Skip to content
Find file
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
1107 lines (985 sloc) 45 KB
;;; view.el --- peruse file or buffer without editing
;; Copyright (C) 1985, 1989, 1994, 1995, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2002,
;; 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
;; Author: K. Shane Hartman
;; Maintainer: Inge Frick <inge@nada.kth.se>
;; Keywords: files
;; This file is part of GNU Emacs.
;; GNU Emacs is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
;; it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
;; the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
;; (at your option) any later version.
;; GNU Emacs is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
;; but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
;; MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
;; GNU General Public License for more details.
;; You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
;; along with GNU Emacs. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
;;; Commentary:
;; This package provides the `view' minor mode documented in the Emacs
;; user's manual.
;; View mode entry and exit is done through the functions view-mode-enter
;; and view-mode-exit. Use these functions to enter or exit view-mode from
;; emacs lisp programs.
;; We use both view- and View- as prefix for symbols. View- is used as
;; prefix for commands that have a key binding. view- is used for commands
;; without key binding. The purpose of this is to make it easier for a
;; user to use command name completion.
;;; Suggested key bindings:
;;
;; (define-key ctl-x-4-map "v" 'view-file-other-window) ; ^x4v
;; (define-key ctl-x-5-map "v" 'view-file-other-frame) ; ^x5v
;;
;; You could also bind view-file, view-buffer, view-buffer-other-window and
;; view-buffer-other-frame to keys.
;;; Code:
(defgroup view nil
"Peruse file or buffer without editing."
:link '(function-link view-mode)
:link '(custom-manual "(emacs)Misc File Ops")
:group 'wp
:group 'editing)
(defcustom view-highlight-face 'highlight
"The face used for highlighting the match found by View mode search."
:type 'face
:group 'view)
;; `view-mode-auto-exit' is replaced by the following option variable which
;; only says if scrolling past buffer end should leave view mode or not, it
;; doesn't say if leaving view mode should restore windows or not. The latter
;; is now controlled by the presence of a value in `view-return-to-alist'.
(defcustom view-scroll-auto-exit nil
"Non-nil means scrolling past the end of buffer exits View mode.
A value of nil means attempting to scroll past the end of the buffer,
only rings the bell and gives a message on how to leave."
:type 'boolean
:group 'view)
(defcustom view-try-extend-at-buffer-end nil
"Non-nil means try to load more of file when reaching end of buffer.
This variable is mainly intended to be temporarily set to non-nil by
the F command in view-mode, but you can set it to t if you want the action
for all scroll commands in view mode."
:type 'boolean
:group 'view)
;;;###autoload
(defcustom view-remove-frame-by-deleting t
"Determine how View mode removes a frame no longer needed.
If nil, make an icon of the frame. If non-nil, delete the frame."
:type 'boolean
:group 'view
;; Changed the default of this to t for Emacs 23. Users consider
;; frame iconification annoying.
:version "23.1")
(defcustom view-exits-all-viewing-windows nil
"Non-nil means restore all windows used to view buffer.
Commands that restore windows when finished viewing a buffer, apply to all
windows that display the buffer and have restore information in
`view-return-to-alist'.
If `view-exits-all-viewing-windows' is nil, only the selected window is
considered for restoring."
:type 'boolean
:group 'view)
(defcustom view-inhibit-help-message nil
"Non-nil inhibits the help message shown upon entering View mode."
:type 'boolean
:group 'view
:version "22.1")
;;;###autoload
(defvar view-mode nil
"Non-nil if View mode is enabled.
Don't change this variable directly, you must change it by one of the
functions that enable or disable view mode.")
;;;###autoload
(make-variable-buffer-local 'view-mode)
(defcustom view-mode-hook nil
"Normal hook run when starting to view a buffer or file."
:type 'hook
:group 'view)
(defvar view-old-buffer-read-only nil)
(make-variable-buffer-local 'view-old-buffer-read-only)
(defvar view-old-Helper-return-blurb)
(make-variable-buffer-local 'view-old-Helper-return-blurb)
(defvar view-page-size nil
"Default number of lines to scroll by View page commands.
If nil that means use the window size.")
(make-variable-buffer-local 'view-page-size)
(defvar view-half-page-size nil
"Default number of lines to scroll by View half page commands.
If nil that means use half the window size.")
(make-variable-buffer-local 'view-half-page-size)
(defvar view-last-regexp nil)
(make-variable-buffer-local 'view-last-regexp) ; Global is better???
(defvar view-return-to-alist nil
"What to do with used windows and where to go when finished viewing buffer.
This is local in each buffer being viewed.
It is added to by `view-mode-enter' when starting to view a buffer and
subtracted from by `view-mode-exit' when finished viewing the buffer.
See RETURN-TO-ALIST argument of function `view-mode-exit' for the format of
`view-return-to-alist'.")
(make-variable-buffer-local 'view-return-to-alist)
(put 'view-return-to-alist 'permanent-local t)
(defvar view-exit-action nil
"If non-nil, a function with one argument (a buffer) called when finished viewing.
Commands like \\[view-file] and \\[view-file-other-window] may
set this to bury or kill the viewed buffer.
Observe that the buffer viewed might not appear in any window at
the time this function is called.")
(make-variable-buffer-local 'view-exit-action)
(defvar view-no-disable-on-exit nil
"If non-nil, View mode \"exit\" commands don't actually disable View mode.
Instead, these commands just switch buffers or windows.
This is set in certain buffers by specialized features such as help commands
that use View mode automatically.")
