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/*
* Copyright (c) 2011 Nicolas George <nicolas.george@normalesup.org>
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/

/**
* @file
* Audio merging filter
*/

#include "libavutil/avstring.h"
#include "libavutil/bprint.h"
#include "libavutil/channel_layout.h"
#include "libavutil/opt.h"
#include "libswresample/swresample.h" // only for SWR_CH_MAX
#include "avfilter.h"
#include "audio.h"
#include "bufferqueue.h"
#include "internal.h"

typedef struct {
    const AVClass *class;
    int nb_inputs;
    int route[SWR_CH_MAX]; /**< channels routing, see copy_samples */
    int bps;
    struct amerge_input {
        struct FFBufQueue queue;
        int nb_ch; /**< number of channels for the input */
        int nb_samples;
        int pos;
    } *in;
} AMergeContext;

#define OFFSET(x) offsetof(AMergeContext, x)
#define FLAGS AV_OPT_FLAG_AUDIO_PARAM|AV_OPT_FLAG_FILTERING_PARAM

static const AVOption amerge_options[] = {
    { "inputs", "specify the number of inputs", OFFSET(nb_inputs),
      AV_OPT_TYPE_INT, { .i64 = 2 }, 2, SWR_CH_MAX, FLAGS },
    {0}
};

AVFILTER_DEFINE_CLASS(amerge);

static av_cold void uninit(AVFilterContext *ctx)
{
    AMergeContext *am = ctx->priv;
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < am->nb_inputs; i++) {
        ff_bufqueue_discard_all(&am->in[i].queue);
        av_freep(&ctx->input_pads[i].name);
    }
    av_freep(&am->in);
}

static int query_formats(AVFilterContext *ctx)
{
    AMergeContext *am = ctx->priv;
    int64_t inlayout[SWR_CH_MAX], outlayout = 0;
    AVFilterFormats *formats;
    AVFilterChannelLayouts *layouts;
    int i, overlap = 0, nb_ch = 0;

    for (i = 0; i < am->nb_inputs; i++) {
        if (!ctx->inputs[i]->in_channel_layouts ||
            !ctx->inputs[i]->in_channel_layouts->nb_channel_layouts) {
            av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR,
                   "No channel layout for input %d\n", i + 1);
            return AVERROR(EINVAL);
        }
        inlayout[i] = ctx->inputs[i]->in_channel_layouts->channel_layouts[0];
        if (ctx->inputs[i]->in_channel_layouts->nb_channel_layouts > 1) {
            char buf[256];
            av_get_channel_layout_string(buf, sizeof(buf), 0, inlayout[i]);
            av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_INFO, "Using \"%s\" for input %d\n", buf, i + 1);
        }
        am->in[i].nb_ch = av_get_channel_layout_nb_channels(inlayout[i]);
        if (outlayout & inlayout[i])
            overlap++;
        outlayout |= inlayout[i];
        nb_ch += am->in[i].nb_ch;
    }
    if (nb_ch > SWR_CH_MAX) {
        av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Too many channels (max %d)\n", SWR_CH_MAX);
        return AVERROR(EINVAL);
    }
    if (overlap) {
        av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_WARNING,
               "Input channel layouts overlap: "
               "output layout will be determined by the number of distinct input channels\n");
        for (i = 0; i < nb_ch; i++)
            am->route[i] = i;
        outlayout = av_get_default_channel_layout(nb_ch);
        if (!outlayout)
            outlayout = ((int64_t)1 << nb_ch) - 1;
    } else {
        int *route[SWR_CH_MAX];
        int c, out_ch_number = 0;

        route[0] = am->route;
        for (i = 1; i < am->nb_inputs; i++)
            route[i] = route[i - 1] + am->in[i - 1].nb_ch;
        for (c = 0; c < 64; c++)
            for (i = 0; i < am->nb_inputs; i++)
                if ((inlayout[i] >> c) & 1)
                    *(route[i]++) = out_ch_number++;
    }
    formats = ff_make_format_list(ff_packed_sample_fmts_array);
    ff_set_common_formats(ctx, formats);
    for (i = 0; i < am->nb_inputs; i++) {
        layouts = NULL;
        ff_add_channel_layout(&layouts, inlayout[i]);
        ff_channel_layouts_ref(layouts, &ctx->inputs[i]->out_channel_layouts);
    }
    layouts = NULL;
    ff_add_channel_layout(&layouts, outlayout);
    ff_channel_layouts_ref(layouts, &ctx->outputs[0]->in_channel_layouts);
    ff_set_common_samplerates(ctx, ff_all_samplerates());
    return 0;
}

