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Signed-off-by: Lilis Iskandar <lilis@veand.co>
Latest commit ef9b401 Aug 14, 2018

README.md

SDL2 binding for Go Build Status

go-sdl2 is SDL2 wrapped for Go users. It enables interoperability between Go and the SDL2 library which is written in C. That means the original SDL2 installation is required for this to work.

Table of Contents

Documentation

Examples

package main

import "github.com/veandco/go-sdl2/sdl"

func main() {
	if err := sdl.Init(sdl.INIT_EVERYTHING); err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
	defer sdl.Quit()

	window, err := sdl.CreateWindow("test", sdl.WINDOWPOS_UNDEFINED, sdl.WINDOWPOS_UNDEFINED,
		800, 600, sdl.WINDOW_SHOWN)
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
	defer window.Destroy()

	surface, err := window.GetSurface()
	if err != nil {
		panic(err)
	}
	surface.FillRect(nil, 0)

	rect := sdl.Rect{0, 0, 200, 200}
	surface.FillRect(&rect, 0xffff0000)
	window.UpdateSurface()

	running := true
	for running {
		for event := sdl.PollEvent(); event != nil; event = sdl.PollEvent() {
			switch event.(type) {
			case *sdl.QuitEvent:
				println("Quit")
				running = false
				break
			}
		}
	}
}

For more complete examples, see https://github.com/veandco/go-sdl2-examples. You can run any of the .go files with go run.

Requirements

Below is some commands that can be used to install the required packages in some Linux distributions. Some older versions of the distributions such as Ubuntu 13.10 may also be used but it may miss an optional package such as libsdl2-ttf-dev on Ubuntu 13.10's case which is available in Ubuntu 14.04.

On Ubuntu 14.04 and above, type:
apt install libsdl2{,-image,-mixer,-ttf,-gfx}-dev

On Fedora 25 and above, type:
yum install SDL2{,_image,_mixer,_ttf,_gfx}-devel

On Arch Linux, type:
pacman -S sdl2{,_image,_mixer,_ttf,_gfx}

On Gentoo, type:
emerge -av libsdl2 sdl2-{image,mixer,ttf,gfx}

On macOS, install SDL2 via Homebrew like so:
brew install sdl2{,_image,_mixer,_ttf,_gfx} pkg-config

On Windows,

  1. Install mingw-w64 from Mingw-builds
    • Version: latest (at time of writing 6.3.0)
    • Architecture: x86_64
    • Threads: win32
    • Exception: seh
    • Build revision: 1
    • Destination Folder: Select a folder that your Windows user owns
  2. Install SDL2 http://libsdl.org/download-2.0.php
    • Extract the SDL2 folder from the archive using a tool like 7zip
    • Inside the folder, copy the i686-w64-mingw32 and/or x86_64-w64-mingw32 depending on the architecture you chose into your mingw-w64 folder e.g. C:\Program Files\mingw-w64\x86_64-6.3.0-win32-seh-rt_v5-rev1\mingw64
  3. Setup Path environment variable
    • Put your mingw-w64 binaries location into your system Path environment variable. e.g. C:\Program Files\mingw-w64\x86_64-6.3.0-win32-seh-rt_v5-rev1\mingw64\bin and C:\Program Files\mingw-w64\x86_64-6.3.0-win32-seh-rt_v5-rev1\mingw64\x86_64-w64-mingw32\bin
  4. Open up a terminal such as Git Bash and run go get -v github.com/veandco/go-sdl2/sdl.
  5. (Optional) You can repeat Step 2 for SDL_image, SDL_mixer, SDL_ttf
    • NOTE: pre-build the libraries for faster compilation by running go install github.com/veandco/go-sdl2/{sdl,img,mix,ttf}
  • Or you can install SDL2 via Msys2 like so: pacman -S mingw-w64-x86_64-gcc mingw-w64-x86_64-SDL2{,_image,_mixer,_ttf,_gfx}

Installation

To get the bindings, type:
go get -v github.com/veandco/go-sdl2/sdl
go get -v github.com/veandco/go-sdl2/img
go get -v github.com/veandco/go-sdl2/mix
go get -v github.com/veandco/go-sdl2/ttf
go get -v github.com/veandco/go-sdl2/gfx

or type this if you use Bash terminal:
go get -v github.com/veandco/go-sdl2/{sdl,img,mix,ttf}

Due to go-sdl2 being under active development, a lot of breaking changes are going to happen during v0.x. With versioning system coming to Go soon, we'll make use of semantic versioning to ensure stability in the future.