(defvar view-overlay nil
"Overlay used to display where a search operation found its match.
This is local in each buffer, once it is used.")
(make-variable-buffer-local 'view-overlay)
(unless (assq 'view-mode minor-mode-alist)
(setq minor-mode-alist
(cons (list 'view-mode
(propertize " View"
'local-map mode-line-minor-mode-keymap
'help-echo "mouse-3: minor mode menu"))
minor-mode-alist)))
;; Define keymap inside defvar to make it easier to load changes.
;; Some redundant "less"-like key bindings below have been commented out.
(defvar view-mode-map
(let ((map (make-sparse-keymap)))
(define-key map "C" 'View-kill-and-leave)
(define-key map "c" 'View-leave)
(define-key map "Q" 'View-quit-all)
(define-key map "E" 'View-exit-and-edit)
;; (define-key map "v" 'View-exit)
(define-key map "e" 'View-exit)
(define-key map "q" 'View-quit)
;; (define-key map "N" 'View-search-last-regexp-backward)
(define-key map "p" 'View-search-last-regexp-backward)
(define-key map "n" 'View-search-last-regexp-forward)
;; (define-key map "?" 'View-search-regexp-backward) ; Less does this.
(define-key map "\\" 'View-search-regexp-backward)
(define-key map "/" 'View-search-regexp-forward)
(define-key map "r" 'isearch-backward)
(define-key map "s" 'isearch-forward)
(define-key map "m" 'point-to-register)
(define-key map "'" 'register-to-point)
(define-key map "x" 'exchange-point-and-mark)
(define-key map "@" 'View-back-to-mark)
(define-key map "." 'set-mark-command)
(define-key map "%" 'View-goto-percent)
;; (define-key map "G" 'View-goto-line-last)
(define-key map "g" 'View-goto-line)
(define-key map "=" 'what-line)
(define-key map "F" 'View-revert-buffer-scroll-page-forward)
;; (define-key map "k" 'View-scroll-line-backward)
(define-key map "y" 'View-scroll-line-backward)
;; (define-key map "j" 'View-scroll-line-forward)
(define-key map "\n" 'View-scroll-line-forward)
(define-key map "\r" 'View-scroll-line-forward)
(define-key map "u" 'View-scroll-half-page-backward)
(define-key map "d" 'View-scroll-half-page-forward)
(define-key map "z" 'View-scroll-page-forward-set-page-size)
(define-key map "w" 'View-scroll-page-backward-set-page-size)
;; (define-key map "b" 'View-scroll-page-backward)
(define-key map "\C-?" 'View-scroll-page-backward)
;; (define-key map "f" 'View-scroll-page-forward)
(define-key map " " 'View-scroll-page-forward)
(define-key map "o" 'View-scroll-to-buffer-end)
(define-key map ">" 'end-of-buffer)
(define-key map "<" 'beginning-of-buffer)
(define-key map "-" 'negative-argument)
(define-key map "9" 'digit-argument)
(define-key map "8" 'digit-argument)
(define-key map "7" 'digit-argument)
(define-key map "6" 'digit-argument)
(define-key map "5" 'digit-argument)
(define-key map "4" 'digit-argument)
(define-key map "3" 'digit-argument)
(define-key map "2" 'digit-argument)
(define-key map "1" 'digit-argument)
(define-key map "0" 'digit-argument)
(define-key map "H" 'describe-mode)
(define-key map "?" 'describe-mode) ; Maybe do as less instead? See above.
(define-key map "h" 'describe-mode)
map))
(or (assq 'view-mode minor-mode-map-alist)
(setq minor-mode-map-alist
(cons (cons 'view-mode view-mode-map) minor-mode-map-alist)))
;;; Commands that enter or exit view mode.
;; This is used when view mode is exited, to make sure we don't try to
;; kill a buffer modified by the user. A buffer in view mode can
;; become modified if the user types C-x C-q, edits the buffer, then
;; types C-x C-q again to return to view mode.
;;;###autoload
(defun kill-buffer-if-not-modified (buf)
"Like `kill-buffer', but does nothing if the buffer is modified."
(let ((buf (get-buffer buf)))
(and buf (not (buffer-modified-p buf))
(kill-buffer buf))))
;;;###autoload
(defun view-file (file)
"View FILE in View mode, returning to previous buffer when done.
Emacs commands editing the buffer contents are not available; instead, a
special set of commands (mostly letters and punctuation) are defined for
moving around in the buffer.
Space scrolls forward, Delete scrolls backward.
For a list of all View commands, type H or h while viewing.
This command runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'."
(interactive "fView file: ")
(unless (file-exists-p file) (error "%s does not exist" file))
(let ((had-a-buf (get-file-buffer file))
(buffer (find-file-noselect file)))
(if (eq (with-current-buffer buffer
(get major-mode 'mode-class))
'special)
(progn
(switch-to-buffer buffer)
(message "Not using View mode because the major mode is special"))
(view-buffer buffer (and (not had-a-buf) 'kill-buffer-if-not-modified)))))
;;;###autoload
(defun view-file-other-window (file)
"View FILE in View mode in another window.
When done, return that window to its previous buffer, and kill the
buffer visiting FILE if unmodified and if it wasn't visited before.
Emacs commands editing the buffer contents are not available; instead,
a special set of commands (mostly letters and punctuation)
are defined for moving around in the buffer.
Space scrolls forward, Delete scrolls backward.
For a list of all View commands, type H or h while viewing.
This command runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'."
