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/*
* Matroska muxer
* Copyright (c) 2007 David Conrad
*
* This file is part of FFmpeg.
*
* FFmpeg is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
* version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
*
* FFmpeg is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
* Lesser General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
* License along with FFmpeg; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
*/
#include "avformat.h"
#include "riff.h"
#include "isom.h"
#include "matroska.h"
#include "avc.h"
#include "flacenc.h"
#include "avlanguage.h"
#include "libavutil/samplefmt.h"
#include "libavutil/intreadwrite.h"
#include "libavutil/random_seed.h"
#include "libavutil/lfg.h"
#include "libavcodec/xiph.h"
#include "libavcodec/mpeg4audio.h"
#include <strings.h>
typedef struct ebml_master {
int64_t pos; ///< absolute offset in the file where the master's elements start
int sizebytes; ///< how many bytes were reserved for the size
} ebml_master;
typedef struct mkv_seekhead_entry {
unsigned int elementid;
uint64_t segmentpos;
} mkv_seekhead_entry;
typedef struct mkv_seekhead {
int64_t filepos;
int64_t segment_offset; ///< the file offset to the beginning of the segment
int reserved_size; ///< -1 if appending to file
int max_entries;
mkv_seekhead_entry *entries;
int num_entries;
} mkv_seekhead;
typedef struct {
uint64_t pts;
int tracknum;
int64_t cluster_pos; ///< file offset of the cluster containing the block
} mkv_cuepoint;
typedef struct {
int64_t segment_offset;
mkv_cuepoint *entries;
int num_entries;
} mkv_cues;
typedef struct {
int write_dts;
} mkv_track;
#define MODE_MATROSKAv2 0x01
#define MODE_WEBM 0x02
typedef struct MatroskaMuxContext {
int mode;
AVIOContext *dyn_bc;
ebml_master segment;
int64_t segment_offset;
ebml_master cluster;
int64_t cluster_pos; ///< file offset of the current cluster
int64_t cluster_pts;
int64_t duration_offset;
int64_t duration;
mkv_seekhead *main_seekhead;
mkv_cues *cues;
mkv_track *tracks;
unsigned int audio_buffer_size;
AVPacket cur_audio_pkt;
} MatroskaMuxContext;
/** 2 bytes * 3 for EBML IDs, 3 1-byte EBML lengths, 8 bytes for 64 bit
* offset, 4 bytes for target EBML ID */
#define MAX_SEEKENTRY_SIZE 21
/** per-cuepoint-track - 3 1-byte EBML IDs, 3 1-byte EBML sizes, 2
* 8-byte uint max */
#define MAX_CUETRACKPOS_SIZE 22
/** per-cuepoint - 2 1-byte EBML IDs, 2 1-byte EBML sizes, 8-byte uint max */
#define MAX_CUEPOINT_SIZE(num_tracks) 12 + MAX_CUETRACKPOS_SIZE*num_tracks
static int ebml_id_size(unsigned int id)
{
return (av_log2(id+1)-1)/7+1;
}
static void put_ebml_id(AVIOContext *pb, unsigned int id)
{
int i = ebml_id_size(id);
while (i--)
avio_w8(pb, id >> (i*8));
}
/**
* Write an EBML size meaning "unknown size".
*
* @param bytes The number of bytes the size should occupy (maximum: 8).
*/
static void put_ebml_size_unknown(AVIOContext *pb, int bytes)
{
assert(bytes <= 8);
avio_w8(pb, 0x1ff >> bytes);
while (--bytes)
avio_w8(pb, 0xff);
}
/**
* Calculate how many bytes are needed to represent a given number in EBML.
*/
static int ebml_num_size(uint64_t num)
{
int bytes = 1;
while ((num+1) >> bytes*7) bytes++;
return bytes;
}
/**
* Write a number in EBML variable length format.
*
* @param bytes The number of bytes that need to be used to write the number.
* If zero, any number of bytes can be used.
*/
static void put_ebml_num(AVIOContext *pb, uint64_t num, int bytes)
{
int i, needed_bytes = ebml_num_size(num);
// sizes larger than this are currently undefined in EBML
assert(num < (1ULL<<56)-1);
if (bytes == 0)
// don't care how many bytes are used, so use the min
bytes = needed_bytes;
// the bytes needed to write the given size would exceed the bytes
// that we need to use, so write unknown size. This shouldn't happen.
assert(bytes >= needed_bytes);
num |= 1ULL << bytes*7;
for (i = bytes - 1; i >= 0; i--)
avio_w8(pb, num >> i*8);
}
static void put_ebml_uint(AVIOContext *pb, unsigned int elementid, uint64_t val)
{
int i, bytes = 1;
uint64_t tmp = val;
while (tmp>>=8) bytes++;
put_ebml_id(pb, elementid);
put_ebml_num(pb, bytes, 0);
for (i = bytes - 1; i >= 0; i--)
avio_w8(pb, val >> i*8);
}
static void put_ebml_float(AVIOContext *pb, unsigned int elementid, double val)
{
put_ebml_id(pb, elementid);
put_ebml_num(pb, 8, 0);
avio_wb64(pb, av_dbl2int(val));
}
static void put_ebml_binary(AVIOContext *pb, unsigned int elementid,
const void *buf, int size)
{
put_ebml_id(pb, elementid);
put_ebml_num(pb, size, 0);
avio_write(pb, buf, size);
}
static void put_ebml_string(AVIOContext *pb, unsigned int elementid, const char *str)
{
put_ebml_binary(pb, elementid, str, strlen(str));
}
/**
* Write a void element of a given size. Useful for reserving space in
* the file to be written to later.
