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// Copyright (c) 2016 Uber Technologies, Inc.
//
// Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
// of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
// in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
// to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
// copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
// furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
//
// The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
// all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
//
// THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
// IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
// AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
// LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
// OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
// THE SOFTWARE.
package zap
import (
"sort"
"time"
"go.uber.org/zap/zapcore"
)
// SamplingConfig sets a sampling strategy for the logger. Sampling caps the
// global CPU and I/O load that logging puts on your process while attempting
// to preserve a representative subset of your logs.
//
// Values configured here are per-second. See zapcore.NewSampler for details.
type SamplingConfig struct {
Initial int `json:"initial" yaml:"initial"`
Thereafter int `json:"thereafter" yaml:"thereafter"`
}
// Config offers a declarative way to construct a logger. It doesn't do
// anything that can't be done with New, Options, and the various
// zapcore.WriteSyncer and zapcore.Core wrappers, but it's a simpler way to
// toggle common options.
//
// Note that Config intentionally supports only the most common options. More
// unusual logging setups (logging to network connections or message queues,
// splitting output between multiple files, etc.) are possible, but require
// direct use of the zapcore package. For sample code, see the package-level
// BasicConfiguration and AdvancedConfiguration examples.
//
// For an example showing runtime log level changes, see the documentation for
// AtomicLevel.
type Config struct {
// Level is the minimum enabled logging level. Note that this is a dynamic
// level, so calling Config.Level.SetLevel will atomically change the log
// level of all loggers descended from this config.
Level AtomicLevel `json:"level" yaml:"level"`
// Development puts the logger in development mode, which changes the
// behavior of DPanicLevel and takes stacktraces more liberally.
Development bool `json:"development" yaml:"development"`
// DisableCaller stops annotating logs with the calling function's file
// name and line number. By default, all logs are annotated.
DisableCaller bool `json:"disableCaller" yaml:"disableCaller"`
// DisableStacktrace completely disables automatic stacktrace capturing. By
// default, stacktraces are captured for WarnLevel and above logs in
// development and ErrorLevel and above in production.
DisableStacktrace bool `json:"disableStacktrace" yaml:"disableStacktrace"`
// Sampling sets a sampling policy. A nil SamplingConfig disables sampling.
Sampling *SamplingConfig `json:"sampling" yaml:"sampling"`
// Encoding sets the logger's encoding. Valid values are "json" and
// "console", as well as any third-party encodings registered via
// RegisterEncoder.
Encoding string `json:"encoding" yaml:"encoding"`
// EncoderConfig sets options for the chosen encoder. See
// zapcore.EncoderConfig for details.
EncoderConfig zapcore.EncoderConfig `json:"encoderConfig" yaml:"encoderConfig"`
// OutputPaths is a list of URLs or file paths to write logging output to.
// See Open for details.
OutputPaths []string `json:"outputPaths" yaml:"outputPaths"`
// ErrorOutputPaths is a list of URLs to write internal logger errors to.
// The default is standard error.
//
// Note that this setting only affects internal errors; for sample code that
// sends error-level logs to a different location from info- and debug-level
// logs, see the package-level AdvancedConfiguration example.
ErrorOutputPaths []string `json:"errorOutputPaths" yaml:"errorOutputPaths"`
// InitialFields is a collection of fields to add to the root logger.
InitialFields map[string]interface{} `json:"initialFields" yaml:"initialFields"`
}
// NewProductionEncoderConfig returns an opinionated EncoderConfig for
// production environments.
func NewProductionEncoderConfig() zapcore.EncoderConfig {
return zapcore.EncoderConfig{
TimeKey: "ts",
LevelKey: "level",
NameKey: "logger",
CallerKey: "caller",
MessageKey: "msg",
StacktraceKey: "stacktrace",
LineEnding: zapcore.DefaultLineEnding,
EncodeLevel: zapcore.LowercaseLevelEncoder,
EncodeTime: zapcore.EpochTimeEncoder,
EncodeDuration: zapcore.SecondsDurationEncoder,
EncodeCaller: zapcore.ShortCallerEncoder,
}
}
// NewProductionConfig is a reasonable production logging configuration.