(interactive "fIn other window view file: ")
(unless (file-exists-p file) (error "%s does not exist" file))
(let ((had-a-buf (get-file-buffer file))
(buf-to-view (find-file-noselect file)))
(view-buffer-other-window buf-to-view nil
(and (not had-a-buf)
'kill-buffer-if-not-modified))))
;;;###autoload
(defun view-file-other-frame (file)
"View FILE in View mode in another frame.
When done, kill the buffer visiting FILE if unmodified and if it wasn't
visited before; also, maybe delete other frame and/or return to previous
buffer.
Emacs commands editing the buffer contents are not available; instead,
a special set of commands (mostly letters and punctuation)
are defined for moving around in the buffer.
Space scrolls forward, Delete scrolls backward.
For a list of all View commands, type H or h while viewing.
This command runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'."
(interactive "fIn other frame view file: ")
(unless (file-exists-p file) (error "%s does not exist" file))
(let ((had-a-buf (get-file-buffer file))
(buf-to-view (find-file-noselect file)))
(view-buffer-other-frame buf-to-view nil
(and (not had-a-buf)
'kill-buffer-if-not-modified))))
;;;###autoload
(defun view-buffer (buffer &optional exit-action)
"View BUFFER in View mode, returning to previous buffer when done.
Emacs commands editing the buffer contents are not available; instead, a
special set of commands (mostly letters and punctuation) are defined for
moving around in the buffer.
Space scrolls forward, Delete scrolls backward.
For a list of all View commands, type H or h while viewing.
This command runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'.
Optional argument EXIT-ACTION is either nil or a function with buffer as
argument. This function is called when finished viewing buffer. Use
this argument instead of explicitly setting `view-exit-action'.
Do not set EXIT-ACTION to `kill-buffer' when BUFFER visits a
file: Users may suspend viewing in order to modify the buffer.
Exiting View mode will then discard the user's edits. Setting
EXIT-ACTION to `kill-buffer-if-not-modified' avoids this."
(interactive "bView buffer: ")
(let ((undo-window (list (window-buffer) (window-start) (window-point))))
(switch-to-buffer buffer)
(view-mode-enter (cons (selected-window) (cons nil undo-window))
exit-action)))
;;;###autoload
(defun view-buffer-other-window (buffer &optional not-return exit-action)
"View BUFFER in View mode in another window.
Return to previous buffer when done, unless optional NOT-RETURN is
non-nil. Emacs commands editing the buffer contents are not available;
instead, a special set of commands (mostly letters and punctuation) are
defined for moving around in the buffer.
Space scrolls forward, Delete scrolls backward.
For a list of all View commands, type H or h while viewing.
This command runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'.
Optional argument EXIT-ACTION is either nil or a function with buffer as
argument. This function is called when finished viewing buffer. Use
this argument instead of explicitly setting `view-exit-action'."
(interactive "bIn other window view buffer:\nP")
(let* ((win ; This window will be selected by
(get-lru-window)) ; switch-to-buffer-other-window below.
(return-to
(and (not not-return)
(cons (selected-window)
(if (eq win (selected-window))
t ; Has to make new window.
(list
(window-buffer win) ; Other windows old buffer.
(window-start win)
(window-point win)))))))
(switch-to-buffer-other-window buffer)
(view-mode-enter (and return-to (cons (selected-window) return-to))
exit-action)))
;;;###autoload
(defun view-buffer-other-frame (buffer &optional not-return exit-action)
"View BUFFER in View mode in another frame.
Return to previous buffer when done, unless optional NOT-RETURN is
non-nil. Emacs commands editing the buffer contents are not available;
instead, a special set of commands (mostly letters and punctuation) are
defined for moving around in the buffer.
Space scrolls forward, Delete scrolls backward.
For a list of all View commands, type H or h while viewing.
This command runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'.
Optional argument EXIT-ACTION is either nil or a function with buffer as
argument. This function is called when finished viewing buffer. Use
this argument instead of explicitly setting `view-exit-action'."
(interactive "bView buffer in other frame: \nP")
(let ((return-to
(and (not not-return) (cons (selected-window) t)))) ; Old window.
(switch-to-buffer-other-frame buffer)
(view-mode-enter (and return-to (cons (selected-window) return-to))
exit-action)))
;;;###autoload
(defun view-mode (&optional arg)
;; In the following documentation string we have to use some explicit key
;; bindings instead of using the \\[] construction. The reason for this
;; is that most commands have more than one key binding.
"Toggle View mode, a minor mode for viewing text but not editing it.
With prefix argument ARG, turn View mode on if ARG is positive, otherwise
turn it off.
Emacs commands that do not change the buffer contents are available as usual.
Kill commands insert text in kill buffers but do not delete. Other commands
\(among them most letters and punctuation) beep and tell that the buffer is
read-only.
\\<view-mode-map>
The following additional commands are provided. Most commands take prefix
arguments. Page commands default to \"page size\" lines which is almost a whole
window full, or number of lines set by \\[View-scroll-page-forward-set-page-size] or \\[View-scroll-page-backward-set-page-size]. Half page commands default to
and set \"half page size\" lines which initially is half a window full. Search
commands default to a repeat count of one.
H, h, ? This message.
Digits provide prefix arguments.
\\[negative-argument] negative prefix argument.
\\[beginning-of-buffer] move to the beginning of buffer.
> move to the end of buffer.
\\[View-scroll-to-buffer-end] scroll so that buffer end is at last line of window.
SPC scroll forward \"page size\" lines.
