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# -*- test-case-name: twisted.test.test_logfile -*-
# Copyright (c) 2001-2007 Twisted Matrix Laboratories.
# See LICENSE for details.
"""
A rotating, browsable log file.
"""
# System Imports
import os, glob, time, stat
from twisted.python import threadable
class BaseLogFile:
"""
The base class for a log file that can be rotated.
"""
synchronized = ["write", "rotate"]
def __init__(self, name, directory, defaultMode=None):
"""
Create a log file.
@param name: name of the file
@param directory: directory holding the file
@param defaultMode: permissions used to create the file. Default to
current permissions of the file if the file exists.
"""
self.directory = directory
assert os.path.isdir(self.directory)
self.name = name
self.path = os.path.join(directory, name)
if defaultMode is None and os.path.exists(self.path):
self.defaultMode = stat.S_IMODE(os.stat(self.path)[stat.ST_MODE])
else:
self.defaultMode = defaultMode
self._openFile()
def fromFullPath(cls, filename, *args, **kwargs):
"""
Construct a log file from a full file path.
"""
logPath = os.path.abspath(filename)
return cls(os.path.basename(logPath),
os.path.dirname(logPath), *args, **kwargs)
fromFullPath = classmethod(fromFullPath)
def shouldRotate(self):
"""
Override with a method to that returns true if the log
should be rotated.
"""
raise NotImplementedError
def _openFile(self):
"""
Open the log file.
"""
self.closed = False
if os.path.exists(self.path):
self._file = file(self.path, "r+", 1)
self._file.seek(0, 2)
else:
if self.defaultMode is not None:
# Set the lowest permissions
oldUmask = os.umask(0777)
try:
self._file = file(self.path, "w+", 1)
finally:
os.umask(oldUmask)
else:
self._file = file(self.path, "w+", 1)
if self.defaultMode is not None:
try:
os.chmod(self.path, self.defaultMode)
except OSError:
# Probably /dev/null or something?
pass
def __getstate__(self):
state = self.__dict__.copy()
del state["_file"]
return state
def __setstate__(self, state):
self.__dict__ = state
self._openFile()
def write(self, data):
"""
Write some data to the file.
"""
if self.shouldRotate():
self.flush()
self.rotate()
self._file.write(data)
def flush(self):
"""
Flush the file.
"""
self._file.flush()
def close(self):
"""
Close the file.
The file cannot be used once it has been closed.
"""
self.closed = True
self._file.close()
self._file = None
def getCurrentLog(self):
"""
Return a LogReader for the current log file.
"""
return LogReader(self.path)
class LogFile(BaseLogFile):
"""
A log file that can be rotated.
A rotateLength of None disables automatic log rotation.
"""
def __init__(self, name, directory, rotateLength=1000000, defaultMode=None,
maxRotatedFiles=None):
"""
Create a log file rotating on length.
@param name: file name.
@type name: C{str}
@param directory: path of the log file.
@type directory: C{str}
@param rotateLength: size of the log file where it rotates. Default to
1M.
@type rotateLength: C{int}
@param defaultMode: mode used to create the file.
@type defaultMode: C{int}
@param maxRotatedFiles: if not None, max number of log files the class
creates. Warning: it removes all log files above this number.
@type maxRotatedFiles: C{int}
"""
BaseLogFile.__init__(self, name, directory, defaultMode)
self.rotateLength = rotateLength
self.maxRotatedFiles = maxRotatedFiles
def _openFile(self):
BaseLogFile._openFile(self)
self.size = self._file.tell()
def shouldRotate(self):
"""
Rotate when the log file size is larger than rotateLength.
"""
return self.rotateLength and self.size >= self.rotateLength
def getLog(self, identifier):
"""
Given an integer, return a LogReader for an old log file.
"""
filename = "%s.%d" % (self.path, identifier)
if not os.path.exists(filename):
raise ValueError, "no such logfile exists"
return LogReader(filename)
def write(self, data):
"""
Write some data to the file.
"""
BaseLogFile.write(self, data)
self.size += len(data)
def rotate(self):
"""
Rotate the file and create a new one.
If it's not possible to open new logfile, this will fail silently,
and continue logging to old logfile.
"""
if not (os.access(self.directory, os.W_OK) and os.access(self.path, os.W_OK)):
return
logs = self.listLogs()
logs.reverse()
for i in logs:
if self.maxRotatedFiles is not None and i >= self.maxRotatedFiles:
os.remove("%s.%d" % (self.path, i))
else:
os.rename("%s.%d" % (self.path, i), "%s.%d" % (self.path, i + 1))
self._file.close()
os.rename(self.path, "%s.1" % self.path)
self._openFile()
def listLogs(self):
"""
Return sorted list of integers - the old logs' identifiers.
"""
result = []
for name in glob.glob("%s.*" % self.path):
try:
counter = int(name.split('.')[-1])
if counter:
result.append(counter)
except ValueError:
pass
result.sort()
return result
def __getstate__(self):
state = BaseLogFile.__getstate__(self)
del state["size"]
return state
threadable.synchronize(LogFile)
class DailyLogFile(BaseLogFile):
"""A log file that is rotated daily (at or after midnight localtime)
"""
def _openFile(self):
BaseLogFile._openFile(self)
self.lastDate = self.toDate(os.stat(self.path)[8])
def shouldRotate(self):
"""Rotate when the date has changed since last write"""
return self.toDate() > self.lastDate
def toDate(self, *args):
"""Convert a unixtime to (year, month, day) localtime tuple,
or return the current (year, month, day) localtime tuple.
This function primarily exists so you may overload it with
gmtime, or some cruft to make unit testing possible.
"""
# primarily so this can be unit tested easily
return time.localtime(*args)[:3]
def suffix(self, tupledate):
"""Return the suffix given a (year, month, day) tuple or unixtime"""
try:
return '_'.join(map(str, tupledate))
except:
# try taking a float unixtime
return '_'.join(map(str, self.toDate(tupledate)))
def getLog(self, identifier):
"""Given a unix time, return a LogReader for an old log file."""
if self.toDate(identifier) == self.lastDate:
return self.getCurrentLog()
filename = "%s.%s" % (self.path, self.suffix(identifier))
if not os.path.exists(filename):
raise ValueError, "no such logfile exists"
return LogReader(filename)
def write(self, data):
"""Write some data to the log file"""
BaseLogFile.write(self, data)
# Guard against a corner case where time.time()
# could potentially run backwards to yesterday.
# Primarily due to network time.
self.lastDate = max(self.lastDate, self.toDate())
def rotate(self):
"""Rotate the file and create a new one.
If it's not possible to open new logfile, this will fail silently,
and continue logging to old logfile.
"""
if not (os.access(self.directory, os.W_OK) and os.access(self.path, os.W_OK)):
return
newpath = "%s.%s" % (self.path, self.suffix(self.lastDate))
if os.path.exists(newpath):
return
self._file.close()
os.rename(self.path, newpath)
self._openFile()
def __getstate__(self):
state = BaseLogFile.__getstate__(self)
del state["lastDate"]
return state
threadable.synchronize(DailyLogFile)
class LogReader:
"""Read from a log file."""
def __init__(self, name):
self._file = file(name, "r")
def readLines(self, lines=10):
"""Read a list of lines from the log file.
This doesn't returns all of the files lines - call it multiple times.
"""
result = []
for i in range(lines):
line = self._file.readline()
if not line:
break
result.append(line)
return result
def close(self):
self._file.close()