// Logging is enabled at InfoLevel and above.
//
// It uses a JSON encoder, writes to standard error, and enables sampling.
// Stacktraces are automatically included on logs of ErrorLevel and above.
func NewProductionConfig() Config {
return Config{
Level: NewAtomicLevelAt(InfoLevel),
Development: false,
Sampling: &SamplingConfig{
Initial: 100,
Thereafter: 100,
},
Encoding: "json",
EncoderConfig: NewProductionEncoderConfig(),
OutputPaths: []string{"stderr"},
ErrorOutputPaths: []string{"stderr"},
}
}
// NewDevelopmentEncoderConfig returns an opinionated EncoderConfig for
// development environments.
func NewDevelopmentEncoderConfig() zapcore.EncoderConfig {
return zapcore.EncoderConfig{
// Keys can be anything except the empty string.
TimeKey: "T",
LevelKey: "L",
NameKey: "N",
CallerKey: "C",
MessageKey: "M",
StacktraceKey: "S",
LineEnding: zapcore.DefaultLineEnding,
EncodeLevel: zapcore.CapitalLevelEncoder,
EncodeTime: zapcore.ISO8601TimeEncoder,
EncodeDuration: zapcore.StringDurationEncoder,
EncodeCaller: zapcore.ShortCallerEncoder,
}
}
// NewDevelopmentConfig is a reasonable development logging configuration.
// Logging is enabled at DebugLevel and above.
//
// It enables development mode (which makes DPanicLevel logs panic), uses a
// console encoder, writes to standard error, and disables sampling.
// Stacktraces are automatically included on logs of WarnLevel and above.
func NewDevelopmentConfig() Config {
return Config{
Level: NewAtomicLevelAt(DebugLevel),
Development: true,
Encoding: "console",
EncoderConfig: NewDevelopmentEncoderConfig(),
OutputPaths: []string{"stderr"},
ErrorOutputPaths: []string{"stderr"},
}
}
// Build constructs a logger from the Config and Options.
func (cfg Config) Build(opts ...Option) (*Logger, error) {
enc, err := cfg.buildEncoder()
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
sink, errSink, err := cfg.openSinks()
if err != nil {
return nil, err
}
log := New(
zapcore.NewCore(enc, sink, cfg.Level),
cfg.buildOptions(errSink)...,
)
if len(opts) > 0 {
log = log.WithOptions(opts...)
}
return log, nil
}
func (cfg Config) buildOptions(errSink zapcore.WriteSyncer) []Option {
opts := []Option{ErrorOutput(errSink)}
if cfg.Development {
opts = append(opts, Development())
}
if !cfg.DisableCaller {
opts = append(opts, AddCaller())
}
stackLevel := ErrorLevel
if cfg.Development {
stackLevel = WarnLevel
}
if !cfg.DisableStacktrace {
opts = append(opts, AddStacktrace(stackLevel))
}
if cfg.Sampling != nil {
opts = append(opts, WrapCore(func(core zapcore.Core) zapcore.Core {
return zapcore.NewSampler(core, time.Second, int(cfg.Sampling.Initial), int(cfg.Sampling.Thereafter))
}))
}
if len(cfg.InitialFields) > 0 {
fs := make([]Field, 0, len(cfg.InitialFields))
keys := make([]string, 0, len(cfg.InitialFields))
for k := range cfg.InitialFields {
keys = append(keys, k)
}
sort.Strings(keys)
for _, k := range keys {
fs = append(fs, Any(k, cfg.InitialFields[k]))
}
opts = append(opts, Fields(fs...))
}
return opts
}
func (cfg Config) openSinks() (zapcore.WriteSyncer, zapcore.WriteSyncer, error) {
sink, closeOut, err := Open(cfg.OutputPaths...)
if err != nil {
return nil, nil, err
}
errSink, _, err := Open(cfg.ErrorOutputPaths...)
if err != nil {
closeOut()
return nil, nil, err
}
return sink, errSink, nil
}
func (cfg Config) buildEncoder() (zapcore.Encoder, error) {
return newEncoder(cfg.Encoding, cfg.EncoderConfig)
}