With prefix scroll forward prefix lines.
DEL scroll backward \"page size\" lines.
With prefix scroll backward prefix lines.
\\[View-scroll-page-forward-set-page-size] like \\[View-scroll-page-forward] but with prefix sets \"page size\" to prefix.
\\[View-scroll-page-backward-set-page-size] like \\[View-scroll-page-backward] but with prefix sets \"page size\" to prefix.
\\[View-scroll-half-page-forward] scroll forward \"half page size\" lines. With prefix, sets
\"half page size\" to prefix lines and scrolls forward that much.
\\[View-scroll-half-page-backward] scroll backward \"half page size\" lines. With prefix, sets
\"half page size\" to prefix lines and scrolls backward that much.
RET, LFD scroll forward one line. With prefix scroll forward prefix line(s).
y scroll backward one line. With prefix scroll backward prefix line(s).
\\[View-revert-buffer-scroll-page-forward] revert-buffer if necessary and scroll forward.
Use this to view a changing file.
\\[what-line] prints the current line number.
\\[View-goto-percent] goes prefix argument (default 100) percent into buffer.
\\[View-goto-line] goes to line given by prefix argument (default first line).
. set the mark.
x exchanges point and mark.
\\[View-back-to-mark] return to mark and pops mark ring.
Mark ring is pushed at start of every successful search and when
jump to line occurs. The mark is set on jump to buffer start or end.
\\[point-to-register] save current position in character register.
' go to position saved in character register.
s do forward incremental search.
r do reverse incremental search.
\\[View-search-regexp-forward] searches forward for regular expression, starting after current page.
! and @ have a special meaning at the beginning of the regexp.
! means search for a line with no match for regexp. @ means start
search at beginning (end for backward search) of buffer.
\\ searches backward for regular expression, starting before current page.
\\[View-search-last-regexp-forward] searches forward for last regular expression.
p searches backward for last regular expression.
\\[View-quit] quit View mode, restoring this window and buffer to previous state.
\\[View-quit] is the normal way to leave view mode.
\\[View-exit] exit View mode but stay in current buffer. Use this if you started
viewing a buffer (file) and find out you want to edit it.
This command restores the previous read-only status of the buffer.
\\[View-exit-and-edit] exit View mode, and make the current buffer editable
even if it was not editable before entry to View mode.
\\[View-quit-all] quit View mode, restoring all windows to previous state.
\\[View-leave] quit View mode and maybe switch buffers, but don't kill this buffer.
\\[View-kill-and-leave] quit View mode, kill current buffer and go back to other buffer.
The effect of \\[View-leave], \\[View-quit] and \\[View-kill-and-leave] depends on how view-mode was entered. If it was
entered by view-file, view-file-other-window, view-file-other-frame, or
\\[dired-view-file] \(\\[view-file], \\[view-file-other-window],
\\[view-file-other-frame], or the Dired mode v command),
then \\[View-quit] will try to kill the current buffer.
If view-mode was entered from another buffer, by \\[view-buffer],
\\[view-buffer-other-window], \\[view-buffer-other frame], \\[view-file],
\\[view-file-other-window], or \\[view-file-other-frame],
then \\[View-leave], \\[View-quit] and \\[View-kill-and-leave] will return to that buffer.
Entry to view-mode runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'."
(interactive "P")
(unless (and arg ; Do nothing if already OK.
(if (> (prefix-numeric-value arg) 0) view-mode (not view-mode)))
(if view-mode (view-mode-disable)
(view-mode-enable))))
(defun view-mode-enable ()
"Turn on View mode."
;; Always leave view mode before changing major mode.
;; This is to guarantee that the buffer-read-only variable is restored.
(add-hook 'change-major-mode-hook 'view-mode-disable nil t)
(setq view-mode t
view-page-size nil
view-half-page-size nil
view-old-buffer-read-only buffer-read-only
buffer-read-only t)
(if (boundp 'Helper-return-blurb)
(setq view-old-Helper-return-blurb (and (boundp 'Helper-return-blurb)
Helper-return-blurb)
Helper-return-blurb
(format "continue viewing %s"
(if (buffer-file-name)
(file-name-nondirectory (buffer-file-name))
(buffer-name)))))
(force-mode-line-update)
(run-hooks 'view-mode-hook))
(defun view-mode-disable ()
"Turn off View mode."
(remove-hook 'change-major-mode-hook 'view-mode-disable t)
(and view-overlay (delete-overlay view-overlay))
(force-mode-line-update)
;; Calling toggle-read-only while View mode is enabled
;; sets view-read-only to t as a buffer-local variable
;; after exiting View mode. That arranges that the next toggle-read-only
;; will reenable View mode.
;; Cancelling View mode in any other way should cancel that, too,
;; so that View mode stays off if toggle-read-only is called.
(if (local-variable-p 'view-read-only)
(kill-local-variable 'view-read-only))
(setq view-mode nil)
(if (boundp 'Helper-return-blurb)
(setq Helper-return-blurb view-old-Helper-return-blurb))
(if buffer-read-only
(setq buffer-read-only view-old-buffer-read-only)))
;;;###autoload
(defun view-return-to-alist-update (buffer &optional item)
"Update `view-return-to-alist' of buffer BUFFER.
Remove from `view-return-to-alist' all entries referencing dead
windows. Optional argument ITEM non-nil means add ITEM to
`view-return-to-alist' after purging. For a decsription of items
that can be added see the RETURN-TO-ALIST argument of the
function `view-mode-exit'. If `view-return-to-alist' contains an
entry for the selected window, purge that entry from
`view-return-to-alist' before adding ITEM."
