👨‍💻 Demo of ES6, ESLint, Webpack, and React
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README.md

lunch-n-learn-front-end-16

The goal of this lunch and learn is to highlight the newest Front End development tools, libraries, and frameworks. I have included a starter react Single Page App.

ES6

ECMAscript 6 also called ES2015 brings some syntactic sugar to JavaScript. Most of the features are supported in modern browsers, but it's not best practice to use directly on the client yet. Using Webpack ES6 JavaScript can be compiled down to ES5 to support more browsers. Newer versions of Node.js support most of ES6 directly.

Const and Let

const denotes that the variable will not be changing (immutable)
let is the new var but the scoping is different

I've found it is best to default all variables to const and use let when needed (like for an error message variable that will change based on a if/else block)

Template Strings

var adjective = 'radical'
//ES6  
const myString = `Template strings are ${adjective}!`
//Old
var myString = "Template strings are " + adjective + "!"

Destructuring

//ES6  
const { user, admin: superUser } = res.data //renames admin to superUser
//Old  
var user = res.data.user,
    superUser = res.data.admin

Fat arrow functions

Binding the context of this is important in react apps (think $.proxy). Fat arrow functions do this for you.

//ES6  
(argOne, argTwo) => argOne + argTwo //single line automatically returns and doesn't need { }
//Old  
function (argOne, argTwo) {
  return argOne + argTwo
}.bind(this)

Cleans up callbacks quite a bit.

Spread operator

//ES6  
const array = [1, 2, 3]
const anotherArray = [0, ...array, 4] //[0, 1, 2, 3, 4]

It can be used with objects too, useful with Redux state.

Defaults

function f(x, y=10) { } //if y isn't passed (or undefined), it defaults to 10

Classes!

Used throughout react

//TODO

examples

More

Math.hypot(3, 4) // 5
"abcde".includes("cd") // true
"abc".repeat(3) // "abcabcabc"
Array.map()// see react example (great for building tables)

generator functions, promises (eliminates callback hell), import/exporting (shown below)
Great overview of the best features of ES6: Part 1 - Part 2

ESLint

A linter plugs into your text editor (I use Atom but I believe Sublime has a plugin), highlighting lines that don't meet the set standards. Can also be run in terminal. It looks for best practices that you define, like using ; or not. It also can warn you when you are using a variable that hasn't been defined or if define one that never gets used. Linters are beneficial to bring code consistency, clarity to projects, and find bugs sooner.
I use AirBnB's style guide (code style - not to be confused with UI design) with some tweaks
Install globally: npm install -g eslint
Atom packages: linter and linter-eslint Starter conf: .eslintrc.js
See plugins located in package.json devDependencies
CL command can auto fix some errors: eslint ./public/js --fix

Webpack

Bundle, Minify, and Uglify
Plugins: ..
Live-Reload: webpack-dev-server
You can even go to {{ip_address}}:{{port}} on your phone and it live reloads too. I have found live reload to be very beneficial to find bugs as they are written. If you like this, you can have the Node.js backend live reload too using nodemon
Different settings based on env and env vars.

NPM or Yarn

Yarn is new and works similar to NPM but it caches packages across all your local repos to install much faster. I haven't switched to it, but the community is raving about it.

No more jQuery!

With react you no longer need jQuery to manipulate the DOM but you lose ajax requests and its other useful library methods.
To make requests: axios is a nice light weight library
lodash or underscore supplement ES6 methods:
finding min/max, string, array, object, filtering array of objects

DEMO

git clone https://github.com/valmassoi/lunch-n-learn-front-end-16.git && cd lunch-n-learn-front-end-16
npm i #installs packages included in dependencies and devDependencies objects in package.json
npm run dev #serves up the app on localhost:8088 with live reload
npm install --save some-package #example to add a package
npm install --save-dev some-dev-package #example to add a dev package

React.js

Components

Modular - promotes good coding patterns.
Fast using a "virtual DOM".
You are basically creating custom HTML elements that can take custom properties.

Import

import React, { Component } from 'react'
import { connect } from 'react-redux'
import * as formActions from '../actions/form'
import Form from '../components/Form'

Class

class ComponentName extends Component {
//Docs commonly use: class ComponentName extends React.Component {
//but we destructured in the import!
  ...
}
export Default ComponentName

Props

<ComponentName customProp="green" title={this.state.title} />

State

Each component has a state, when the state updates it rerenders the DOM, only changing what is needed (efficient).
Note that you can have stateless components (can still receive props) - good for something like a footer.

Initial State:

class ComponentName extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    super(props)
    this.state = {
      users: [], //doesn't have to be empty
    }
  }

Using state in JSX:

render{
  const { users } = this.state
  return(
    <div>
      <ul>
        {users.map(user => {
          return (
            <li class="user-list" key={user.id} onClick={(user) => this.setActiveUser(user.id)}>
              user.name
            </li>
          )
        })}
      </ul>
    </div>
  )
}

Note I used class in the li above. In react you can't do this by default because class is now a reserved word. You are to use className but if you look in the webpack file I have a plugin that will change this for me on bundle.

Changing the state:

const cryptoCurrencies = ['bitcoin', 'ethereum', 'dash'],
      newTitle = 'Crypto'
setState({ cryptoCurrencies, title: newTitle }) //same key doesn't need :

Create table mapping an array of objects

<table class="table">
  <thead>
    <tr>
      <th>Date</th>
      <th>Type</th>
      <th>Address</th>
      <th>Change</th>
    </tr>
  </thead>
  <tbody>
    {trades.map((trade, i) => {
      const tradeType = this.getType(trade)
      return (
       <tr key={`tr-${i}`}>
         <td key={`td-0-${i}`}>{this.utcToEastern(trade.SendingTime)}</td>
         <td key={`td-1-${i}`}>{tradeType}</td>
         <td key={`td-2-${i}`} class="address">trade.BlockchainPortfolioAddress</td>
         <td key={`td-3-${i}`} class={trade.SecurityAmount >= 0 ? 'delta-green' : 'delta-red'}>
           {trade.SecurityAmount >= 0 ? '+' : ''}{trade.SecurityAmount} {trade.Symbol}
         </td>
       </tr>
      )}
    )}
  </tbody>
</table>

Component Lifecycle

componentDidMount (call requests here), componentWillUnmount, ...
doc

React Router

Sets up the navigation for the Single Page App.
Can take params or wrapped in auth middleware. I configure it not to have a #

Flux or Redux

React by itself is considered the V in MVC (Model View Controller)
Flux or Redux fill in to handle data flow.
Not all React projects require one of these but I often finding myself adding one as projects grow so I now just include Redux when I init a new project.
It gives you global actions and a global state. One component can initiate an action (ex. a GET request in a search component) that updates the app's redux state - updating any component(s) using that part of the state (ex. a table and container title)

The Demo in this repo doesn't go into Redux

Prop types

Check the type of a property passed in. Not required to do.

ComponentName.propTypes = {
  someProp: PropTypes.object.isRequired,
}

Unit/spec testing

mocha with chai
Run: npm run test:watch in demo

Resources

Official Docs
React basics playlist (part 1 - 7 will give you a quick intro)
Redux Udemy (includes full authentication loop using Node.js and JWTs)

Alternatives

React is maintained by Facebook, Angular by Google. The general community consensus is if staring a new project go with React, but might not be worth refactoring Angular to React. I've used Angular 2 and prefer React. Meteor and Vue are other popular frameworks.

React-Native

Compiles to native iOS and Android applications from JavaScript. This allows for code reuse from React web apps. It is young but is being used in production applications on app stores.