Skip to content
master
Switch branches/tags
Code

Latest commit

 

Git stats

Files

Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
Type
Name
Latest commit message
Commit time
lib
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

UltraMarathon

Build Status

Fault tolerant platform for long running jobs.

Usage

gem install ultra_marathon

or with bundler:

gem 'ultra_marathon'

The UltraMarathon::AbstractRunner class itself provides the functionality for running complex jobs. It is best inheirited to fully customize.

DSL

A simple DSL, currently consisting of only the run command, are used to specify independent chunks of work. The first argument is the name of the run block. Omitted, this defaults to ':main', though names must be unique within a given Runner. E.g. for a runner with N run blocks, N - 1 must be manually named.

class MailRunner < UltraMarathon::AbstractRunner

  # :main run block
  run do
    raise 'boom'
  end

  # :eat run block
  # Must be named because there is already a :main block (one without
  # a name explicitly defined)
  run :eat do
    add_butter
    add_syrup
    eat!
  end

  # Will throw an error, since the first runner is implicitly named :main
  run :main do
    puts 'nope nope nope!'
  end

  # Omitted for brevity
  def add_butter; end
  def add_syrup; end
  def eat!; end

end

# Run the runner:
MailRunner.run!

Note that, while the run blocks are defined in the context of the class, they will be run within an individual instance. Any methods should be defined as instance methods.

In this instance, the eat run block will still run even if the main block is executed first. Errors are caught — though they can be evaluated using the on_error callback, detailed below — and the runner will attempt to complete as many run blocks as it is able.

Dependencies

Independent blocks are not guaranteed to run in any order, unless specifying dependents using the :requires option.

class WalrusRunner < UltraMarathon::AbstractRunner

  run :bubbles, requires: [:don_scuba_gear] do
    obtain_bubbles
  end

  run :don_scuba_gear do
    aquire_snorkel
    wear_flippers_on_flippers
  end

end

In this instance, bubbles will not be run until don_scuba_gear successfully finishes. If don_scuba_gear explicitly fails, such as by raising an error, bubbles will never be run.

Collections

Sometimes you want to run a given run block once for each of a given set. Just pass the :collection option and all of your dreams will come true. Each iteration will be passed one item along with the index.

class RangeRunner < UltraMarathon::AbstractRunner

  run :counting!, collection: (1..100) do |number, index|
    if index == 0
      puts "We start with #{number}"
    else
      puts "And then comes #{number}"
    end
  end

end

The only requirement is that the :collection option responds to #each. But what if it doesn't? Just pass in the :iterator option! This option was added specifically for Rails ActiveRecord::Association instances that can fetch in batches using :find_each

# Crow inherits from ActiveRecord::Base

class MurderRunner < UltraMarathon::AbstractRunner

  run :coming_of_age, collection: :crows_to_bless, iterator: :find_each do |youngster_crow|
    youngster_crow.update_attribute(blessed: true)
  end
  
  def crows_to_bless
    Crow.unblessed.where(age: 10)
  end

end

Threading

Passing threaded: true will run that run block in its own thread. This is particularly useful for collections or run blocks which contain external API calls, hit a database, or any other candidate for concurrency.

class NapRunner < UltraMarathon::AbstractRunner
  run :mass_nap, collection: (1..100), threaded: true do
    sleep(0.01)
  end
end

Example

As we will see in the example below, for longer-running processes that Ruby can run concurrently, threading is a muy bueno idea.

require 'benchmark'
require 'ultra_marathon'

class ThreadedNapRunner < UltraMarathon::AbstractRunner
  run_collection :mass_nap, items: (1..100), threaded: true do |n|
    sleep(1)
  end
end

class UnthreadedNapRunner < UltraMarathon::AbstractRunner
  run_collection :mass_nap, items: (1..100), threaded: false do |n|
    sleep(1)
  end
end

Benchmark.bmbm do |reporter|
  reporter.report(:threaded) { ThreadedNapRunner.new.run! }
  reporter.report(:unthreaded) { UnthreadedNapRunner.new.run! }
end

# Rehearsal ----------------------------------------------
# threaded     1.270000   0.080000   1.350000 (  1.346384)
# unthreaded   0.060000   0.010000   0.070000 (100.141031)
# ------------------------------------- total: 1.420000sec
#
#                  user     system      total        real
# threaded     1.320000   0.060000   1.380000 (  1.377940)
# unthreaded   0.060000   0.000000   0.060000 (100.128980)

Note, however, that threading is not free. In the final benchmark, we would expect a runtime of ~1 second but saw over a third of a second slower. If we run the same test with a run block of (n * 10_000).times { 'derp' }, for example, the unthreaded version is about 10% faster.

tl;dr don't thread because it sounds cool. Use it when you need it.

Callbacks

UltraMarathon::AbstractRunner includes numerous life-cycle callbacks for tangential code execution. Callbacks may be either callable objects (procs/lambdas) or symbols of methods defined on the runner.

The basic flow of execution is as follows:

  • before_run
  • (run!)
    • on_error
  • after_run
  • (reset)
  • on_reset

If there is an error raised in any run block, any on_error callbacks will be invoked, passing in the error if the callback takes arguments.

class NewsRunner < UltraMarathon::AbstractRunner
  before_run :fetch_new_yorker_stories
  after_run :get_learning_on
  on_error :contemplate_existence

  run do
    NewYorker.fetch_rss_feed!
  end

  private

  def contemplate_existence(error)
    if error.is_a? HighBrowError
      puts 'Not cultured enough to understand :('
    else
      puts "Error: #{error.message}"
    end
  end

end

Options

Callbacks can, additionally, take a hash of options. Currently :if and :unless are supported. They too can be callable objects or symbols.

class MercurialRunner < UltraMarathon::AbstractRunner
  after_run :celebrate, :if => :success?
  after_run :cry, unless: ->{ success? }

  run do
    raise 'hell' if rand(2) % 2 == 0
  end

end

Instrumentation

The entire run! is instrumented and logged automatically. Additionally, individual run blocks are instrumented and logged by default.

You can also choose to not instrument a block:

run :embarrassingly_slowly, instrument: false do
  sleep(rand(10))
end

Success, Failure, and Reseting

If any part of a runner fails, either by raising an error or explicitly setting self.success = false, the entire run will be considered a failure. Any run blocks which rely on an unsuccessful run block will also be considered failed.

A failed runner can be reset, which essentially changes the failed runners to being unrun and returns the success flag to true. Runners that have been successfully run will not be rerun, though any failed dependencies will.

The runner will then execute any on_reset callbacks before returning itself.

class WatRunner < UltraMarathon::AbstractRunner
  after_reset ->{ $global_variable = 42 }
  after_run ->{ puts 'all is well in the universe'}
  run do
    unless $global_variable == 42
      puts 'wrong!'
      raise 'boom'
    end
  end

end

WatRunner.run!.reset.run!
#=> wrong
#=> all is well in the universe

About

Long Running Jobs

Resources

License

Stars

Watchers

Forks

Releases

No releases published

Packages

No packages published

Languages