but removes BUFFER from the completion list."
(lexical-let ((except (if (stringp buffer) buffer (buffer-name buffer))))
(apply-partially 'completion-table-with-predicate
(lambda (name)
(not (equal (if (consp name) (car name) name) except)))
;;; Old-style completion, used in Emacs-21 and Emacs-22.
(defun completion-emacs21-try-completion (string table pred point)
(let ((completion (try-completion string table pred)))
(if (stringp completion)
(cons completion (length completion))
(defun completion-emacs21-all-completions (string table pred point)
(all-completions string table pred)
(length string)
(car (completion-boundaries string table pred ""))))
(defun completion-emacs22-try-completion (string table pred point)
(let ((suffix (substring string point))
(completion (try-completion (substring string 0 point) table pred)))
(if (not (stringp completion))
;; Merge a trailing / in completion with a / after point.
;; We used to only do it for word completion, but it seems to make
;; sense for all completions.
;; Actually, claiming this feature was part of Emacs-22 completion
;; is pushing it a bit: it was only done in minibuffer-completion-word,
;; which was (by default) not bound during file completion, where such
;; slashes are most likely to occur.
(if (and (not (zerop (length completion)))
(eq ?/ (aref completion (1- (length completion))))
(not (zerop (length suffix)))
(eq ?/ (aref suffix 0)))
;; This leaves point after the / .
(setq suffix (substring suffix 1)))
(cons (concat completion suffix) (length completion)))))
(defun completion-emacs22-all-completions (string table pred point)
(let ((beforepoint (substring string 0 point)))
(all-completions beforepoint table pred)
(car (completion-boundaries beforepoint table pred "")))))
;;; Basic completion.
(defun completion--merge-suffix (completion point suffix)
"Merge end of COMPLETION with beginning of SUFFIX.
Simple generalization of the \"merge trailing /\" done in Emacs-22.
Return the new suffix."
(if (and (not (zerop (length suffix)))
(string-match "\\(.+\\)\n\\1" (concat completion "\n" suffix)
;; Make sure we don't compress things to less
;; than we started with.
;; Just make sure we didn't match some other \n.
(eq (match-end 1) (length completion)))
(substring suffix (- (match-end 1) (match-beginning 1)))
;; Nothing to merge.
(defun completion-basic-try-completion (string table pred point)
(let* ((beforepoint (substring string 0 point))
(afterpoint (substring string point))
(bounds (completion-boundaries beforepoint table pred afterpoint)))
(if (zerop (cdr bounds))
;; `try-completion' may return a subtly different result
;; than `all+merge', so try to use it whenever possible.
(let ((completion (try-completion beforepoint table pred)))
(if (not (stringp completion))
(concat completion
(completion--merge-suffix completion point afterpoint))
(length completion))))
(let* ((suffix (substring afterpoint (cdr bounds)))
(prefix (substring beforepoint 0 (car bounds)))
(pattern (delete
"" (list (substring beforepoint (car bounds))
(substring afterpoint 0 (cdr bounds)))))
(all (completion-pcm--all-completions prefix pattern table pred)))
(if minibuffer-completing-file-name
(setq all (completion-pcm--filename-try-filter all)))
(completion-pcm--merge-try pattern all prefix suffix)))))
(defun completion-basic-all-completions (string table pred point)
(let* ((beforepoint (substring string 0 point))
(afterpoint (substring string point))
(bounds (completion-boundaries beforepoint table pred afterpoint))
(suffix (substring afterpoint (cdr bounds)))
(prefix (substring beforepoint 0 (car bounds)))
(pattern (delete
"" (list (substring beforepoint (car bounds))
(substring afterpoint 0 (cdr bounds)))))
(all (completion-pcm--all-completions prefix pattern table pred)))
(completion-hilit-commonality all point (car bounds))))
;;; Partial-completion-mode style completion.
(defvar completion-pcm--delim-wild-regex nil
"Regular expression matching delimiters controlling the partial-completion.