*
* @param size The number of bytes to reserve, which must be at least 2.
*/
static void put_ebml_void(AVIOContext *pb, uint64_t size)
{
int64_t currentpos = avio_tell(pb);
assert(size >= 2);
put_ebml_id(pb, EBML_ID_VOID);
// we need to subtract the length needed to store the size from the
// size we need to reserve so 2 cases, we use 8 bytes to store the
// size if possible, 1 byte otherwise
if (size < 10)
put_ebml_num(pb, size-1, 0);
else
put_ebml_num(pb, size-9, 8);
while(avio_tell(pb) < currentpos + size)
avio_w8(pb, 0);
}
static ebml_master start_ebml_master(AVIOContext *pb, unsigned int elementid, uint64_t expectedsize)
{
int bytes = expectedsize ? ebml_num_size(expectedsize) : 8;
put_ebml_id(pb, elementid);
put_ebml_size_unknown(pb, bytes);
return (ebml_master){ avio_tell(pb), bytes };
}
static void end_ebml_master(AVIOContext *pb, ebml_master master)
{
int64_t pos = avio_tell(pb);
if (avio_seek(pb, master.pos - master.sizebytes, SEEK_SET) < 0)
return;
put_ebml_num(pb, pos - master.pos, master.sizebytes);
avio_seek(pb, pos, SEEK_SET);
}
static void put_xiph_size(AVIOContext *pb, int size)
{
int i;
for (i = 0; i < size / 255; i++)
avio_w8(pb, 255);
avio_w8(pb, size % 255);
}
/**
* Initialize a mkv_seekhead element to be ready to index level 1 Matroska
* elements. If a maximum number of elements is specified, enough space
* will be reserved at the current file location to write a seek head of
* that size.
*
* @param segment_offset The absolute offset to the position in the file
* where the segment begins.
* @param numelements The maximum number of elements that will be indexed
* by this seek head, 0 if unlimited.
*/
static mkv_seekhead * mkv_start_seekhead(AVIOContext *pb, int64_t segment_offset, int numelements)
{
mkv_seekhead *new_seekhead = av_mallocz(sizeof(mkv_seekhead));
if (new_seekhead == NULL)
return NULL;
new_seekhead->segment_offset = segment_offset;
if (numelements > 0) {
new_seekhead->filepos = avio_tell(pb);
// 21 bytes max for a seek entry, 10 bytes max for the SeekHead ID
// and size, and 3 bytes to guarantee that an EBML void element
// will fit afterwards
new_seekhead->reserved_size = numelements * MAX_SEEKENTRY_SIZE + 13;
new_seekhead->max_entries = numelements;
put_ebml_void(pb, new_seekhead->reserved_size);
}
return new_seekhead;
}
static int mkv_add_seekhead_entry(mkv_seekhead *seekhead, unsigned int elementid, uint64_t filepos)
{
mkv_seekhead_entry *entries = seekhead->entries;
// don't store more elements than we reserved space for
if (seekhead->max_entries > 0 && seekhead->max_entries <= seekhead->num_entries)
return -1;
entries = av_realloc(entries, (seekhead->num_entries + 1) * sizeof(mkv_seekhead_entry));
if (entries == NULL)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
entries[seekhead->num_entries ].elementid = elementid;
entries[seekhead->num_entries++].segmentpos = filepos - seekhead->segment_offset;
seekhead->entries = entries;
return 0;
}
/**
* Write the seek head to the file and free it. If a maximum number of
* elements was specified to mkv_start_seekhead(), the seek head will
* be written at the location reserved for it. Otherwise, it is written
* at the current location in the file.
*
* @return The file offset where the seekhead was written,
* -1 if an error occurred.