(with-current-buffer buffer
(when view-return-to-alist
(let* ((list view-return-to-alist)
entry entry-window last)
(while list
(setq entry (car list))
(setq entry-window (car entry))
(if (and (windowp entry-window)
(or (and item (eq entry-window (selected-window)))
(not (window-live-p entry-window))))
;; Remove that entry.
(if last
(setcdr last (cdr list))
(setq view-return-to-alist
(cdr view-return-to-alist)))
;; Leave entry alone.
(setq last entry))
(setq list (cdr list)))))
;; Add ITEM.
(when item
(setq view-return-to-alist
(cons item view-return-to-alist)))))
;;;###autoload
(defun view-mode-enter (&optional return-to exit-action)
"Enter View mode and set up exit from view mode depending on optional arguments.
RETURN-TO non-nil means add RETURN-TO as an element to the buffer
local alist `view-return-to-alist'. Save EXIT-ACTION in buffer
local variable `view-exit-action'. It should be either nil or a
function that takes a buffer as argument. This function will be
called by `view-mode-exit'.
RETURN-TO is either nil, meaning do nothing when exiting view
mode, or must have the format (WINDOW OLD-WINDOW . OLD-BUF-INFO).
WINDOW is the window used for viewing. OLD-WINDOW is nil or the
window to select after viewing. OLD-BUF-INFO tells what to do
with WINDOW when exiting. It is one of:
1) nil Do nothing.
2) t Delete WINDOW or, if it is the only window and
`view-remove-frame-by-deleting' is non-nil, its
frame.
3) (OLD-BUFF START POINT) Display buffer OLD-BUFF with displayed text
starting at START and point at POINT in WINDOW.
4) quit-window Do `quit-window' in WINDOW.
5) keep-frame Like case 2) but do not delete the frame.
For a list of all View commands, type H or h while viewing.
This function runs the normal hook `view-mode-hook'."
(when return-to
(let ((entry (assq (car return-to) view-return-to-alist)))
(if entry
(setcdr entry (cdr return-to))
(setq view-return-to-alist (cons return-to view-return-to-alist)))))
(when exit-action
(setq view-exit-action exit-action))
(unless view-mode
(view-mode-enable)
(force-mode-line-update)
(unless view-inhibit-help-message
(message "%s"
(substitute-command-keys "\
View mode: type \\[help-command] for help, \\[describe-mode] for commands, \\[View-quit] to quit.")))))
(defun view-mode-exit (&optional return-to-alist exit-action all-win)
"Exit View mode in various ways, depending on optional arguments.
RETURN-TO-ALIST, EXIT-ACTION and ALL-WIN determine what to do
after exit. EXIT-ACTION is nil or a function that is called with
current buffer as argument.
RETURN-TO-ALIST is an alist that, for some of the windows
displaying the current buffer, maintains information on what to
do when exiting those windows. If ALL-WIN is non-nil or the
variable `view-exits-all-viewing-windows' is non-nil,
view-mode-exit attempts to restore all windows showing the
current buffer to their old state. Otherwise, only the selected
window is affected (provided it is on RETURN-TO-ALIST).
Elements of RETURN-TO-ALIST must have the format
(WINDOW OLD-WINDOW . OLD-BUF-INFO) where
WINDOW is a window displaying the current buffer and OLD-WINDOW
is either nil or a window to select after viewing. OLD-BUF-INFO
provides information on what to do with WINDOW and may be one of:
1) nil Do nothing.
2) t Delete WINDOW and, if it is the only window and
`view-remove-frame-by-deleting' is non-nil, its
frame.
3) (OLD-BUF START POINT) Display buffer OLD-BUF with displayed text
starting at START and point at POINT in WINDOW.
4) quit-window Do `quit-window' in WINDOW.
5) keep-frame Like case 2) but do not delete the frame.
If one of the WINDOW in RETURN-TO-ALIST is the selected window
and the corresponding OLD-WINDOW is a live window, then select
OLD-WINDOW."
(when view-mode ; Only do something if in view mode.
(setq all-win
(and return-to-alist
(or all-win view-exits-all-viewing-windows)))
(let* ((buffer (current-buffer))
window notlost
(sel-old (assq (selected-window) return-to-alist))
(alist (cond
(all-win ; Try to restore all windows.
(append return-to-alist nil)) ; Copy.
(sel-old ; Only selected window.
(list sel-old))))
(old-window (if sel-old (car (cdr sel-old)))))
(if all-win ; Follow chains of old-windows.
(let ((c (length alist)) a)
(while (and (> c 0) ; Safety if mutually refering windows.
(or (not (window-live-p old-window))
(eq buffer (window-buffer old-window)))
(setq a (assq old-window alist)))
(setq c (1- c))
(setq old-window (car (cdr a))))
(if (or (zerop c) (not (window-live-p old-window)))
(setq old-window (selected-window)))))
(unless view-no-disable-on-exit
(view-mode-disable))
(while alist ; Restore windows with info.
(setq notlost nil)
(when (and (window-live-p (setq window (car (car alist))))
(eq buffer (window-buffer window)))
(let ((frame (window-frame window))
(old-buf-info (cdr (cdr (car alist)))))
(if all-win (select-window window))
(cond
((consp old-buf-info) ; Case 3.
