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How to compile SINGULAR from sources ************************************ SINGULAR is a Computer Algebra system for polynomial computations with special emphasize on the needs of commutative algebra, algebraic geometry, singularity theory and polynomial system solving. For a more detailed overview of SINGULAR, see `http://www.singular.uni-kl.de/Overview/' So far, there are only versions for Linux, HPUX, SunOS, IRIX, AIX, FreeBSD 4.x/5.x, MacOS X, and Windows 95/98/NT/2K/XP. Version 2-0-2 was the last version for MacOS 9. The Windows version also runs on Windows Vista, provided that "rebase all" was done after installing Cygwin. Note for Singular-3-0-x: Currently, there are only only "complete" archives: Singular-3-0-x-x.tar.gz which contain all needed files. Compiling SINGULAR for a Unix platform ====================================== Make sure that you have approximately 120 MByte of free disk space and follow these steps. (the "optional" for bison applies to version 3-0-3-1 and later) 1. Make sure that you have the following software (the list may be incomplete): 1. general unix utilities: grep, test, sed, cp, mv, gzip, uudecode, ... 2. autoconf 3. gnu-make 4. gcc, g++ (version 2.95.3 preferred, but gcc version 2.7.2 to 2.95.4, egcs 1.0.3 and 1.1.2 should work, gcc 2.96 does not work) gcc 3.0 does not work, gcc 3.1.x, gcc 3.2.x, gcc 3.3.x/3.4.x should gcc 4.x: beginnig with Singular-3-0-0-4, for some architectures beginning with Singular-3-0-2: for all architectures 5. optional: if you want to change Singular/grammar.y: bison (version >= 1.2.2) (bison (GNU Bison) 1.75 seems not to work) (version 1.75 is supported in Singular 2-0-4a and newer) Remark: bison 1.875 on solaris produces code which gcc does not accept 6. optional: if you want to change Singular/scanner.l or modules/modgen/scanner.l: flex (version >=2.4, <=2.5.4) 7. perl (version >=5) 8. library gmp (version >=3.1.1) (version 4.x.x is supported in Singular 2-0-4 and newer) 9. library libncurses or libtermcap or libcurses 10. (optional) library libreadline (required on linux glibc systems) 11. (optional, required to build the documentation:) latex2html, tex, texi2html, texinfo (your latex2html should produce gif files, not png files) 2. (optional, required for MP:) make sure that you can log in to your computer via rsh/remsh or ssh without a password (check .rhosts/.shosts); (in versions before 3-0-0: the configure script stops while checking this: if you cannot fix it, simply kill the rsh/ssh-processes - the configure will then disable this particulare feature) The following should work: rsh localhost uname ssh localhost uname rsh `hostname` uname ssh `hostname` uname 3. You need to download all of the .tar.gz-files (since 3-0-0 we have only one large source .tar.gz-file) 4. create a new working directory 5. unpack all packages into that working directory 6. (optional, for porting to a unknown machine:) fix ./singuname.sh not to report something unknown, but to recognize the machine 7. run ./configure (try ./configure -help, ./omalloc/configure -help, ./MP/configure -help, ./factory/configure -help, ./Singular/configure -help for a list of all options of configure) BEWARE: some of the option are for testing only, they will usually not work in general: --with-Plural,--with-plural (you need a Singuilar version > 2.1.2 for this) (standard since version 3-0-0) --with-sgroup (you need the sgroup programs for this) --with-smallgmp (not maintained), removed in 3-0-0 --with-namespaces (you need a Singuilar version > 2.1.x for this) (standard since version 3-0-0) 8. make install (resp. gmake install - the make program must be GNU-Make) the make process will (hopefully) build: 1. omalloc: the memry management routines (required) 2. MP: Multi-Protocoll (optional) 3. NTL (optional, but strongly recommended) 4. factory and libfac (optional, but strongly recommended: some functionality will be lost if they are missing) 5. kernel, Singular (Kernel, required) 6. only for share-dist: doc (only possible, if all optional packages are included) 7. only for share-dist: emacs (only possible, if doc was build) 8. IntegerProgramming 9. if you want to make any change in the directory Singular, run make depend there 10. to install the resulting files at any other place in the system, run make bindist sharedist (sharedist can only be build if doc was build sucessfully) and install the resulting .tar.gz files as explained for the binary distribution The sharedist-result does not depend on your machine: so you can also download our version of it 11. if you compiled Singular for a non-standard architecture and you are willing to share your porting effort, upload the changed sources and the resulting binaries to `ftp://www.mathematik.uni-kl.de/pub/Incoming' and send us an email about it (Singular@mathematik.uni-kl.de) 12. bug-fixes or other improvements to the source code are welcome Notes for specific platforms ============================ - Windows (Cygwin): ./configure -with-malloc=system Windows Vista: run rebaseall before trying anything else - MacOS X: you need a file values.h where MP can find it (we copied one from Linux) ./configure -with-malloc=system - FreeBSD 4.x/5.x: you need a file values.h where MP can find it (we copied one from Linux) ./configure -with-malloc=system - Solaris with CC/cc - you need to set CONFIG_SHELL to /bin/bash (/bin/sh misses some substitutions in the generated Makefiles) - set CC = "cc -xarch=v9" CXX = "CC -xarch=v9" CFLAGS = -O CXXFLAGS = -O2 - configure with ./configure --without-dynamic-kernel --without-MP Compiling SINGULAR for a Non-Unix platform ========================================== This is a non-trivial task. Please contact us directly. (`mailto:Singular@mathematik.uni-kl.de') GOOD LUCK and ENJOY! Your SINGULAR team. Compiling SINGULAR with cmake ============================= compiling SINGULAR with cmake is currently experimental and under development. Use it at your own risk! Parents are liable for their children!