*/
static int64_t mkv_write_seekhead(AVIOContext *pb, mkv_seekhead *seekhead)
{
ebml_master metaseek, seekentry;
int64_t currentpos;
int i;
currentpos = avio_tell(pb);
if (seekhead->reserved_size > 0)
if (avio_seek(pb, seekhead->filepos, SEEK_SET) < 0)
return -1;
metaseek = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_SEEKHEAD, seekhead->reserved_size);
for (i = 0; i < seekhead->num_entries; i++) {
mkv_seekhead_entry *entry = &seekhead->entries[i];
seekentry = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_SEEKENTRY, MAX_SEEKENTRY_SIZE);
put_ebml_id(pb, MATROSKA_ID_SEEKID);
put_ebml_num(pb, ebml_id_size(entry->elementid), 0);
put_ebml_id(pb, entry->elementid);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_SEEKPOSITION, entry->segmentpos);
end_ebml_master(pb, seekentry);
}
end_ebml_master(pb, metaseek);
if (seekhead->reserved_size > 0) {
uint64_t remaining = seekhead->filepos + seekhead->reserved_size - avio_tell(pb);
put_ebml_void(pb, remaining);
avio_seek(pb, currentpos, SEEK_SET);
currentpos = seekhead->filepos;
}
av_free(seekhead->entries);
av_free(seekhead);
return currentpos;
}
static mkv_cues * mkv_start_cues(int64_t segment_offset)
{
mkv_cues *cues = av_mallocz(sizeof(mkv_cues));
if (cues == NULL)
return NULL;
cues->segment_offset = segment_offset;
return cues;
}
static int mkv_add_cuepoint(mkv_cues *cues, int stream, int64_t ts, int64_t cluster_pos)
{
mkv_cuepoint *entries = cues->entries;
entries = av_realloc(entries, (cues->num_entries + 1) * sizeof(mkv_cuepoint));
if (entries == NULL)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
if (ts < 0)
return 0;
entries[cues->num_entries ].pts = ts;
entries[cues->num_entries ].tracknum = stream + 1;
entries[cues->num_entries++].cluster_pos = cluster_pos - cues->segment_offset;
cues->entries = entries;
return 0;
}
static int64_t mkv_write_cues(AVIOContext *pb, mkv_cues *cues, int num_tracks)
{
ebml_master cues_element;
int64_t currentpos;
int i, j;
currentpos = avio_tell(pb);
cues_element = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CUES, 0);
for (i = 0; i < cues->num_entries; i++) {
ebml_master cuepoint, track_positions;
mkv_cuepoint *entry = &cues->entries[i];
uint64_t pts = entry->pts;
cuepoint = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_POINTENTRY, MAX_CUEPOINT_SIZE(num_tracks));
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CUETIME, pts);
// put all the entries from different tracks that have the exact same
// timestamp into the same CuePoint
for (j = 0; j < cues->num_entries - i && entry[j].pts == pts; j++) {
track_positions = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CUETRACKPOSITION, MAX_CUETRACKPOS_SIZE);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CUETRACK , entry[j].tracknum );
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CUECLUSTERPOSITION, entry[j].cluster_pos);
end_ebml_master(pb, track_positions);
}
i += j - 1;
end_ebml_master(pb, cuepoint);
}
end_ebml_master(pb, cues_element);
av_free(cues->entries);
av_free(cues);
return currentpos;
}
static int put_xiph_codecpriv(AVFormatContext *s, AVIOContext *pb, AVCodecContext *codec)
{
uint8_t *header_start[3];
int header_len[3];
int first_header_size;
int j;
if (codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_VORBIS)
first_header_size = 30;
else
first_header_size = 42;
if (ff_split_xiph_headers(codec->extradata, codec->extradata_size,
first_header_size, header_start, header_len) < 0) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Extradata corrupt.\n");
return -1;
}
avio_w8(pb, 2); // number packets - 1
for (j = 0; j < 2; j++) {
put_xiph_size(pb, header_len[j]);
}
for (j = 0; j < 3; j++)
avio_write(pb, header_start[j], header_len[j]);
return 0;
}
static void get_aac_sample_rates(AVFormatContext *s, AVCodecContext *codec, int *sample_rate, int *output_sample_rate)
{
MPEG4AudioConfig mp4ac;
if (ff_mpeg4audio_get_config(&mp4ac, codec->extradata, codec->extradata_size) < 0) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_WARNING, "Error parsing AAC extradata, unable to determine samplerate.\n");
return;
}
*sample_rate = mp4ac.sample_rate;
*output_sample_rate = mp4ac.ext_sample_rate;
}
static int mkv_write_codecprivate(AVFormatContext *s, AVIOContext *pb, AVCodecContext *codec, int native_id, int qt_id)
{
AVIOContext *dyn_cp;
uint8_t *codecpriv;
int ret, codecpriv_size;
ret = avio_open_dyn_buf(&dyn_cp);
if(ret < 0)
return ret;
if (native_id) {
if (codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_VORBIS || codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_THEORA)
ret = put_xiph_codecpriv(s, dyn_cp, codec);
else if (codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_FLAC)
ret = ff_flac_write_header(dyn_cp, codec, 1);
else if (codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_H264)
ret = ff_isom_write_avcc(dyn_cp, codec->extradata, codec->extradata_size);
