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;;; simple.el --- basic editing commands for Emacs
;; Copyright (C) 1985, 1986, 1987, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999,
;; 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009
;; Free Software Foundation, Inc.
;; Maintainer: FSF
;; Keywords: internal
;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.
;; GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
;; (at your option) any later version.
;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
;;; Commentary:
;; A grab-bag of basic Emacs commands not specifically related to some
;; major mode or to file-handling.
;;; Code:
;; This is for lexical-let in apply-partially.
(eval-when-compile (require 'cl))
(declare-function widget-convert "wid-edit" (type &rest args))
(declare-function shell-mode "shell" ())
(defvar compilation-current-error)
(defcustom idle-update-delay 0.5
"Idle time delay before updating various things on the screen.
Various Emacs features that update auxiliary information when point moves
wait this many seconds after Emacs becomes idle before doing an update."
:type 'number
:group 'display
:version "22.1")
(defgroup killing nil
"Killing and yanking commands."
:group 'editing)
(defgroup paren-matching nil
"Highlight (un)matching of parens and expressions."
:group 'matching)
(defun get-next-valid-buffer (list &optional buffer visible-ok frame)
"Search LIST for a valid buffer to display in FRAME.
Return nil when all buffers in LIST are undesirable for display,
otherwise return the first suitable buffer in LIST.
Buffers not visible in windows are preferred to visible buffers,
unless VISIBLE-OK is non-nil.
If the optional argument FRAME is nil, it defaults to the selected frame.
If BUFFER is non-nil, ignore occurrences of that buffer in LIST."
;; This logic is more or less copied from other-buffer.
(setq frame (or frame (selected-frame)))
(let ((pred (frame-parameter frame 'buffer-predicate))
found buf)
(while (and (not found) list)
(setq buf (car list))
(if (and (not (eq buffer buf))
(buffer-live-p buf)
(or (null pred) (funcall pred buf))
(not (eq (aref (buffer-name buf) 0) ?\s))
(or visible-ok (null (get-buffer-window buf 'visible))))
(setq found buf)
(setq list (cdr list))))
(car list)))
(defun last-buffer (&optional buffer visible-ok frame)
"Return the last buffer in FRAME's buffer list.
If BUFFER is the last buffer, return the preceding buffer instead.
Buffers not visible in windows are preferred to visible buffers,
unless optional argument VISIBLE-OK is non-nil.
Optional third argument FRAME nil or omitted means use the
selected frame's buffer list.
If no such buffer exists, return the buffer `*scratch*', creating
it if necessary."
(setq frame (or frame (selected-frame)))
(or (get-next-valid-buffer (nreverse (buffer-list frame))
buffer visible-ok frame)
(get-buffer "*scratch*")
(let ((scratch (get-buffer-create "*scratch*")))
(set-buffer-major-mode scratch)
scratch)))
(defun next-buffer ()
"Switch to the next buffer in cyclic order."
(interactive)
(let ((buffer (current-buffer)))
(switch-to-buffer (other-buffer buffer t))
(bury-buffer buffer)))
(defun previous-buffer ()
"Switch to the previous buffer in cyclic order."
(interactive)
(switch-to-buffer (last-buffer (current-buffer) t)))
;;; next-error support framework
(defgroup next-error nil
"`next-error' support framework."
:group 'compilation
:version "22.1")
(defface next-error
'((t (:inherit region)))
"Face used to highlight next error locus."
:group 'next-error
:version "22.1")
(defcustom next-error-highlight 0.5
"Highlighting of locations in selected source buffers.
If a number, highlight the locus in `next-error' face for the given time
in seconds, or until the next command is executed.
If t, highlight the locus until the next command is executed, or until
some other locus replaces it.
If nil, don't highlight the locus in the source buffer.
If `fringe-arrow', indicate the locus by the fringe arrow."
:type '(choice (number :tag "Highlight for specified time")
(const :tag "Semipermanent highlighting" t)
(const :tag "No highlighting" nil)
(const :tag "Fringe arrow" fringe-arrow))
:group 'next-error
:version "22.1")
(defcustom next-error-highlight-no-select 0.5
"Highlighting of locations in `next-error-no-select'.
If number, highlight the locus in `next-error' face for given time in seconds.
If t, highlight the locus indefinitely until some other locus replaces it.
If nil, don't highlight the locus in the source buffer.
If `fringe-arrow', indicate the locus by the fringe arrow."
:type '(choice (number :tag "Highlight for specified time")
(const :tag "Semipermanent highlighting" t)
(const :tag "No highlighting" nil)
(const :tag "Fringe arrow" fringe-arrow))
:group 'next-error
:version "22.1")
(defcustom next-error-recenter nil
"Display the line in the visited source file recentered as specified.
If non-nil, the value is passed directly to `recenter'."
:type '(choice (integer :tag "Line to recenter to")
(const :tag "Center of window" (4))
(const :tag "No recentering" nil))
:group 'next-error
:version "23.1")
(defcustom next-error-hook nil
"List of hook functions run by `next-error' after visiting source file."
:type 'hook
:group 'next-error)
(defvar next-error-highlight-timer nil)
(defvar next-error-overlay-arrow-position nil)
(put 'next-error-overlay-arrow-position 'overlay-arrow-string (purecopy "=>"))
(add-to-list 'overlay-arrow-variable-list 'next-error-overlay-arrow-position)
(defvar next-error-last-buffer nil
"The most recent `next-error' buffer.
A buffer becomes most recent when its compilation, grep, or
similar mode is started, or when it is used with \\[next-error]
or \\[compile-goto-error].")
(defvar next-error-function nil
"Function to use to find the next error in the current buffer.
The function is called with 2 parameters:
ARG is an integer specifying by how many errors to move.
RESET is a boolean which, if non-nil, says to go back to the beginning
of the errors before moving.
Major modes providing compile-like functionality should set this variable
to indicate to `next-error' that this is a candidate buffer and how
to navigate in it.")
(make-variable-buffer-local 'next-error-function)
(defvar next-error-move-function nil
"Function to use to move to an error locus.
It takes two arguments, a buffer position in the error buffer
and a buffer position in the error locus buffer.
The buffer for the error locus should already be current.
nil means use goto-char using the second argument position.")
(make-variable-buffer-local 'next-error-move-function)
(defsubst next-error-buffer-p (buffer
&optional avoid-current
extra-test-inclusive
extra-test-exclusive)
"Test if BUFFER is a `next-error' capable buffer.
If AVOID-CURRENT is non-nil, treat the current buffer
as an absolute last resort only.
The function EXTRA-TEST-INCLUSIVE, if non-nil, is called in each buffer
that normally would not qualify. If it returns t, the buffer
in question is treated as usable.
The function EXTRA-TEST-EXCLUSIVE, if non-nil, is called in each buffer
that would normally be considered usable. If it returns nil,
that buffer is rejected."
(and (buffer-name buffer) ;First make sure it's live.
(not (and avoid-current (eq buffer (current-buffer))))
(with-current-buffer buffer
(if next-error-function ; This is the normal test.
;; Optionally reject some buffers.
(if extra-test-exclusive
(funcall extra-test-exclusive)
t)
;; Optionally accept some other buffers.
(and extra-test-inclusive
(funcall extra-test-inclusive))))))
(defun next-error-find-buffer (&optional avoid-current
extra-test-inclusive
extra-test-exclusive)
"Return a `next-error' capable buffer.
If AVOID-CURRENT is non-nil, treat the current buffer
as an absolute last resort only.
The function EXTRA-TEST-INCLUSIVE, if non-nil, is called in each buffer
that normally would not qualify. If it returns t, the buffer
in question is treated as usable.
The function EXTRA-TEST-EXCLUSIVE, if non-nil, is called in each buffer
that would normally be considered usable. If it returns nil,
that buffer is rejected."
(or
;; 1. If one window on the selected frame displays such buffer, return it.
(let ((window-buffers
(delete-dups
(delq nil (mapcar (lambda (w)
(if (next-error-buffer-p
(window-buffer w)
avoid-current
extra-test-inclusive extra-test-exclusive)
(window-buffer w)))
(window-list))))))
(if (eq (length window-buffers) 1)
(car window-buffers)))
;; 2. If next-error-last-buffer is an acceptable buffer, use that.
(if (and next-error-last-buffer
(next-error-buffer-p next-error-last-buffer avoid-current
extra-test-inclusive extra-test-exclusive))
next-error-last-buffer)
;; 3. If the current buffer is acceptable, choose it.
(if (next-error-buffer-p (current-buffer) avoid-current
extra-test-inclusive extra-test-exclusive)
(current-buffer))
;; 4. Look for any acceptable buffer.
(let ((buffers (buffer-list)))
(while (and buffers
(not (next-error-buffer-p
(car buffers) avoid-current
extra-test-inclusive extra-test-exclusive)))
(setq buffers (cdr buffers)))
(car buffers))
;; 5. Use the current buffer as a last resort if it qualifies,
;; even despite AVOID-CURRENT.
(and avoid-current
(next-error-buffer-p (current-buffer) nil
extra-test-inclusive extra-test-exclusive)
(progn
(message "This is the only buffer with error message locations")
(current-buffer)))
;; 6. Give up.
(error "No buffers contain error message locations")))
(defun next-error (&optional arg reset)
"Visit next `next-error' message and corresponding source code.
If all the error messages parsed so far have been processed already,
the message buffer is checked for new ones.
A prefix ARG specifies how many error messages to move;
negative means move back to previous error messages.
Just \\[universal-argument] as a prefix means reparse the error message buffer
and start at the first error.
The RESET argument specifies that we should restart from the beginning.
\\[next-error] normally uses the most recently started
compilation, grep, or occur buffer. It can also operate on any
buffer with output from the \\[compile], \\[grep] commands, or,
more generally, on any buffer in Compilation mode or with
Compilation Minor mode enabled, or any buffer in which
`next-error-function' is bound to an appropriate function.
To specify use of a particular buffer for error messages, type
\\[next-error] in that buffer when it is the only one displayed
in the current frame.
Once \\[next-error] has chosen the buffer for error messages, it
runs `next-error-hook' with `run-hooks', and stays with that buffer
until you use it in some other buffer which uses Compilation mode
or Compilation Minor mode.
See variables `compilation-parse-errors-function' and
\`compilation-error-regexp-alist' for customization ideas."
(interactive "P")
(if (consp arg) (setq reset t arg nil))
(when (setq next-error-last-buffer (next-error-find-buffer))
;; we know here that next-error-function is a valid symbol we can funcall
(with-current-buffer next-error-last-buffer
(funcall next-error-function (prefix-numeric-value arg) reset)
(when next-error-recenter
(recenter next-error-recenter))
(run-hooks 'next-error-hook))))
(defun next-error-internal ()
"Visit the source code corresponding to the `next-error' message at point."
(setq next-error-last-buffer (current-buffer))
;; we know here that next-error-function is a valid symbol we can funcall
(with-current-buffer next-error-last-buffer
(funcall next-error-function 0 nil)
(when next-error-recenter
(recenter next-error-recenter))
(run-hooks 'next-error-hook)))
(defalias 'goto-next-locus 'next-error)
(defalias 'next-match 'next-error)
(defun previous-error (&optional n)
"Visit previous `next-error' message and corresponding source code.
Prefix arg N says how many error messages to move backwards (or
forwards, if negative).
This operates on the output from the \\[compile] and \\[grep] commands."
(interactive "p")
(next-error (- (or n 1))))
(defun first-error (&optional n)
"Restart at the first error.
Visit corresponding source code.
With prefix arg N, visit the source code of the Nth error.
This operates on the output from the \\[compile] command, for instance."
(interactive "p")
(next-error n t))
(defun next-error-no-select (&optional n)
"Move point to the next error in the `next-error' buffer and highlight match.
Prefix arg N says how many error messages to move forwards (or
backwards, if negative).
Finds and highlights the source line like \\[next-error], but does not
select the source buffer."
(interactive "p")
(let ((next-error-highlight next-error-highlight-no-select))
(next-error n))
(pop-to-buffer next-error-last-buffer))
(defun previous-error-no-select (&optional n)
"Move point to the previous error in the `next-error' buffer and highlight match.
Prefix arg N says how many error messages to move backwards (or
forwards, if negative).
Finds and highlights the source line like \\[previous-error], but does not
select the source buffer."
(interactive "p")
(next-error-no-select (- (or n 1))))
;; Internal variable for `next-error-follow-mode-post-command-hook'.
(defvar next-error-follow-last-line nil)
(define-minor-mode next-error-follow-minor-mode
"Minor mode for compilation, occur and diff modes.
When turned on, cursor motion in the compilation, grep, occur or diff
buffer causes automatic display of the corresponding source code
location."
:group 'next-error :init-value nil :lighter " Fol"
(if (not next-error-follow-minor-mode)
(remove-hook 'post-command-hook 'next-error-follow-mode-post-command-hook t)
(add-hook 'post-command-hook 'next-error-follow-mode-post-command-hook nil t)
(make-local-variable 'next-error-follow-last-line)))
;; Used as a `post-command-hook' by `next-error-follow-mode'
;; for the *Compilation* *grep* and *Occur* buffers.
(defun next-error-follow-mode-post-command-hook ()
(unless (equal next-error-follow-last-line (line-number-at-pos))
(setq next-error-follow-last-line (line-number-at-pos))
(condition-case nil
(let ((compilation-context-lines nil))
(setq compilation-current-error (point))
(next-error-no-select 0))
(error t))))
;;;
(defun fundamental-mode ()
"Major mode not specialized for anything in particular.
Other major modes are defined by comparison with this one."
(interactive)
(kill-all-local-variables)
(unless delay-mode-hooks
(run-hooks 'after-change-major-mode-hook)))
;; Special major modes to view specially formatted data rather than files.
(defvar special-mode-map
(let ((map (make-sparse-keymap)))
(suppress-keymap map)
(define-key map "q" 'quit-window)
(define-key map " " 'scroll-up)
(define-key map "\C-?" 'scroll-down)
(define-key map "?" 'describe-mode)
(define-key map ">" 'end-of-buffer)
(define-key map "<" 'beginning-of-buffer)
(define-key map "g" 'revert-buffer)
map))
(put 'special-mode 'mode-class 'special)
(define-derived-mode special-mode nil "Special"
"Parent major mode from which special major modes should inherit."
(setq buffer-read-only t))
;; Making and deleting lines.
(defvar hard-newline (propertize "\n" 'hard t 'rear-nonsticky '(hard))
"Propertized string representing a hard newline character.")
(defun newline (&optional arg)
"Insert a newline, and move to left margin of the new line if it's blank.
If `use-hard-newlines' is non-nil, the newline is marked with the
text-property `hard'.
With ARG, insert that many newlines.
Call `auto-fill-function' if the current column number is greater
than the value of `fill-column' and ARG is nil."
(interactive "*P")
(barf-if-buffer-read-only)
;; Inserting a newline at the end of a line produces better redisplay in
;; try_window_id than inserting at the beginning of a line, and the textual
;; result is the same. So, if we're at beginning of line, pretend to be at
;; the end of the previous line.
(let ((flag (and (not (bobp))
(bolp)
;; Make sure no functions want to be told about
;; the range of the changes.
(not after-change-functions)
(not before-change-functions)
;; Make sure there are no markers here.
(not (buffer-has-markers-at (1- (point))))
(not (buffer-has-markers-at (point)))
;; Make sure no text properties want to know
;; where the change was.
(not (get-char-property (1- (point)) 'modification-hooks))
(not (get-char-property (1- (point)) 'insert-behind-hooks))
(or (eobp)
(not (get-char-property (point) 'insert-in-front-hooks)))
;; Make sure the newline before point isn't intangible.
(not (get-char-property (1- (point)) 'intangible))
;; Make sure the newline before point isn't read-only.
(not (get-char-property (1- (point)) 'read-only))
;; Make sure the newline before point isn't invisible.
(not (get-char-property (1- (point)) 'invisible))
;; Make sure the newline before point has the same
;; properties as the char before it (if any).
(< (or (previous-property-change (point)) -2)
(- (point) 2))))
(was-page-start (and (bolp)
(looking-at page-delimiter)))
(beforepos (point)))
(if flag (backward-char 1))
;; Call self-insert so that auto-fill, abbrev expansion etc. happens.
;; Set last-command-event to tell self-insert what to insert.
(let ((last-command-event ?\n)
;; Don't auto-fill if we have a numeric argument.
;; Also not if flag is true (it would fill wrong line);
;; there is no need to since we're at BOL.
(auto-fill-function (if (or arg flag) nil auto-fill-function)))
(unwind-protect
(self-insert-command (prefix-numeric-value arg))
;; If we get an error in self-insert-command, put point at right place.
(if flag (forward-char 1))))
;; Even if we did *not* get an error, keep that forward-char;
;; all further processing should apply to the newline that the user
;; thinks he inserted.
;; Mark the newline(s) `hard'.
