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README.md

About

Scripts to get Syslog (protocol) messages into Zabbix from network devices, servers and others.

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  1. Configure network devices to route all Syslog messages to a your zabbix-server or zabbix-proxy host with rsyslog on board
  2. with rsyslog configuration altered it would run script (3) and determines from what zabbix-host this message comes from(using Zabbix API)
  3. zabbix-sender protocol is then used to put messages into Zabbix (using found host and item where key=syslog)

Features include:

  • IP to host resolutions are cached to minimize the number of Zabbix API queries
  • zabbix_sender here is in a form of a perl function, so no cli zabbix_sender tool is required

Map context menu

As a bonus, script zabbix_syslog_create_urls.pl can be used(and scheduled in cron for regular map link updates) to append a direct link into maps host menu for reading Syslog item values for each host that has syslog:
2013-12-30_152557
Script will do no rewriting of existing host links, only appending to a list. Also link only added to hosts that has item with key 'syslog'.

Setup

Dependencies

The script is written in Perl and you will need common modules in order to run it:

LWP
JSON::XS
Config::General

There are numerous ways to install them:

In Debian In Centos using CPAN using cpanm
apt-get install libwww-perl libjson-xs-perl libconfig-general-perl yum install perl-JSON-XS perl-libwww-perl perl-LWP-Protocol-https perl-Config-General PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT=1 perl -MCPAN -e 'install Bundle::LWP' and PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT=1 perl -MCPAN -e 'install JSON::XS' and PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT=1 perl -MCPAN -e 'install Config::General' cpanm install LWP and cpanm install JSON::XS and cpanm install Config::General

Copy scripts

mkdir -p /etc/zabbix/scripts
cp zabbix_syslog_create_urls.pl /etc/zabbix/scripts/zabbix_syslog_create_urls.pl
chmod +x /etc/zabbix/scripts/zabbix_syslog_create_urls.pl

cp zabbix_syslog_lkp_host.pl /etc/zabbix/scripts/zabbix_syslog_lkp_host.pl
chmod +x /etc/zabbix/scripts/zabbix_syslog_lkp_host.pl

mkdir /etc/zabbix/scripts/lib
cp lib/ZabbixAPI.pm /etc/zabbix/scripts/lib


cp zabbix_syslog.cfg /etc/zabbix/zabbix_syslog.cfg
sudo chown zabbix:zabbix /etc/zabbix/zabbix_syslog.cfg
sudo chmod 700 /etc/zabbix/zabbix_syslog.cfg

edit /etc/zabbix/zabbix_syslog.cfg

Copy crontab

Next file updates syslog map links once a day. Copy it into your zabbix-server

cp cron.d/zabbix_syslog_create_urls /etc/cron.d

rsyslog

add file /etc/rsyslog.d/zabbix_rsyslog.conf with contents:

# provides UDP syslog reception
$ModLoad imudp
$UDPServerRun 514

#enables omrpog module
$ModLoad omprog

$template RFC3164fmt,"<%PRI%>%TIMESTAMP% %HOSTNAME% %syslogtag%%msg%"
$template network-fmt,"%TIMESTAMP:::date-rfc3339% [%fromhost-ip%] %pri-text% %syslogtag%%msg%\n"

#exclude unwanted messages(examples):
:msg, contains, "Child connection from" stop
:msg, contains, "exit after auth (ubnt): Disconnect received" stop
:msg, contains, "password auth succeeded for 'ubnt' from" stop
:msg, contains, "exit before auth: Exited normally" stop
if $fromhost-ip != '127.0.0.1' then {
        action(type="omprog" binary="/etc/zabbix/scripts/zabbix_syslog_lkp_host.pl" template="network-fmt")
        stop
}

(also check your firewall for UDP/514 btw)

...and restart rsyslog

service rsyslog restart 

Import template

Import syslog template and attach it to hosts from which you expect syslog messages to come

Create user in Zabbix frontend for syslog

NOTE: you can use your admin user for testing
It is recommended to create separate user in order to retreive hostnames and check syslog items existence via Zabbix API. Simple user with READ permissions for each Host group should be enough. If you use map context menu script zabbix_syslog_create_urls.pl then also check for write permessions to maps.

Troubleshooting

Make sure that script /etc/zabbix/scripts/zabbix_syslog_lkp_host.pl is exetuable under rsyslog system user.
Run it by hand to see that all perl modules are available under that user (probably root).

Suggested Test 1

Do the following test:

  • In Zabbix create the test host with host interface of any type. Assign IP=127.0.0.1 to this host interface.
  • Attach Template Syslog to this host.
  • Under user root (or user that runs rsyslog):
    echo "2017-12-19T09:26:26.314936+03:00 [127.0.0.1] syslog.info SysLogTest[4616]Test syslog message" | /etc/zabbix/scripts/zabbix_syslog_lkp_host.pl then check that this message can be found in item with key = syslog.

Suggested Test 2

  • Stop rsyslog daemon
  • run rsyslogd in the interactive mode: rsyslogd -n
  • open another terminal and send a test syslog message connecting to IP address other than 127.0.0.1:
    logger -n 192.168.56.15.
  • then type some test message like so: hello world
  • observe what actually script returns when processing this test syslog message.
    For example:
[root@zabbix-lab vagrant]# rsyslogd -n
rsyslogd: error during config processing: STOP is followed by unreachable statements!  [v8.24.0 try http://www.rsyslog.com/e/2207 ]
Can't locate ZabbixAPI.pm in @INC (@INC contains: /etc/zabbix/scripts/lib /usr/local/lib64/perl5 /usr/local/share/perl5 /usr/lib64/perl5/vendor_perl /usr/share/perl5/vendor_perl /usr/lib64/perl5 /usr/share/perl5 .) at /etc/zabbix/scripts/zabbix_syslog_lkp_host.pl line 11.
BEGIN failed--compilation aborted at /etc/zabbix/scripts/zabbix_syslog_lkp_host.pl line 11.
rsyslogd: Child 15334 has terminated, reaped by main-loop. [v8.24.0 try http://www.rsyslog.com/e/0 

If this doesn't help, then try again this time running rsyslogd in the debug mode: rsyslogd -dn

More info:

https://habrahabr.ru/company/zabbix/blog/252915/ (RU)

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