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The ACM Website

Node.js CI Lint Netlify Status Contributor Covenant

Hey there! This repo contains all of the code for ACM @ UCLA's front-facing website, which you can view at uclaacm.com or at acm.cs.ucla.edu. You can find out more about our organization, the events we hold, and all the different committees within ACM!

Our website is built with Next.js on top of React, with a style and design system internally developed by our dev team and ACM Design. The site is deployed on Netlify; we're grateful for their support in the open-source program. Under the hood, we use both ESLint and Stylelint to lint our JS and CSS code respectively.

Quick Table of Contents

Notes for Developers

Design Guidelines

Doc coming soon!

Have questions about the overarching project of this website, like:

  • what technologies do we use?
  • what are our code writing styles?
  • where should I add ___ file?
  • what method would I do to make a ___?

Check out our project design doc for more information!

Development Setup

We'll follow a very traditional Node.js project setup. Before we start, make sure that you have the LTS version of Node (currently ~ 14.x) and a copy of git on your computer.

First, we'll clone the repo and install all of our dependencies. You only need to do this once.

$ git clone https://github.com/uclaacm/website.git
...
$ cd website
$ npm install

Our app's development and build cycle is managed by Next.js; so, we can just run npm start to serve our app:

$ npm start

> acm-website@0.1.0 start /Users/matt/code/acm-website
> next dev

ready - started server on 0.0.0.0:3000, url: http://localhost:3000

event - compiled successfully

This should automatically open up a window in your browser with our website; if it doesn't, visit http://localhost:3000.

Note that next dev ships with "Fast Refresh" (their version of hot module reloading), so every time you modify a file, the app will automatically recompile and reload!

Contribution Workflow

Want to make a change to the website? Great! Here are the steps:

  1. Either make a new branch or a fork of this repository. main is a protected branch, so you cannot push to it.
  2. Follow the instructions in "Development Setup" above. If you're on a fork, replace the URL with the fork's URL; if you're on a different branch, check it out using git checkout.
  3. Make your changes!
  4. Before you push, make sure your app builds with npm run build. If there are any errors, our CI/CD service will reject your build.
  5. Once you're ready, stage and commit your changes!
  6. Make a pull request with your changes, and let someone on the dev team know.
  7. If your code passes code review, we'll merge it into main. Congratulations! If you'd like, it's now safe to delete your branch/fork.

Production Deploy

We currently deploy our site on Netlify, which handles both our deploy previews and our production deploy. To use Netlify properly with Next.js, we use Netlify's first-party Essential Next.js plugin. Because Netlify typically only deploys static sites, this plugin allows us to use Next's SSR features, as well as other runtime behaviours like image optimization.

As a note, we've been running into some problems with next/image working properly - that's why some parts of the codebase stil use the <img /> tag. It's likely that these problems have to do with a misconfiguration/misuse of the Netlify plugin, or a lack of feature parity surrounding runtime image optimization.

The CD pipeline is also mimicked in GitHub Actions. To ensure that your build passes production deploy, ensure that npm run build passes; you should get something like:

$ npm run build

> acm-website@0.1.0 build /Users/matt/code/acm-website
> next build

info  - Using webpack 5. Reason: Enabled by default https://nextjs.org/docs/messages/webpack5
info  - Checking validity of types
info  - Creating an optimized production build
warn  - Compiled with warnings
info  - Collecting page data
info  - Generating static pages (8/8)
info  - Finalizing page optimization

Page                              Size     First Load JS
┌ ○ /                             1.96 kB         102 kB
├   /_app                         0 B            74.5 kB
├ ○ /404                          1.36 kB        75.8 kB
├ ○ /about                        2.35 kB         102 kB
├ ○ /committees                   2.7 kB          103 kB
├ ○ /events                       579 B          84.6 kB
├ ○ /sponsors                     1.28 kB         101 kB
└ ○ /techgala                     841 B           101 kB
+ First Load JS shared by all     74.5 kB
  ├ chunks/framework.2191d1.js    42.4 kB
  ├ chunks/main.d8370c.js         20.3 kB
  ├ chunks/pages/_app.bdb986.js   11 kB
  ├ chunks/webpack.715970.js      804 B
  └ css/15f1248eb2a7bef58d0d.css  6.13 kB

λ  (Lambda)  server-side renders at runtime (uses getInitialProps or getServerSideProps)
○  (Static)  automatically rendered as static HTML (uses no initial props)
●  (SSG)     automatically generated as static HTML + JSON (uses getStaticProps)
   (ISR)     incremental static regeneration (uses revalidate in getStaticProps)

Outside of image optimization, the rest of our site is SSG'd by Next. In other words, after build-time, you should expect a fully-functional site (barring image serving).

Notes on Previous Iterations

From (some time) to 2019, this website had a more involved build system, still using React but also managing our webpack configuration, ESLint, containerization with Docker, and deploying on Heroku.

In mid-2020, we made two larger changes:

  • we followed ACM Design's new Branding 3.0 design system, reworking the visual language of the site
  • we moved away from a custom webpack configuration and containerization deployed on Heroku to using Create React App deployed on Netlify, with the main goal of reducing development burden and taking advantage of static-site deployers

In mid-2021, we made another set of changes surrounding performance and robustness:

  • we swapped out Create React App for Next.js, with the goal of using the hybrid SSG + SSR/ISR model to deliver better performance and SEO-friendly pages
  • some more stuff coming soon :)

Licensing and Attribution

Unlike the majority of ACM at UCLA's projects, this website is under the slightly-less-permissive Mozilla Public License 2.0 (MPL 2.0). You can find the public official copy on the Mozilla website, as well as an FAQ on the license. We echo a sentiment shared on the FAQ:

Please note that, while this FAQ is intended to be accurate and helpful, it is not the license, and may not cover important issues that affect you and your specific situation. As a result, reading the FAQ should not serve as a substitute for reading the license itself, or for seeking legal advice from a lawyer.

We'd love to hear from you if this repository was helpful in any way (especially if it inspires your own work)! Send us an email at acm@ucla.edu - I promise we don't bite!