(if use-hard-newlines
(set-hard-newline-properties
(- (point) (prefix-numeric-value arg)) (point)))
;; If the newline leaves the previous line blank,
;; and we have a left margin, delete that from the blank line.
(or flag
(save-excursion
(goto-char beforepos)
(beginning-of-line)
(and (looking-at "[ \t]$")
(> (current-left-margin) 0)
(delete-region (point) (progn (end-of-line) (point))))))
;; Indent the line after the newline, except in one case:
;; when we added the newline at the beginning of a line
;; which starts a page.
(or was-page-start
(move-to-left-margin nil t)))
nil)
(defun set-hard-newline-properties (from to)
(let ((sticky (get-text-property from 'rear-nonsticky)))
(put-text-property from to 'hard 't)
;; If rear-nonsticky is not "t", add 'hard to rear-nonsticky list
(if (and (listp sticky) (not (memq 'hard sticky)))
(put-text-property from (point) 'rear-nonsticky
(cons 'hard sticky)))))
(defun open-line (n)
"Insert a newline and leave point before it.
If there is a fill prefix and/or a `left-margin', insert them
on the new line if the line would have been blank.
With arg N, insert N newlines."
(interactive "*p")
(let* ((do-fill-prefix (and fill-prefix (bolp)))
(do-left-margin (and (bolp) (> (current-left-margin) 0)))
(loc (point))
;; Don't expand an abbrev before point.
(abbrev-mode nil))
(newline n)
(goto-char loc)
(while (> n 0)
(cond ((bolp)
(if do-left-margin (indent-to (current-left-margin)))
(if do-fill-prefix (insert-and-inherit fill-prefix))))
(forward-line 1)
(setq n (1- n)))
(goto-char loc)
(end-of-line)))
(defun split-line (&optional arg)
"Split current line, moving portion beyond point vertically down.
If the current line starts with `fill-prefix', insert it on the new
line as well. With prefix ARG, don't insert `fill-prefix' on new line.
When called from Lisp code, ARG may be a prefix string to copy."
(interactive "*P")
(skip-chars-forward " \t")
(let* ((col (current-column))
(pos (point))
;; What prefix should we check for (nil means don't).
(prefix (cond ((stringp arg) arg)
(arg nil)
(t fill-prefix)))
;; Does this line start with it?
(have-prfx (and prefix
(save-excursion
(beginning-of-line)
(looking-at (regexp-quote prefix))))))
(newline 1)
(if have-prfx (insert-and-inherit prefix))
(indent-to col 0)
(goto-char pos)))
(defun delete-indentation (&optional arg)
"Join this line to previous and fix up whitespace at join.
If there is a fill prefix, delete it from the beginning of this line.
With argument, join this line to following line."
(interactive "*P")
(beginning-of-line)
(if arg (forward-line 1))
(if (eq (preceding-char) ?\n)
(progn
(delete-region (point) (1- (point)))
;; If the second line started with the fill prefix,
;; delete the prefix.
(if (and fill-prefix
(<= (+ (point) (length fill-prefix)) (point-max))
(string= fill-prefix
(buffer-substring (point)
(+ (point) (length fill-prefix)))))
(delete-region (point) (+ (point) (length fill-prefix))))
(fixup-whitespace))))
(defalias 'join-line #'delete-indentation) ; easier to find
(defun delete-blank-lines ()
"On blank line, delete all surrounding blank lines, leaving just one.
On isolated blank line, delete that one.
On nonblank line, delete any immediately following blank lines."
(interactive "*")
(let (thisblank singleblank)
(save-excursion
(beginning-of-line)
(setq thisblank (looking-at "[ \t]*$"))
;; Set singleblank if there is just one blank line here.
(setq singleblank
(and thisblank
(not (looking-at "[ \t]*\n[ \t]*$"))
(or (bobp)
(progn (forward-line -1)
(not (looking-at "[ \t]*$")))))))
;; Delete preceding blank lines, and this one too if it's the only one.
(if thisblank
(progn
(beginning-of-line)
(if singleblank (forward-line 1))
(delete-region (point)
(if (re-search-backward "[^ \t\n]" nil t)
(progn (forward-line 1) (point))
(point-min)))))
;; Delete following blank lines, unless the current line is blank
;; and there are no following blank lines.
(if (not (and thisblank singleblank))
(save-excursion
(end-of-line)
(forward-line 1)
(delete-region (point)
(if (re-search-forward "[^ \t\n]" nil t)
(progn (beginning-of-line) (point))
(point-max)))))
;; Handle the special case where point is followed by newline and eob.
;; Delete the line, leaving point at eob.
(if (looking-at "^[ \t]*\n\\'")
(delete-region (point) (point-max)))))
(defun delete-trailing-whitespace ()
"Delete all the trailing whitespace across the current buffer.
All whitespace after the last non-whitespace character in a line is deleted.
This respects narrowing, created by \\[narrow-to-region] and friends.
A formfeed is not considered whitespace by this function."
(interactive "*")
(save-match-data
(save-excursion
(goto-char (point-min))
(while (re-search-forward "\\s-$" nil t)
(skip-syntax-backward "-" (save-excursion (forward-line 0) (point)))
;; Don't delete formfeeds, even if they are considered whitespace.
(save-match-data
(if (looking-at ".*\f")
(goto-char (match-end 0))))
(delete-region (point) (match-end 0))))))
(defun newline-and-indent ()
"Insert a newline, then indent according to major mode.
Indentation is done using the value of `indent-line-function'.
In programming language modes, this is the same as TAB.
In some text modes, where TAB inserts a tab, this command indents to the
column specified by the function `current-left-margin'."
(interactive "*")
(delete-horizontal-space t)
(newline)
(indent-according-to-mode))
(defun reindent-then-newline-and-indent ()
"Reindent current line, insert newline, then indent the new line.
Indentation of both lines is done according to the current major mode,
which means calling the current value of `indent-line-function'.
In programming language modes, this is the same as TAB.
In some text modes, where TAB inserts a tab, this indents to the
column specified by the function `current-left-margin'."
(interactive "*")
(let ((pos (point)))
;; Be careful to insert the newline before indenting the line.
;; Otherwise, the indentation might be wrong.
(newline)
(save-excursion
(goto-char pos)
;; We are at EOL before the call to indent-according-to-mode, and
;; after it we usually are as well, but not always. We tried to
;; address it with `save-excursion' but that uses a normal marker
;; whereas we need `move after insertion', so we do the save/restore
;; by hand.
(setq pos (copy-marker pos t))
(indent-according-to-mode)
(goto-char pos)
;; Remove the trailing white-space after indentation because
;; indentation may introduce the whitespace.
(delete-horizontal-space t))
(indent-according-to-mode)))
(defun quoted-insert (arg)
"Read next input character and insert it.
This is useful for inserting control characters.
With argument, insert ARG copies of the character.
If the first character you type after this command is an octal digit,
you should type a sequence of octal digits which specify a character code.
Any nondigit terminates the sequence. If the terminator is a RET,
it is discarded; any other terminator is used itself as input.
The variable `read-quoted-char-radix' specifies the radix for this feature;
set it to 10 or 16 to use decimal or hex instead of octal.
In overwrite mode, this function inserts the character anyway, and
does not handle octal digits specially. This means that if you use
overwrite as your normal editing mode, you can use this function to
insert characters when necessary.
In binary overwrite mode, this function does overwrite, and octal
digits are interpreted as a character code. This is intended to be
useful for editing binary files."
(interactive "*p")
(let* ((char
;; Avoid "obsolete" warnings for translation-table-for-input.
(with-no-warnings
(let (translation-table-for-input input-method-function)
(if (or (not overwrite-mode)
(eq overwrite-mode 'overwrite-mode-binary))
(read-quoted-char)
(read-char))))))
;; This used to assume character codes 0240 - 0377 stand for
;; characters in some single-byte character set, and converted them
;; to Emacs characters. But in 23.1 this feature is deprecated
;; in favor of inserting the corresponding Unicode characters.
;; (if (and enable-multibyte-characters
;; (>= char ?\240)
;; (<= char ?\377))
;; (setq char (unibyte-char-to-multibyte char)))
(if (> arg 0)
(if (eq overwrite-mode 'overwrite-mode-binary)
(delete-char arg)))
(while (> arg 0)
(insert-and-inherit char)
(setq arg (1- arg)))))
(defun forward-to-indentation (&optional arg)
"Move forward ARG lines and position at first nonblank character."
(interactive "^p")
(forward-line (or arg 1))
(skip-chars-forward " \t"))
(defun backward-to-indentation (&optional arg)
"Move backward ARG lines and position at first nonblank character."
(interactive "^p")
(forward-line (- (or arg 1)))
(skip-chars-forward " \t"))
(defun back-to-indentation ()
"Move point to the first non-whitespace character on this line."
(interactive "^")
(beginning-of-line 1)
(skip-syntax-forward " " (line-end-position))
;; Move back over chars that have whitespace syntax but have the p flag.
(backward-prefix-chars))
(defun fixup-whitespace ()
"Fixup white space between objects around point.
Leave one space or none, according to the context."
(interactive "*")
(save-excursion
(delete-horizontal-space)
(if (or (looking-at "^\\|\\s)")
(save-excursion (forward-char -1)
(looking-at "$\\|\\s(\\|\\s'")))
nil
(insert ?\s))))
(defun delete-horizontal-space (&optional backward-only)
"Delete all spaces and tabs around point.
If BACKWARD-ONLY is non-nil, only delete them before point."
(interactive "*P")
(let ((orig-pos (point)))
(delete-region
(if backward-only
orig-pos
(progn
(skip-chars-forward " \t")
(constrain-to-field nil orig-pos t)))
(progn
(skip-chars-backward " \t")
(constrain-to-field nil orig-pos)))))
(defun just-one-space (&optional n)
"Delete all spaces and tabs around point, leaving one space (or N spaces)."
(interactive "*p")
(let ((orig-pos (point)))
(skip-chars-backward " \t")
(constrain-to-field nil orig-pos)
(dotimes (i (or n 1))
(if (= (following-char) ?\s)
(forward-char 1)
(insert ?\s)))
(delete-region
(point)
(progn
(skip-chars-forward " \t")
(constrain-to-field nil orig-pos t)))))
(defun beginning-of-buffer (&optional arg)
"Move point to the beginning of the buffer; leave mark at previous position.
With \\[universal-argument] prefix, do not set mark at previous position.
With numeric arg N, put point N/10 of the way from the beginning.
If the buffer is narrowed, this command uses the beginning and size
of the accessible part of the buffer.
Don't use this command in Lisp programs!
\(goto-char (point-min)) is faster and avoids clobbering the mark."
(interactive "^P")
(or (consp arg)
(region-active-p)
(push-mark))
(let ((size (- (point-max) (point-min))))
(goto-char (if (and arg (not (consp arg)))
(+ (point-min)
(if (> size 10000)
;; Avoid overflow for large buffer sizes!
(* (prefix-numeric-value arg)
(/ size 10))
(/ (+ 10 (* size (prefix-numeric-value arg))) 10)))
(point-min))))
(if (and arg (not (consp arg))) (forward-line 1)))
(defun end-of-buffer (&optional arg)
"Move point to the end of the buffer; leave mark at previous position.
With \\[universal-argument] prefix, do not set mark at previous position.
With numeric arg N, put point N/10 of the way from the end.
If the buffer is narrowed, this command uses the beginning and size
of the accessible part of the buffer.
Don't use this command in Lisp programs!
\(goto-char (point-max)) is faster and avoids clobbering the mark."
(interactive "^P")
(or (consp arg) (region-active-p) (push-mark))
(let ((size (- (point-max) (point-min))))
(goto-char (if (and arg (not (consp arg)))
(- (point-max)
(if (> size 10000)
;; Avoid overflow for large buffer sizes!
(* (prefix-numeric-value arg)
(/ size 10))
(/ (* size (prefix-numeric-value arg)) 10)))
(point-max))))
;; If we went to a place in the middle of the buffer,
;; adjust it to the beginning of a line.
(cond ((and arg (not (consp arg))) (forward-line 1))
((> (point) (window-end nil t))
;; If the end of the buffer is not already on the screen,
;; then scroll specially to put it near, but not at, the bottom.
(overlay-recenter (point))
(recenter -3))))
(defun mark-whole-buffer ()
"Put point at beginning and mark at end of buffer.
You probably should not use this function in Lisp programs;
it is usually a mistake for a Lisp function to use any subroutine
that uses or sets the mark."
(interactive)
(push-mark (point))
(push-mark (point-max) nil t)
(goto-char (point-min)))
;; Counting lines, one way or another.
(defun goto-line (line &optional buffer)
"Goto LINE, counting from line 1 at beginning of buffer.
Normally, move point in the current buffer, and leave mark at the
previous position. With just \\[universal-argument] as argument,
move point in the most recently selected other buffer, and switch to it.
If there's a number in the buffer at point, it is the default for LINE.
This function is usually the wrong thing to use in a Lisp program.
What you probably want instead is something like:
(goto-char (point-min)) (forward-line (1- N))
If at all possible, an even better solution is to use char counts
rather than line counts."
(interactive
(if (and current-prefix-arg (not (consp current-prefix-arg)))
(list (prefix-numeric-value current-prefix-arg))
;; Look for a default, a number in the buffer at point.
(let* ((default
(save-excursion
(skip-chars-backward "0-9")
(if (looking-at "[0-9]")
(buffer-substring-no-properties
(point)
(progn (skip-chars-forward "0-9")
(point))))))
;; Decide if we're switching buffers.
(buffer
(if (consp current-prefix-arg)
(other-buffer (current-buffer) t)))
(buffer-prompt
(if buffer
(concat " in " (buffer-name buffer))
"")))
;; Read the argument, offering that number (if any) as default.
(list (read-from-minibuffer (format (if default "Goto line%s (%s): "
"Goto line%s: ")
buffer-prompt
default)
nil nil t
'minibuffer-history
default)
buffer))))
;; Switch to the desired buffer, one way or another.
(if buffer
(let ((window (get-buffer-window buffer)))
(if window (select-window window)
(switch-to-buffer-other-window buffer))))
;; Leave mark at previous position
(or (region-active-p) (push-mark))
;; Move to the specified line number in that buffer.
(save-restriction
(widen)
(goto-char (point-min))
(if (eq selective-display t)
(re-search-forward "[\n\C-m]" nil 'end (1- line))
(forward-line (1- line)))))
(defun count-lines-region (start end)
"Print number of lines and characters in the region."
(interactive "r")
(message "Region has %d lines, %d characters"
(count-lines start end) (- end start)))
(defun what-line ()
"Print the current buffer line number and narrowed line number of point."
(interactive)
(let ((start (point-min))
(n (line-number-at-pos)))
(if (= start 1)
(message "Line %d" n)
(save-excursion
(save-restriction
(widen)
(message "line %d (narrowed line %d)"
(+ n (line-number-at-pos start) -1) n))))))
(defun count-lines (start end)
"Return number of lines between START and END.
This is usually the number of newlines between them,
but can be one more if START is not equal to END
and the greater of them is not at the start of a line."
(save-excursion
(save-restriction
(narrow-to-region start end)
(goto-char (point-min))
(if (eq selective-display t)
(save-match-data
(let ((done 0))
(while (re-search-forward "[\n\C-m]" nil t 40)
(setq done (+ 40 done)))
(while (re-search-forward "[\n\C-m]" nil t 1)
(setq done (+ 1 done)))
(goto-char (point-max))
(if (and (/= start end)
(not (bolp)))
(1+ done)
done)))
(- (buffer-size) (forward-line (buffer-size)))))))
(defun line-number-at-pos (&optional pos)
"Return (narrowed) buffer line number at position POS.
If POS is nil, use current buffer location.
Counting starts at (point-min), so the value refers
to the contents of the accessible portion of the buffer."
(let ((opoint (or pos (point))) start)
(save-excursion
(goto-char (point-min))
(setq start (point))
(goto-char opoint)
(forward-line 0)
(1+ (count-lines start (point))))))
(defun what-cursor-position (&optional detail)
"Print info on cursor position (on screen and within buffer).
Also describe the character after point, and give its character code
in octal, decimal and hex.
For a non-ASCII multibyte character, also give its encoding in the
buffer's selected coding system if the coding system encodes the
character safely. If the character is encoded into one byte, that
code is shown in hex. If the character is encoded into more than one
byte, just \"...\" is shown.
In addition, with prefix argument, show details about that character
in *Help* buffer. See also the command `describe-char'."
(interactive "P")
(let* ((char (following-char))
(beg (point-min))
(end (point-max))
(pos (point))
(total (buffer-size))
(percent (if (> total 50000)
;; Avoid overflow from multiplying by 100!
