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h3-js provides a JavaScript version of H3, a hexagon-based geospatial indexing system.
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README.md

h3-js

H3 Version Build Status Coverage Status

The h3-js library provides a pure-JavaScript version of the H3 Core Library, a hexagon-based geographic grid system. It can be used either in Node >= 4 or in the browser. The core library is transpiled from C using emscripten, offering full parity with the C API and highly efficient operations.

For more information on H3 and for the full API documentation, please see the H3 Documentation.

Install

npm install h3-js

Usage

The library uses CommonJS modules. It can run natively in Node, but will require a bundler like Browserify or Webpack for use in the browser.

Core functions

const h3 = require("h3-js");

// Convert a lat/lng point to a hexagon index at resolution 7
const h3Index = h3.geoToH3(37.3615593, -122.0553238, 7);
// -> '87283472bffffff'

// Get the center of the hexagon
const hexCenterCoordinates = h3.h3ToGeo(h3Index);
// -> [37.35171820183272, -122.05032565263946]

// Get the vertices of the hexagon
const hexBoundary = h3.h3ToGeoBoundary(h3Index);
// -> [ [37.341099093235684, -122.04156135164334 ], ...]

Useful algorithms

// Get all neighbors within 1 step of the hexagon
const kRing = h3.kRing(h3Index, 1);
// -> ['87283472bffffff', '87283472affffff', ...]

// Get the set of hexagons within a polygon
const polygon = [
    [37.813318999983238, -122.4089866999972145],
    [37.7198061999978478, -122.3544736999993603],
    [37.8151571999998453, -122.4798767000009008]
];
const hexagons = h3.polyfill(polygon, 7);
// -> ['872830828ffffff', '87283082effffff', ...]

// Get the outline of a set of hexagons, as a GeoJSON-style MultiPolygon
const coordinates = h3.h3SetToMultiPolygon(hexagons, true);
// -> [[[
//      [-122.37681938644465, 37.76546768434345],
//      [-122.3856345540363,37.776004200673846],
//      ...
//    ]]]

API Reference

h3


h3.h3IsValid(h3Index) ⇒ Boolean

Whether a given string represents a valid H3 index

Returns: Boolean - Whether the index is valid

Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index to check

h3.h3IsPentagon(h3Index) ⇒ Boolean

Whether the given H3 index is a pentagon

Returns: Boolean - isPentagon

Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index to check

h3.h3IsResClassIII(h3Index) ⇒ Boolean

Whether the given H3 index is in a Class III resolution (rotated versus the icosahedron and subject to shape distortion adding extra points on icosahedron edges, making them not true hexagons).

Returns: Boolean - isResClassIII

Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index to check

h3.h3GetBaseCell(h3Index) ⇒ Number

Get the number of the base cell for a given H3 index

Returns: Number - Index of the base cell (0-121)

Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index to get the base cell for

h3.h3GetResolution(h3Index) ⇒ Number

Returns the resolution of an H3 index

Returns: Number - The number (0-15) resolution, or -1 if invalid

Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index to get resolution

h3.geoToH3(lat, lng, res) ⇒ H3Index

Get the hexagon containing a lat,lon point

Returns: H3Index - H3 index

Param Type Description
lat Number Latitude of point
lng Number Longtitude of point
res Number Resolution of hexagons to return

h3.h3ToGeo(h3Index) ⇒ Array.<Number>

Get the lat,lon center of a given hexagon

Returns: Array.<Number> - Point as a [lat, lng] pair

Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index

h3.h3ToGeoBoundary(h3Index, formatAsGeoJson) ⇒ Array.<Array>

Get the vertices of a given hexagon (or pentagon), as an array of [lat, lng] points. For pentagons and hexagons on the edge of an icosahedron face, this function may return up to 10 vertices.

Returns: Array.<Array> - Array of [lat, lng] pairs

Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index
formatAsGeoJson Boolean Whether to provide GeoJSON output: [lng, lat], closed loops

h3.h3ToParent(h3Index, res) ⇒ H3Index

Get the parent of the given hexagon at a particular resolution

Returns: H3Index - H3 index of parent, or null for invalid input

Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index to get parent for
res Number Resolution of hexagon to return

h3.h3ToChildren(h3Index, res) ⇒ Array.<H3Index>

Get the children/descendents of the given hexagon at a particular resolution

Returns: Array.<H3Index> - H3 indexes of children, or empty array for invalid input

Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index to get children for
res Number Resolution of hexagons to return

h3.kRing(h3Index, ringSize) ⇒ Array.<H3Index>

Get all hexagons in a k-ring around a given center. The order of the hexagons is undefined.

