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README.md

VerneMQ

VerneMQ is a high-performance, distributed MQTT message broker. It scales horizontally and vertically on commodity hardware to support a high number of concurrent publishers and consumers while maintaining low latency and fault tolerance. VerneMQ is the reliable message hub for your IoT platform or smart products.

VerneMQ is an Apache2 licensed distributed MQTT broker, developed in Erlang.

TL;DR;

$ helm install vernemq/vernemq

Introduction

This chart bootstraps a VerneMQ deployment on a Kubernetes cluster using the Helm package manager.

Prerequisites

  • Kubernetes 1.9, of 1.5 with Beta features enabled

Installing the Chart

To install the chart with the release name my-release:

$ helm install --name my-release vernemq/vernemq

The command deploys VerneMQ on the Kubernetes cluster in the default configuration. The configuration section lists the parameters that can be configured during installation.

Tip: List all releases using helm list

Uninstalling the Chart

To uninstall/delete the my-release deployment:

$ helm delete my-release

The command removes all the Kubernetes components associated with the chart and deletes the release.

Configuration

The following table lists the configurable parameters of the VerneMQ chart and their default values.

Parameter Description Default
additionalEnv additional environment variables see values.yaml
image.pullPolicy container image pull policy IfNotPresent
image.repository container image repository erlio/docker-vernemq
image.tag container image tag the current versions (e.g. 1.9.1)
nodeSelector node labels for pod assignment {}
persistentVolume.accessModes data Persistent Volume access modes [ReadWriteOnce]
persistentVolume.annotations annotations for Persistent Volume Claim {}
persistentVolume.enabled if true, create a Persistent Volume Claim true
persistentVolume.size data Persistent Volume size 5Gi
persistentVolume.storageClass data Persistent Volume Storage Class unset
secretMounts mounts a secret as a file inside the statefulset. Useful for mounting certificates and other secrets. []
podAntiAffinity pod anti affinity, soft for trying not to run pods on the same nodes, hard to force kubernetes not to run 2 pods on the same node soft
rbac.create if true, create & use RBAC resources true
rbac.serviceAccount.create if true, create a serviceAccount true
rbac.serviceAccount.name name of the service account to use or create {{ include "vernemq.fullname" . }}
replicaCount desired number of nodes 1
resources resource requests and limits (YAML) {}
securityContext securityContext for containers in pod {}
service.annotations service annotations {}
service.clusterIP custom cluster IP when service.type is ClusterIP none
service.externalIPs optional service external IPs none
service.labels additional service labels {}
service.loadBalancerIP optional load balancer IP when service.type is LoadBalancer none
service.loadBalancerSourceRanges optional load balancer source ranges when service.type is LoadBalancer none
service.mqtt.enabled whether to expose MQTT port true
service.mqtt.nodePort the MQTT port exposed by the node when service.type is NodePort 1883
service.mqtt.port the MQTT port exposed by the service 1883
service.mqtts.enabled whether to expose MQTTS port false
service.mqtts.nodePort the MQTTS port exposed by the node when service.type is NodePort 8883
service.mqtts.port the MQTTS port exposed by the service 8883
service.type type of service to create ClusterIP
service.ws.enabled whether to expose WebSocket port false
service.ws.nodePort the WebSocket port exposed by the node when service.type is NodePort 8080
service.ws.port the WebSocket port exposed by the service 8080
statefulset.annotations additional annotations to the StatefulSet {}
statefulset.labels additional labels on the StatefulSet {}
statefulset.podAnnotations additional pod annotations {}
statefulset.podManagementPolicy start and stop pods in Parallel or OrderedReady (one-by-one.) Note - Cannot change after first release. OrderedReady
statefulset.terminationGracePeriodSeconds configure how much time VerneMQ takes to move offline queues to other nodes 60
statefulset.updateStrategy Statefulset updateStrategy RollingUpdate

Specify each parameter using the --set key=value[,key=value] argument to helm install. For example,

$ helm install vernemq/vernemq --name my-release --set replicaCount=3

Alternatively, a YAML file that specifies the values for the above parameters can be provided while installing the chart. For example,

$ helm install vernemq/vernemq --name my-release -f values.yaml

Tip: You can use the default values.yaml

RBAC Configuration

Roles and RoleBindings resources will be created automatically.