(if (buffer-live-p (car old-buf-info))
(progn
(set-window-buffer window (car old-buf-info)) ; old-buf
(set-window-start window (car (cdr old-buf-info)))
(set-window-point window (car (cdr (cdr old-buf-info)))))
(bury-buffer)))
((eq old-buf-info 'quit-window)
(quit-window)) ; Case 4.
(old-buf-info ; Case 2 or 5.
(cond
((not (one-window-p t)) ; Not only window.
(delete-window))
((eq old-buf-info 'keep-frame) ; Case 5.
(bury-buffer))
((not (eq frame (next-frame))) ; Case 2 and only window.
;; Not the only frame, so can safely be removed.
(if view-remove-frame-by-deleting
(delete-frame frame)
(setq notlost t) ; Keep the window. See below.
(iconify-frame frame))))))))
;; If a frame is removed by iconifying it, the window is not
;; really lost. In this case we keep the entry in
;; `view-return-to-alist' so that if the user deiconifies the
;; frame and then hits q, the frame is iconified again.
(unless notlost
(with-current-buffer buffer
(setq view-return-to-alist
(delete (car alist) view-return-to-alist))))
(setq alist (cdr alist)))
(when (window-live-p old-window)
;; old-window is still alive => select it.
(select-window old-window))
(when exit-action
;; Don't do that: If the user wants to quit the *Help* buffer a
;; second time it won't have any effect.
;;(setq view-exit-action nil)
(funcall exit-action buffer))
(force-mode-line-update))))
(defun View-exit ()
"Exit View mode but stay in current buffer."
(interactive)
(view-mode-exit))
;;;###autoload
(defun View-exit-and-edit ()
"Exit View mode and make the current buffer editable."
(interactive)
(let ((view-old-buffer-read-only nil)
(view-no-disable-on-exit nil))
(view-mode-exit)))
(defun View-leave ()
"Quit View mode and maybe switch buffers, but don't kill this buffer."
(interactive)
(view-mode-exit view-return-to-alist))
(defun View-quit ()
"Quit View mode, trying to restore window and buffer to previous state.
Maybe kill this buffer. Try to restore selected window to previous state
and go to previous buffer or window."
(interactive)
(view-mode-exit view-return-to-alist view-exit-action))
(defun View-quit-all ()
"Quit View mode, trying to restore windows and buffers to previous state.
Maybe kill current buffer. Try to restore all windows viewing buffer to
previous state and go to previous buffer or window."
(interactive)
(view-mode-exit view-return-to-alist view-exit-action t))
(defun View-kill-and-leave ()
"Quit View mode, kill current buffer and return to previous buffer."
(interactive)
(view-mode-exit view-return-to-alist (or view-exit-action 'kill-buffer) t))
;;; Some help routines.
(defun view-window-size ()
;; Return the height of the current window, excluding the mode line.
;; Using `window-line-height' accounts for variable-height fonts.
(let ((h (window-line-height -1)))
(if h
(1+ (nth 1 h))
;; This should not happen, but if `window-line-height' returns
;; nil, fall back on `window-height'.
(1- (window-height)))))
;; (defun view-last-command (&optional who what)
;; (setq view-last-command-entry this-command)
;; (setq view-last-command who)
;; (setq view-last-command-argument what))
;; (defun View-repeat-last-command ()
;; "Repeat last command issued in View mode."
;; (interactive)
;; (if (and view-last-command
;; (eq view-last-command-entry last-command))
;; (funcall view-last-command view-last-command-argument))
;; (setq this-command view-last-command-entry))
(defun view-recenter ()
;; Recenter point in window and redisplay normally.
(recenter '(1)))
(defun view-page-size-default (lines)
;; If LINES is nil, 0, or larger than `view-window-size', return nil.
;; Otherwise, return LINES.
(and lines
(not (zerop (setq lines (prefix-numeric-value lines))))
(<= (abs lines)
(abs (- (view-window-size) next-screen-context-lines)))
(abs lines)))
(defun view-set-half-page-size-default (lines)
;; Get and maybe set half page size.
(if (not lines) (or view-half-page-size
(/ (view-window-size) 2))
(setq view-half-page-size
(if (zerop (setq lines (prefix-numeric-value lines)))
(/ (view-window-size) 2)
(view-page-size-default lines)))))
;;; Commands for moving around in the buffer.
(defun View-goto-percent (&optional percent)
"Move to end (or prefix PERCENT) of buffer in View mode.
Display is centered at point.
Also set the mark at the position where point was."
(interactive "P")
(push-mark)
(goto-char
(if percent
(+ (point-min)
(floor (* (- (point-max) (point-min)) 0.01
(max 0 (min 100 (prefix-numeric-value percent))))))
(point-max)))
(view-recenter))
;; (defun View-goto-line-last (&optional line)
;; "Move to last (or prefix LINE) line in View mode.
;; Display is centered at LINE.
;; Sets mark at starting position and pushes mark ring."
;; (interactive "P")
;; (push-mark)
;; (if line (goto-line (prefix-numeric-value line))
;; (goto-char (point-max))
;; (beginning-of-line))
;; (view-recenter))
(defun View-goto-line (&optional line)
"Move to first (or prefix LINE) line in View mode.
Display is centered at LINE.
Also set the mark at the position where point was."
(interactive "p")
(push-mark)
(goto-char (point-min))
(forward-line (1- line))
(view-recenter))
(defun View-back-to-mark (&optional ignore)
"Return to last mark set in View mode, else beginning of file.
Display that line at the center of the window.
This command pops the mark ring, so that successive
invocations return to earlier marks."
