lu is a high performance go middleware web framework which is based on fasthttp.
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readme.md

lu

Build Status Coverage Status Go Report Card

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 \_____/      \____/      version: 0.0.1

A high performance and Light-weighted go middleware web framework which is based on fasthttp

The MIT License

If you are a node.js developer, you will find lu is quite similar in usage with connect and express, but performance better.

install

go get -u github.com/vincentLiuxiang/lu

test

go test -v -cover

ref go test for more about go test

example

package main

import (
	"github.com/valyala/fasthttp"
	"github.com/vincentLiuxiang/lu"
)

func main() {
	app := lu.New()
	app.Use("/", func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)) {
		ctx.SetStatusCode(200)
		next(nil)
	})

	app.Get("/api", func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)) {
		next(errors.New("something error occour\n"))
	})

	app.Use("/test", func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)) {
		ctx.SetBody([]byte("hello world\n"))
	})

	app.Use("/", func(err error, ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)) {
		ctx.SetBody([]byte(err.Error()))
	})

	app.Listen(":8080")
}

result

http://localhost:8080/test
200
hello world

http://localhost:8080/api
200
something error occour

custom your server

app := lu.New()
app.Use("/", func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)) {
	ctx.SetBody([]byte("helloworld"))
})
app.Use("/", func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)) {
	ctx.SetBody([]byte("my name is go"))
})
server := &fasthttp.Server{
	Handler:     app.Handler,
	Concurrency: 1024 * 1024,
}
server.ListenAndServe(":8080")

Use middleware

The first parameter of app.Use we call it router, and the second parameter we call it middleware, all the middlewares will be pushed to a stack inner lu.

when a http request comes, lu will compare ctx.Path() with []byte(router), The compare rules are below:

  • if ctx.Path() equals to []byte(router) , it matches.

  • if ctx.Path() starts with []byte(router), and len(ctx.Path()) > len(router) , and ctx.Path()[len(router)] is '/' or '?', it matches.

  • if the router is "/",it means this router matches any http request

http request will execute each middleware one-by-one until a middleware does not call next() within it.

app.Use("/hello",func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)){
	// ctx.Path() is starts with []byte("/hello"),
	// if len(ctx.Path()) > len("/hello") , ctx.Path()[len("/hello")] must be '/' or '?'
	next(nil)
})
app.Use("/world",func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)){
	// ctx.Path() is starts with []byte("/world"),
	// if len(ctx.Path()) > len("/world") , ctx.Path()[len("/world")] must be '/' or '?'
	next(nil)
})
  • for example
app.Use("/", ...)
app.Use("/api", ...)
app.Use("/test", ...)

http://xxxx:xxx/test match "/", "/test"

http://xxxx:xxx/test?xxx=xxx match "/", "/test"

http://xxxx:xxx/test/hello match "/", "/test"

http://xxxx:xxx/api match "/", "/api"

http://xxxx:xxx/api/hello?xxx=xxx match "/", "/api"

error-middleware and non-error-middleware

The second parameter of app.Use method, can be to two different type

  • func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)), we call it non-error-middleware

  • func(err error, ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)), we call it error-middleware, only execute by call next(error) within a middleware

In lu, there are two stack arrays to store the midllewares which are accepted by app.Use. One is used to store non-error-middleware and the other one is used to store error-middleware

No matter in which type of middleware, when it calls next(nil), next non-error-middleware will be excute if router match. But, when calls next(errors.New('some error')) , the program will skip all the non-error-middleware and directly execute the left first error-middleware if router match.

  • for example
app.Use("/",func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)){
	next(nil)
})
app.Use("/",func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)){
	next(errors.New("skip next non-error-middleware"))
})
app.Use("/",func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)){
	fmt.Println("skip this non-error-middleware")
})
app.Use("/",func(err error, ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)){
	fmt.Println(err.Error())
})

result:

skip next non-error-middleware

response

  • If an incoming http request doesn't match any router, lu will response a 404 statusCode and a "Not Found" string body.
app.Use("/foo",func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)){
	// no response
})
app.Use("/bar",func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)){

})

miss all of the middlewares

http://xxxx:xxx/go

404
Not Found
  • If an incoming http request match some routers, but all the matched middleware don't response to the client, lu will response a 200 statusCode and a "" string body (fasthttp default mechanism)
app.Use("/foo",func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)){
	// no response
})
app.Use("/bar",func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)){

})

match /foo

http://xxxx:xxx/foo

200


  • In the last middleware, no matter what type of the middleware, if you call next, lu will response a 404 statusCode and a "Not Found" string body. Because, there is no middleware after the last middleware.
app.Use("/foo",func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)){
	// no response
})
app.Use("/bar",func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)){
	ctx.SetStatusCode(200)
	ctx.SetBody([]byte("helloworld"))
	next(nil) 
	// or 
	// next(errors.New("..."))
})

lu will ResetBody() and SetStatusCode(404) , SetBody("Not Found")

http://xxxx:xxx/bar
// not 
// 200
// helloworld

404
Not Found
  • app. Finally. However, if you call next(nil) or next(error) in the last middleware. lu providers a Finally function, allow user to custom the response
app := New()
app.Use("/test", func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)) {
	next(errors.New("error"))
})
app.Use("/", func(err error, ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)) {
	ctx.SetStatusCode(302)
	ctx.SetBody([]byte("hello world"))
	next(errors.New("finally handle"))
})
app.Finally = func(err error, ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx) {
	if err != nil {
		ctx.SetStatusCode(500)
		ctx.SetBody([]byte(err.Error()))
		return
	}
	ctx.SetStatusCode(200)
	ctx.SetBody([]byte("hello world"))
}
app.Listen(":3005")

lu will SetStatusCode(500) , ctx.SetBody([]byte(err.Error()))

http://xxxx:xxx/test

500
finally handle

Useful Middleware

  • static lu static file serving middleware, based on fasthttp.FS.

api

  • app.Finally func(err error, ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx)

  • app.Handler fasthttp.RequestHandler

  • app.Use(router string, func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error)) register non-error-middleware

  • app.Use(router string, func(err error, ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error))) register error-middleware

  • app.Listen(port string) listen a port. app.Listen(":8080")

  • app.Get(router string, func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error))) quite similar with app.Use but only handle http GET method

  • app.Post(router string, func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error))) only handle http POST method

  • app.Put(router string, func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error))) only handle http PUT method

  • app.Head(router string, func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error))) only handle http HEAD method

  • app.Patch(router string, func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error))) only handle http PATCH method

  • app.Delete(router string, func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error))) only handle http DELETE method

  • app.Options(router string, func(ctx *fasthttp.RequestCtx, next func(error))) only handle http OPTIONS method