(/ (+ (/ total 200) (1- pos)) (max (/ total 100) 1))
(/ (+ (/ total 2) (* 100 (1- pos))) (max total 1))))
(hscroll (if (= (window-hscroll) 0)
""
(format " Hscroll=%d" (window-hscroll))))
(col (current-column)))
(if (= pos end)
(if (or (/= beg 1) (/= end (1+ total)))
(message "point=%d of %d (%d%%) <%d-%d> column=%d%s"
pos total percent beg end col hscroll)
(message "point=%d of %d (EOB) column=%d%s"
pos total col hscroll))
(let ((coding buffer-file-coding-system)
encoded encoding-msg display-prop under-display)
(if (or (not coding)
(eq (coding-system-type coding) t))
(setq coding (default-value 'buffer-file-coding-system)))
(if (eq (char-charset char) 'eight-bit)
(setq encoding-msg
(format "(%d, #o%o, #x%x, raw-byte)" char char char))
;; Check if the character is displayed with some `display'
;; text property. In that case, set under-display to the
;; buffer substring covered by that property.
(setq display-prop (get-text-property pos 'display))
(if display-prop
(let ((to (or (next-single-property-change pos 'display)
(point-max))))
(if (< to (+ pos 4))
(setq under-display "")
(setq under-display "..."
to (+ pos 4)))
(setq under-display
(concat (buffer-substring-no-properties pos to)
under-display)))
(setq encoded (and (>= char 128) (encode-coding-char char coding))))
(setq encoding-msg
(if display-prop
(if (not (stringp display-prop))
(format "(%d, #o%o, #x%x, part of display \"%s\")"
char char char under-display)
(format "(%d, #o%o, #x%x, part of display \"%s\"->\"%s\")"
char char char under-display display-prop))
(if encoded
(format "(%d, #o%o, #x%x, file %s)"
char char char
(if (> (length encoded) 1)
"..."
(encoded-string-description encoded coding)))
(format "(%d, #o%o, #x%x)" char char char)))))
(if detail
;; We show the detailed information about CHAR.
(describe-char (point)))
(if (or (/= beg 1) (/= end (1+ total)))
(message "Char: %s %s point=%d of %d (%d%%) <%d-%d> column=%d%s"
(if (< char 256)
(single-key-description char)
(buffer-substring-no-properties (point) (1+ (point))))
encoding-msg pos total percent beg end col hscroll)
(message "Char: %s %s point=%d of %d (%d%%) column=%d%s"
(if enable-multibyte-characters
(if (< char 128)
(single-key-description char)
(buffer-substring-no-properties (point) (1+ (point))))
(single-key-description char))
encoding-msg pos total percent col hscroll))))))
;; Initialize read-expression-map. It is defined at C level.
(let ((m (make-sparse-keymap)))
(define-key m "\M-\t" 'lisp-complete-symbol)
(set-keymap-parent m minibuffer-local-map)
(setq read-expression-map m))
(defvar read-expression-history nil)
(defvar minibuffer-completing-symbol nil
"Non-nil means completing a Lisp symbol in the minibuffer.")
(defvar minibuffer-default nil
"The current default value or list of default values in the minibuffer.
The functions `read-from-minibuffer' and `completing-read' bind
this variable locally.")
(defcustom eval-expression-print-level 4
"Value for `print-level' while printing value in `eval-expression'.
A value of nil means no limit."
:group 'lisp
:type '(choice (const :tag "No Limit" nil) integer)
:version "21.1")
(defcustom eval-expression-print-length 12
"Value for `print-length' while printing value in `eval-expression'.
A value of nil means no limit."
:group 'lisp
:type '(choice (const :tag "No Limit" nil) integer)
:version "21.1")
(defcustom eval-expression-debug-on-error t
"If non-nil set `debug-on-error' to t in `eval-expression'.
If nil, don't change the value of `debug-on-error'."
:group 'lisp
:type 'boolean
:version "21.1")
(defun eval-expression-print-format (value)
"Format VALUE as a result of evaluated expression.
Return a formatted string which is displayed in the echo area
in addition to the value printed by prin1 in functions which
display the result of expression evaluation."
(if (and (integerp value)
(or (not (memq this-command '(eval-last-sexp eval-print-last-sexp)))
(eq this-command last-command)
(if (boundp 'edebug-active) edebug-active)))
(let ((char-string
(if (or (if (boundp 'edebug-active) edebug-active)
(memq this-command '(eval-last-sexp eval-print-last-sexp)))
(prin1-char value))))
(if char-string
(format " (#o%o, #x%x, %s)" value value char-string)
(format " (#o%o, #x%x)" value value)))))
;; We define this, rather than making `eval' interactive,
;; for the sake of completion of names like eval-region, eval-buffer.
(defun eval-expression (eval-expression-arg
&optional eval-expression-insert-value)
"Evaluate EVAL-EXPRESSION-ARG and print value in the echo area.
Value is also consed on to front of the variable `values'.
Optional argument EVAL-EXPRESSION-INSERT-VALUE non-nil (interactively,
with prefix argument) means insert the result into the current buffer
instead of printing it in the echo area. Truncates long output
according to the value of the variables `eval-expression-print-length'
and `eval-expression-print-level'.
If `eval-expression-debug-on-error' is non-nil, which is the default,
this command arranges for all errors to enter the debugger."
(interactive
(list (let ((minibuffer-completing-symbol t))
(read-from-minibuffer "Eval: "
nil read-expression-map t
'read-expression-history))
current-prefix-arg))
(if (null eval-expression-debug-on-error)
(setq values (cons (eval eval-expression-arg) values))
(let ((old-value (make-symbol "t")) new-value)
;; Bind debug-on-error to something unique so that we can
;; detect when evaled code changes it.
(let ((debug-on-error old-value))
(setq values (cons (eval eval-expression-arg) values))
(setq new-value debug-on-error))
;; If evaled code has changed the value of debug-on-error,
;; propagate that change to the global binding.
(unless (eq old-value new-value)
(setq debug-on-error new-value))))
(let ((print-length eval-expression-print-length)
(print-level eval-expression-print-level))
(if eval-expression-insert-value
(with-no-warnings
(let ((standard-output (current-buffer)))
(prin1 (car values))))
(prog1
(prin1 (car values) t)
(let ((str (eval-expression-print-format (car values))))
(if str (princ str t)))))))
(defun edit-and-eval-command (prompt command)
"Prompting with PROMPT, let user edit COMMAND and eval result.
COMMAND is a Lisp expression. Let user edit that expression in
the minibuffer, then read and evaluate the result."
(let ((command
(let ((print-level nil)
(minibuffer-history-sexp-flag (1+ (minibuffer-depth))))
(unwind-protect
(read-from-minibuffer prompt
(prin1-to-string command)
read-expression-map t
'command-history)
;; If command was added to command-history as a string,
;; get rid of that. We want only evaluable expressions there.
(if (stringp (car command-history))
(setq command-history (cdr command-history)))))))
;; If command to be redone does not match front of history,
;; add it to the history.
(or (equal command (car command-history))
(setq command-history (cons command command-history)))
(eval command)))
(defun repeat-complex-command (arg)
"Edit and re-evaluate last complex command, or ARGth from last.
A complex command is one which used the minibuffer.
The command is placed in the minibuffer as a Lisp form for editing.
The result is executed, repeating the command as changed.
If the command has been changed or is not the most recent previous
command it is added to the front of the command history.
You can use the minibuffer history commands \
\\<minibuffer-local-map>\\[next-history-element] and \\[previous-history-element]
to get different commands to edit and resubmit."
(interactive "p")
(let ((elt (nth (1- arg) command-history))
newcmd)
(if elt
(progn
(setq newcmd
(let ((print-level nil)
(minibuffer-history-position arg)
(minibuffer-history-sexp-flag (1+ (minibuffer-depth))))
(unwind-protect
(read-from-minibuffer
"Redo: " (prin1-to-string elt) read-expression-map t
(cons 'command-history arg))
;; If command was added to command-history as a
;; string, get rid of that. We want only
;; evaluable expressions there.
(if (stringp (car command-history))
(setq command-history (cdr command-history))))))
;; If command to be redone does not match front of history,
;; add it to the history.
(or (equal newcmd (car command-history))
(setq command-history (cons newcmd command-history)))
(eval newcmd))
(if command-history
(error "Argument %d is beyond length of command history" arg)
(error "There are no previous complex commands to repeat")))))
(defvar minibuffer-history nil
"Default minibuffer history list.
This is used for all minibuffer input
except when an alternate history list is specified.
Maximum length of the history list is determined by the value
of `history-length', which see.")
(defvar minibuffer-history-sexp-flag nil
"Control whether history list elements are expressions or strings.
If the value of this variable equals current minibuffer depth,
they are expressions; otherwise they are strings.
\(That convention is designed to do the right thing for
recursive uses of the minibuffer.)")
(setq minibuffer-history-variable 'minibuffer-history)
(setq minibuffer-history-position nil) ;; Defvar is in C code.
(defvar minibuffer-history-search-history nil)
(defvar minibuffer-text-before-history nil
"Text that was in this minibuffer before any history commands.
This is nil if there have not yet been any history commands
in this use of the minibuffer.")
(add-hook 'minibuffer-setup-hook 'minibuffer-history-initialize)
(defun minibuffer-history-initialize ()
(setq minibuffer-text-before-history nil))
(defun minibuffer-avoid-prompt (new old)
"A point-motion hook for the minibuffer, that moves point out of the prompt."
(constrain-to-field nil (point-max)))
(defcustom minibuffer-history-case-insensitive-variables nil
"Minibuffer history variables for which matching should ignore case.
If a history variable is a member of this list, then the
\\[previous-matching-history-element] and \\[next-matching-history-element]\
commands ignore case when searching it, regardless of `case-fold-search'."
:type '(repeat variable)
:group 'minibuffer)
(defun previous-matching-history-element (regexp n)
"Find the previous history element that matches REGEXP.
\(Previous history elements refer to earlier actions.)
With prefix argument N, search for Nth previous match.
If N is negative, find the next or Nth next match.
Normally, history elements are matched case-insensitively if
`case-fold-search' is non-nil, but an uppercase letter in REGEXP
makes the search case-sensitive.
See also `minibuffer-history-case-insensitive-variables'."
(interactive
(let* ((enable-recursive-minibuffers t)
(regexp (read-from-minibuffer "Previous element matching (regexp): "
nil
minibuffer-local-map
nil
'minibuffer-history-search-history
(car minibuffer-history-search-history))))
;; Use the last regexp specified, by default, if input is empty.
(list (if (string= regexp "")
(if minibuffer-history-search-history
(car minibuffer-history-search-history)
(error "No previous history search regexp"))
regexp)
(prefix-numeric-value current-prefix-arg))))
(unless (zerop n)
(if (and (zerop minibuffer-history-position)
(null minibuffer-text-before-history))
(setq minibuffer-text-before-history
(minibuffer-contents-no-properties)))
(let ((history (symbol-value minibuffer-history-variable))
(case-fold-search
(if (isearch-no-upper-case-p regexp t) ; assume isearch.el is dumped
;; On some systems, ignore case for file names.
(if (memq minibuffer-history-variable
minibuffer-history-case-insensitive-variables)
t
;; Respect the user's setting for case-fold-search:
case-fold-search)
nil))
prevpos
match-string
match-offset
(pos minibuffer-history-position))
(while (/= n 0)
(setq prevpos pos)
(setq pos (min (max 1 (+ pos (if (< n 0) -1 1))) (length history)))
(when (= pos prevpos)
(error (if (= pos 1)
"No later matching history item"
"No earlier matching history item")))
(setq match-string
(if (eq minibuffer-history-sexp-flag (minibuffer-depth))
(let ((print-level nil))
(prin1-to-string (nth (1- pos) history)))
(nth (1- pos) history)))
(setq match-offset
(if (< n 0)
(and (string-match regexp match-string)
(match-end 0))
(and (string-match (concat ".*\\(" regexp "\\)") match-string)
(match-beginning 1))))
(when match-offset
(setq n (+ n (if (< n 0) 1 -1)))))
(setq minibuffer-history-position pos)
(goto-char (point-max))
(delete-minibuffer-contents)
(insert match-string)
(goto-char (+ (minibuffer-prompt-end) match-offset))))
(if (memq (car (car command-history)) '(previous-matching-history-element
next-matching-history-element))
(setq command-history (cdr command-history))))
(defun next-matching-history-element (regexp n)
"Find the next history element that matches REGEXP.
\(The next history element refers to a more recent action.)
With prefix argument N, search for Nth next match.
If N is negative, find the previous or Nth previous match.
Normally, history elements are matched case-insensitively if
`case-fold-search' is non-nil, but an uppercase letter in REGEXP
makes the search case-sensitive."
(interactive
(let* ((enable-recursive-minibuffers t)
(regexp (read-from-minibuffer "Next element matching (regexp): "
nil
minibuffer-local-map
nil
'minibuffer-history-search-history
(car minibuffer-history-search-history))))
;; Use the last regexp specified, by default, if input is empty.
(list (if (string= regexp "")
(if minibuffer-history-search-history
(car minibuffer-history-search-history)
(error "No previous history search regexp"))
regexp)
(prefix-numeric-value current-prefix-arg))))
(previous-matching-history-element regexp (- n)))
(defvar minibuffer-temporary-goal-position nil)
(defvar minibuffer-default-add-function 'minibuffer-default-add-completions
"Function run by `goto-history-element' before consuming default values.
This is useful to dynamically add more elements to the list of default values
when `goto-history-element' reaches the end of this list.
Before calling this function `goto-history-element' sets the variable
`minibuffer-default-add-done' to t, so it will call this function only
once. In special cases, when this function needs to be called more
than once, it can set `minibuffer-default-add-done' to nil explicitly,
overriding the setting of this variable to t in `goto-history-element'.")
(defvar minibuffer-default-add-done nil
"When nil, add more elements to the end of the list of default values.
The value nil causes `goto-history-element' to add more elements to
the list of defaults when it reaches the end of this list. It does
this by calling a function defined by `minibuffer-default-add-function'.")
(make-variable-buffer-local 'minibuffer-default-add-done)
(defun minibuffer-default-add-completions ()
"Return a list of all completions without the default value.
This function is used to add all elements of the completion table to
the end of the list of defaults just after the default value."
(let ((def minibuffer-default)
(all (all-completions ""
minibuffer-completion-table
minibuffer-completion-predicate)))
(if (listp def)
(append def all)
(cons def (delete def all)))))
(defun goto-history-element (nabs)
"Puts element of the minibuffer history in the minibuffer.
The argument NABS specifies the absolute history position."
(interactive "p")
(when (and (not minibuffer-default-add-done)
(functionp minibuffer-default-add-function)
(< nabs (- (if (listp minibuffer-default)
(length minibuffer-default)
1))))
(setq minibuffer-default-add-done t
minibuffer-default (funcall minibuffer-default-add-function)))
(let ((minimum (if minibuffer-default
(- (if (listp minibuffer-default)
(length minibuffer-default)
1))
0))
elt minibuffer-returned-to-present)
(if (and (zerop minibuffer-history-position)
(null minibuffer-text-before-history))
(setq minibuffer-text-before-history
(minibuffer-contents-no-properties)))
(if (< nabs minimum)
(if minibuffer-default
(error "End of defaults; no next item")
(error "End of history; no default available")))
(if (> nabs (length (symbol-value minibuffer-history-variable)))
(error "Beginning of history; no preceding item"))
(unless (memq last-command '(next-history-element
previous-history-element))
(let ((prompt-end (minibuffer-prompt-end)))
(set (make-local-variable 'minibuffer-temporary-goal-position)
(cond ((<= (point) prompt-end) prompt-end)
((eobp) nil)
(t (point))))))
(goto-char (point-max))
(delete-minibuffer-contents)
(setq minibuffer-history-position nabs)
(cond ((< nabs 0)
(setq elt (if (listp minibuffer-default)
(nth (1- (abs nabs)) minibuffer-default)
minibuffer-default)))
((= nabs 0)
(setq elt (or minibuffer-text-before-history ""))
(setq minibuffer-returned-to-present t)
(setq minibuffer-text-before-history nil))
(t (setq elt (nth (1- minibuffer-history-position)
(symbol-value minibuffer-history-variable)))))
(insert
(if (and (eq minibuffer-history-sexp-flag (minibuffer-depth))
(not minibuffer-returned-to-present))
(let ((print-level nil))
(prin1-to-string elt))
elt))
(goto-char (or minibuffer-temporary-goal-position (point-max)))))
(defun next-history-element (n)
"Puts next element of the minibuffer history in the minibuffer.
With argument N, it uses the Nth following element."
(interactive "p")
(or (zerop n)
(goto-history-element (- minibuffer-history-position n))))
(defun previous-history-element (n)
"Puts previous element of the minibuffer history in the minibuffer.
With argument N, it uses the Nth previous element."
(interactive "p")
(or (zerop n)
(goto-history-element (+ minibuffer-history-position n))))
(defun next-complete-history-element (n)
"Get next history element which completes the minibuffer before the point.
The contents of the minibuffer after the point are deleted, and replaced
by the new completion."
(interactive "p")
(let ((point-at-start (point)))
(next-matching-history-element
(concat
"^" (regexp-quote (buffer-substring (minibuffer-prompt-end) (point))))
n)
;; next-matching-history-element always puts us at (point-min).