Returns: Array.<H3Index> - H3 indexes for all hexagons in ring

Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index of center hexagon
ringSize Number Radius of k-ring

h3.kRingDistances(h3Index, ringSize) ⇒ Array.<Array.<H3Index>>

Get all hexagons in a k-ring around a given center, in an array of arrays ordered by distance from the origin. The order of the hexagons within each ring is undefined.

Returns: Array.<Array.<H3Index>> - Array of arrays with H3 indexes for all hexagons each ring

Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index of center hexagon
ringSize Number Radius of k-ring

h3.hexRing(h3Index, ringSize) ⇒ Array.<H3Index>

Get all hexagons in a hollow hexagonal ring centered at origin with sides of a given length. Unlike kRing, this function will throw an error if there is a pentagon anywhere in the ring.

Returns: Array.<H3Index> - H3 indexes for all hexagons in ring
Throws:

  • Error If the algorithm could not calculate the ring
Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index of center hexagon
ringSize Number Radius of ring

h3.polyfill(coordinates, res, isGeoJson) ⇒ Array.<H3Index>

Get all hexagons with centers contained in a given polygon. The polygon is specified with GeoJson semantics as an array of loops. Each loop is an array of [lat, lng] pairs (or [lng, lat] if isGeoJson is specified). The first loop is the perimeter of the polygon, and subsequent loops are expected to be holes.

Returns: Array.<H3Index> - H3 indexes for all hexagons in polygon

Param Type Description
coordinates Array.<Array> Array of loops, or a single loop
res Number Resolution of hexagons to return
isGeoJson Boolean Whether to expect GeoJson-style [lng, lat] pairs instead of [lat, lng]

h3.h3SetToMultiPolygon(h3Indexes, formatAsGeoJson) ⇒ Array.<Array>

Get the outlines of a set of H3 hexagons, returned in GeoJSON MultiPolygon format (an array of polygons, each with an array of loops, each an array of coordinates). Coordinates are returned as [lat, lng] pairs unless GeoJSON is requested.

Returns: Array.<Array> - MultiPolygon-style output.

Param Type Description
h3Indexes Array.<H3Index> H3 indexes to get outlines for
formatAsGeoJson Boolean Whether to provide GeoJSON output: [lng, lat], closed loops

h3.compact(h3Set) ⇒ Array.<H3Index>

Compact a set of hexagons of the same resolution into a set of hexagons across multiple levels that represents the same area.

Returns: Array.<H3Index> - Compacted H3 indexes
Throws:

  • Error If the input is invalid (e.g. duplicate hexagons)
Param Type Description
h3Set Array.<H3Index> H3 indexes to compact

h3.uncompact(compactedSet, res) ⇒ Array.<H3Index>

Uncompact a compacted set of hexagons to hexagons of the same resolution

Returns: Array.<H3Index> - The uncompacted H3 indexes
Throws:

  • Error If the input is invalid (e.g. invalid resolution)
Param Type Description
compactedSet Array.<H3Index> H3 indexes to uncompact
res Number The resolution to uncompact to

h3.h3IndexesAreNeighbors(origin, destination) ⇒ Boolean

Whether two H3 indexes are neighbors (share an edge)

Returns: Boolean - Whether the hexagons share an edge

Param Type Description
origin H3Index Origin hexagon index
destination H3Index Destination hexagon index

h3.getH3UnidirectionalEdge(origin, destination) ⇒ H3Index

Get an H3 index representing a unidirectional edge for a given origin and destination

