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/* The following is the NetBSD libc qsort implementation modified in order to
* support partial sorting of ranges for Redis.
*
* Copyright(C) 2009-2010 Salvatore Sanfilippo. All rights reserved.
*
* The original copyright notice follows. */


/* $NetBSD: qsort.c,v 1.19 2009/01/30 23:38:44 lukem Exp $ */

/*-
* Copyright (c) 1992, 1993
* The Regents of the University of California. All rights reserved.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
* may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
* without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
* ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
* IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
* ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
* FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
* DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
* OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
* HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
* LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
* OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
* SUCH DAMAGE.
*/

#include <sys/types.h>

#include <assert.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

static inline char *med3 (char *, char *, char *,
    int (*)(const void *, const void *));
static inline void swapfunc (char *, char *, size_t, int);

#define min(a, b) (a) < (b) ? a : b

/*
* Qsort routine from Bentley & McIlroy's "Engineering a Sort Function".
*/
#define swapcode(TYPE, parmi, parmj, n) { \
size_t i = (n) / sizeof (TYPE); \
TYPE *pi = (TYPE *)(void *)(parmi); \
TYPE *pj = (TYPE *)(void *)(parmj); \
do { \
TYPE t = *pi; \
*pi++ = *pj; \
*pj++ = t; \
} while (--i > 0); \
}

#define SWAPINIT(a, es) swaptype = ((char *)a - (char *)0) % sizeof(long) || \
es % sizeof(long) ? 2 : es == sizeof(long)? 0 : 1;

static inline void
swapfunc(char *a, char *b, size_t n, int swaptype)
{

if (swaptype <= 1)
swapcode(long, a, b, n)
else
swapcode(char, a, b, n)
}

#define swap(a, b) \
if (swaptype == 0) { \
long t = *(long *)(void *)(a); \
*(long *)(void *)(a) = *(long *)(void *)(b); \
*(long *)(void *)(b) = t; \
} else \
swapfunc(a, b, es, swaptype)

#define vecswap(a, b, n) if ((n) > 0) swapfunc((a), (b), (size_t)(n), swaptype)

static inline char *
med3(char *a, char *b, char *c,
    int (*cmp) (const void *, const void *))
{

return cmp(a, b) < 0 ?
(cmp(b, c) < 0 ? b : (cmp(a, c) < 0 ? c : a ))
              :(cmp(b, c) > 0 ? b : (cmp(a, c) < 0 ? a : c ));
}

static void
_pqsort(void *a, size_t n, size_t es,
    int (*cmp) (const void *, const void *), void *lrange, void *rrange)
{
char *pa, *pb, *pc, *pd, *pl, *pm, *pn;
size_t d, r;
int swaptype, swap_cnt, cmp_result;

loop: SWAPINIT(a, es);
swap_cnt = 0;
if (n < 7) {
for (pm = (char *) a + es; pm < (char *) a + n * es; pm += es)
for (pl = pm; pl > (char *) a && cmp(pl - es, pl) > 0;
pl -= es)
swap(pl, pl - es);
return;
}
pm = (char *) a + (n / 2) * es;
if (n > 7) {
pl = (char *) a;
pn = (char *) a + (n - 1) * es;
if (n > 40) {
d = (n / 8) * es;
pl = med3(pl, pl + d, pl + 2 * d, cmp);
pm = med3(pm - d, pm, pm + d, cmp);
pn = med3(pn - 2 * d, pn - d, pn, cmp);
}
pm = med3(pl, pm, pn, cmp);
}
swap(a, pm);
pa = pb = (char *) a + es;

pc = pd = (char *) a + (n - 1) * es;
for (;;) {
while (pb <= pc && (cmp_result = cmp(pb, a)) <= 0) {
if (cmp_result == 0) {
swap_cnt = 1;
swap(pa, pb);
pa += es;
}
pb += es;
}
while (pb <= pc && (cmp_result = cmp(pc, a)) >= 0) {
if (cmp_result == 0) {
swap_cnt = 1;
swap(pc, pd);
pd -= es;
}
pc -= es;
}
if (pb > pc)
break;
swap(pb, pc);
swap_cnt = 1;
pb += es;
pc -= es;
}
if (swap_cnt == 0) { /* Switch to insertion sort */
for (pm = (char *) a + es; pm < (char *) a + n * es; pm += es)
for (pl = pm; pl > (char *) a && cmp(pl - es, pl) > 0;
pl -= es)
swap(pl, pl - es);
return;
}

pn = (char *) a + n * es;
r = min(pa - (char *) a, pb - pa);
vecswap(a, pb - r, r);
r = min((size_t)(pd - pc), pn - pd - es);
vecswap(pb, pn - r, r);
if ((r = pb - pa) > es) {
                void *_l = a, *_r = ((unsigned char*)a)+r-1;
                if (!((lrange < _l && rrange < _l) ||
                    (lrange > _r && rrange > _r)))
_pqsort(a, r / es, es, cmp, lrange, rrange);
        }
if ((r = pd - pc) > es) {
                void *_l, *_r;
                
/* Iterate rather than recurse to save stack space */
a = pn - r;
n = r / es;

                _l = a;
                _r = ((unsigned char*)a)+r-1;
                if (!((lrange < _l && rrange < _l) ||
                    (lrange > _r && rrange > _r)))
goto loop;
}
/* qsort(pn - r, r / es, es, cmp);*/
}

void
pqsort(void *a, size_t n, size_t es,
    int (*cmp) (const void *, const void *), size_t lrange, size_t rrange)
{
    _pqsort(a,n,es,cmp,((unsigned char*)a)+(lrange*es),
                       ((unsigned char*)a)+((rrange+1)*es)-1);
}
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