;; Move to the position we were at before changing the buffer contents.
;; This is still sensical, because the text before point has not changed.
(goto-char point-at-start)))
(defun previous-complete-history-element (n)
"\
Get previous history element which completes the minibuffer before the point.
The contents of the minibuffer after the point are deleted, and replaced
by the new completion."
(interactive "p")
(next-complete-history-element (- n)))
;; For compatibility with the old subr of the same name.
(defun minibuffer-prompt-width ()
"Return the display width of the minibuffer prompt.
Return 0 if current buffer is not a minibuffer."
;; Return the width of everything before the field at the end of
;; the buffer; this should be 0 for normal buffers.
(1- (minibuffer-prompt-end)))
;; isearch minibuffer history
(add-hook 'minibuffer-setup-hook 'minibuffer-history-isearch-setup)
(defvar minibuffer-history-isearch-message-overlay)
(make-variable-buffer-local 'minibuffer-history-isearch-message-overlay)
(defun minibuffer-history-isearch-setup ()
"Set up a minibuffer for using isearch to search the minibuffer history.
Intended to be added to `minibuffer-setup-hook'."
(set (make-local-variable 'isearch-search-fun-function)
'minibuffer-history-isearch-search)
(set (make-local-variable 'isearch-message-function)
'minibuffer-history-isearch-message)
(set (make-local-variable 'isearch-wrap-function)
'minibuffer-history-isearch-wrap)
(set (make-local-variable 'isearch-push-state-function)
'minibuffer-history-isearch-push-state)
(add-hook 'isearch-mode-end-hook 'minibuffer-history-isearch-end nil t))
(defun minibuffer-history-isearch-end ()
"Clean up the minibuffer after terminating isearch in the minibuffer."
(if minibuffer-history-isearch-message-overlay
(delete-overlay minibuffer-history-isearch-message-overlay)))
(defun minibuffer-history-isearch-search ()
"Return the proper search function, for isearch in minibuffer history."
(cond
(isearch-word
(if isearch-forward 'word-search-forward 'word-search-backward))
(t
(lambda (string bound noerror)
(let ((search-fun
;; Use standard functions to search within minibuffer text
(cond
(isearch-regexp
(if isearch-forward 're-search-forward 're-search-backward))
(t
(if isearch-forward 'search-forward 'search-backward))))
found)
;; Avoid lazy-highlighting matches in the minibuffer prompt when
;; searching forward. Lazy-highlight calls this lambda with the
;; bound arg, so skip the minibuffer prompt.
(if (and bound isearch-forward (< (point) (minibuffer-prompt-end)))
(goto-char (minibuffer-prompt-end)))
(or
;; 1. First try searching in the initial minibuffer text
(funcall search-fun string
(if isearch-forward bound (minibuffer-prompt-end))
noerror)
;; 2. If the above search fails, start putting next/prev history
;; elements in the minibuffer successively, and search the string
;; in them. Do this only when bound is nil (i.e. not while
;; lazy-highlighting search strings in the current minibuffer text).
(unless bound
(condition-case nil
(progn
(while (not found)
(cond (isearch-forward
(next-history-element 1)
(goto-char (minibuffer-prompt-end)))
(t
(previous-history-element 1)
(goto-char (point-max))))
(setq isearch-barrier (point) isearch-opoint (point))
;; After putting the next/prev history element, search
;; the string in them again, until next-history-element
;; or previous-history-element raises an error at the
;; beginning/end of history.
(setq found (funcall search-fun string
(unless isearch-forward
;; For backward search, don't search
;; in the minibuffer prompt
(minibuffer-prompt-end))
noerror)))
;; Return point of the new search result
(point))
;; Return nil when next(prev)-history-element fails
(error nil)))))))))
(defun minibuffer-history-isearch-message (&optional c-q-hack ellipsis)
"Display the minibuffer history search prompt.
If there are no search errors, this function displays an overlay with
the isearch prompt which replaces the original minibuffer prompt.
Otherwise, it displays the standard isearch message returned from
`isearch-message'."
(if (not (and (minibufferp) isearch-success (not isearch-error)))
;; Use standard function `isearch-message' when not in the minibuffer,
;; or search fails, or has an error (like incomplete regexp).
;; This function overwrites minibuffer text with isearch message,
;; so it's possible to see what is wrong in the search string.
(isearch-message c-q-hack ellipsis)
;; Otherwise, put the overlay with the standard isearch prompt over
;; the initial minibuffer prompt.
(if (overlayp minibuffer-history-isearch-message-overlay)
(move-overlay minibuffer-history-isearch-message-overlay
(point-min) (minibuffer-prompt-end))
(setq minibuffer-history-isearch-message-overlay
(make-overlay (point-min) (minibuffer-prompt-end)))
(overlay-put minibuffer-history-isearch-message-overlay 'evaporate t))
(overlay-put minibuffer-history-isearch-message-overlay
'display (isearch-message-prefix c-q-hack ellipsis))
;; And clear any previous isearch message.
(message "")))
(defun minibuffer-history-isearch-wrap ()
"Wrap the minibuffer history search when search fails.
Move point to the first history element for a forward search,
or to the last history element for a backward search."
(unless isearch-word
;; When `minibuffer-history-isearch-search' fails on reaching the
;; beginning/end of the history, wrap the search to the first/last
;; minibuffer history element.
(if isearch-forward
(goto-history-element (length (symbol-value minibuffer-history-variable)))
(goto-history-element 0))
(setq isearch-success t))
(goto-char (if isearch-forward (minibuffer-prompt-end) (point-max))))
(defun minibuffer-history-isearch-push-state ()
"Save a function restoring the state of minibuffer history search.
Save `minibuffer-history-position' to the additional state parameter
in the search status stack."
`(lambda (cmd)
(minibuffer-history-isearch-pop-state cmd ,minibuffer-history-position)))
(defun minibuffer-history-isearch-pop-state (cmd hist-pos)
"Restore the minibuffer history search state.
Go to the history element by the absolute history position HIST-POS."
(goto-history-element hist-pos))
;Put this on C-x u, so we can force that rather than C-_ into startup msg
(define-obsolete-function-alias 'advertised-undo 'undo "23.2")
(defconst undo-equiv-table (make-hash-table :test 'eq :weakness t)
"Table mapping redo records to the corresponding undo one.
A redo record for undo-in-region maps to t.
A redo record for ordinary undo maps to the following (earlier) undo.")
(defvar undo-in-region nil
"Non-nil if `pending-undo-list' is not just a tail of `buffer-undo-list'.")
(defvar undo-no-redo nil
"If t, `undo' doesn't go through redo entries.")
(defvar pending-undo-list nil
"Within a run of consecutive undo commands, list remaining to be undone.
If t, we undid all the way to the end of it.")
(defun undo (&optional arg)
"Undo some previous changes.
Repeat this command to undo more changes.
A numeric ARG serves as a repeat count.
In Transient Mark mode when the mark is active, only undo changes within
the current region. Similarly, when not in Transient Mark mode, just \\[universal-argument]
as an argument limits undo to changes within the current region."
(interactive "*P")
;; Make last-command indicate for the next command that this was an undo.
;; That way, another undo will undo more.
;; If we get to the end of the undo history and get an error,
;; another undo command will find the undo history empty
;; and will get another error. To begin undoing the undos,
;; you must type some other command.
(let ((modified (buffer-modified-p))
(recent-save (recent-auto-save-p))
message)
;; If we get an error in undo-start,
;; the next command should not be a "consecutive undo".
;; So set `this-command' to something other than `undo'.
(setq this-command 'undo-start)
(unless (and (eq last-command 'undo)
(or (eq pending-undo-list t)
;; If something (a timer or filter?) changed the buffer
;; since the previous command, don't continue the undo seq.
(let ((list buffer-undo-list))
(while (eq (car list) nil)
(setq list (cdr list)))
;; If the last undo record made was made by undo
;; it shows nothing else happened in between.
(gethash list undo-equiv-table))))
(setq undo-in-region
(or (region-active-p) (and arg (not (numberp arg)))))
(if undo-in-region
(undo-start (region-beginning) (region-end))
(undo-start))
;; get rid of initial undo boundary
(undo-more 1))
;; If we got this far, the next command should be a consecutive undo.
(setq this-command 'undo)
;; Check to see whether we're hitting a redo record, and if
;; so, ask the user whether she wants to skip the redo/undo pair.
(let ((equiv (gethash pending-undo-list undo-equiv-table)))
(or (eq (selected-window) (minibuffer-window))
(setq message (if undo-in-region
(if equiv "Redo in region!" "Undo in region!")
(if equiv "Redo!" "Undo!"))))
(when (and (consp equiv) undo-no-redo)
;; The equiv entry might point to another redo record if we have done
;; undo-redo-undo-redo-... so skip to the very last equiv.
(while (let ((next (gethash equiv undo-equiv-table)))
(if next (setq equiv next))))
(setq pending-undo-list equiv)))
(undo-more
(if (numberp arg)
(prefix-numeric-value arg)
1))
;; Record the fact that the just-generated undo records come from an
;; undo operation--that is, they are redo records.
;; In the ordinary case (not within a region), map the redo
;; record to the following undos.
;; I don't know how to do that in the undo-in-region case.
(let ((list buffer-undo-list))
;; Strip any leading undo boundaries there might be, like we do
;; above when checking.
(while (eq (car list) nil)
(setq list (cdr list)))
(puthash list (if undo-in-region t pending-undo-list)
undo-equiv-table))
;; Don't specify a position in the undo record for the undo command.
;; Instead, undoing this should move point to where the change is.
(let ((tail buffer-undo-list)
(prev nil))
(while (car tail)
(when (integerp (car tail))
(let ((pos (car tail)))
(if prev
(setcdr prev (cdr tail))
(setq buffer-undo-list (cdr tail)))
(setq tail (cdr tail))
(while (car tail)
(if (eq pos (car tail))
(if prev
(setcdr prev (cdr tail))
(setq buffer-undo-list (cdr tail)))
(setq prev tail))
(setq tail (cdr tail)))
(setq tail nil)))
(setq prev tail tail (cdr tail))))
;; Record what the current undo list says,
;; so the next command can tell if the buffer was modified in between.
(and modified (not (buffer-modified-p))
(delete-auto-save-file-if-necessary recent-save))
;; Display a message announcing success.
(if message
(message "%s" message))))
(defun buffer-disable-undo (&optional buffer)
"Make BUFFER stop keeping undo information.
No argument or nil as argument means do this for the current buffer."
(interactive)
(with-current-buffer (if buffer (get-buffer buffer) (current-buffer))
(setq buffer-undo-list t)))
(defun undo-only (&optional arg)
"Undo some previous changes.
Repeat this command to undo more changes.
A numeric ARG serves as a repeat count.
Contrary to `undo', this will not redo a previous undo."
(interactive "*p")
(let ((undo-no-redo t)) (undo arg)))
(defvar undo-in-progress nil
"Non-nil while performing an undo.
Some change-hooks test this variable to do something different.")
(defun undo-more (n)
"Undo back N undo-boundaries beyond what was already undone recently.
Call `undo-start' to get ready to undo recent changes,
then call `undo-more' one or more times to undo them."
(or (listp pending-undo-list)
(error (concat "No further undo information"
(and undo-in-region " for region"))))
(let ((undo-in-progress t))
;; Note: The following, while pulling elements off
;; `pending-undo-list' will call primitive change functions which
;; will push more elements onto `buffer-undo-list'.
(setq pending-undo-list (primitive-undo n pending-undo-list))
(if (null pending-undo-list)
(setq pending-undo-list t))))
;; Deep copy of a list
(defun undo-copy-list (list)
"Make a copy of undo list LIST."
(mapcar 'undo-copy-list-1 list))
(defun undo-copy-list-1 (elt)
(if (consp elt)
(cons (car elt) (undo-copy-list-1 (cdr elt)))
elt))
(defun undo-start (&optional beg end)
"Set `pending-undo-list' to the front of the undo list.
The next call to `undo-more' will undo the most recently made change.
If BEG and END are specified, then only undo elements
that apply to text between BEG and END are used; other undo elements
are ignored. If BEG and END are nil, all undo elements are used."
(if (eq buffer-undo-list t)
(error "No undo information in this buffer"))
(setq pending-undo-list
(if (and beg end (not (= beg end)))
(undo-make-selective-list (min beg end) (max beg end))
buffer-undo-list)))
(defvar undo-adjusted-markers)
(defun undo-make-selective-list (start end)
"Return a list of undo elements for the region START to END.
The elements come from `buffer-undo-list', but we keep only
the elements inside this region, and discard those outside this region.
If we find an element that crosses an edge of this region,
we stop and ignore all further elements."
(let ((undo-list-copy (undo-copy-list buffer-undo-list))
(undo-list (list nil))
undo-adjusted-markers
some-rejected
undo-elt undo-elt temp-undo-list delta)
(while undo-list-copy
(setq undo-elt (car undo-list-copy))
(let ((keep-this
(cond ((and (consp undo-elt) (eq (car undo-elt) t))
;; This is a "was unmodified" element.
;; Keep it if we have kept everything thus far.
(not some-rejected))
(t
(undo-elt-in-region undo-elt start end)))))
(if keep-this
(progn
(setq end (+ end (cdr (undo-delta undo-elt))))
;; Don't put two nils together in the list
(if (not (and (eq (car undo-list) nil)
(eq undo-elt nil)))
(setq undo-list (cons undo-elt undo-list))))
(if (undo-elt-crosses-region undo-elt start end)
(setq undo-list-copy nil)
(setq some-rejected t)
(setq temp-undo-list (cdr undo-list-copy))
(setq delta (undo-delta undo-elt))
(when (/= (cdr delta) 0)
(let ((position (car delta))
(offset (cdr delta)))
;; Loop down the earlier events adjusting their buffer
;; positions to reflect the fact that a change to the buffer
;; isn't being undone. We only need to process those element
;; types which undo-elt-in-region will return as being in
;; the region since only those types can ever get into the
;; output
(while temp-undo-list
(setq undo-elt (car temp-undo-list))
(cond ((integerp undo-elt)
(if (>= undo-elt position)
(setcar temp-undo-list (- undo-elt offset))))
((atom undo-elt) nil)
((stringp (car undo-elt))
;; (TEXT . POSITION)
(let ((text-pos (abs (cdr undo-elt)))
(point-at-end (< (cdr undo-elt) 0 )))
(if (>= text-pos position)
(setcdr undo-elt (* (if point-at-end -1 1)
(- text-pos offset))))))
((integerp (car undo-elt))
;; (BEGIN . END)
(when (>= (car undo-elt) position)
(setcar undo-elt (- (car undo-elt) offset))
(setcdr undo-elt (- (cdr undo-elt) offset))))
((null (car undo-elt))
;; (nil PROPERTY VALUE BEG . END)
(let ((tail (nthcdr 3 undo-elt)))
(when (>= (car tail) position)
(setcar tail (- (car tail) offset))
(setcdr tail (- (cdr tail) offset))))))
(setq temp-undo-list (cdr temp-undo-list))))))))
(setq undo-list-copy (cdr undo-list-copy)))
(nreverse undo-list)))
(defun undo-elt-in-region (undo-elt start end)
"Determine whether UNDO-ELT falls inside the region START ... END.
If it crosses the edge, we return nil."
(cond ((integerp undo-elt)
(and (>= undo-elt start)
(<= undo-elt end)))
((eq undo-elt nil)
t)
((atom undo-elt)
nil)
((stringp (car undo-elt))
;; (TEXT . POSITION)
(and (>= (abs (cdr undo-elt)) start)
(< (abs (cdr undo-elt)) end)))
((and (consp undo-elt) (markerp (car undo-elt)))
;; This is a marker-adjustment element (MARKER . ADJUSTMENT).
;; See if MARKER is inside the region.
(let ((alist-elt (assq (car undo-elt) undo-adjusted-markers)))
(unless alist-elt
(setq alist-elt (cons (car undo-elt)
(marker-position (car undo-elt))))
(setq undo-adjusted-markers
(cons alist-elt undo-adjusted-markers)))
(and (cdr alist-elt)
(>= (cdr alist-elt) start)
(<= (cdr alist-elt) end))))
((null (car undo-elt))
;; (nil PROPERTY VALUE BEG . END)
(let ((tail (nthcdr 3 undo-elt)))
(and (>= (car tail) start)
(<= (cdr tail) end))))
((integerp (car undo-elt))
;; (BEGIN . END)
(and (>= (car undo-elt) start)
(<= (cdr undo-elt) end)))))
(defun undo-elt-crosses-region (undo-elt start end)
"Test whether UNDO-ELT crosses one edge of that region START ... END.
This assumes we have already decided that UNDO-ELT
is not *inside* the region START...END."