(interactive)
(goto-char (or (mark t) (point-min)))
(pop-mark)
(view-recenter))
(defun view-scroll-lines (lines backward default maxdefault)
;; This function does the job for all the scrolling commands.
;; Scroll forward LINES lines. If BACKWARD is non-nil, scroll backwards.
;; If LINES is negative scroll in the other direction.
;; If LINES is 0 or nil, scroll DEFAULT lines (if DEFAULT is nil, scroll
;; by one page). If MAXDEFAULT is non-nil, scroll no more than a window.
(if (or (null lines) (zerop (setq lines (prefix-numeric-value lines))))
(setq lines default))
(when (and lines (< lines 0))
(setq backward (not backward) lines (- lines)))
(when (and maxdefault lines (> lines (view-window-size)))
(setq lines nil))
(cond (backward (scroll-down lines))
((view-really-at-end)
(if view-scroll-auto-exit
(View-quit)
(ding)
(view-end-message)))
(t (scroll-up lines)
(if (view-really-at-end) (view-end-message)))))
(defun view-really-at-end ()
;; Return true if buffer end visible. Maybe revert buffer and test.
(and (pos-visible-in-window-p (point-max))
(let ((buf (current-buffer))
(bufname (buffer-name))
(file (buffer-file-name)))
(or (not view-try-extend-at-buffer-end)
(null file)
(verify-visited-file-modtime buf)
(not (file-exists-p file))
(when (buffer-modified-p buf)
(setq file (file-name-nondirectory file))
(not (yes-or-no-p
(format
"File %s changed on disk. Discard your edits%s? "
file
(if (string= bufname file) ""
(concat " in " bufname))))))
(progn
(revert-buffer t t t)
(pos-visible-in-window-p (point-max)))))))
(defun view-end-message ()
;; Tell that we are at end of buffer.
(goto-char (point-max))
(if view-return-to-alist
(message "End of buffer. Type %s to quit viewing."
(substitute-command-keys
(if view-scroll-auto-exit "\\[View-scroll-page-forward]"
"\\[View-quit]")))
(message "End of buffer")))
(defun View-scroll-to-buffer-end ()
"Scroll backward or forward so that buffer end is at last line of window."
(interactive)
(let ((p (if (pos-visible-in-window-p (point-max)) (point))))
(goto-char (point-max))
(recenter -1)
(and p (goto-char p))))
(defun View-scroll-page-forward (&optional lines)
"Scroll \"page size\" or prefix LINES lines forward in View mode.
Exit if end of text is visible and `view-scroll-auto-exit' is non-nil.
\"page size\" is whole window full, or number of lines set by
\\[View-scroll-page-forward-set-page-size] or
\\[View-scroll-page-backward-set-page-size].
If LINES is more than a window-full, only the last window-full is shown."
(interactive "P")
(view-scroll-lines lines nil (view-page-size-default view-page-size) nil))
(defun View-scroll-page-backward (&optional lines)
"Scroll \"page size\" or prefix LINES lines backward in View mode.
See also `View-scroll-page-forward'."
(interactive "P")
(view-scroll-lines lines t (view-page-size-default view-page-size) nil))
(defun View-scroll-page-forward-set-page-size (&optional lines)
"Scroll forward LINES lines in View mode, setting the \"page size\".
This is the number of lines which \\[View-scroll-page-forward] and
\\[View-scroll-page-backward] scroll by default.
If LINES is omitted or = 0, sets \"page size\" to window height and
scrolls forward that much, otherwise scrolls forward LINES lines and sets
\"page size\" to the minimum of window height and the absolute value of LINES.
See also `View-scroll-page-forward'."
(interactive "P")
(view-scroll-lines lines nil
(setq view-page-size (view-page-size-default lines))
nil))
(defun View-scroll-page-backward-set-page-size (&optional lines)
"Scroll backward prefix LINES lines in View mode, setting the \"page size\".
See also `View-scroll-page-forward-set-page-size'."
(interactive "P")
(view-scroll-lines lines t
(setq view-page-size (view-page-size-default lines))
nil))
(defun View-scroll-line-forward (&optional lines)
"Scroll forward one line (or prefix LINES lines) in View mode.
See also `View-scroll-page-forward', but note that scrolling is limited
to minimum of LINES and one window-full."
(interactive "P")
(view-scroll-lines lines nil 1 t))
(defun View-scroll-line-backward (&optional lines)
"Scroll backward one line (or prefix LINES lines) in View mode.
See also `View-scroll-line-forward'."
(interactive "P")
(view-scroll-lines lines t 1 t))
(defun View-scroll-half-page-forward (&optional lines)
"Scroll forward a \"half page\" (or prefix LINES) lines in View mode.
If LINES is not omitted, the \"half page size\" is set to the minimum of
window height and the absolute value of LINES.
LINES=0 resets \"half page size\" to half window height."
(interactive "P")
(view-scroll-lines lines nil (view-set-half-page-size-default lines) t))
(defun View-scroll-half-page-backward (&optional lines)
"Scroll backward a \"half page\" (or prefix LINES) lines in View mode.
See also `View-scroll-half-page-forward'."
(interactive "P")
(view-scroll-lines lines t (view-set-half-page-size-default lines) t))
(defun View-revert-buffer-scroll-page-forward (&optional lines)
"Scroll forward, reverting buffer if needed, in View mode.
If buffer has not been changed and the corresponding file is newer, first
revert the buffer, then scroll.
This command is useful if you are viewing a changing file.