else if (codec->extradata_size)
avio_write(dyn_cp, codec->extradata, codec->extradata_size);
} else if (codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO) {
if (qt_id) {
if (!codec->codec_tag)
codec->codec_tag = ff_codec_get_tag(codec_movvideo_tags, codec->codec_id);
if (codec->extradata_size)
avio_write(dyn_cp, codec->extradata, codec->extradata_size);
} else {
if (!codec->codec_tag)
codec->codec_tag = ff_codec_get_tag(ff_codec_bmp_tags, codec->codec_id);
if (!codec->codec_tag) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "No bmp codec ID found.\n");
ret = -1;
}
ff_put_bmp_header(dyn_cp, codec, ff_codec_bmp_tags, 0);
}
} else if (codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO) {
unsigned int tag;
tag = ff_codec_get_tag(ff_codec_wav_tags, codec->codec_id);
if (!tag) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "No wav codec ID found.\n");
ret = -1;
}
if (!codec->codec_tag)
codec->codec_tag = tag;
ff_put_wav_header(dyn_cp, codec);
}
codecpriv_size = avio_close_dyn_buf(dyn_cp, &codecpriv);
if (codecpriv_size)
put_ebml_binary(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CODECPRIVATE, codecpriv, codecpriv_size);
av_free(codecpriv);
return ret;
}
static int mkv_write_tracks(AVFormatContext *s)
{
MatroskaMuxContext *mkv = s->priv_data;
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
ebml_master tracks;
int i, j, ret;
ret = mkv_add_seekhead_entry(mkv->main_seekhead, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKS, avio_tell(pb));
if (ret < 0) return ret;
tracks = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKS, 0);
for (i = 0; i < s->nb_streams; i++) {
AVStream *st = s->streams[i];
AVCodecContext *codec = st->codec;
ebml_master subinfo, track;
int native_id = 0;
int qt_id = 0;
int bit_depth = av_get_bits_per_sample(codec->codec_id);
int sample_rate = codec->sample_rate;
int output_sample_rate = 0;
AVMetadataTag *tag;
if (!bit_depth)
bit_depth = av_get_bits_per_sample_fmt(codec->sample_fmt);
if (codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_AAC)
get_aac_sample_rates(s, codec, &sample_rate, &output_sample_rate);
track = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKENTRY, 0);
put_ebml_uint (pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKNUMBER , i + 1);
put_ebml_uint (pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKUID , i + 1);
put_ebml_uint (pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKFLAGLACING , 0); // no lacing (yet)
if ((tag = av_metadata_get(st->metadata, "title", NULL, 0)))
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKNAME, tag->value);
tag = av_metadata_get(st->metadata, "language", NULL, 0);
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKLANGUAGE, tag ? tag->value:"und");
if (st->disposition)
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKFLAGDEFAULT, !!(st->disposition & AV_DISPOSITION_DEFAULT));
// look for a codec ID string specific to mkv to use,
// if none are found, use AVI codes
for (j = 0; ff_mkv_codec_tags[j].id != CODEC_ID_NONE; j++) {
if (ff_mkv_codec_tags[j].id == codec->codec_id) {
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CODECID, ff_mkv_codec_tags[j].str);
native_id = 1;
break;
}
}
if (mkv->mode == MODE_WEBM && !(codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_VP8 ||
codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_VORBIS)) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR,
"Only VP8 video and Vorbis audio are supported for WebM.\n");
return AVERROR(EINVAL);
}
switch (codec->codec_type) {
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO:
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKTYPE, MATROSKA_TRACK_TYPE_VIDEO);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKDEFAULTDURATION, av_q2d(codec->time_base)*1E9);
if (!native_id &&
ff_codec_get_tag(codec_movvideo_tags, codec->codec_id) &&
(!ff_codec_get_tag(ff_codec_bmp_tags, codec->codec_id)
|| codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_SVQ1
|| codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_SVQ3
|| codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_CINEPAK))
qt_id = 1;
if (qt_id)
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CODECID, "V_QUICKTIME");
else if (!native_id) {
// if there is no mkv-specific codec ID, use VFW mode
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CODECID, "V_MS/VFW/FOURCC");
mkv->tracks[i].write_dts = 1;
}
subinfo = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKVIDEO, 0);
// XXX: interlace flag?
put_ebml_uint (pb, MATROSKA_ID_VIDEOPIXELWIDTH , codec->width);
put_ebml_uint (pb, MATROSKA_ID_VIDEOPIXELHEIGHT, codec->height);
if (st->sample_aspect_ratio.num) {
int d_width = codec->width*av_q2d(st->sample_aspect_ratio);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_VIDEODISPLAYWIDTH , d_width);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_VIDEODISPLAYHEIGHT, codec->height);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_VIDEODISPLAYUNIT, 3);