To manually setup RBAC you need to set the parameter rbac.create=false and specify the service account to be used for each service by setting the parameters: serviceAccounts.create to false and serviceAccounts.name to the name of a pre-existing service account.

Enable MQTTS

If you would like to enable MQTTS, follow these steps:

  1. (a) Issue a certificate using Cert-Manager OR (b) Create secret resource using existing certificates.
  2. Set the parameter service.mqtts.enabled=true.
  3. Mount the certificate secret inside the statefulset.
  4. Set the environment variables for the SSL listener.

(a) Issue a certificate using Cert-Manager

Cert-Manager is a Kubernetes add-on. It can issue, renew and revoke a certificate from various issuing sources automatically. Cert-Manager obtains certificates from an ACME server (e.g., Let’s Encrypt) using ACME protocol.

You need to issue a new certificate. The issued certificate will be stored as secret vernemq-certificates-secret under the default namespace. The secret will be available to be mounted to the statefulset. See the example below:

cat <<EOF > vernemq-certificates.yaml
---
apiVersion: certmanager.k8s.io/v1alpha1
kind: Certificate
metadata:
  name: vernemq-certificates
  namespace: default
spec:
  secretName: vernemq-certificates-secret
  issuerRef:
    kind: ClusterIssuer
    name: letsencrypt-staging
  commonName: mqtt.vernemq.com
  dnsNames:
  - mqtt.vernemq.com
  acme:
    config:
    - dns01:
        provider: digitalocean-dns
      domains:
      - mqtt.vernemq.com
EOF

kubectl apply -f vernemq-certificates.yaml
# output: certificate.certmanager.k8s.io/vernemq-certificates created

(b) Create secret resource using existing certificates

Using the key and crt files, you can create a secret. Kubernetes stores these files as a base64 string, so the first step is to encode them.

$ cat ca.crt| base64
LS0tLS1CRUdJTiBDRVJUSUZJQ...CBDRVJUSUZJQ0FURS0tLS0t
$ cat tls.crt | base64
LS0tLS1CRUdJTiBDRVJUSUZJQ...gQ0VSVElGSUNBVEUtLS0tLQo=
$ cat tls.key | base64
LS0tLS1CRUdJTiBSU0EgUFJJV...gUFJJVkFURSBLRVktLS0tLQo=

Now you can create a kubernetes resource definition (YAML) that will create the secret resource.

cat <<EOF > vernemq-certificates-secret.yaml
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: Secret
metadata:
  name: vernemq-certificates-secret
  namespace: default
type: kubernetes.io/tls
data:
  ca.crt:LS0tLS1CRUdJTiBDRVJUSUZJQ...CBDRVJUSUZJQ0FURS0tLS0t
  tls.crt:LS0tLS1CRUdJTiBDRVJUSUZJQ...gQ0VSVElGSUNBVEUtLS0tLQo=
  tls.key:LS0tLS1CRUdJTiBSU0EgUFJJV...gUFJJVkFURSBLRVktLS0tLQo=
EOF

kubectl apply -f vernemq-certificates-secret.yaml
# output: secret "vernemq-certificates-secret" created

Mount the certificate secret inside the statefulset

Inside values.yaml you can declared the mount path and the secret using the secretMounts parameter. For example:

...
secretMounts:
  - name: vernemq-certificates
    secretName: vernemq-certificates-secret
    path: /etc/ssl/vernemq
...

Set the environment variables for the SSL listener

The exact path of the certificates can be declared inside values.yaml under additionalEnv parameter. For example:

additionalEnv:
...
  - name: DOCKER_VERNEMQ_LISTENER__SSL__CAFILE
    value: "/etc/ssl/vernemq/tls.crt"
  - name: DOCKER_VERNEMQ_LISTENER__SSL__CERTFILE
    value: "/etc/ssl/vernemq/tls.crt"
  - name: DOCKER_VERNEMQ_LISTENER__SSL__KEYFILE
    value: "/etc/ssl/vernemq/tls.key"
...

Tip: Cert-Manager includes both CA and TLS certificate in the tls.crt file.

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