static int config_output(AVFilterLink *outlink)
{
    AVFilterContext *ctx = outlink->src;
    AMergeContext *am = ctx->priv;
    AVBPrint bp;
    int i;

    for (i = 1; i < am->nb_inputs; i++) {
        if (ctx->inputs[i]->sample_rate != ctx->inputs[0]->sample_rate) {
            av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR,
                   "Inputs must have the same sample rate "
                   "%d for in%d vs %d\n",
                   ctx->inputs[i]->sample_rate, i, ctx->inputs[0]->sample_rate);
            return AVERROR(EINVAL);
        }
    }
    am->bps = av_get_bytes_per_sample(ctx->outputs[0]->format);
    outlink->sample_rate = ctx->inputs[0]->sample_rate;
    outlink->time_base = ctx->inputs[0]->time_base;

    av_bprint_init(&bp, 0, 1);
    for (i = 0; i < am->nb_inputs; i++) {
        av_bprintf(&bp, "%sin%d:", i ? " + " : "", i);
        av_bprint_channel_layout(&bp, -1, ctx->inputs[i]->channel_layout);
    }
    av_bprintf(&bp, " -> out:");
    av_bprint_channel_layout(&bp, -1, ctx->outputs[0]->channel_layout);
    av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_VERBOSE, "%s\n", bp.str);

    return 0;
}

static int request_frame(AVFilterLink *outlink)
{
    AVFilterContext *ctx = outlink->src;
    AMergeContext *am = ctx->priv;
    int i, ret;

    for (i = 0; i < am->nb_inputs; i++)
        if (!am->in[i].nb_samples)
            if ((ret = ff_request_frame(ctx->inputs[i])) < 0)
                return ret;
    return 0;
}

/**
* Copy samples from several input streams to one output stream.
* @param nb_inputs number of inputs
* @param in inputs; used only for the nb_ch field;
* @param route routing values;
* input channel i goes to output channel route[i];
* i < in[0].nb_ch are the channels from the first output;
* i >= in[0].nb_ch are the channels from the second output
* @param ins pointer to the samples of each inputs, in packed format;
* will be left at the end of the copied samples
* @param outs pointer to the samples of the output, in packet format;
* must point to a buffer big enough;
* will be left at the end of the copied samples
* @param ns number of samples to copy
* @param bps bytes per sample
*/
static inline void copy_samples(int nb_inputs, struct amerge_input in[],
                                int *route, uint8_t *ins[],
                                uint8_t **outs, int ns, int bps)
{
    int *route_cur;
    int i, c, nb_ch = 0;

    for (i = 0; i < nb_inputs; i++)
        nb_ch += in[i].nb_ch;
    while (ns--) {
        route_cur = route;
        for (i = 0; i < nb_inputs; i++) {
            for (c = 0; c < in[i].nb_ch; c++) {
                memcpy((*outs) + bps * *(route_cur++), ins[i], bps);
                ins[i] += bps;
            }
        }
        *outs += nb_ch * bps;
    }
}

static int filter_samples(AVFilterLink *inlink, AVFilterBufferRef *insamples)
{
    AVFilterContext *ctx = inlink->dst;
    AMergeContext *am = ctx->priv;
    AVFilterLink *const outlink = ctx->outputs[0];
    int input_number;
    int nb_samples, ns, i;
    AVFilterBufferRef *outbuf, *inbuf[SWR_CH_MAX];
    uint8_t *ins[SWR_CH_MAX], *outs;

    for (input_number = 0; input_number < am->nb_inputs; input_number++)
        if (inlink == ctx->inputs[input_number])
            break;
    av_assert1(input_number < am->nb_inputs);
    ff_bufqueue_add(ctx, &am->in[input_number].queue, insamples);
    am->in[input_number].nb_samples += insamples->audio->nb_samples;
    nb_samples = am->in[0].nb_samples;
    for (i = 1; i < am->nb_inputs; i++)
        nb_samples = FFMIN(nb_samples, am->in[i].nb_samples);
    if (!nb_samples)
        return 0;

