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Neuropod

What is Neuropod?

Neuropod is a library that provides a uniform interface to run deep learning models from multiple frameworks in C++ and Python. Neuropod makes it easy for researchers to build models in a framework of their choosing while also simplifying productionization of these models.

It currently supports TensorFlow, PyTorch, TorchScript, Keras and Ludwig.

For more information:

Why use Neuropod?

Run models from any supported framework using one API

Running a TensorFlow model looks exactly like running a PyTorch model.

x = np.array([1, 2, 3, 4])
y = np.array([5, 6, 7, 8])

for model_path in [TF_ADDITION_MODEL_PATH, PYTORCH_ADDITION_MODEL_PATH]:
    # Load the model
    neuropod = load_neuropod(model_path)

    # Run inference
    results = neuropod.infer({"x": x, "y": y})

    # array([6, 8, 10, 12])
    print results["out"]

See the tutorial, Python guide, or C++ guide for more examples.

Some benefits of this include:

  • All of your inference code is framework agnostic.
  • You can easily switch between deep learning frameworks if necessary without changing runtime code.
  • Avoid the learning curve of using the C++ libtorch API and the C/C++ TF API

Any Neuropod model can be run from both C++ and Python (even PyTorch models that have not been converted to TorchScript).

Define a Problem API

This lets you focus more on the problem you're solving rather than the framework you're using to solve it.

For example, if you define a problem API for 2d object detection, any model that implements it can reuse all the existing inference code and infrastructure for that problem.

INPUT_SPEC = [
    # BGR image
    {"name": "image", "dtype": "uint8", "shape": (1200, 1920, 3)},
]

OUTPUT_SPEC = [
    # shape: (num_detections, 4): (xmin, ymin, xmax, ymax)
    # These values are in units of pixels. The origin is the top left corner
    # with positive X to the right and positive Y towards the bottom of the image
    {"name": "boxes", "dtype": "float32", "shape": ("num_detections", 4)},

    # The list of classes that the network can output
    # This must be some subset of ['vehicle', 'person', 'motorcycle', 'bicycle']
    {"name": "supported_object_classes", "dtype": "string", "shape": ("num_classes",)},

    # The probability of each class for each detection
    # These should all be floats between 0 and 1
    {"name": "object_class_probability", "dtype": "float32", "shape": ("num_detections", "num_classes")},
]

This lets you

  • Build a single metrics pipeline for a problem
  • Easily compare models solving the same problem (even if they're in different frameworks)
  • Build optimized inference code that can run any model that solves a particular problem
  • Swap out models that solve the same problem at runtime with no code change (even if the models are from different frameworks)
  • Run fast experiments

See the tutorial for more details.

Build generic tools and pipelines

If you have several models that take in a similar set of inputs, you can build and optimize one framework-agnostic input generation pipeline and share it across models.

Other benefits

  • Fully self-contained models (including custom ops)

  • Efficient zero-copy operations

  • Tested on platforms including

    • Mac, Linux, Linux (GPU)
    • Four or five versions of each supported framework
    • Five versions of Python
  • Model isolation with out-of-process execution

    • Use multiple different versions of frameworks in the same application
      • Ex: Experimental models using Torch nightly along with models using Torch 1.1.0
  • Switch from running in-process to running out-of-process with one line of code

Getting started

See the basic introduction tutorial for an overview of how to get started with Neuropod.

The Python guide and C++ guide go into more detail on running Neuropod models.