(cond ((atom undo-elt) nil)
((null (car undo-elt))
;; (nil PROPERTY VALUE BEG . END)
(let ((tail (nthcdr 3 undo-elt)))
(and (< (car tail) end)
(> (cdr tail) start))))
((integerp (car undo-elt))
;; (BEGIN . END)
(and (< (car undo-elt) end)
(> (cdr undo-elt) start)))))
;; Return the first affected buffer position and the delta for an undo element
;; delta is defined as the change in subsequent buffer positions if we *did*
;; the undo.
(defun undo-delta (undo-elt)
(if (consp undo-elt)
(cond ((stringp (car undo-elt))
;; (TEXT . POSITION)
(cons (abs (cdr undo-elt)) (length (car undo-elt))))
((integerp (car undo-elt))
;; (BEGIN . END)
(cons (car undo-elt) (- (car undo-elt) (cdr undo-elt))))
(t
'(0 . 0)))
'(0 . 0)))
(defcustom undo-ask-before-discard nil
"If non-nil ask about discarding undo info for the current command.
Normally, Emacs discards the undo info for the current command if
it exceeds `undo-outer-limit'. But if you set this option
non-nil, it asks in the echo area whether to discard the info.
If you answer no, there is a slight risk that Emacs might crash, so
only do it if you really want to undo the command.
This option is mainly intended for debugging. You have to be
careful if you use it for other purposes. Garbage collection is
inhibited while the question is asked, meaning that Emacs might
leak memory. So you should make sure that you do not wait
excessively long before answering the question."
:type 'boolean
:group 'undo
:version "22.1")
(defvar undo-extra-outer-limit nil
"If non-nil, an extra level of size that's ok in an undo item.
We don't ask the user about truncating the undo list until the
current item gets bigger than this amount.
This variable only matters if `undo-ask-before-discard' is non-nil.")
(make-variable-buffer-local 'undo-extra-outer-limit)
;; When the first undo batch in an undo list is longer than
;; undo-outer-limit, this function gets called to warn the user that
;; the undo info for the current command was discarded. Garbage
;; collection is inhibited around the call, so it had better not do a
;; lot of consing.
(setq undo-outer-limit-function 'undo-outer-limit-truncate)
(defun undo-outer-limit-truncate (size)
(if undo-ask-before-discard
(when (or (null undo-extra-outer-limit)
(> size undo-extra-outer-limit))
;; Don't ask the question again unless it gets even bigger.
;; This applies, in particular, if the user quits from the question.
;; Such a quit quits out of GC, but something else will call GC
;; again momentarily. It will call this function again,
;; but we don't want to ask the question again.
(setq undo-extra-outer-limit (+ size 50000))
(if (let (use-dialog-box track-mouse executing-kbd-macro )
(yes-or-no-p (format "Buffer `%s' undo info is %d bytes long; discard it? "
(buffer-name) size)))
(progn (setq buffer-undo-list nil)
(setq undo-extra-outer-limit nil)
t)
nil))
(display-warning '(undo discard-info)
(concat
(format "Buffer `%s' undo info was %d bytes long.\n"
(buffer-name) size)
"The undo info was discarded because it exceeded \
`undo-outer-limit'.
This is normal if you executed a command that made a huge change
to the buffer. In that case, to prevent similar problems in the
future, set `undo-outer-limit' to a value that is large enough to
cover the maximum size of normal changes you expect a single
command to make, but not so large that it might exceed the
maximum memory allotted to Emacs.
If you did not execute any such command, the situation is
probably due to a bug and you should report it.
You can disable the popping up of this buffer by adding the entry
\(undo discard-info) to the user option `warning-suppress-types',
which is defined in the `warnings' library.\n")
:warning)
(setq buffer-undo-list nil)
t))
(defvar shell-command-history nil
"History list for some commands that read shell commands.
Maximum length of the history list is determined by the value
of `history-length', which see.")
(defvar shell-command-switch (purecopy "-c")
"Switch used to have the shell execute its command line argument.")
(defvar shell-command-default-error-buffer nil
"*Buffer name for `shell-command' and `shell-command-on-region' error output.
This buffer is used when `shell-command' or `shell-command-on-region'
is run interactively. A value of nil means that output to stderr and
stdout will be intermixed in the output stream.")
(declare-function mailcap-file-default-commands "mailcap" (files))
(declare-function dired-get-filename "dired" (&optional localp no-error-if-not-filep))
(defun minibuffer-default-add-shell-commands ()
"Return a list of all commands associated with the current file.
This function is used to add all related commands retrieved by `mailcap'
to the end of the list of defaults just after the default value."
(interactive)
(let* ((filename (if (listp minibuffer-default)
(car minibuffer-default)
minibuffer-default))
(commands (and filename (require 'mailcap nil t)
(mailcap-file-default-commands (list filename)))))
(setq commands (mapcar (lambda (command)
(concat command " " filename))
commands))
(if (listp minibuffer-default)
(append minibuffer-default commands)
(cons minibuffer-default commands))))
(defvar shell-delimiter-argument-list)
(defvar shell-file-name-chars)
(defvar shell-file-name-quote-list)
(defun minibuffer-complete-shell-command ()
"Dynamically complete shell command at point."
(interactive)
(require 'shell)
(let ((comint-delimiter-argument-list shell-delimiter-argument-list)
(comint-file-name-chars shell-file-name-chars)
(comint-file-name-quote-list shell-file-name-quote-list))
(run-hook-with-args-until-success 'shell-dynamic-complete-functions)))
(defvar minibuffer-local-shell-command-map
(let ((map (make-sparse-keymap)))
(set-keymap-parent map minibuffer-local-map)
(define-key map "\t" 'minibuffer-complete-shell-command)
map)
"Keymap used for completing shell commands in minibuffer.")
(defun read-shell-command (prompt &optional initial-contents hist &rest args)
"Read a shell command from the minibuffer.
The arguments are the same as the ones of `read-from-minibuffer',
except READ and KEYMAP are missing and HIST defaults
to `shell-command-history'."
(minibuffer-with-setup-hook
(lambda ()
(set (make-local-variable 'minibuffer-default-add-function)
'minibuffer-default-add-shell-commands))
(apply 'read-from-minibuffer prompt initial-contents
minibuffer-local-shell-command-map
nil
(or hist 'shell-command-history)
args)))
(defun async-shell-command (command &optional output-buffer error-buffer)
"Execute string COMMAND asynchronously in background.
Like `shell-command' but if COMMAND doesn't end in ampersand, adds `&'
surrounded by whitespace and executes the command asynchronously.
The output appears in the buffer `*Async Shell Command*'."
(interactive
(list
(read-shell-command "Async shell command: " nil nil
(and buffer-file-name
(file-relative-name buffer-file-name)))
current-prefix-arg
shell-command-default-error-buffer))
(unless (string-match "&[ \t]*\\'" command)
(setq command (concat command " &")))
(shell-command command output-buffer error-buffer))
(defun shell-command (command &optional output-buffer error-buffer)
"Execute string COMMAND in inferior shell; display output, if any.
With prefix argument, insert the COMMAND's output at point.
If COMMAND ends in ampersand, execute it asynchronously.
The output appears in the buffer `*Async Shell Command*'.
That buffer is in shell mode.
Otherwise, COMMAND is executed synchronously. The output appears in
the buffer `*Shell Command Output*'. If the output is short enough to
display in the echo area (which is determined by the variables
`resize-mini-windows' and `max-mini-window-height'), it is shown
there, but it is nonetheless available in buffer `*Shell Command
Output*' even though that buffer is not automatically displayed.
To specify a coding system for converting non-ASCII characters
in the shell command output, use \\[universal-coding-system-argument] \
before this command.
Noninteractive callers can specify coding systems by binding
`coding-system-for-read' and `coding-system-for-write'.
The optional second argument OUTPUT-BUFFER, if non-nil,
says to put the output in some other buffer.
If OUTPUT-BUFFER is a buffer or buffer name, put the output there.
If OUTPUT-BUFFER is not a buffer and not nil,
insert output in current buffer. (This cannot be done asynchronously.)
In either case, the buffer is first erased, and the output is
inserted after point (leaving mark after it).
If the command terminates without error, but generates output,
and you did not specify \"insert it in the current buffer\",
the output can be displayed in the echo area or in its buffer.
If the output is short enough to display in the echo area
\(determined by the variable `max-mini-window-height' if
`resize-mini-windows' is non-nil), it is shown there.
Otherwise,the buffer containing the output is displayed.
If there is output and an error, and you did not specify \"insert it
in the current buffer\", a message about the error goes at the end
of the output.
If there is no output, or if output is inserted in the current buffer,
then `*Shell Command Output*' is deleted.
If the optional third argument ERROR-BUFFER is non-nil, it is a buffer
or buffer name to which to direct the command's standard error output.
If it is nil, error output is mingled with regular output.
In an interactive call, the variable `shell-command-default-error-buffer'
specifies the value of ERROR-BUFFER."
(interactive
(list
(read-shell-command "Shell command: " nil nil
(let ((filename
(cond
(buffer-file-name)
((eq major-mode 'dired-mode)
(dired-get-filename nil t)))))
(and filename (file-relative-name filename))))
current-prefix-arg
shell-command-default-error-buffer))
;; Look for a handler in case default-directory is a remote file name.
(let ((handler
(find-file-name-handler (directory-file-name default-directory)
'shell-command)))
(if handler
(funcall handler 'shell-command command output-buffer error-buffer)
(if (and output-buffer
(not (or (bufferp output-buffer) (stringp output-buffer))))
;; Output goes in current buffer.
(let ((error-file
(if error-buffer
(make-temp-file
(expand-file-name "scor"
(or small-temporary-file-directory
temporary-file-directory)))
nil)))
(barf-if-buffer-read-only)
(push-mark nil t)
;; We do not use -f for csh; we will not support broken use of
;; .cshrcs. Even the BSD csh manual says to use
;; "if ($?prompt) exit" before things which are not useful
;; non-interactively. Besides, if someone wants their other
;; aliases for shell commands then they can still have them.
(call-process shell-file-name nil
(if error-file
(list t error-file)
t)
nil shell-command-switch command)
(when (and error-file (file-exists-p error-file))
(if (< 0 (nth 7 (file-attributes error-file)))
(with-current-buffer (get-buffer-create error-buffer)
(let ((pos-from-end (- (point-max) (point))))
(or (bobp)
(insert "\f\n"))
;; Do no formatting while reading error file,
;; because that can run a shell command, and we
;; don't want that to cause an infinite recursion.
(format-insert-file error-file nil)
;; Put point after the inserted errors.
(goto-char (- (point-max) pos-from-end)))
(display-buffer (current-buffer))))
(delete-file error-file))
;; This is like exchange-point-and-mark, but doesn't
;; activate the mark. It is cleaner to avoid activation,
;; even though the command loop would deactivate the mark
;; because we inserted text.
(goto-char (prog1 (mark t)
(set-marker (mark-marker) (point)
(current-buffer)))))
;; Output goes in a separate buffer.
;; Preserve the match data in case called from a program.
(save-match-data
(if (string-match "[ \t]*&[ \t]*\\'" command)
;; Command ending with ampersand means asynchronous.
(let ((buffer (get-buffer-create
(or output-buffer "*Async Shell Command*")))
(directory default-directory)
proc)
;; Remove the ampersand.
(setq command (substring command 0 (match-beginning 0)))
;; If will kill a process, query first.
(setq proc (get-buffer-process buffer))
(if proc
(if (yes-or-no-p "A command is running. Kill it? ")
(kill-process proc)
(error "Shell command in progress")))
(with-current-buffer buffer
(setq buffer-read-only nil)
(erase-buffer)
(display-buffer buffer)
(setq default-directory directory)
(setq proc (start-process "Shell" buffer shell-file-name
shell-command-switch command))
(setq mode-line-process '(":%s"))
(require 'shell) (shell-mode)
(set-process-sentinel proc 'shell-command-sentinel)
;; Use the comint filter for proper handling of carriage motion
;; (see `comint-inhibit-carriage-motion'),.
(set-process-filter proc 'comint-output-filter)
))
;; Otherwise, command is executed synchronously.
(shell-command-on-region (point) (point) command
output-buffer nil error-buffer)))))))
(defun display-message-or-buffer (message
&optional buffer-name not-this-window frame)
"Display MESSAGE in the echo area if possible, otherwise in a pop-up buffer.
MESSAGE may be either a string or a buffer.
A buffer is displayed using `display-buffer' if MESSAGE is too long for
the maximum height of the echo area, as defined by `max-mini-window-height'
if `resize-mini-windows' is non-nil.
Returns either the string shown in the echo area, or when a pop-up
buffer is used, the window used to display it.
If MESSAGE is a string, then the optional argument BUFFER-NAME is the
name of the buffer used to display it in the case where a pop-up buffer
is used, defaulting to `*Message*'. In the case where MESSAGE is a
string and it is displayed in the echo area, it is not specified whether
the contents are inserted into the buffer anyway.
Optional arguments NOT-THIS-WINDOW and FRAME are as for `display-buffer',
and only used if a buffer is displayed."
(cond ((and (stringp message) (not (string-match "\n" message)))
;; Trivial case where we can use the echo area
(message "%s" message))
((and (stringp message)
(= (string-match "\n" message) (1- (length message))))
;; Trivial case where we can just remove single trailing newline
(message "%s" (substring message 0 (1- (length message)))))
(t
;; General case
(with-current-buffer
(if (bufferp message)
message
(get-buffer-create (or buffer-name "*Message*")))
(unless (bufferp message)
(erase-buffer)
(insert message))
(let ((lines
(if (= (buffer-size) 0)
0
(count-screen-lines nil nil nil (minibuffer-window)))))
(cond ((= lines 0))
((and (or (<= lines 1)
(<= lines
(if resize-mini-windows
(cond ((floatp max-mini-window-height)
(* (frame-height)
max-mini-window-height))
((integerp max-mini-window-height)
max-mini-window-height)
(t
1))
1)))
;; Don't use the echo area if the output buffer is
;; already dispayed in the selected frame.
(not (get-buffer-window (current-buffer))))
;; Echo area
(goto-char (point-max))
(when (bolp)
(backward-char 1))
(message "%s" (buffer-substring (point-min) (point))))
(t
;; Buffer
(goto-char (point-min))
(display-buffer (current-buffer)
not-this-window frame))))))))
;; We have a sentinel to prevent insertion of a termination message
;; in the buffer itself.
(defun shell-command-sentinel (process signal)
(if (memq (process-status process) '(exit signal))
(message "%s: %s."
(car (cdr (cdr (process-command process))))
(substring signal 0 -1))))
(defun shell-command-on-region (start end command
&optional output-buffer replace
error-buffer display-error-buffer)
"Execute string COMMAND in inferior shell with region as input.
Normally display output (if any) in temp buffer `*Shell Command Output*';
Prefix arg means replace the region with it. Return the exit code of
COMMAND.
To specify a coding system for converting non-ASCII characters
in the input and output to the shell command, use \\[universal-coding-system-argument]
before this command. By default, the input (from the current buffer)
is encoded in the same coding system that will be used to save the file,
`buffer-file-coding-system'. If the output is going to replace the region,
then it is decoded from that same coding system.
The noninteractive arguments are START, END, COMMAND,
OUTPUT-BUFFER, REPLACE, ERROR-BUFFER, and DISPLAY-ERROR-BUFFER.
Noninteractive callers can specify coding systems by binding
`coding-system-for-read' and `coding-system-for-write'.
If the command generates output, the output may be displayed
in the echo area or in a buffer.
If the output is short enough to display in the echo area
\(determined by the variable `max-mini-window-height' if
`resize-mini-windows' is non-nil), it is shown there. Otherwise
it is displayed in the buffer `*Shell Command Output*'. The output
is available in that buffer in both cases.
If there is output and an error, a message about the error
appears at the end of the output.
If there is no output, or if output is inserted in the current buffer,
then `*Shell Command Output*' is deleted.
If the optional fourth argument OUTPUT-BUFFER is non-nil,
that says to put the output in some other buffer.
If OUTPUT-BUFFER is a buffer or buffer name, put the output there.
If OUTPUT-BUFFER is not a buffer and not nil,
insert output in the current buffer.
In either case, the output is inserted after point (leaving mark after it).
If REPLACE, the optional fifth argument, is non-nil, that means insert
the output in place of text from START to END, putting point and mark
around it.
If optional sixth argument ERROR-BUFFER is non-nil, it is a buffer
or buffer name to which to direct the command's standard error output.
If it is nil, error output is mingled with regular output.
If DISPLAY-ERROR-BUFFER is non-nil, display the error buffer if there
were any errors. (This is always t, interactively.)
In an interactive call, the variable `shell-command-default-error-buffer'
specifies the value of ERROR-BUFFER."
(interactive (let (string)
(unless (mark)
(error "The mark is not set now, so there is no region"))
;; Do this before calling region-beginning
;; and region-end, in case subprocess output
;; relocates them while we are in the minibuffer.
(setq string (read-shell-command "Shell command on region: "))
;; call-interactively recognizes region-beginning and
;; region-end specially, leaving them in the history.