The prefix argument LINES says how many lines to scroll.
If you don't specify a prefix argument, it uses the number of lines set by
\\[View-scroll-page-forward-set-page-size] or
\\[View-scroll-page-backward-set-page-size].
If LINES is more than a window-full, only the last window-full is shown."
(interactive "P")
(let ((view-scroll-auto-exit nil)
(view-try-extend-at-buffer-end t))
(view-scroll-lines lines nil (view-page-size-default view-page-size) nil)))
(defun View-search-regexp-forward (n regexp)
"Search forward for first (or prefix Nth) occurrence of REGEXP in View mode.
Displays line found at center of window. Sets mark at starting position and
pushes mark ring.
Characters @ and ! are special at the beginning of REGEXP. They modify
the search rather than become part of the pattern searched for.
@ means search all the buffer i.e. start search at the beginning of buffer.
! means search for a line that contains no match for the pattern.
If REGEXP is empty or only consist of these control characters, then
an earlier remembered REGEXP is used, otherwise REGEXP is remembered
for use by later search commands.
The variable `view-highlight-face' controls the face that is used
for highlighting the match that is found."
(interactive "p\nsSearch forward (regexp): ")
(view-search n regexp))
(defun View-search-regexp-backward (n regexp)
"Search backward for first (or prefix Nth) occurrence of REGEXP in View mode.
Displays line found at center of window. Sets mark at starting position and
pushes mark ring.
Characters @ and ! are special at the beginning of REGEXP. They modify
the search rather than become part of the pattern searched for.
@ means search all the buffer i.e. start search at the end of buffer.
! means search for a line that contains no match for the pattern.
If REGEXP is empty or only consist of these control characters, then
an earlier remembered REGEXP is used, otherwise REGEXP is remembered
for use by later search commands.
The variable `view-highlight-face' controls the face that is used
for highlighting the match that is found."
(interactive "p\nsSearch backward (regexp): ")
(view-search (- n) regexp))
(defun View-search-last-regexp-forward (n) "\
Search forward for first (or prefix Nth) instance of last regexp in View mode.
Displays line found at center of window. Sets mark at starting position and
pushes mark ring.
The variable `view-highlight-face' controls the face that is used
for highlighting the match that is found."
(interactive "p")
(view-search n nil))
(defun View-search-last-regexp-backward (n) "\
Search backward for first (or prefix Nth) instance of last regexp in View mode.
Displays line found at center of window. Sets mark at starting position and
pushes mark ring.
The variable `view-highlight-face' controls the face that is used
for highlighting the match that is found."
(interactive "p")
(view-search (- n) nil))
(defun view-search (times regexp)
;; This function does the job for all the View-search- commands.
;; Search for the TIMESt match for REGEXP. If TIMES is negative
;; search backwards. If REGEXP is nil use `view-last-regexp'.
;; Characters "!" and "@" have a special meaning at the beginning of
;; REGEXP and are removed from REGEXP before the search "!" means
;; search for lines with no match for REGEXP. "@" means search in
;; the whole buffer, don't start searching from the present point.
(let (where no end ln)
(cond
((and regexp (> (length regexp) 0)
(or (not (memq (string-to-char regexp) '(?! ?@)))
(progn
(if (member (substring regexp 0 2) '("!@" "@!"))
(setq end t no t ln 2)
(setq no (not (setq end (eq ?@ (string-to-char regexp))))
ln 1))
(> (length (setq regexp (substring regexp ln))) 0))))
(setq view-last-regexp (if no (list regexp) regexp)))
((consp view-last-regexp)
(setq regexp (car view-last-regexp))
(unless (setq no (not no)) (setq view-last-regexp regexp)))
(view-last-regexp (setq regexp view-last-regexp)
(if no (setq view-last-regexp (list regexp))))
(t (error "No previous View-mode search")))
(save-excursion
(if end (goto-char (if (< times 0) (point-max) (point-min)))
(move-to-window-line (if (< times 0) 0 -1)))
(if (if no (view-search-no-match-lines times regexp)
(re-search-forward regexp nil t times))
(setq where (point))))
(if where
(progn
(push-mark)
(goto-char where)
(if view-overlay
(move-overlay view-overlay (match-beginning 0) (match-end 0))
(setq view-overlay
(make-overlay (match-beginning 0) (match-end 0))))
(overlay-put view-overlay 'face view-highlight-face)
(beginning-of-line)
(view-recenter))
(message "Can't find occurrence %d of %s%s"
times (if no "no " "") regexp)
(sit-for 4))))
;; This is the dumb approach, looking at each line. The original
;; version of this function looked like it might have been trying to
;; do something clever, but not succeeding:
;; http://lists.gnu.org/archive/html/bug-gnu-emacs/2007-09/msg00073.html
(defun view-search-no-match-lines (times regexp)
"Search for the TIMESth occurrence of a line with no match for REGEXP.
If such a line is found, return non-nil and set the match-data to that line.
If TIMES is negative, search backwards."
(let ((step (if (>= times 0) 1
(setq times (- times))
-1)))
;; Note that we do not check the current line.
(while (and (> times 0)
(zerop (forward-line step)))
;; (forward-line 1) returns 0 on moving within the last line.
(if (eobp)
(setq times -1)
(or (re-search-forward regexp (line-end-position) t)
(setq times (1- times))))))
(and (zerop times)
(looking-at ".*")))
(provide 'view)
;; arch-tag: 6d0ace36-1d12-4de3-8de3-1fa3231636d7
;;; view.el ends here
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.