Returns: H3Index - H3 index of the edge, or null if no edge is shared

Param Type Description
origin H3Index Origin hexagon index
destination H3Index Destination hexagon index

h3.getOriginH3IndexFromUnidirectionalEdge(edgeIndex) ⇒ H3Index

Get the origin hexagon from an H3 index representing a unidirectional edge

Returns: H3Index - H3 index of the edge origin

Param Type Description
edgeIndex H3Index H3 index of the edge

h3.getDestinationH3IndexFromUnidirectionalEdge(edgeIndex) ⇒ H3Index

Get the destination hexagon from an H3 index representing a unidirectional edge

Returns: H3Index - H3 index of the edge destination

Param Type Description
edgeIndex H3Index H3 index of the edge

h3.h3UnidirectionalEdgeIsValid(edgeIndex) ⇒ Boolean

Whether the input is a valid unidirectional edge

Returns: Boolean - Whether the index is valid

Param Type Description
edgeIndex H3Index H3 index of the edge

h3.getH3IndexesFromUnidirectionalEdge(edgeIndex) ⇒ Array.<H3Index>

Get the [origin, destination] pair represented by a unidirectional edge

Returns: Array.<H3Index> - [origin, destination] pair as H3 indexes

Param Type Description
edgeIndex H3Index H3 index of the edge

h3.getH3UnidirectionalEdgesFromHexagon(h3Index) ⇒ Array.<H3Index>

Get all of the unidirectional edges with the given H3 index as the origin (i.e. an edge to every neighbor)

Returns: Array.<H3Index> - List of unidirectional edges

Param Type Description
h3Index H3Index H3 index of the origin hexagon

h3.getH3UnidirectionalEdgeBoundary(edgeIndex, formatAsGeoJson) ⇒ Array.<Array>

Get the vertices of a given edge as an array of [lat, lng] points. Note that for edges that cross the edge of an icosahedron face, this may return 3 coordinates.

Returns: Array.<Array> - Array of geo coordinate pairs

Param Type Description
edgeIndex H3Index H3 index of the edge
formatAsGeoJson Boolean Whether to provide GeoJSON output: [lng, lat]

h3.h3Distance(origin, destination) ⇒ Number

Get the grid distance between two hex indexes. This function may fail to find the distance between two indexes if they are very far apart or on opposite sides of a pentagon.

Returns: Number - Distance between hexagons, or a negative number if the distance could not be computed

Param Type Description
origin H3Index Origin hexagon index
destination H3Index Destination hexagon index

h3.h3Line(origin, destination) ⇒ Array.<H3Index>

Given two H3 indexes, return the line of indexes between them (inclusive).

This function may fail to find the line between two indexes, for example if they are very far apart. It may also fail when finding distances for indexes on opposite sides of a pentagon.

Notes:

  • The specific output of this function should not be considered stable across library versions. The only guarantees the library provides are that the line length will be h3Distance(start, end) + 1 and that every index in the line will be a neighbor of the preceding index.
  • Lines are drawn in grid space, and may not correspond exactly to either Cartesian lines or great arcs.

Returns: Array.<H3Index> - H3 indexes connecting origin and destination
Throws:

  • Error If the line cannot be calculated
Param Type Description
origin H3Index Origin hexagon index
destination H3Index Destination hexagon index

h3.experimentalH3ToLocalIj(origin, destination) ⇒ Object

Produces IJ coordinates for an H3 index anchored by an origin.

  • The coordinate space used by this function may have deleted regions or warping due to pentagonal distortion.
  • Coordinates are only comparable if they come from the same origin index.
  • Failure may occur if the index is too far away from the origin or if the index is on the other side of a pentagon.
  • This function is experimental, and its output is not guaranteed to be compatible across different versions of H3.

Returns: Object - Coordinates as an {i, j} pair
Throws:

  • Error If the IJ coordinates cannot be calculated
Param Type Description
origin H3Index Origin H3 index
destination H3Index H3 index for which to find relative coordinates

h3.experimentalLocalIjToH3(origin, coords) ⇒ H3Index

Produces an H3 index for IJ coordinates anchored by an origin.

  • The coordinate space used by this function may have deleted regions or warping due to pentagonal distortion.
  • Coordinates are only comparable if they come from the same origin index.
  • Failure may occur if the index is too far away from the origin or if the index is on the other side of a pentagon.
  • This function is experimental, and its output is not guaranteed to be compatible across different versions of H3.

Returns: H3Index - H3 index at the relative coordinates
Throws:

  • Error If the H3 index cannot be calculated
Param Type Description
origin H3Index Origin H3 index
coords Object Coordinates as an {i, j} pair

h3.hexArea(res, unit) ⇒ Number

Average hexagon area at a given resolution

Returns: Number - Average area
Throws:

  • Error If the unit is invalid
Param Type Description
res Number Hexagon resolution
unit String Area unit (either UNITS.m2 or UNITS.km2)

h3.edgeLength(res, unit) ⇒ Number

Average hexagon edge length at a given resolution

Returns: Number - Average edge length
Throws:

  • Error If the unit is invalid
Param Type Description
res Number Hexagon resolution
unit String Area unit (either UNITS.m or UNITS.km)

h3.numHexagons(res) ⇒ Number

The total count of hexagons in the world at a given resolution. Note that above resolution 8 the exact count cannot be represented in a JavaScript 32-bit number, so consumers should use caution when applying further operations to the output.