(list (region-beginning) (region-end)
string
current-prefix-arg
current-prefix-arg
shell-command-default-error-buffer
t)))
(let ((error-file
(if error-buffer
(make-temp-file
(expand-file-name "scor"
(or small-temporary-file-directory
temporary-file-directory)))
nil))
exit-status)
(if (or replace
(and output-buffer
(not (or (bufferp output-buffer) (stringp output-buffer)))))
;; Replace specified region with output from command.
(let ((swap (and replace (< start end))))
;; Don't muck with mark unless REPLACE says we should.
(goto-char start)
(and replace (push-mark (point) 'nomsg))
(setq exit-status
(call-process-region start end shell-file-name t
(if error-file
(list t error-file)
t)
nil shell-command-switch command))
;; It is rude to delete a buffer which the command is not using.
;; (let ((shell-buffer (get-buffer "*Shell Command Output*")))
;; (and shell-buffer (not (eq shell-buffer (current-buffer)))
;; (kill-buffer shell-buffer)))
;; Don't muck with mark unless REPLACE says we should.
(and replace swap (exchange-point-and-mark)))
;; No prefix argument: put the output in a temp buffer,
;; replacing its entire contents.
(let ((buffer (get-buffer-create
(or output-buffer "*Shell Command Output*"))))
(unwind-protect
(if (eq buffer (current-buffer))
;; If the input is the same buffer as the output,
;; delete everything but the specified region,
;; then replace that region with the output.
(progn (setq buffer-read-only nil)
(delete-region (max start end) (point-max))
(delete-region (point-min) (min start end))
(setq exit-status
(call-process-region (point-min) (point-max)
shell-file-name t
(if error-file
(list t error-file)
t)
nil shell-command-switch
command)))
;; Clear the output buffer, then run the command with
;; output there.
(let ((directory default-directory))
(with-current-buffer buffer
(setq buffer-read-only nil)
(if (not output-buffer)
(setq default-directory directory))
(erase-buffer)))
(setq exit-status
(call-process-region start end shell-file-name nil
(if error-file
(list buffer error-file)
buffer)
nil shell-command-switch command)))
;; Report the output.
(with-current-buffer buffer
(setq mode-line-process
(cond ((null exit-status)
" - Error")
((stringp exit-status)
(format " - Signal [%s]" exit-status))
((not (equal 0 exit-status))
(format " - Exit [%d]" exit-status)))))
(if (with-current-buffer buffer (> (point-max) (point-min)))
;; There's some output, display it
(display-message-or-buffer buffer)
;; No output; error?
(let ((output
(if (and error-file
(< 0 (nth 7 (file-attributes error-file))))
"some error output"
"no output")))
(cond ((null exit-status)
(message "(Shell command failed with error)"))
((equal 0 exit-status)
(message "(Shell command succeeded with %s)"
output))
((stringp exit-status)
(message "(Shell command killed by signal %s)"
exit-status))
(t
(message "(Shell command failed with code %d and %s)"
exit-status output))))
;; Don't kill: there might be useful info in the undo-log.
;; (kill-buffer buffer)
))))
(when (and error-file (file-exists-p error-file))
(if (< 0 (nth 7 (file-attributes error-file)))
(with-current-buffer (get-buffer-create error-buffer)
(let ((pos-from-end (- (point-max) (point))))
(or (bobp)
(insert "\f\n"))
;; Do no formatting while reading error file,
;; because that can run a shell command, and we
;; don't want that to cause an infinite recursion.
(format-insert-file error-file nil)
;; Put point after the inserted errors.
(goto-char (- (point-max) pos-from-end)))
(and display-error-buffer
(display-buffer (current-buffer)))))
(delete-file error-file))
exit-status))
(defun shell-command-to-string (command)
"Execute shell command COMMAND and return its output as a string."
(with-output-to-string
(with-current-buffer
standard-output
(call-process shell-file-name nil t nil shell-command-switch command))))
(defun process-file (program &optional infile buffer display &rest args)
"Process files synchronously in a separate process.
Similar to `call-process', but may invoke a file handler based on
`default-directory'. The current working directory of the
subprocess is `default-directory'.
File names in INFILE and BUFFER are handled normally, but file
names in ARGS should be relative to `default-directory', as they
are passed to the process verbatim. \(This is a difference to
`call-process' which does not support file handlers for INFILE
and BUFFER.\)
Some file handlers might not support all variants, for example
they might behave as if DISPLAY was nil, regardless of the actual
value passed."
(let ((fh (find-file-name-handler default-directory 'process-file))
lc stderr-file)
(unwind-protect
(if fh (apply fh 'process-file program infile buffer display args)
(when infile (setq lc (file-local-copy infile)))
(setq stderr-file (when (and (consp buffer) (stringp (cadr buffer)))
(make-temp-file "emacs")))
(prog1
(apply 'call-process program
(or lc infile)
(if stderr-file (list (car buffer) stderr-file) buffer)
display args)
(when stderr-file (copy-file stderr-file (cadr buffer)))))
(when stderr-file (delete-file stderr-file))
(when lc (delete-file lc)))))
(defvar process-file-side-effects t
"Whether a call of `process-file' changes remote files.
Per default, this variable is always set to `t', meaning that a
call of `process-file' could potentially change any file on a
remote host. When set to `nil', a file handler could optimize
its behaviour with respect to remote file attributes caching.
This variable should never be changed by `setq'. Instead of, it
shall be set only by let-binding.")
(defun start-file-process (name buffer program &rest program-args)
"Start a program in a subprocess. Return the process object for it.
Similar to `start-process', but may invoke a file handler based on
`default-directory'. See Info node `(elisp)Magic File Names'.
This handler ought to run PROGRAM, perhaps on the local host,
perhaps on a remote host that corresponds to `default-directory'.
In the latter case, the local part of `default-directory' becomes
the working directory of the process.
PROGRAM and PROGRAM-ARGS might be file names. They are not
objects of file handler invocation. File handlers might not
support pty association, if PROGRAM is nil."
(let ((fh (find-file-name-handler default-directory 'start-file-process)))
(if fh (apply fh 'start-file-process name buffer program program-args)
(apply 'start-process name buffer program program-args))))
(defvar universal-argument-map
(let ((map (make-sparse-keymap)))
(define-key map [t] 'universal-argument-other-key)
(define-key map (vector meta-prefix-char t) 'universal-argument-other-key)
(define-key map [switch-frame] nil)
(define-key map [?\C-u] 'universal-argument-more)
(define-key map [?-] 'universal-argument-minus)
(define-key map [?0] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [?1] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [?2] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [?3] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [?4] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [?5] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [?6] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [?7] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [?8] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [?9] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [kp-0] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [kp-1] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [kp-2] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [kp-3] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [kp-4] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [kp-5] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [kp-6] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [kp-7] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [kp-8] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [kp-9] 'digit-argument)
(define-key map [kp-subtract] 'universal-argument-minus)
map)
"Keymap used while processing \\[universal-argument].")
(defvar universal-argument-num-events nil
"Number of argument-specifying events read by `universal-argument'.
`universal-argument-other-key' uses this to discard those events
from (this-command-keys), and reread only the final command.")
(defvar overriding-map-is-bound nil
"Non-nil when `overriding-terminal-local-map' is `universal-argument-map'.")
(defvar saved-overriding-map nil
"The saved value of `overriding-terminal-local-map'.
That variable gets restored to this value on exiting \"universal
argument mode\".")
(defun ensure-overriding-map-is-bound ()
"Check `overriding-terminal-local-map' is `universal-argument-map'."
(unless overriding-map-is-bound
(setq saved-overriding-map overriding-terminal-local-map)
(setq overriding-terminal-local-map universal-argument-map)
(setq overriding-map-is-bound t)))
(defun restore-overriding-map ()
"Restore `overriding-terminal-local-map' to its saved value."
(setq overriding-terminal-local-map saved-overriding-map)
(setq overriding-map-is-bound nil))
(defun universal-argument ()
"Begin a numeric argument for the following command.
Digits or minus sign following \\[universal-argument] make up the numeric argument.
\\[universal-argument] following the digits or minus sign ends the argument.
\\[universal-argument] without digits or minus sign provides 4 as argument.
Repeating \\[universal-argument] without digits or minus sign
multiplies the argument by 4 each time.
For some commands, just \\[universal-argument] by itself serves as a flag
which is different in effect from any particular numeric argument.
These commands include \\[set-mark-command] and \\[start-kbd-macro]."
(interactive)
(setq prefix-arg (list 4))
(setq universal-argument-num-events (length (this-command-keys)))
(ensure-overriding-map-is-bound))
;; A subsequent C-u means to multiply the factor by 4 if we've typed
;; nothing but C-u's; otherwise it means to terminate the prefix arg.
(defun universal-argument-more (arg)
(interactive "P")
(if (consp arg)
(setq prefix-arg (list (* 4 (car arg))))
(if (eq arg '-)
(setq prefix-arg (list -4))
(setq prefix-arg arg)
(restore-overriding-map)))
(setq universal-argument-num-events (length (this-command-keys))))
(defun negative-argument (arg)
"Begin a negative numeric argument for the next command.
\\[universal-argument] following digits or minus sign ends the argument."
(interactive "P")
(cond ((integerp arg)
(setq prefix-arg (- arg)))
((eq arg '-)
(setq prefix-arg nil))
(t
(setq prefix-arg '-)))
(setq universal-argument-num-events (length (this-command-keys)))
(ensure-overriding-map-is-bound))
(defun digit-argument (arg)
"Part of the numeric argument for the next command.
\\[universal-argument] following digits or minus sign ends the argument."
(interactive "P")
(let* ((char (if (integerp last-command-event)
last-command-event
(get last-command-event 'ascii-character)))
(digit (- (logand char ?\177) ?0)))
(cond ((integerp arg)
(setq prefix-arg (+ (* arg 10)
(if (< arg 0) (- digit) digit))))
((eq arg '-)
;; Treat -0 as just -, so that -01 will work.
(setq prefix-arg (if (zerop digit) '- (- digit))))
(t
(setq prefix-arg digit))))
(setq universal-argument-num-events (length (this-command-keys)))
(ensure-overriding-map-is-bound))
;; For backward compatibility, minus with no modifiers is an ordinary
;; command if digits have already been entered.
(defun universal-argument-minus (arg)
(interactive "P")
(if (integerp arg)
(universal-argument-other-key arg)
(negative-argument arg)))
;; Anything else terminates the argument and is left in the queue to be
;; executed as a command.
(defun universal-argument-other-key (arg)
(interactive "P")
(setq prefix-arg arg)
(let* ((key (this-command-keys))
(keylist (listify-key-sequence key)))
(setq unread-command-events
(append (nthcdr universal-argument-num-events keylist)
unread-command-events)))
(reset-this-command-lengths)
(restore-overriding-map))
(defvar buffer-substring-filters nil
"List of filter functions for `filter-buffer-substring'.
Each function must accept a single argument, a string, and return
a string. The buffer substring is passed to the first function
in the list, and the return value of each function is passed to
the next. The return value of the last function is used as the
return value of `filter-buffer-substring'.
If this variable is nil, no filtering is performed.")
(defun filter-buffer-substring (beg end &optional delete noprops)
"Return the buffer substring between BEG and END, after filtering.
The buffer substring is passed through each of the filter
functions in `buffer-substring-filters', and the value from the
last filter function is returned. If `buffer-substring-filters'
is nil, the buffer substring is returned unaltered.
If DELETE is non-nil, the text between BEG and END is deleted
from the buffer.
If NOPROPS is non-nil, final string returned does not include
text properties, while the string passed to the filters still
includes text properties from the buffer text.
Point is temporarily set to BEG before calling
`buffer-substring-filters', in case the functions need to know
where the text came from.
This function should be used instead of `buffer-substring',
`buffer-substring-no-properties', or `delete-and-extract-region'
when you want to allow filtering to take place. For example,
major or minor modes can use `buffer-substring-filters' to
extract characters that are special to a buffer, and should not
be copied into other buffers."
(cond
((or delete buffer-substring-filters)
(save-excursion
(goto-char beg)
(let ((string (if delete (delete-and-extract-region beg end)
(buffer-substring beg end))))
(dolist (filter buffer-substring-filters)
(setq string (funcall filter string)))
(if noprops
(set-text-properties 0 (length string) nil string))
string)))
(noprops
(buffer-substring-no-properties beg end))
(t
(buffer-substring beg end))))
;;;; Window system cut and paste hooks.
(defvar interprogram-cut-function nil
"Function to call to make a killed region available to other programs.
Most window systems provide some sort of facility for cutting and
pasting text between the windows of different programs.
This variable holds a function that Emacs calls whenever text
is put in the kill ring, to make the new kill available to other
programs.
The function takes one or two arguments.
The first argument, TEXT, is a string containing
the text which should be made available.
The second, optional, argument PUSH, has the same meaning as the
similar argument to `x-set-cut-buffer', which see.")
(defvar interprogram-paste-function nil
"Function to call to get text cut from other programs.
Most window systems provide some sort of facility for cutting and
pasting text between the windows of different programs.
This variable holds a function that Emacs calls to obtain
text that other programs have provided for pasting.
The function should be called with no arguments. If the function
returns nil, then no other program has provided such text, and the top
of the Emacs kill ring should be used. If the function returns a
string, then the caller of the function \(usually `current-kill')
should put this string in the kill ring as the latest kill.
This function may also return a list of strings if the window
system supports multiple selections. The first string will be
used as the pasted text, but the other will be placed in the
kill ring for easy access via `yank-pop'.
Note that the function should return a string only if a program other
than Emacs has provided a string for pasting; if Emacs provided the
most recent string, the function should return nil. If it is
difficult to tell whether Emacs or some other program provided the
current string, it is probably good enough to return nil if the string
is equal (according to `string=') to the last text Emacs provided.")
;;;; The kill ring data structure.
(defvar kill-ring nil
"List of killed text sequences.
Since the kill ring is supposed to interact nicely with cut-and-paste
facilities offered by window systems, use of this variable should
interact nicely with `interprogram-cut-function' and
`interprogram-paste-function'. The functions `kill-new',
`kill-append', and `current-kill' are supposed to implement this
interaction; you may want to use them instead of manipulating the kill
ring directly.")
(defcustom kill-ring-max 60
"Maximum length of kill ring before oldest elements are thrown away."
:type 'integer
:group 'killing)
(defvar kill-ring-yank-pointer nil
"The tail of the kill ring whose car is the last thing yanked.")
(defcustom save-interprogram-paste-before-kill nil
"Save the paste strings into `kill-ring' before replacing it with emacs strings.
When one selects something in another program to paste it into Emacs,
but kills something in Emacs before actually pasting it,
this selection is gone unless this variable is non-nil,
in which case the other program's selection is saved in the `kill-ring'
before the Emacs kill and one can still paste it using \\[yank] \\[yank-pop]."
:type 'boolean
:group 'killing
:version "23.2")
(defcustom kill-do-not-save-duplicates nil
"Do not add a new string to `kill-ring' when it is the same as the last one."
:type 'boolean
:group 'killing
:version "23.2")
(defun kill-new (string &optional replace yank-handler)
"Make STRING the latest kill in the kill ring.
Set `kill-ring-yank-pointer' to point to it.
If `interprogram-cut-function' is non-nil, apply it to STRING.
Optional second argument REPLACE non-nil means that STRING will replace
the front of the kill ring, rather than being added to the list.
Optional third arguments YANK-HANDLER controls how the STRING is later
inserted into a buffer; see `insert-for-yank' for details.
When a yank handler is specified, STRING must be non-empty (the yank
handler, if non-nil, is stored as a `yank-handler' text property on STRING).
When `save-interprogram-paste-before-kill' and `interprogram-paste-function'
are non-nil, saves the interprogram paste string(s) into `kill-ring' before
STRING.
When the yank handler has a non-nil PARAM element, the original STRING
argument is not used by `insert-for-yank'. However, since Lisp code
may access and use elements from the kill ring directly, the STRING
argument should still be a \"useful\" string for such uses."
(if (> (length string) 0)
(if yank-handler
(put-text-property 0 (length string)
'yank-handler yank-handler string))
(if yank-handler
(signal 'args-out-of-range
(list string "yank-handler specified for empty string"))))
(when (and kill-do-not-save-duplicates
(equal string (car kill-ring)))
(setq replace t))
(if (fboundp 'menu-bar-update-yank-menu)
(menu-bar-update-yank-menu string (and replace (car kill-ring))))
(when save-interprogram-paste-before-kill
(let ((interprogram-paste (and interprogram-paste-function
(funcall interprogram-paste-function))))
(when interprogram-paste
(if (listp interprogram-paste)
(dolist (s (nreverse interprogram-paste))
(push s kill-ring))
(push interprogram-paste kill-ring)))))
(if (and replace kill-ring)
(setcar kill-ring string)
(push string kill-ring)
(if (> (length kill-ring) kill-ring-max)
(setcdr (nthcdr (1- kill-ring-max) kill-ring) nil)))
(setq kill-ring-yank-pointer kill-ring)
(if interprogram-cut-function
(funcall interprogram-cut-function string (not replace))))
(defun kill-append (string before-p &optional yank-handler)
"Append STRING to the end of the latest kill in the kill ring.
