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FPGA code for adding chirp functionality to USRP N210 with CBX daughter board, after the required hardware modification.
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Chirp_for_N210.patch
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README.md
uhd_rx_cfile_chirp Added license May 31, 2019

README.md

SweepSense

This repo contains FPGA code for adding chirp functionality to USRP N210 with CBX daughter board, after the required hardware modification.

This README explain how to use the patch to add chirp functionality to an USRP N210 module, and also how to configure the chirp. The patch was generated after commit e57dfe075c8056a5afe5528c1bc21e92b5149379.

To apply the patch go to fpga-src folder and do: $ git apply Chirp_for_N210.patch

uhd_rx_cfile_chirp is an example modification to uhd_rx_cfile to configure the chirp module. Details of configuration is explained bellow.

The patch adds 3 modules in fpga-src/usrp2/control_lib/ and update the Makefile in that folder to include those. Moreover, it would edit the top module located at fpga-src/usrp2/top/N2x0/u2plus_core.v to add the chirp module. It modifies the fpga-src/usrp2/timing/time_compare.v module to improve its timing, as well as remove extra MAP properties for the Xilinx ISE in the Makefile. Finally, the gpio_atr is modified slightly to keep the VCO chip on CBX always active.

There is a compiler directive to determine whether to use chirp code in u2plus_core.v. `define CHIRP

To use and configure the chirp capability you only need to set some registers from the host. For example, you can add this to init function in uhd_rx_cfile which is in python.

def __init__(self, options, filename):
    ...
    self._u.set_user_register(3, 0, 0)
    ...

In set_user_register the first argument is address, second is a 32bit value, and third argument needs to be 0.

Here is the mapping of different registers to their function for chirp, and an example value:

Register 1: One-hot representation of desired frequency bands to be captured. This is the 32 lower bands. Note that this bands would be saved for the rf_division factor set by register 6.

    self._u.set_user_register(1, 0xFFFFFFFF, 0)

Register 2: One-hot representation of desired frequency bands to be captured. This is the rest of the bands, which is 32 for CBX (total 64 bands). Note that this bands would be saved for the rf_division factor set by register 6.

    self._u.set_user_register(2, 0x0000000F, 0)
  • If registers 1 and 2 are both set to 0 for a rf_divider, it is considered that only the first channel is selected.

Register 3: Enabling or disabling the chirp. Writing a 1 would enable it and writing a 0 would make the system work in normal mode.

    self._u.set_user_register(3, 0, 0)

Register4: Sets the step size for chirp:

    self._u.set_user_register(4, 256, 0)

Register 5: set the clock division ratio for SPI clock. 4 means SPI clock is high for 4 clock cycles and low for 4 clock cycles, or has 8x lower frequency than the system clock.

    self._u.set_user_register(5, 4, 0)

Register 6: Chirp rf divider selector for register 1 and 2. It is a 8 bit value which can be only powers of 2, from 1 to 128 for CBX. Any other value is ignored and default value of 2 is selected.

    self._u.set_user_register(6, 2, 0)

Register 7: Chirp ramp start

    self._u.set_user_register(7, 0x26D, 0)

Register 8: Chirp ramp end

    self._u.set_user_register(8, 0xC1D, 0)

Register 9: One-hot representation of desired rf_divider values to loop through. The lowest 8 bits represent each rf_divider. By default it is set to 2, meaning only rf_divider of 2.

  • If this register is set to zero, it is considered that the rf_div of 1 is selected.

      self._u.set_user_register(9, 3, 0)
    

Chirp driver cycles through the selected rf_divider values in a round robin manner and for each rf_divider it would cycle through the selected frequency bands.

License

Apache 2.0:

Copyright 2019 The Regents of the University of California

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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