}
end_ebml_master(pb, subinfo);
break;
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO:
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKTYPE, MATROSKA_TRACK_TYPE_AUDIO);
if (!native_id)
// no mkv-specific ID, use ACM mode
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CODECID, "A_MS/ACM");
subinfo = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKAUDIO, 0);
put_ebml_uint (pb, MATROSKA_ID_AUDIOCHANNELS , codec->channels);
put_ebml_float (pb, MATROSKA_ID_AUDIOSAMPLINGFREQ, sample_rate);
if (output_sample_rate)
put_ebml_float(pb, MATROSKA_ID_AUDIOOUTSAMPLINGFREQ, output_sample_rate);
if (bit_depth)
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_AUDIOBITDEPTH, bit_depth);
end_ebml_master(pb, subinfo);
break;
case AVMEDIA_TYPE_SUBTITLE:
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TRACKTYPE, MATROSKA_TRACK_TYPE_SUBTITLE);
if (!native_id) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Subtitle codec %d is not supported.\n", codec->codec_id);
return AVERROR_NOTSUPP;
}
break;
default:
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Only audio, video, and subtitles are supported for Matroska.\n");
break;
}
ret = mkv_write_codecprivate(s, pb, codec, native_id, qt_id);
if (ret < 0) return ret;
end_ebml_master(pb, track);
// ms precision is the de-facto standard timescale for mkv files
av_set_pts_info(st, 64, 1, 1000);
}
end_ebml_master(pb, tracks);
return 0;
}
static int mkv_write_chapters(AVFormatContext *s)
{
MatroskaMuxContext *mkv = s->priv_data;
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
ebml_master chapters, editionentry;
AVRational scale = {1, 1E9};
int i, ret;
if (!s->nb_chapters)
return 0;
ret = mkv_add_seekhead_entry(mkv->main_seekhead, MATROSKA_ID_CHAPTERS, avio_tell(pb));
if (ret < 0) return ret;
chapters = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CHAPTERS , 0);
editionentry = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_EDITIONENTRY, 0);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_EDITIONFLAGDEFAULT, 1);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_EDITIONFLAGHIDDEN , 0);
for (i = 0; i < s->nb_chapters; i++) {
ebml_master chapteratom, chapterdisplay;
AVChapter *c = s->chapters[i];
AVMetadataTag *t = NULL;
chapteratom = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CHAPTERATOM, 0);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CHAPTERUID, c->id);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CHAPTERTIMESTART,
av_rescale_q(c->start, c->time_base, scale));
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CHAPTERTIMEEND,
av_rescale_q(c->end, c->time_base, scale));
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CHAPTERFLAGHIDDEN , 0);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CHAPTERFLAGENABLED, 1);
if ((t = av_metadata_get(c->metadata, "title", NULL, 0))) {
chapterdisplay = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CHAPTERDISPLAY, 0);
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CHAPSTRING, t->value);
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CHAPLANG , "und");
end_ebml_master(pb, chapterdisplay);
}
end_ebml_master(pb, chapteratom);
}
end_ebml_master(pb, editionentry);
end_ebml_master(pb, chapters);
return 0;
}
static void mkv_write_simpletag(AVIOContext *pb, AVMetadataTag *t)
{
uint8_t *key = av_strdup(t->key);
uint8_t *p = key;
const uint8_t *lang = NULL;
ebml_master tag;
if ((p = strrchr(p, '-')) &&
(lang = av_convert_lang_to(p + 1, AV_LANG_ISO639_2_BIBL)))
*p = 0;
p = key;
while (*p) {
if (*p == ' ')
*p = '_';
else if (*p >= 'a' && *p <= 'z')
*p -= 'a' - 'A';
p++;
}
tag = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_SIMPLETAG, 0);
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TAGNAME, key);
if (lang)
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TAGLANG, lang);
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TAGSTRING, t->value);
end_ebml_master(pb, tag);
av_freep(&key);
}
static int mkv_write_tag(AVFormatContext *s, AVMetadata *m, unsigned int elementid,
unsigned int uid, ebml_master *tags)
{
MatroskaMuxContext *mkv = s->priv_data;
ebml_master tag, targets;
AVMetadataTag *t = NULL;
int ret;
if (!tags->pos) {
ret = mkv_add_seekhead_entry(mkv->main_seekhead, MATROSKA_ID_TAGS, avio_tell(s->pb));
if (ret < 0) return ret;
*tags = start_ebml_master(s->pb, MATROSKA_ID_TAGS, 0);
}
tag = start_ebml_master(s->pb, MATROSKA_ID_TAG, 0);
targets = start_ebml_master(s->pb, MATROSKA_ID_TAGTARGETS, 0);
if (elementid)
put_ebml_uint(s->pb, elementid, uid);
end_ebml_master(s->pb, targets);
while ((t = av_metadata_get(m, "", t, AV_METADATA_IGNORE_SUFFIX)))
if (strcasecmp(t->key, "title"))
mkv_write_simpletag(s->pb, t);
end_ebml_master(s->pb, tag);
return 0;
}
static int mkv_write_tags(AVFormatContext *s)
{
ebml_master tags = {0};
int i, ret;