Cross-compiling

Linux to Windows

  1. Install MinGW toolchain.
    • On Arch Linux, it's simply pacman -S mingw-w64.
  2. Download the SDL2 development package for MinGW here (and the others like SDL_image, SDL_mixer, etc.. here if you use them).
  3. Extract the SDL2 development package and copy the x86_64-w64-mingw32 folder inside recursively to the system's MinGW x86_64-w64-mingw32 folder. You may also do the same for the i686-w64-mingw32 folder.
    • On Arch Linux, it's cp -r x86_64-w64-mingw32 /usr.
  4. Now you can start cross-compiling your Go program by running env CGO_ENABLED="1" CC="/usr/bin/x86_64-w64-mingw32-gcc" GOOS="windows" CGO_LDFLAGS="-lmingw32 -lSDL2" CGO_CFLAGS="-D_REENTRANT" go build -x main.go. You can change some of the parameters if you'd like to. In this example, it should produce a main.exe executable file.
  5. Before running the program, you need to put SDL2.dll from the SDL2 runtime package (For others like SDL_image, SDL_mixer, etc.., look for them here) for Windows in the same folder as your executable.
  6. Now you should be able to run the program using Wine or Windows!

macOS to Windows

  1. Install Homebrew
  2. Install MinGW through Homebrew via brew install mingw-w64
  3. Download the SDL2 development package for MinGW here (and the others like SDL_image, SDL_mixer, etc.. here if you use them).
  4. Extract the SDL2 development package and copy the x86_64-w64-mingw folder inside recursively to the system's MinGW x86_64-w64-mingw32 folder. You may also do the same for the i686-w64-mingw32 folder. The path to MinGW may be slightly different but the command should look something like cp -r x86_64-w64-mingw32 /usr/local/Cellar/mingw-w64/5.0.3/toolchain-x86_64.
  5. Now you can start cross-compiling your Go program by running env CGO_ENABLED=1 CC=x86_64-w64-mingw32-gcc GOOS=windows CGO_LDFLAGS="-L/usr/local/Cellar/mingw-w64/5.0.3/toolchain-x86_64/x86_64-w64-mingw32/lib -lSDL2" CGO_CFLAGS="-I/usr/local/Cellar/mingw-w64/5.0.3/toolchain-x86_64/x86_64-w64-mingw32/include -D_REENTRANT" go build -x main.go. You can change some of the parameters if you'd like to. In this example, it should produce a main.exe executable file.
  6. Before running the program, you need to put SDL2.dll from the SDL2 runtime package (For others like SDL_image, SDL_mixer, etc.., look for them here) for Windows in the same folder as your executable.
  7. Now you should be able to run the program using Wine or Windows!

FAQ

Why does the program not run on Windows? Try putting the runtime libraries (e.g. SDL2.dll and friends) in the same folder as your program.

Why does my program crash randomly or hang? Putting runtime.LockOSThread() at the start of your main() usually solves the problem (see SDL2 FAQ about multi-threading).

UPDATE: Recent update added a call queue system where you can put thread-sensitive code and have it called synchronously on the same OS thread. See the render_queue or render_goroutines examples from https://github.com/veandco/go-sdl2-examples to see how it works.

Why can't SDL_mixer seem to play MP3 audio file? Your installed SDL_mixer probably doesn't support MP3 file.

On macOS, this is easy to correct. First remove the faulty mixer: brew remove sdl2_mixer, then reinstall it with the MP3 option: brew install sdl2_mixer --with-flac --with-fluid-synth --with-libmikmod --with-libmodplug --with-smpeg2. If necessary, check which options you can enable with brew info sdl2_mixer. You could also try installing sdl2_mixer with mpg123 by running brew install sdl2_mixer --with-mpg123.

On Other Operating Systems, you will need to compile smpeg and SDL_mixer from source with the MP3 option enabled. You can find smpeg in the external directory of SDL_mixer. Refer to issue #148 for instructions.

Note that there seems to be a problem with SDL_mixer 2.0.2 so you can also try to revert back to 2.0.1 and see if it solves your problem

Does go-sdl2 support compiling on mobile platforms like Android and iOS? For Android, see https://github.com/gen2brain/go-sdl2-android-example.

There is currently no support for iOS yet.

Why does my window not immediately render after creation? It appears the rendering subsystem needs some time to be able to present the drawn pixels. This can be workaround by adding delay using sdl.Delay() or put the rendering code inside a draw loop.

License

Go-SDL2 is BSD 3-clause licensed.