Returns: Number - Count

Param Type Description
res Number Hexagon resolution

h3.getRes0Indexes() ⇒ Array.<H3Index>

Get all H3 indexes at resolution 0. As every index at every resolution > 0 is the descendant of a res 0 index, this can be used with h3ToChildren to iterate over H3 indexes at any resolution.

Returns: Array.<H3Index> - All H3 indexes at res 0


h3.degsToRads(deg) ⇒ Number

Convert degrees to radians

Returns: Number - Value in radians

Param Type Description
deg Number Value in degrees

h3.radsToDegs(rad) ⇒ Number

Convert radians to degrees

Returns: Number - Value in degrees

Param Type Description
rad Number Value in radians

Development

The h3-js library uses yarn as the preferred package manager. To install the dev dependencies, just run:

yarn

To lint the code:

yarn lint

To run the tests in both native ES6 (requires Node >= 6) and transpiled ES5:

yarn test

Benchmarks

The h3-js library includes a basic benchmark suite using Benchmark.js. Because many of the functions may be called over thousands of hexagons in a "hot loop", performance is an important concern. Benchmarks are run against the transpiled ES5 code by default. To run the benchmarks:

yarn run benchmarks

Sample output (Macbook Pro running Node 6):

h3IsValid x 3,725,046 ops/sec ±0.47% (90 runs sampled)
geoToH3 x 227,458 ops/sec ±0.84% (89 runs sampled)
h3ToGeo x 843,167 ops/sec ±0.96% (87 runs sampled)
h3ToGeoBoundary x 220,797 ops/sec ±2.56% (86 runs sampled)
kRing x 144,955 ops/sec ±3.06% (85 runs sampled)
polyfill x 9,291 ops/sec ±1.12% (88 runs sampled)
h3SetToMultiPolygon x 311 ops/sec ±1.56% (82 runs sampled)
compact x 1,336 ops/sec ±4.51% (86 runs sampled)
uncompact x 574 ops/sec ±0.91% (85 runs sampled)
h3IndexesAreNeighbors x 670,031 ops/sec ±1.36% (88 runs sampled)
getH3UnidirectionalEdge x 356,089 ops/sec ±1.17% (85 runs sampled)
getOriginH3IndexFromUnidirectionalEdge x 1,052,652 ops/sec ±0.54% (89 runs sampled)
getDestinationH3IndexFromUnidirectionalEdge x 891,680 ops/sec ±0.90% (91 runs sampled)
h3UnidirectionalEdgeIsValid x 3,551,111 ops/sec ±0.69% (85 runs sampled)

When making code changes that may affect performance, please run benchmarks against master and then against your branch to identify any regressions.

Transpiling the C Source

The core library is transpiled using emscripten. The easiest way to build from source locally is by using Docker. Make sure Docker is installed, then:

yarn init-docker
yarn run build-emscripten

The build script uses the H3_VERSION file to determine the version of the core library to build.

NOTE: The current h3-js is built with emscripten-1.37.40. Earlier or later versions MAY NOT WORK (emscripten does not follow semver, so patch updates may include breaking changes).

Contributing

Pull requests and Github issues are welcome. Please include tests for new work, and keep the library test coverage at 100%. Please note that the purpose of this module is to expose the API of the H3 Core library, so we will rarely accept new features that are not part of that API. New proposed feature work is more appropriate in the core C library or in a new JS library that depends on h3-js.

Before we can merge your changes, you must agree to the Uber Contributor License Agreement.

Versioning

The H3 core library adheres to Semantic Versioning. The h3-js library has a major.minor.patch version scheme. The major and minor version numbers of h3-js are the major and minor version of the bound core library, respectively. The patch version is incremented independently of the core library.

Legal and Licensing

The h3-js library is licensed under the Apache 2.0 License.

DGGRID Copyright (c) 2015 Southern Oregon University

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