ff_metadata_conv_ctx(s, ff_mkv_metadata_conv, NULL);
if (av_metadata_get(s->metadata, "", NULL, AV_METADATA_IGNORE_SUFFIX)) {
ret = mkv_write_tag(s, s->metadata, 0, 0, &tags);
if (ret < 0) return ret;
}
for (i = 0; i < s->nb_streams; i++) {
AVStream *st = s->streams[i];
if (!av_metadata_get(st->metadata, "", 0, AV_METADATA_IGNORE_SUFFIX))
continue;
ret = mkv_write_tag(s, st->metadata, MATROSKA_ID_TAGTARGETS_TRACKUID, i + 1, &tags);
if (ret < 0) return ret;
}
for (i = 0; i < s->nb_chapters; i++) {
AVChapter *ch = s->chapters[i];
if (!av_metadata_get(ch->metadata, "", NULL, AV_METADATA_IGNORE_SUFFIX))
continue;
ret = mkv_write_tag(s, ch->metadata, MATROSKA_ID_TAGTARGETS_CHAPTERUID, ch->id, &tags);
if (ret < 0) return ret;
}
if (tags.pos)
end_ebml_master(s->pb, tags);
return 0;
}
static int mkv_write_header(AVFormatContext *s)
{
MatroskaMuxContext *mkv = s->priv_data;
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
ebml_master ebml_header, segment_info;
AVMetadataTag *tag;
int ret, i;
if (!strcmp(s->oformat->name, "webm")) mkv->mode = MODE_WEBM;
else mkv->mode = MODE_MATROSKAv2;
mkv->tracks = av_mallocz(s->nb_streams * sizeof(*mkv->tracks));
if (!mkv->tracks)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
ebml_header = start_ebml_master(pb, EBML_ID_HEADER, 0);
put_ebml_uint (pb, EBML_ID_EBMLVERSION , 1);
put_ebml_uint (pb, EBML_ID_EBMLREADVERSION , 1);
put_ebml_uint (pb, EBML_ID_EBMLMAXIDLENGTH , 4);
put_ebml_uint (pb, EBML_ID_EBMLMAXSIZELENGTH , 8);
put_ebml_string (pb, EBML_ID_DOCTYPE , s->oformat->name);
put_ebml_uint (pb, EBML_ID_DOCTYPEVERSION , 2);
put_ebml_uint (pb, EBML_ID_DOCTYPEREADVERSION , 2);
end_ebml_master(pb, ebml_header);
mkv->segment = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_SEGMENT, 0);
mkv->segment_offset = avio_tell(pb);
// we write 2 seek heads - one at the end of the file to point to each
// cluster, and one at the beginning to point to all other level one
// elements (including the seek head at the end of the file), which
// isn't more than 10 elements if we only write one of each other
// currently defined level 1 element
mkv->main_seekhead = mkv_start_seekhead(pb, mkv->segment_offset, 10);
if (!mkv->main_seekhead)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
ret = mkv_add_seekhead_entry(mkv->main_seekhead, MATROSKA_ID_INFO, avio_tell(pb));
if (ret < 0) return ret;
segment_info = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_INFO, 0);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TIMECODESCALE, 1000000);
if ((tag = av_metadata_get(s->metadata, "title", NULL, 0)))
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_TITLE, tag->value);
if (!(s->streams[0]->codec->flags & CODEC_FLAG_BITEXACT)) {
uint32_t segment_uid[4];
AVLFG lfg;
av_lfg_init(&lfg, av_get_random_seed());
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
segment_uid[i] = av_lfg_get(&lfg);
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_MUXINGAPP , LIBAVFORMAT_IDENT);
put_ebml_string(pb, MATROSKA_ID_WRITINGAPP, LIBAVFORMAT_IDENT);
put_ebml_binary(pb, MATROSKA_ID_SEGMENTUID, segment_uid, 16);
}
// reserve space for the duration
mkv->duration = 0;
mkv->duration_offset = avio_tell(pb);
put_ebml_void(pb, 11); // assumes double-precision float to be written
end_ebml_master(pb, segment_info);
ret = mkv_write_tracks(s);
if (ret < 0) return ret;
if (mkv->mode != MODE_WEBM) {
ret = mkv_write_chapters(s);
if (ret < 0) return ret;
ret = mkv_write_tags(s);
if (ret < 0) return ret;
}
if (!s->pb->seekable)
mkv_write_seekhead(pb, mkv->main_seekhead);
mkv->cues = mkv_start_cues(mkv->segment_offset);
if (mkv->cues == NULL)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
av_init_packet(&mkv->cur_audio_pkt);
mkv->cur_audio_pkt.size = 0;
mkv->audio_buffer_size = 0;
avio_flush(pb);
return 0;
}
static int mkv_blockgroup_size(int pkt_size)
{
int size = pkt_size + 4;
size += ebml_num_size(size);
size += 2; // EBML ID for block and block duration
size += 8; // max size of block duration
size += ebml_num_size(size);
size += 1; // blockgroup EBML ID
return size;
}
static int ass_get_duration(const uint8_t *p)
{
int sh, sm, ss, sc, eh, em, es, ec;
uint64_t start, end;
if (sscanf(p, "%*[^,],%d:%d:%d%*c%d,%d:%d:%d%*c%d",
&sh, &sm, &ss, &sc, &eh, &em, &es, &ec) != 8)
return 0;
start = 3600000*sh + 60000*sm + 1000*ss + 10*sc;
end = 3600000*eh + 60000*em + 1000*es + 10*ec;
return end - start;
}
static int mkv_write_ass_blocks(AVFormatContext *s, AVIOContext *pb, AVPacket *pkt)
{
MatroskaMuxContext *mkv = s->priv_data;
int i, layer = 0, max_duration = 0, size, line_size, data_size = pkt->size;
uint8_t *start, *end, *data = pkt->data;
ebml_master blockgroup;
char buffer[2048];
while (data_size) {
int duration = ass_get_duration(data);
max_duration = FFMAX(duration, max_duration);
end = memchr(data, '\n', data_size);
size = line_size = end ? end-data+1 : data_size;