If BEFORE-P is non-nil, prepend STRING to the kill.
Optional third argument YANK-HANDLER, if non-nil, specifies the
yank-handler text property to be set on the combined kill ring
string. If the specified yank-handler arg differs from the
yank-handler property of the latest kill string, this function
adds the combined string to the kill ring as a new element,
instead of replacing the last kill with it.
If `interprogram-cut-function' is set, pass the resulting kill to it."
(let* ((cur (car kill-ring)))
(kill-new (if before-p (concat string cur) (concat cur string))
(or (= (length cur) 0)
(equal yank-handler (get-text-property 0 'yank-handler cur)))
yank-handler)))
(defcustom yank-pop-change-selection nil
"If non-nil, rotating the kill ring changes the window system selection."
:type 'boolean
:group 'killing
:version "23.1")
(defun current-kill (n &optional do-not-move)
"Rotate the yanking point by N places, and then return that kill.
If N is zero, `interprogram-paste-function' is set, and calling
it returns a string or list of strings, then that string (or
list) is added to the front of the kill ring and the string (or
first string in the list) is returned as the latest kill.
If N is not zero, and if `yank-pop-change-selection' is
non-nil, use `interprogram-cut-function' to transfer the
kill at the new yank point into the window system selection.
If optional arg DO-NOT-MOVE is non-nil, then don't actually
move the yanking point; just return the Nth kill forward."
(let ((interprogram-paste (and (= n 0)
interprogram-paste-function
(funcall interprogram-paste-function))))
(if interprogram-paste
(progn
;; Disable the interprogram cut function when we add the new
;; text to the kill ring, so Emacs doesn't try to own the
;; selection, with identical text.
(let ((interprogram-cut-function nil))
(if (listp interprogram-paste)
(mapc 'kill-new (nreverse interprogram-paste))
(kill-new interprogram-paste)))
(car kill-ring))
(or kill-ring (error "Kill ring is empty"))
(let ((ARGth-kill-element
(nthcdr (mod (- n (length kill-ring-yank-pointer))
(length kill-ring))
kill-ring)))
(unless do-not-move
(setq kill-ring-yank-pointer ARGth-kill-element)
(when (and yank-pop-change-selection
(> n 0)
interprogram-cut-function)
(funcall interprogram-cut-function (car ARGth-kill-element))))
(car ARGth-kill-element)))))
;;;; Commands for manipulating the kill ring.
(defcustom kill-read-only-ok nil
"Non-nil means don't signal an error for killing read-only text."
:type 'boolean
:group 'killing)
(put 'text-read-only 'error-conditions
'(text-read-only buffer-read-only error))
(put 'text-read-only 'error-message (purecopy "Text is read-only"))
(defun kill-region (beg end &optional yank-handler)
"Kill (\"cut\") text between point and mark.
This deletes the text from the buffer and saves it in the kill ring.
The command \\[yank] can retrieve it from there.
\(If you want to save the region without killing it, use \\[kill-ring-save].)
If you want to append the killed region to the last killed text,
use \\[append-next-kill] before \\[kill-region].
If the buffer is read-only, Emacs will beep and refrain from deleting
the text, but put the text in the kill ring anyway. This means that
you can use the killing commands to copy text from a read-only buffer.
This is the primitive for programs to kill text (as opposed to deleting it).
Supply two arguments, character positions indicating the stretch of text
to be killed.
Any command that calls this function is a \"kill command\".
If the previous command was also a kill command,
the text killed this time appends to the text killed last time
to make one entry in the kill ring.
In Lisp code, optional third arg YANK-HANDLER, if non-nil,
specifies the yank-handler text property to be set on the killed
text. See `insert-for-yank'."
;; Pass point first, then mark, because the order matters
;; when calling kill-append.
(interactive (list (point) (mark)))
(unless (and beg end)
(error "The mark is not set now, so there is no region"))
(condition-case nil
(let ((string (filter-buffer-substring beg end t)))
(when string ;STRING is nil if BEG = END
;; Add that string to the kill ring, one way or another.
(if (eq last-command 'kill-region)
(kill-append string (< end beg) yank-handler)
(kill-new string nil yank-handler)))
(when (or string (eq last-command 'kill-region))
(setq this-command 'kill-region))
nil)
((buffer-read-only text-read-only)
;; The code above failed because the buffer, or some of the characters
;; in the region, are read-only.
;; We should beep, in case the user just isn't aware of this.
;; However, there's no harm in putting
;; the region's text in the kill ring, anyway.
(copy-region-as-kill beg end)
;; Set this-command now, so it will be set even if we get an error.
(setq this-command 'kill-region)
;; This should barf, if appropriate, and give us the correct error.
(if kill-read-only-ok
(progn (message "Read only text copied to kill ring") nil)
;; Signal an error if the buffer is read-only.
(barf-if-buffer-read-only)
;; If the buffer isn't read-only, the text is.
(signal 'text-read-only (list (current-buffer)))))))
;; copy-region-as-kill no longer sets this-command, because it's confusing
;; to get two copies of the text when the user accidentally types M-w and
;; then corrects it with the intended C-w.
(defun copy-region-as-kill (beg end)
"Save the region as if killed, but don't kill it.
In Transient Mark mode, deactivate the mark.
If `interprogram-cut-function' is non-nil, also save the text for a window
system cut and paste.
This command's old key binding has been given to `kill-ring-save'."
(interactive "r")
(if (eq last-command 'kill-region)
(kill-append (filter-buffer-substring beg end) (< end beg))
(kill-new (filter-buffer-substring beg end)))
(setq deactivate-mark t)
nil)
(defun kill-ring-save (beg end)
"Save the region as if killed, but don't kill it.
In Transient Mark mode, deactivate the mark.
If `interprogram-cut-function' is non-nil, also save the text for a window
system cut and paste.
If you want to append the killed line to the last killed text,
use \\[append-next-kill] before \\[kill-ring-save].
This command is similar to `copy-region-as-kill', except that it gives
visual feedback indicating the extent of the region being copied."
(interactive "r")
(copy-region-as-kill beg end)
;; This use of called-interactively-p is correct
;; because the code it controls just gives the user visual feedback.
(if (called-interactively-p 'interactive)
(let ((other-end (if (= (point) beg) end beg))
(opoint (point))
;; Inhibit quitting so we can make a quit here
;; look like a C-g typed as a command.
(inhibit-quit t))
(if (pos-visible-in-window-p other-end (selected-window))
;; Swap point-and-mark quickly so as to show the region that
;; was selected. Don't do it if the region is highlighted.
(unless (and (region-active-p)
(face-background 'region))
;; Swap point and mark.
(set-marker (mark-marker) (point) (current-buffer))
(goto-char other-end)
(sit-for blink-matching-delay)
;; Swap back.
(set-marker (mark-marker) other-end (current-buffer))
(goto-char opoint)
;; If user quit, deactivate the mark
;; as C-g would as a command.
(and quit-flag mark-active
(deactivate-mark)))
(let* ((killed-text (current-kill 0))
(message-len (min (length killed-text) 40)))
(if (= (point) beg)
;; Don't say "killed"; that is misleading.
(message "Saved text until \"%s\""
(substring killed-text (- message-len)))
(message "Saved text from \"%s\""
(substring killed-text 0 message-len))))))))
(defun append-next-kill (&optional interactive)
"Cause following command, if it kills, to append to previous kill.
The argument is used for internal purposes; do not supply one."
(interactive "p")
;; We don't use (interactive-p), since that breaks kbd macros.
(if interactive
(progn
(setq this-command 'kill-region)
(message "If the next command is a kill, it will append"))
(setq last-command 'kill-region)))
;; Yanking.
;; This is actually used in subr.el but defcustom does not work there.
(defcustom yank-excluded-properties
'(read-only invisible intangible field mouse-face help-echo local-map keymap
yank-handler follow-link fontified)
"Text properties to discard when yanking.
The value should be a list of text properties to discard or t,
which means to discard all text properties."
:type '(choice (const :tag "All" t) (repeat symbol))
:group 'killing
:version "22.1")
(defvar yank-window-start nil)
(defvar yank-undo-function nil
"If non-nil, function used by `yank-pop' to delete last stretch of yanked text.
Function is called with two parameters, START and END corresponding to
the value of the mark and point; it is guaranteed that START <= END.
Normally set from the UNDO element of a yank-handler; see `insert-for-yank'.")
(defun yank-pop (&optional arg)
"Replace just-yanked stretch of killed text with a different stretch.
This command is allowed only immediately after a `yank' or a `yank-pop'.
At such a time, the region contains a stretch of reinserted
previously-killed text. `yank-pop' deletes that text and inserts in its
place a different stretch of killed text.
With no argument, the previous kill is inserted.
With argument N, insert the Nth previous kill.
If N is negative, this is a more recent kill.
The sequence of kills wraps around, so that after the oldest one
comes the newest one.
When this command inserts killed text into the buffer, it honors
`yank-excluded-properties' and `yank-handler' as described in the
doc string for `insert-for-yank-1', which see."
(interactive "*p")
(if (not (eq last-command 'yank))
(error "Previous command was not a yank"))
(setq this-command 'yank)
(unless arg (setq arg 1))
(let ((inhibit-read-only t)
(before (< (point) (mark t))))
(if before
(funcall (or yank-undo-function 'delete-region) (point) (mark t))
(funcall (or yank-undo-function 'delete-region) (mark t) (point)))
(setq yank-undo-function nil)
(set-marker (mark-marker) (point) (current-buffer))
(insert-for-yank (current-kill arg))
;; Set the window start back where it was in the yank command,
;; if possible.
(set-window-start (selected-window) yank-window-start t)
(if before
;; This is like exchange-point-and-mark, but doesn't activate the mark.
;; It is cleaner to avoid activation, even though the command
;; loop would deactivate the mark because we inserted text.
(goto-char (prog1 (mark t)
(set-marker (mark-marker) (point) (current-buffer))))))
nil)
(defun yank (&optional arg)
"Reinsert (\"paste\") the last stretch of killed text.
More precisely, reinsert the stretch of killed text most recently
killed OR yanked. Put point at end, and set mark at beginning.
With just \\[universal-argument] as argument, same but put point at beginning (and mark at end).
With argument N, reinsert the Nth most recently killed stretch of killed
text.
When this command inserts killed text into the buffer, it honors
`yank-excluded-properties' and `yank-handler' as described in the
doc string for `insert-for-yank-1', which see.
See also the command `yank-pop' (\\[yank-pop])."
(interactive "*P")
(setq yank-window-start (window-start))
;; If we don't get all the way thru, make last-command indicate that
;; for the following command.
(setq this-command t)
(push-mark (point))
(insert-for-yank (current-kill (cond
((listp arg) 0)
((eq arg '-) -2)
(t (1- arg)))))
(if (consp arg)
;; This is like exchange-point-and-mark, but doesn't activate the mark.
;; It is cleaner to avoid activation, even though the command
;; loop would deactivate the mark because we inserted text.
(goto-char (prog1 (mark t)
(set-marker (mark-marker) (point) (current-buffer)))))
;; If we do get all the way thru, make this-command indicate that.
(if (eq this-command t)
(setq this-command 'yank))
nil)
(defun rotate-yank-pointer (arg)
"Rotate the yanking point in the kill ring.
With ARG, rotate that many kills forward (or backward, if negative)."
(interactive "p")
(current-kill arg))
;; Some kill commands.
;; Internal subroutine of delete-char
(defun kill-forward-chars (arg)
(if (listp arg) (setq arg (car arg)))
(if (eq arg '-) (setq arg -1))
(kill-region (point) (+ (point) arg)))
;; Internal subroutine of backward-delete-char
(defun kill-backward-chars (arg)
(if (listp arg) (setq arg (car arg)))
(if (eq arg '-) (setq arg -1))
(kill-region (point) (- (point) arg)))
(defcustom backward-delete-char-untabify-method 'untabify
"The method for untabifying when deleting backward.
Can be `untabify' -- turn a tab to many spaces, then delete one space;
`hungry' -- delete all whitespace, both tabs and spaces;
`all' -- delete all whitespace, including tabs, spaces and newlines;
nil -- just delete one character."
:type '(choice (const untabify) (const hungry) (const all) (const nil))
:version "20.3"
:group 'killing)
(defun backward-delete-char-untabify (arg &optional killp)
"Delete characters backward, changing tabs into spaces.
The exact behavior depends on `backward-delete-char-untabify-method'.
Delete ARG chars, and kill (save in kill ring) if KILLP is non-nil.
Interactively, ARG is the prefix arg (default 1)
and KILLP is t if a prefix arg was specified."
(interactive "*p\nP")
(when (eq backward-delete-char-untabify-method 'untabify)
(let ((count arg))
(save-excursion
(while (and (> count 0) (not (bobp)))
(if (= (preceding-char) ?\t)
(let ((col (current-column)))
(forward-char -1)
(setq col (- col (current-column)))
(insert-char ?\s col)
(delete-char 1)))
(forward-char -1)
(setq count (1- count))))))
(delete-backward-char
(let ((skip (cond ((eq backward-delete-char-untabify-method 'hungry) " \t")
((eq backward-delete-char-untabify-method 'all)
" \t\n\r"))))
(if skip
(let ((wh (- (point) (save-excursion (skip-chars-backward skip)
(point)))))
(+ arg (if (zerop wh) 0 (1- wh))))
arg))
killp))
(defun zap-to-char (arg char)
"Kill up to and including ARGth occurrence of CHAR.
Case is ignored if `case-fold-search' is non-nil in the current buffer.
Goes backward if ARG is negative; error if CHAR not found."
(interactive "p\ncZap to char: ")
;; Avoid "obsolete" warnings for translation-table-for-input.
(with-no-warnings
(if (char-table-p translation-table-for-input)
(setq char (or (aref translation-table-for-input char) char))))
(kill-region (point) (progn
(search-forward (char-to-string char) nil nil arg)
; (goto-char (if (> arg 0) (1- (point)) (1+ (point))))
(point))))
;; kill-line and its subroutines.
(defcustom kill-whole-line nil
"If non-nil, `kill-line' with no arg at beg of line kills the whole line."
:type 'boolean
:group 'killing)
(defun kill-line (&optional arg)
"Kill the rest of the current line; if no nonblanks there, kill thru newline.
With prefix argument ARG, kill that many lines from point.
Negative arguments kill lines backward.
With zero argument, kills the text before point on the current line.
When calling from a program, nil means \"no arg\",
a number counts as a prefix arg.
To kill a whole line, when point is not at the beginning, type \
\\[move-beginning-of-line] \\[kill-line] \\[kill-line].
If `kill-whole-line' is non-nil, then this command kills the whole line
including its terminating newline, when used at the beginning of a line
with no argument. As a consequence, you can always kill a whole line
by typing \\[move-beginning-of-line] \\[kill-line].
If you want to append the killed line to the last killed text,
use \\[append-next-kill] before \\[kill-line].
If the buffer is read-only, Emacs will beep and refrain from deleting
the line, but put the line in the kill ring anyway. This means that
you can use this command to copy text from a read-only buffer.
\(If the variable `kill-read-only-ok' is non-nil, then this won't
even beep.)"
(interactive "P")
(kill-region (point)
;; It is better to move point to the other end of the kill
;; before killing. That way, in a read-only buffer, point
;; moves across the text that is copied to the kill ring.
;; The choice has no effect on undo now that undo records
;; the value of point from before the command was run.
(progn
(if arg
(forward-visible-line (prefix-numeric-value arg))
(if (eobp)
(signal 'end-of-buffer nil))
(let ((end
(save-excursion
(end-of-visible-line) (point))))
(if (or (save-excursion
;; If trailing whitespace is visible,
;; don't treat it as nothing.
(unless show-trailing-whitespace
(skip-chars-forward " \t" end))
(= (point) end))
(and kill-whole-line (bolp)))
(forward-visible-line 1)
(goto-char end))))
(point))))
(defun kill-whole-line (&optional arg)
"Kill current line.
With prefix ARG, kill that many lines starting from the current line.
If ARG is negative, kill backward. Also kill the preceding newline.
\(This is meant to make \\[repeat] work well with negative arguments.\)
If ARG is zero, kill current line but exclude the trailing newline."
(interactive "p")
(or arg (setq arg 1))
(if (and (> arg 0) (eobp) (save-excursion (forward-visible-line 0) (eobp)))
(signal 'end-of-buffer nil))
(if (and (< arg 0) (bobp) (save-excursion (end-of-visible-line) (bobp)))
(signal 'beginning-of-buffer nil))
(unless (eq last-command 'kill-region)
(kill-new "")
(setq last-command 'kill-region))
(cond ((zerop arg)
;; We need to kill in two steps, because the previous command
;; could have been a kill command, in which case the text
;; before point needs to be prepended to the current kill
;; ring entry and the text after point appended. Also, we
;; need to use save-excursion to avoid copying the same text
;; twice to the kill ring in read-only buffers.