Typically, this regular expression simply matches a delimiter, meaning
that completion can add something at (match-beginning 0), but if it has
a submatch 1, then completion can add something at (match-end 1).
This is used when the delimiter needs to be of size zero (e.g. the transition
from lowercase to uppercase characters).")
(defun completion-pcm--prepare-delim-re (delims)
(setq completion-pcm--delim-wild-regex (concat "[" delims "*]")))
(defcustom completion-pcm-word-delimiters "-_./: "
"A string of characters treated as word delimiters for completion.
Some arcane rules:
If `]' is in this string, it must come first.
If `^' is in this string, it must not come first.
If `-' is in this string, it must come first or right after `]'.
In other words, if S is this string, then `[S]' must be a valid Emacs regular
expression (not containing character ranges like `a-z')."
:set (lambda (symbol value)
(set-default symbol value)
;; Refresh other vars.
(completion-pcm--prepare-delim-re value))
:initialize 'custom-initialize-reset
:group 'minibuffer
:type 'string)
(defun completion-pcm--pattern-trivial-p (pattern)
(and (stringp (car pattern))
;; It can be followed by `point' and "" and still be trivial.
(let ((trivial t))
(dolist (elem (cdr pattern))
(unless (member elem '(point ""))
(setq trivial nil)))
(defun completion-pcm--string->pattern (string &optional point)
"Split STRING into a pattern.
A pattern is a list where each element is either a string
or a symbol chosen among `any', `star', `point'."
(if (and point (< point (length string)))
(let ((prefix (substring string 0 point))
(suffix (substring string point)))
(append (completion-pcm--string->pattern prefix)
(completion-pcm--string->pattern suffix)))
(let ((pattern nil)
(p 0)
(p0 0))
(while (and (setq p (string-match completion-pcm--delim-wild-regex
string p))
;; If the char was added by minibuffer-complete-word, then
;; don't treat it as a delimiter, otherwise "M-x SPC"
;; ends up inserting a "-" rather than listing
;; all completions.
(not (get-text-property p 'completion-try-word string)))
;; Usually, completion-pcm--delim-wild-regex matches a delimiter,
;; meaning that something can be added *before* it, but it can also
;; match a prefix and postfix, in which case something can be added
;; in-between (e.g. match [[:lower:]][[:upper:]]).
;; This is determined by the presence of a submatch-1 which delimits
;; the prefix.
(if (match-end 1) (setq p (match-end 1)))
(push (substring string p0 p) pattern)
(if (eq (aref string p) ?*)
(push 'star pattern)
(setq p0 (1+ p)))
(push 'any pattern)
(setq p0 p))
(incf p))
;; An empty string might be erroneously added at the beginning.
;; It should be avoided properly, but it's so easy to remove it here.
(delete "" (nreverse (cons (substring string p0) pattern))))))
(defun completion-pcm--pattern->regex (pattern &optional group)
(let ((re
(concat "\\`"
(lambda (x)
(case x
((star any point)
(if (if (consp group) (memq x group) group)
"\\(.*?\\)" ".*?"))
(t (regexp-quote x))))
;; Avoid pathological backtracking.
(while (string-match "\\.\\*\\?\\(?:\\\\[()]\\)*\\(\\.\\*\\?\\)" re)
(setq re (replace-match "" t t re 1)))
(defun completion-pcm--all-completions (prefix pattern table pred)
"Find all completions for PATTERN in TABLE obeying PRED.
PATTERN is as returned by `completion-pcm--string->pattern'."
;; (assert (= (car (completion-boundaries prefix table pred ""))
;; (length prefix)))
;; Find an initial list of possible completions.
(if (completion-pcm--pattern-trivial-p pattern)
;; Minibuffer contains no delimiters -- simple case!
(all-completions (concat prefix (car pattern)) table pred)
;; Use all-completions to do an initial cull. This is a big win,
;; since all-completions is written in C!
(let* (;; Convert search pattern to a standard regular expression.
