Synchronizing data based on version changes
Switch branches/tags
Nothing to show
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
lib/resty
t
util
.gitattributes
.gitignore
.travis.yml
Makefile
README.markdown
dist.ini

README.markdown

Name

lua-resty-sync - synchronizing data based on version changes

Table of Contents

Synopsis

http {
    lua_shared_dict sync 5m;
    lua_shared_dict locks 1m;

    init_worker_by_lua_block {
        local sync = require "resty.sync"

        local syncer, err = sync.new(5, "sync")
        if not syncer then
            ngx.log(ngx.WARN, "failed to create sync object: ", err)
            return
        end

        local callback = function(mode)
            if mode == sync.ACTION_DATA then
                -- GET DATA
                return "data " .. math.random(100) -- just some fake data
            else
                -- GET VERSION
                return "version " .. math.random(100)
            end
        end

        -- register some tasks
        syncer:register(callback, "ex1")

        -- start to run
        syncer:start()

        -- save it
        SYNCER = syncer
    }

    server {
        server_name _;
        listen *:9080;

        location = /t {
            content_by_lua_block {
                local sync = require "resty.sync"

                local syncer = SYNCER

                local version, err = syncer:get_version("ex1")
                if not version then
                    ngx.log(ngx.WARN, "failed to fetch version: ", err)
                    return
                end

                local data, err = syncer:get_data("ex1")

                if not data then
                    ngx.log(ngx.WARN, "failed to fetch data: ", err)
                    return
                end

                ngx.say("task ex1, data: ", data, " and version: ", version)

                ngx.sleep(5)

                -- after 5s
                local version2, err = syncer:get_version("ex1")
                if not version2 then
                	ngx.log(ngx.WARN, "failed to fetch version: ", err)
                	return
                end

                local data2, err = syncer:get_data("ex1")

                if not data2 then
                	ngx.log(ngx.WARN, "failed to fetch data: ", err)
                	return
                end

                ngx.say("after 5s, task ex1, data: ", data2, " and version: ", version2)
            }
        }
    }
}

Description

This lua-resty library help you to synchronize data(from redis, mysql, memcached and so on) based on the version changes.

It will check the freshness by comparing the version cached by itself(stored in shared memory) and the one from your external suits, data will be updated when the cached one is stale or for the first time. See the Synopsis and Methods for learning how to use this library.

Note this lua module relies on lua-resty-lock.

Status

Probably production ready in most cases, though not yet proven in the wild.
Please check the issues list and let me know if you have any problems / questions.

Methods

new

syntax: local syncer, err = sync.new(interval, shm)

phase: init_worker

Create and return an instance of the sync.

The first argument, interval, indicates the interval of two successive operations(in seconds), which shall be greater than 0.
The second argument shm, holds a Lua string, represents a shared memory.

In the case of failure, nil and a Lua string described the corresponding error will be given.

register

syntax: local ok, err = syncer:register(callback, tag)

phase: init_worker

Register a task to the instance syncer which created by new.

The first argument callback, can be any Lua function which will be invoked later in a background "light thread".
The callback function not only used for capturing data, but also used for fetching version.

Only one argument mode can be passed to this function and the value always is:

  • sync.ACTION_DATA - capturing data this time.
  • sync.ACTION_VERSION - fetching version this time.

The second argument tag is a Lua string which is used for distinguishing different tasks,
so it can't be duplicate with one task registered previously.

In the case of failure, nil and a Lua string described the corresponding error will be given.

start

syntax: local ok, err = syncer:start()

phase: init_worker

Let the instance syncer starts to work. Note there will be only one timer created among all workers.
The uniqueness is kept throughout your service's lifetime even the timer owner worker is crash or nginx reload happens.

Callback in this instance will be run orderly(accroding the order of register).

In the case of failure, nil and a Lua string described the corresponding error will be given.

get_version

syntax: local version, err = syncer:get_version(tag)

phase: set_by_lua, rewrite_by_lua, access_by_lua, content_by_lua, header_filter_by_lua, body_filter_by_lua, log_by_lua,
ngx.timer.*, balancer_by_lua, ssl_certificate_by_lua, ssl_session_fetch_by_lua, ssl_session_store_by_lua

Get the current version of one task(specified by tag).

In the case of failure, nil and a Lua string described the corresponding error will be given.

In particually, nil and "no data" will be given when there is no data.

get_data

syntax: local data, err = syncer:get_data(tag)

phase: set_by_lua, rewrite_by_lua, access_by_lua, content_by_lua, header_filter_by_lua, body_filter_by_lua, log_by_lua,
ngx.timer.*, balancer_by_lua, ssl_certificate_by_lua, ssl_session_fetch_by_lua, ssl_session_store_by_lua

Get the current data of one task(specified by tag).

In the case of failure, nil and a Lua string described the corresponding error will be given.

In particually, nil and "no data" will be given when there is no data.

get_last_modified_time

syntax: local timestamp, err = syncer:get_last_modified_time(tag)

phase: set_by_lua, rewrite_by_lua, access_by_lua, content_by_lua, header_filter_by_lua, body_filter_by_lua, log_by_lua,
ngx.timer.*, balancer_by_lua, ssl_certificate_by_lua, ssl_session_fetch_by_lua, ssl_session_store_by_lua

Get the last update time(unix timestamp) of one task(specified by tag).

In the case of failure, nil and a Lua string described the corresponding error will be given.

In particually, nil and "no data" will be given when there is no data.

TODO

  • Do the updates cocurrently in one sync instance.

Author

Alex Zhang(张超) zchao1995@gmail.com, UPYUN Inc.

Copyright and License

The bundle itself is licensed under the 2-clause BSD license.

Copyright (c) 2017, UPYUN(又拍云) Inc.

This module is licensed under the terms of the BSD license.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

  • Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
  • Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.