(save-excursion
(kill-region (point) (progn (forward-visible-line 0) (point))))
(kill-region (point) (progn (end-of-visible-line) (point))))
((< arg 0)
(save-excursion
(kill-region (point) (progn (end-of-visible-line) (point))))
(kill-region (point)
(progn (forward-visible-line (1+ arg))
(unless (bobp) (backward-char))
(point))))
(t
(save-excursion
(kill-region (point) (progn (forward-visible-line 0) (point))))
(kill-region (point)
(progn (forward-visible-line arg) (point))))))
(defun forward-visible-line (arg)
"Move forward by ARG lines, ignoring currently invisible newlines only.
If ARG is negative, move backward -ARG lines.
If ARG is zero, move to the beginning of the current line."
(condition-case nil
(if (> arg 0)
(progn
(while (> arg 0)
(or (zerop (forward-line 1))
(signal 'end-of-buffer nil))
;; If the newline we just skipped is invisible,
;; don't count it.
(let ((prop
(get-char-property (1- (point)) 'invisible)))
(if (if (eq buffer-invisibility-spec t)
prop
(or (memq prop buffer-invisibility-spec)
(assq prop buffer-invisibility-spec)))
(setq arg (1+ arg))))
(setq arg (1- arg)))
;; If invisible text follows, and it is a number of complete lines,
;; skip it.
(let ((opoint (point)))
(while (and (not (eobp))
(let ((prop
(get-char-property (point) 'invisible)))
(if (eq buffer-invisibility-spec t)
prop
(or (memq prop buffer-invisibility-spec)
(assq prop buffer-invisibility-spec)))))
(goto-char
(if (get-text-property (point) 'invisible)
(or (next-single-property-change (point) 'invisible)
(point-max))
(next-overlay-change (point)))))
(unless (bolp)
(goto-char opoint))))
(let ((first t))
(while (or first (<= arg 0))
(if first
(beginning-of-line)
(or (zerop (forward-line -1))
(signal 'beginning-of-buffer nil)))
;; If the newline we just moved to is invisible,
;; don't count it.
(unless (bobp)
(let ((prop
(get-char-property (1- (point)) 'invisible)))
(unless (if (eq buffer-invisibility-spec t)
prop
(or (memq prop buffer-invisibility-spec)
(assq prop buffer-invisibility-spec)))
(setq arg (1+ arg)))))
(setq first nil))
;; If invisible text follows, and it is a number of complete lines,
;; skip it.
(let ((opoint (point)))
(while (and (not (bobp))
(let ((prop
(get-char-property (1- (point)) 'invisible)))
(if (eq buffer-invisibility-spec t)
prop
(or (memq prop buffer-invisibility-spec)
(assq prop buffer-invisibility-spec)))))
(goto-char
(if (get-text-property (1- (point)) 'invisible)
(or (previous-single-property-change (point) 'invisible)
(point-min))
(previous-overlay-change (point)))))
(unless (bolp)
(goto-char opoint)))))
((beginning-of-buffer end-of-buffer)
nil)))
(defun end-of-visible-line ()
"Move to end of current visible line."
(end-of-line)
;; If the following character is currently invisible,
;; skip all characters with that same `invisible' property value,
;; then find the next newline.
(while (and (not (eobp))
(save-excursion
(skip-chars-forward "^\n")
(let ((prop
(get-char-property (point) 'invisible)))
(if (eq buffer-invisibility-spec t)
prop
(or (memq prop buffer-invisibility-spec)
(assq prop buffer-invisibility-spec))))))
(skip-chars-forward "^\n")
(if (get-text-property (point) 'invisible)
(goto-char (next-single-property-change (point) 'invisible))
(goto-char (next-overlay-change (point))))
(end-of-line)))
(defun insert-buffer (buffer)
"Insert after point the contents of BUFFER.
Puts mark after the inserted text.
BUFFER may be a buffer or a buffer name.
This function is meant for the user to run interactively.
Don't call it from programs: use `insert-buffer-substring' instead!"
(interactive
(list
(progn
(barf-if-buffer-read-only)
(read-buffer "Insert buffer: "
(if (eq (selected-window) (next-window (selected-window)))
(other-buffer (current-buffer))
(window-buffer (next-window (selected-window))))
t))))
(push-mark
(save-excursion
(insert-buffer-substring (get-buffer buffer))
(point)))
nil)
(defun append-to-buffer (buffer start end)
"Append to specified buffer the text of the region.
It is inserted into that buffer before its point.
When calling from a program, give three arguments:
BUFFER (or buffer name), START and END.
START and END specify the portion of the current buffer to be copied."
(interactive
(list (read-buffer "Append to buffer: " (other-buffer (current-buffer) t))
(region-beginning) (region-end)))
(let ((oldbuf (current-buffer)))
(let* ((append-to (get-buffer-create buffer))
(windows (get-buffer-window-list append-to t t))
point)
(with-current-buffer append-to
(setq point (point))
(barf-if-buffer-read-only)
(insert-buffer-substring oldbuf start end)
(dolist (window windows)
(when (= (window-point window) point)
(set-window-point window (point))))))))
(defun prepend-to-buffer (buffer start end)
"Prepend to specified buffer the text of the region.
It is inserted into that buffer after its point.
When calling from a program, give three arguments:
BUFFER (or buffer name), START and END.
START and END specify the portion of the current buffer to be copied."
(interactive "BPrepend to buffer: \nr")
(let ((oldbuf (current-buffer)))
(with-current-buffer (get-buffer-create buffer)
(barf-if-buffer-read-only)
(save-excursion
(insert-buffer-substring oldbuf start end)))))
(defun copy-to-buffer (buffer start end)
"Copy to specified buffer the text of the region.
It is inserted into that buffer, replacing existing text there.
When calling from a program, give three arguments:
BUFFER (or buffer name), START and END.
START and END specify the portion of the current buffer to be copied."
(interactive "BCopy to buffer: \nr")
(let ((oldbuf (current-buffer)))
(with-current-buffer (get-buffer-create buffer)
(barf-if-buffer-read-only)
(erase-buffer)
(save-excursion
(insert-buffer-substring oldbuf start end)))))
(put 'mark-inactive 'error-conditions '(mark-inactive error))
(put 'mark-inactive 'error-message (purecopy "The mark is not active now"))
(defvar activate-mark-hook nil
"Hook run when the mark becomes active.
It is also run at the end of a command, if the mark is active and
it is possible that the region may have changed.")
(defvar deactivate-mark-hook nil
"Hook run when the mark becomes inactive.")
(defun mark (&optional force)
"Return this buffer's mark value as integer, or nil if never set.
In Transient Mark mode, this function signals an error if
the mark is not active. However, if `mark-even-if-inactive' is non-nil,
or the argument FORCE is non-nil, it disregards whether the mark
is active, and returns an integer or nil in the usual way.
If you are using this in an editing command, you are most likely making
a mistake; see the documentation of `set-mark'."
(if (or force (not transient-mark-mode) mark-active mark-even-if-inactive)
(marker-position (mark-marker))
(signal 'mark-inactive nil)))
(defcustom select-active-regions nil
"If non-nil, an active region automatically becomes the window selection."
:type 'boolean
:group 'killing
:version "23.1")
(declare-function x-selection-owner-p "xselect.c" (&optional selection))
;; Many places set mark-active directly, and several of them failed to also
;; run deactivate-mark-hook. This shorthand should simplify.
(defsubst deactivate-mark (&optional force)
"Deactivate the mark by setting `mark-active' to nil.
Unless FORCE is non-nil, this function does nothing if Transient
Mark mode is disabled.
This function also runs `deactivate-mark-hook'."
(when (or transient-mark-mode force)
;; Copy the latest region into the primary selection, if desired.
(and select-active-regions
mark-active
(display-selections-p)
(x-selection-owner-p 'PRIMARY)
(x-set-selection 'PRIMARY (buffer-substring-no-properties
(region-beginning) (region-end))))
(if (and (null force)
(or (eq transient-mark-mode 'lambda)
(and (eq (car-safe transient-mark-mode) 'only)
(null (cdr transient-mark-mode)))))
;; When deactivating a temporary region, don't change
;; `mark-active' or run `deactivate-mark-hook'.
(setq transient-mark-mode nil)
(if (eq (car-safe transient-mark-mode) 'only)
(setq transient-mark-mode (cdr transient-mark-mode)))
(setq mark-active nil)
(run-hooks 'deactivate-mark-hook))))
(defun activate-mark ()
"Activate the mark."
(when (mark t)
(setq mark-active t)
(unless transient-mark-mode
(setq transient-mark-mode 'lambda))
(when (and select-active-regions
(display-selections-p))
(x-set-selection 'PRIMARY (current-buffer)))))
(defun set-mark (pos)
"Set this buffer's mark to POS. Don't use this function!
That is to say, don't use this function unless you want
the user to see that the mark has moved, and you want the previous
mark position to be lost.
Normally, when a new mark is set, the old one should go on the stack.
This is why most applications should use `push-mark', not `set-mark'.
Novice Emacs Lisp programmers often try to use the mark for the wrong
purposes. The mark saves a location for the user's convenience.
Most editing commands should not alter the mark.
To remember a location for internal use in the Lisp program,
store it in a Lisp variable. Example:
(let ((beg (point))) (forward-line 1) (delete-region beg (point)))."
(if pos
(progn
(setq mark-active t)
(run-hooks 'activate-mark-hook)
(when (and select-active-regions
(display-selections-p))
(x-set-selection 'PRIMARY (current-buffer)))
(set-marker (mark-marker) pos (current-buffer)))
;; Normally we never clear mark-active except in Transient Mark mode.
;; But when we actually clear out the mark value too, we must
;; clear mark-active in any mode.
(deactivate-mark t)
(set-marker (mark-marker) nil)))
(defcustom use-empty-active-region nil
"Whether \"region-aware\" commands should act on empty regions.
If nil, region-aware commands treat empty regions as inactive.
If non-nil, region-aware commands treat the region as active as
long as the mark is active, even if the region is empty.
Region-aware commands are those that act on the region if it is
active and Transient Mark mode is enabled, and on the text near
point otherwise."
:type 'boolean
:version "23.1"
:group 'editing-basics)
(defun use-region-p ()
"Return t if the region is active and it is appropriate to act on it.
This is used by commands that act specially on the region under
Transient Mark mode.
The return value is t provided Transient Mark mode is enabled and
the mark is active; and, when `use-empty-active-region' is
non-nil, provided the region is empty. Otherwise, the return
value is nil.
For some commands, it may be appropriate to ignore the value of
`use-empty-active-region'; in that case, use `region-active-p'."
(and (region-active-p)
(or use-empty-active-region (> (region-end) (region-beginning)))))
(defun region-active-p ()
"Return t if Transient Mark mode is enabled and the mark is active.
Some commands act specially on the region when Transient Mark
mode is enabled. Usually, such commands should use
`use-region-p' instead of this function, because `use-region-p'
also checks the value of `use-empty-active-region'."
(and transient-mark-mode mark-active))
(defvar mark-ring nil
"The list of former marks of the current buffer, most recent first.")
(make-variable-buffer-local 'mark-ring)
(put 'mark-ring 'permanent-local t)
(defcustom mark-ring-max 16
"Maximum size of mark ring. Start discarding off end if gets this big."
:type 'integer
:group 'editing-basics)
(defvar global-mark-ring nil
"The list of saved global marks, most recent first.")
(defcustom global-mark-ring-max 16
"Maximum size of global mark ring. \
Start discarding off end if gets this big."
:type 'integer
:group 'editing-basics)
(defun pop-to-mark-command ()
"Jump to mark, and pop a new position for mark off the ring.
\(Does not affect global mark ring\)."
(interactive)
(if (null (mark t))
(error "No mark set in this buffer")
(if (= (point) (mark t))
(message "Mark popped"))
(goto-char (mark t))
(pop-mark)))
(defun push-mark-command (arg &optional nomsg)
"Set mark at where point is.
If no prefix ARG and mark is already set there, just activate it.
Display `Mark set' unless the optional second arg NOMSG is non-nil."
(interactive "P")
(let ((mark (marker-position (mark-marker))))
(if (or arg (null mark) (/= mark (point)))
(push-mark nil nomsg t)
(setq mark-active t)
(run-hooks 'activate-mark-hook)
(unless nomsg
(message "Mark activated")))))
(defcustom set-mark-command-repeat-pop nil
"Non-nil means repeating \\[set-mark-command] after popping mark pops it again.
That means that C-u \\[set-mark-command] \\[set-mark-command]
will pop the mark twice, and
C-u \\[set-mark-command] \\[set-mark-command] \\[set-mark-command]
will pop the mark three times.
A value of nil means \\[set-mark-command]'s behavior does not change
after C-u \\[set-mark-command]."
:type 'boolean
:group 'editing-basics)
(defcustom set-mark-default-inactive nil
"If non-nil, setting the mark does not activate it.
This causes \\[set-mark-command] and \\[exchange-point-and-mark] to
behave the same whether or not `transient-mark-mode' is enabled."
:type 'boolean
:group 'editing-basics
:version "23.1")
(defun set-mark-command (arg)
"Set the mark where point is, or jump to the mark.
Setting the mark also alters the region, which is the text
between point and mark; this is the closest equivalent in
Emacs to what some editors call the \"selection\".
With no prefix argument, set the mark at point, and push the
old mark position on local mark ring. Also push the old mark on
global mark ring, if the previous mark was set in another buffer.
When Transient Mark Mode is off, immediately repeating this
command activates `transient-mark-mode' temporarily.
With prefix argument \(e.g., \\[universal-argument] \\[set-mark-command]\), \
jump to the mark, and set the mark from
position popped off the local mark ring \(this does not affect the global
mark ring\). Use \\[pop-global-mark] to jump to a mark popped off the global
mark ring \(see `pop-global-mark'\).
If `set-mark-command-repeat-pop' is non-nil, repeating
the \\[set-mark-command] command with no prefix argument pops the next position
off the local (or global) mark ring and jumps there.
With \\[universal-argument] \\[universal-argument] as prefix
argument, unconditionally set mark where point is, even if
`set-mark-command-repeat-pop' is non-nil.
Novice Emacs Lisp programmers often try to use the mark for the wrong
purposes. See the documentation of `set-mark' for more information."
(interactive "P")
(cond ((eq transient-mark-mode 'lambda)
(setq transient-mark-mode nil))
((eq (car-safe transient-mark-mode) 'only)
(deactivate-mark)))
(cond
((and (consp arg) (> (prefix-numeric-value arg) 4))
(push-mark-command nil))
((not (eq this-command 'set-mark-command))
(if arg
(pop-to-mark-command)
(push-mark-command t)))
((and set-mark-command-repeat-pop
(eq last-command 'pop-to-mark-command))
(setq this-command 'pop-to-mark-command)
(pop-to-mark-command))
((and set-mark-command-repeat-pop
(eq last-command 'pop-global-mark)
(not arg))
(setq this-command 'pop-global-mark)
(pop-global-mark))
(arg
(setq this-command 'pop-to-mark-command)
(pop-to-mark-command))
((eq last-command 'set-mark-command)
(if (region-active-p)
(progn
(deactivate-mark)
(message "Mark deactivated"))
(activate-mark)
(message "Mark activated")))
(t
(push-mark-command nil)
(if set-mark-default-inactive (deactivate-mark)))))
(defun push-mark (&optional location nomsg activate)
"Set mark at LOCATION (point, by default) and push old mark on mark ring.
If the last global mark pushed was not in the current buffer,
also push LOCATION on the global mark ring.
Display `Mark set' unless the optional second arg NOMSG is non-nil.
Novice Emacs Lisp programmers often try to use the mark for the wrong
purposes. See the documentation of `set-mark' for more information.
In Transient Mark mode, activate mark if optional third arg ACTIVATE non-nil."
(unless (null (mark t))
(setq mark-ring (cons (copy-marker (mark-marker)) mark-ring))
(when (> (length mark-ring) mark-ring-max)
(move-marker (car (nthcdr mark-ring-max mark-ring)) nil)
(setcdr (nthcdr (1- mark-ring-max) mark-ring) nil)))
(set-marker (mark-marker) (or location (point)) (current-buffer))
;; Now push the mark on the global mark ring.
(if (and global-mark-ring
(eq (marker-buffer (car global-mark-ring)) (current-buffer)))
;; The last global mark pushed was in this same buffer.
;; Don't push another one.
nil
(setq global-mark-ring (cons (copy-marker (mark-marker)) global-mark-ring))
(when (> (length global-mark-ring) global-mark-ring-max)
(move-marker (car (nthcdr global-mark-ring-max global-mark-ring)) nil)
(setcdr (nthcdr (1- global-mark-ring-max)