(regex (completion-pcm--pattern->regex pattern))
(case-fold-search completion-ignore-case)
(completion-regexp-list (cons regex completion-regexp-list))
(compl (all-completions
(concat prefix (if (stringp (car pattern)) (car pattern) ""))
table pred)))
(if (not (functionp table))
;; The internal functions already obeyed completion-regexp-list.
(let ((poss ()))
(dolist (c compl)
(when (string-match-p regex c) (push c poss)))
(defun completion-pcm--hilit-commonality (pattern completions)
(when completions
(let* ((re (completion-pcm--pattern->regex pattern '(point)))
(case-fold-search completion-ignore-case))
;; Remove base-size during mapcar, and add it back later.
(lambda (str)
;; Don't modify the string itself.
(setq str (copy-sequence str))
(unless (string-match re str)
(error "Internal error: %s does not match %s" re str))
(let ((pos (or (match-beginning 1) (match-end 0))))
(put-text-property 0 pos
'font-lock-face 'completions-common-part
(if (> (length str) pos)
(put-text-property pos (1+ pos)
'font-lock-face 'completions-first-difference
(defun completion-pcm--find-all-completions (string table pred point
&optional filter)
"Find all completions for STRING at POINT in TABLE, satisfying PRED.
POINT is a position inside STRING.
FILTER is a function applied to the return value, that can be used, e.g. to
filter out additional entries (because TABLE migth not obey PRED)."
(unless filter (setq filter 'identity))
(let* ((beforepoint (substring string 0 point))
(afterpoint (substring string point))
(bounds (completion-boundaries beforepoint table pred afterpoint))
(prefix (substring beforepoint 0 (car bounds)))
(suffix (substring afterpoint (cdr bounds)))
(setq string (substring string (car bounds) (+ point (cdr bounds))))
(let* ((relpoint (- point (car bounds)))
(pattern (completion-pcm--string->pattern string relpoint))
(all (condition-case err
(funcall filter
prefix pattern table pred))
(error (unless firsterror (setq firsterror err)) nil))))
(when (and (null all)
(> (car bounds) 0)
(null (ignore-errors (try-completion prefix table pred))))
;; The prefix has no completions at all, so we should try and fix
;; that first.
(let ((substring (substring prefix 0 -1)))
(destructuring-bind (subpat suball subprefix subsuffix)
substring table pred (length substring) filter)
(let ((sep (aref prefix (1- (length prefix))))
;; Text that goes between the new submatches and the
;; completion substring.
(between nil))
;; Eliminate submatches that don't end with the separator.
(dolist (submatch (prog1 suball (setq suball ())))
(when (eq sep (aref submatch (1- (length submatch))))
(push submatch suball)))
(when suball
;; Update the boundaries and corresponding pattern.
;; We assume that all submatches result in the same boundaries
;; since we wouldn't know how to merge them otherwise anyway.
(let* ((newbeforepoint
(concat subprefix (car suball)
(substring string 0 relpoint)))
(leftbound (+ (length subprefix) (length (car suball))))
(newbounds (completion-boundaries
newbeforepoint table pred afterpoint)))
(unless (or (and (eq (cdr bounds) (cdr newbounds))
(eq (car newbounds) leftbound))
;; Refuse new boundaries if they step over
;; the submatch.
(< (car newbounds) leftbound))
;; The new completed prefix does change the boundaries
;; of the completed substring.
(setq suffix (substring afterpoint (cdr newbounds)))
(setq string
(concat (substring newbeforepoint (car newbounds))
(substring afterpoint 0 (cdr newbounds))))
(setq between (substring newbeforepoint leftbound
(car newbounds)))
(setq pattern (completion-pcm--string->pattern
(- (length newbeforepoint)
(car newbounds)))))
(dolist (submatch suball)
(setq all (nconc (mapcar
(lambda (s) (concat submatch between s))
(funcall filter
(concat subprefix submatch between)
pattern table pred)))
;; FIXME: This can come in handy for try-completion,
;; but isn't right for all-completions, since it lists
;; invalid completions.