size -= end ? (end[-1]=='\r')+1 : 0;
start = data;
for (i=0; i<3; i++, start++)
if (!(start = memchr(start, ',', size-(start-data))))
return max_duration;
size -= start - data;
sscanf(data, "Dialogue: %d,", &layer);
i = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%"PRId64",%d,",
s->streams[pkt->stream_index]->nb_frames++, layer);
size = FFMIN(i+size, sizeof(buffer));
memcpy(buffer+i, start, size-i);
av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Writing block at offset %" PRIu64 ", size %d, "
"pts %" PRId64 ", duration %d\n",
avio_tell(pb), size, pkt->pts, duration);
blockgroup = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_BLOCKGROUP, mkv_blockgroup_size(size));
put_ebml_id(pb, MATROSKA_ID_BLOCK);
put_ebml_num(pb, size+4, 0);
avio_w8(pb, 0x80 | (pkt->stream_index + 1)); // this assumes stream_index is less than 126
avio_wb16(pb, pkt->pts - mkv->cluster_pts);
avio_w8(pb, 0);
avio_write(pb, buffer, size);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_BLOCKDURATION, duration);
end_ebml_master(pb, blockgroup);
data += line_size;
data_size -= line_size;
}
return max_duration;
}
static void mkv_write_block(AVFormatContext *s, AVIOContext *pb,
unsigned int blockid, AVPacket *pkt, int flags)
{
MatroskaMuxContext *mkv = s->priv_data;
AVCodecContext *codec = s->streams[pkt->stream_index]->codec;
uint8_t *data = NULL;
int size = pkt->size;
int64_t ts = mkv->tracks[pkt->stream_index].write_dts ? pkt->dts : pkt->pts;
av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Writing block at offset %" PRIu64 ", size %d, "
"pts %" PRId64 ", dts %" PRId64 ", duration %d, flags %d\n",
avio_tell(pb), pkt->size, pkt->pts, pkt->dts, pkt->duration, flags);
if (codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_H264 && codec->extradata_size > 0 &&
(AV_RB24(codec->extradata) == 1 || AV_RB32(codec->extradata) == 1))
ff_avc_parse_nal_units_buf(pkt->data, &data, &size);
else
data = pkt->data;
put_ebml_id(pb, blockid);
put_ebml_num(pb, size+4, 0);
avio_w8(pb, 0x80 | (pkt->stream_index + 1)); // this assumes stream_index is less than 126
avio_wb16(pb, ts - mkv->cluster_pts);
avio_w8(pb, flags);
avio_write(pb, data, size);
if (data != pkt->data)
av_free(data);
}
static int srt_get_duration(uint8_t **buf)
{
int i, duration = 0;
for (i=0; i<2 && !duration; i++) {
int s_hour, s_min, s_sec, s_hsec, e_hour, e_min, e_sec, e_hsec;
if (sscanf(*buf, "%d:%2d:%2d%*1[,.]%3d --> %d:%2d:%2d%*1[,.]%3d",
&s_hour, &s_min, &s_sec, &s_hsec,
&e_hour, &e_min, &e_sec, &e_hsec) == 8) {
s_min += 60*s_hour; e_min += 60*e_hour;
s_sec += 60*s_min; e_sec += 60*e_min;
s_hsec += 1000*s_sec; e_hsec += 1000*e_sec;
duration = e_hsec - s_hsec;
}
*buf += strcspn(*buf, "\n") + 1;
}
return duration;
}
static int mkv_write_srt_blocks(AVFormatContext *s, AVIOContext *pb, AVPacket *pkt)
{
ebml_master blockgroup;
AVPacket pkt2 = *pkt;
int64_t duration = srt_get_duration(&pkt2.data);
pkt2.size -= pkt2.data - pkt->data;
blockgroup = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_BLOCKGROUP,
mkv_blockgroup_size(pkt2.size));
mkv_write_block(s, pb, MATROSKA_ID_BLOCK, &pkt2, 0);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_BLOCKDURATION, duration);
end_ebml_master(pb, blockgroup);
return duration;
}
static void mkv_flush_dynbuf(AVFormatContext *s)
{
MatroskaMuxContext *mkv = s->priv_data;
int bufsize;
uint8_t *dyn_buf;
if (!mkv->dyn_bc)
return;
bufsize = avio_close_dyn_buf(mkv->dyn_bc, &dyn_buf);
avio_write(s->pb, dyn_buf, bufsize);
av_free(dyn_buf);
mkv->dyn_bc = NULL;
}
static int mkv_write_packet_internal(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
MatroskaMuxContext *mkv = s->priv_data;
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
AVCodecContext *codec = s->streams[pkt->stream_index]->codec;
int keyframe = !!(pkt->flags & AV_PKT_FLAG_KEY);
int duration = pkt->duration;
int ret;
int64_t ts = mkv->tracks[pkt->stream_index].write_dts ? pkt->dts : pkt->pts;
if (ts == AV_NOPTS_VALUE) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Can't write packet with unknown timestamp\n");
return AVERROR(EINVAL);
}
if (!s->pb->seekable) {
if (!mkv->dyn_bc)
avio_open_dyn_buf(&mkv->dyn_bc);
pb = mkv->dyn_bc;
}
if (!mkv->cluster_pos) {
mkv->cluster_pos = avio_tell(s->pb);
mkv->cluster = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CLUSTER, 0);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_CLUSTERTIMECODE, FFMAX(0, ts));
mkv->cluster_pts = FFMAX(0, ts);
}
if (codec->codec_type != AVMEDIA_TYPE_SUBTITLE) {
mkv_write_block(s, pb, MATROSKA_ID_SIMPLEBLOCK, pkt, keyframe << 7);
} else if (codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_SSA) {
duration = mkv_write_ass_blocks(s, pb, pkt);
} else if (codec->codec_id == CODEC_ID_SRT) {
duration = mkv_write_srt_blocks(s, pb, pkt);
} else {
ebml_master blockgroup = start_ebml_master(pb, MATROSKA_ID_BLOCKGROUP, mkv_blockgroup_size(pkt->size));
duration = pkt->convergence_duration;