    outbuf = ff_get_audio_buffer(ctx->outputs[0], AV_PERM_WRITE, nb_samples);
    outs = outbuf->data[0];
    for (i = 0; i < am->nb_inputs; i++) {
        inbuf[i] = ff_bufqueue_peek(&am->in[i].queue, 0);
        ins[i] = inbuf[i]->data[0] +
                 am->in[i].pos * am->in[i].nb_ch * am->bps;
    }
    avfilter_copy_buffer_ref_props(outbuf, inbuf[0]);
    outbuf->pts = inbuf[0]->pts == AV_NOPTS_VALUE ? AV_NOPTS_VALUE :
                  inbuf[0]->pts +
                  av_rescale_q(am->in[0].pos,
                               (AVRational){ 1, ctx->inputs[0]->sample_rate },
                               ctx->outputs[0]->time_base);

    outbuf->audio->nb_samples = nb_samples;
    outbuf->audio->channel_layout = outlink->channel_layout;

    while (nb_samples) {
        ns = nb_samples;
        for (i = 0; i < am->nb_inputs; i++)
            ns = FFMIN(ns, inbuf[i]->audio->nb_samples - am->in[i].pos);
        /* Unroll the most common sample formats: speed +~350% for the loop,
+~13% overall (including two common decoders) */
        switch (am->bps) {
            case 1:
                copy_samples(am->nb_inputs, am->in, am->route, ins, &outs, ns, 1);
                break;
            case 2:
                copy_samples(am->nb_inputs, am->in, am->route, ins, &outs, ns, 2);
                break;
            case 4:
                copy_samples(am->nb_inputs, am->in, am->route, ins, &outs, ns, 4);
                break;
            default:
                copy_samples(am->nb_inputs, am->in, am->route, ins, &outs, ns, am->bps);
                break;
        }

        nb_samples -= ns;
        for (i = 0; i < am->nb_inputs; i++) {
            am->in[i].nb_samples -= ns;
            am->in[i].pos += ns;
            if (am->in[i].pos == inbuf[i]->audio->nb_samples) {
                am->in[i].pos = 0;
                avfilter_unref_buffer(inbuf[i]);
                ff_bufqueue_get(&am->in[i].queue);
                inbuf[i] = ff_bufqueue_peek(&am->in[i].queue, 0);
                ins[i] = inbuf[i] ? inbuf[i]->data[0] : NULL;
            }
        }
    }
    return ff_filter_samples(ctx->outputs[0], outbuf);
}

static av_cold int init(AVFilterContext *ctx, const char *args)
{
    AMergeContext *am = ctx->priv;
    int ret, i;

    am->class = &amerge_class;
    av_opt_set_defaults(am);
    ret = av_set_options_string(am, args, "=", ":");
    if (ret < 0) {
        av_log(ctx, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Error parsing options: '%s'\n", args);
        return ret;
    }
    am->in = av_calloc(am->nb_inputs, sizeof(*am->in));
    if (!am->in)
        return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
    for (i = 0; i < am->nb_inputs; i++) {
        char *name = av_asprintf("in%d", i);
        AVFilterPad pad = {
            .name = name,
            .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO,
            .filter_samples = filter_samples,
            .min_perms = AV_PERM_READ | AV_PERM_PRESERVE,
        };
        if (!name)
            return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
        ff_insert_inpad(ctx, i, &pad);
    }
    return 0;
}

AVFilter avfilter_af_amerge = {
    .name = "amerge",
    .description = NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Merge two audio streams into "
                                          "a single multi-channel stream."),
    .priv_size = sizeof(AMergeContext),
    .init = init,
    .uninit = uninit,
    .query_formats = query_formats,

    .inputs = (const AVFilterPad[]) { { .name = NULL } },
    .outputs = (const AVFilterPad[]) {
        { .name = "default",
          .type = AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO,
          .config_props = config_output,
          .request_frame = request_frame, },
        { .name = NULL }
    },
    .priv_class = &amerge_class,
};
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