;; (unless all
;; ;; Even though we found expansions in the prefix, none
;; ;; leads to a valid completion.
;; ;; Let's keep the expansions, tho.
;; (dolist (submatch suball)
;; (push (concat submatch between newsubstring) all)))
(setq pattern (append subpat (list 'any (string sep))
(if between (list between)) pattern))
(setq prefix subprefix)))))
(if (and (null all) firsterror)
(signal (car firsterror) (cdr firsterror))
(list pattern all prefix suffix)))))
(defun completion-pcm-all-completions (string table pred point)
(destructuring-bind (pattern all &optional prefix suffix)
(completion-pcm--find-all-completions string table pred point)
(when all
(nconc (completion-pcm--hilit-commonality pattern all)
(length prefix)))))
(defun completion-pcm--merge-completions (strs pattern)
"Extract the commonality in STRS, with the help of PATTERN."
;; When completing while ignoring case, we want to try and avoid
;; completing "fo" to "foO" when completing against "FOO" (bug#4219).
;; So we try and make sure that the string we return is all made up
;; of text from the completions rather than part from the
;; completions and part from the input.
;; FIXME: This reduces the problems of inconsistent capitalization
;; but it doesn't fully fix it: we may still end up completing
;; "fo-ba" to "foo-BAR" or "FOO-bar" when completing against
;; '("foo-barr" "FOO-BARD").
((null (cdr strs)) (list (car strs)))
(let ((re (completion-pcm--pattern->regex pattern 'group))
(ccs ())) ;Chopped completions.
;; First chop each string into the parts corresponding to each
;; non-constant element of `pattern', using regexp-matching.
(let ((case-fold-search completion-ignore-case))
(dolist (str strs)
(unless (string-match re str)
(error "Internal error: %s doesn't match %s" str re))
(let ((chopped ())
(last 0)
(i 1)
(while (setq next (match-end i))
(push (substring str last next) chopped)
(setq last next)
(setq i (1+ i)))
;; Add the text corresponding to the implicit trailing `any'.
(push (substring str last) chopped)
(push (nreverse chopped) ccs))))
;; Then for each of those non-constant elements, extract the
;; commonality between them.
(let ((res ())
(fixed ""))
;; Make the implicit trailing `any' explicit.
(dolist (elem (append pattern '(any)))
(if (stringp elem)
(setq fixed (concat fixed elem))
(let ((comps ()))
(dolist (cc (prog1 ccs (setq ccs nil)))
(push (car cc) comps)
(push (cdr cc) ccs))
;; Might improve the likelihood to avoid choosing
;; different capitalizations in different parts.
;; In practice, it doesn't seem to make any difference.
(setq ccs (nreverse ccs))
(let* ((prefix (try-completion fixed comps))
(unique (or (and (eq prefix t) (setq prefix fixed))
(eq t (try-completion prefix comps)))))
(unless (equal prefix "") (push prefix res))
;; If there's only one completion, `elem' is not useful
;; any more: it can only match the empty string.
;; FIXME: in some cases, it may be necessary to turn an
;; `any' into a `star' because the surrounding context has
;; changed such that string->pattern wouldn't add an `any'
;; here any more.
(unless unique (push elem res))
(setq fixed "")))))
;; We return it in reverse order.
(defun completion-pcm--pattern->string (pattern)
(mapconcat (lambda (x) (cond
((stringp x) x)
((eq x 'star) "*")
((eq x 'any) "")
((eq x 'point) "")))
;; We want to provide the functionality of `try', but we use `all'
;; and then merge it. In most cases, this works perfectly, but
;; if the completion table doesn't consider the same completions in
;; `try' as in `all', then we have a problem. The most common such
;; case is for filename completion where completion-ignored-extensions
;; is only obeyed by the `try' code. We paper over the difference
;; here. Note that it is not quite right either: if the completion
;; table uses completion-table-in-turn, this filtering may take place
;; too late to correctly fallback from the first to the
;; second alternative.