mkv_write_block(s, pb, MATROSKA_ID_BLOCK, pkt, 0);
put_ebml_uint(pb, MATROSKA_ID_BLOCKDURATION, duration);
end_ebml_master(pb, blockgroup);
}
if (codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO && keyframe) {
ret = mkv_add_cuepoint(mkv->cues, pkt->stream_index, ts, mkv->cluster_pos);
if (ret < 0) return ret;
}
mkv->duration = FFMAX(mkv->duration, ts + duration);
return 0;
}
static int mkv_copy_packet(MatroskaMuxContext *mkv, const AVPacket *pkt)
{
uint8_t *data = mkv->cur_audio_pkt.data;
mkv->cur_audio_pkt = *pkt;
mkv->cur_audio_pkt.data = av_fast_realloc(data, &mkv->audio_buffer_size, pkt->size);
if (!mkv->cur_audio_pkt.data)
return AVERROR(ENOMEM);
memcpy(mkv->cur_audio_pkt.data, pkt->data, pkt->size);
mkv->cur_audio_pkt.size = pkt->size;
return 0;
}
static int mkv_write_packet(AVFormatContext *s, AVPacket *pkt)
{
MatroskaMuxContext *mkv = s->priv_data;
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb->seekable ? s->pb : mkv->dyn_bc;
AVCodecContext *codec = s->streams[pkt->stream_index]->codec;
int ret, keyframe = !!(pkt->flags & AV_PKT_FLAG_KEY);
int64_t ts = mkv->tracks[pkt->stream_index].write_dts ? pkt->dts : pkt->pts;
int cluster_size = avio_tell(pb) - (s->pb->seekable ? mkv->cluster_pos : 0);
// start a new cluster every 5 MB or 5 sec, or 32k / 1 sec for streaming or
// after 4k and on a keyframe
if (mkv->cluster_pos &&
((!s->pb->seekable && (cluster_size > 32*1024 || ts > mkv->cluster_pts + 1000))
|| cluster_size > 5*1024*1024 || ts > mkv->cluster_pts + 5000
|| (codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_VIDEO && keyframe && cluster_size > 4*1024))) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "Starting new cluster at offset %" PRIu64
" bytes, pts %" PRIu64 "\n", avio_tell(pb), ts);
end_ebml_master(pb, mkv->cluster);
mkv->cluster_pos = 0;
if (mkv->dyn_bc)
mkv_flush_dynbuf(s);
}
// check if we have an audio packet cached
if (mkv->cur_audio_pkt.size > 0) {
ret = mkv_write_packet_internal(s, &mkv->cur_audio_pkt);
mkv->cur_audio_pkt.size = 0;
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not write cached audio packet ret:%d\n", ret);
return ret;
}
}
// buffer an audio packet to ensure the packet containing the video
// keyframe's timecode is contained in the same cluster for WebM
if (codec->codec_type == AVMEDIA_TYPE_AUDIO)
ret = mkv_copy_packet(mkv, pkt);
else
ret = mkv_write_packet_internal(s, pkt);
return ret;
}
static int mkv_write_trailer(AVFormatContext *s)
{
MatroskaMuxContext *mkv = s->priv_data;
AVIOContext *pb = s->pb;
int64_t currentpos, cuespos;
int ret;
// check if we have an audio packet cached
if (mkv->cur_audio_pkt.size > 0) {
ret = mkv_write_packet_internal(s, &mkv->cur_audio_pkt);
mkv->cur_audio_pkt.size = 0;
if (ret < 0) {
av_log(s, AV_LOG_ERROR, "Could not write cached audio packet ret:%d\n", ret);
return ret;
}
}
if (mkv->dyn_bc) {
end_ebml_master(mkv->dyn_bc, mkv->cluster);
mkv_flush_dynbuf(s);
} else if (mkv->cluster_pos) {
end_ebml_master(pb, mkv->cluster);
}
if (pb->seekable) {
if (mkv->cues->num_entries) {
cuespos = mkv_write_cues(pb, mkv->cues, s->nb_streams);
ret = mkv_add_seekhead_entry(mkv->main_seekhead, MATROSKA_ID_CUES, cuespos);
if (ret < 0) return ret;
}
mkv_write_seekhead(pb, mkv->main_seekhead);
// update the duration
av_log(s, AV_LOG_DEBUG, "end duration = %" PRIu64 "\n", mkv->duration);
currentpos = avio_tell(pb);
avio_seek(pb, mkv->duration_offset, SEEK_SET);
put_ebml_float(pb, MATROSKA_ID_DURATION, mkv->duration);
avio_seek(pb, currentpos, SEEK_SET);
}
end_ebml_master(pb, mkv->segment);
av_free(mkv->tracks);
av_destruct_packet(&mkv->cur_audio_pkt);
avio_flush(pb);
return 0;
}
#if CONFIG_MATROSKA_MUXER
AVOutputFormat ff_matroska_muxer = {
"matroska",
NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Matroska file format"),
"video/x-matroska",
"mkv",
sizeof(MatroskaMuxContext),
CODEC_ID_MP2,
CODEC_ID_MPEG4,
mkv_write_header,
mkv_write_packet,
mkv_write_trailer,
.flags = AVFMT_GLOBALHEADER | AVFMT_VARIABLE_FPS,
.codec_tag = (const AVCodecTag* const []){ff_codec_bmp_tags, ff_codec_wav_tags, 0},
.subtitle_codec = CODEC_ID_TEXT,
};
#endif
#if CONFIG_WEBM_MUXER
AVOutputFormat ff_webm_muxer = {
"webm",
NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("WebM file format"),
"video/webm",
"webm",
sizeof(MatroskaMuxContext),
CODEC_ID_VORBIS,
CODEC_ID_VP8,
mkv_write_header,
mkv_write_packet,
mkv_write_trailer,
.flags = AVFMT_GLOBALHEADER | AVFMT_VARIABLE_FPS,
};
#endif
#if CONFIG_MATROSKA_AUDIO_MUXER
AVOutputFormat ff_matroska_audio_muxer = {
"matroska",
NULL_IF_CONFIG_SMALL("Matroska file format"),
"audio/x-matroska",
"mka",
sizeof(MatroskaMuxContext),
CODEC_ID_MP2,
CODEC_ID_NONE,
mkv_write_header,
mkv_write_packet,
mkv_write_trailer,
.flags = AVFMT_GLOBALHEADER,
.codec_tag = (const AVCodecTag* const []){ff_codec_wav_tags, 0},
};
#endif
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