(defun completion-pcm--filename-try-filter (all)
"Filter to adjust `all' file completion to the behavior of `try'."
(when all
(let ((try ())
(re (concat "\\(?:\\`\\.\\.?/\\|"
(regexp-opt completion-ignored-extensions)
(dolist (f all)
(unless (string-match-p re f) (push f try)))
(or try all))))
(defun completion-pcm--merge-try (pattern all prefix suffix)
((not (consp all)) all)
((and (not (consp (cdr all))) ;Only one completion.
;; Ignore completion-ignore-case here.
(equal (completion-pcm--pattern->string pattern) (car all)))
(let* ((mergedpat (completion-pcm--merge-completions all pattern))
;; `mergedpat' is in reverse order. Place new point (by
;; order of preference) either at the old point, or at
;; the last place where there's something to choose, or
;; at the very end.
(pointpat (or (memq 'point mergedpat)
(memq 'any mergedpat)
(memq 'star mergedpat)
;; New pos from the start.
(newpos (length (completion-pcm--pattern->string pointpat)))
;; Do it afterwards because it changes `pointpat' by sideeffect.
(merged (completion-pcm--pattern->string (nreverse mergedpat))))
(setq suffix (completion--merge-suffix merged newpos suffix))
(cons (concat prefix merged suffix) (+ newpos (length prefix)))))))
(defun completion-pcm-try-completion (string table pred point)
(destructuring-bind (pattern all prefix suffix)
string table pred point
(if minibuffer-completing-file-name
(completion-pcm--merge-try pattern all prefix suffix)))
;;; Initials completion
;; Complete /ums to /usr/monnier/src or lch to list-command-history.
(defun completion-initials-expand (str table pred)
(unless (or (zerop (length str))
(string-match completion-pcm--delim-wild-regex str))
(let ((bounds (completion-boundaries str table pred "")))
(if (zerop (car bounds))
(mapconcat 'string str "-")
;; If there's a boundary, it's trickier. The main use-case
;; we consider here is file-name completion. We'd like
;; to expand ~/eee to ~/e/e/e and /eee to /e/e/e.
;; But at the same time, we don't want /usr/share/ae to expand
;; to /usr/share/a/e just because we mistyped "ae" for "ar",
;; so we probably don't want initials to touch anything that
;; looks like /usr/share/foo. As a heuristic, we just check that
;; the text before the boundary char is at most 1 char.
;; This allows both ~/eee and /eee and not much more.
;; FIXME: It sadly also disallows the use of ~/eee when that's
;; embedded within something else (e.g. "(~/eee" in Info node
;; completion or "ancestor:/eee" in bzr-revision completion).
(when (< (car bounds) 3)
(let ((sep (substring str (1- (car bounds)) (car bounds))))
;; FIXME: the above string-match checks the whole string, whereas
;; we end up only caring about the after-boundary part.
(concat (substring str 0 (car bounds))
(mapconcat 'string (substring str (car bounds)) sep))))))))
(defun completion-initials-all-completions (string table pred point)
(let ((newstr (completion-initials-expand string table pred)))
(when newstr
(completion-pcm-all-completions newstr table pred (length newstr)))))
(defun completion-initials-try-completion (string table pred point)
(let ((newstr (completion-initials-expand string table pred)))
(when newstr
(completion-pcm-try-completion newstr table pred (length newstr)))))
;; Miscellaneous
(defun minibuffer-insert-file-name-at-point ()
"Get a file name at point in original buffer and insert it to minibuffer."
(let ((file-name-at-point
(with-current-buffer (window-buffer (minibuffer-selected-window))
(run-hook-with-args-until-success 'file-name-at-point-functions))))
(when file-name-at-point
(insert file-name-at-point))))
(provide 'minibuffer)
;; arch-tag: ef8a0a15-1080-4790-a754-04017c02f08f
;;; minibuffer.el ends here
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