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README.md

cgminer

WARNING: this experimental version of cgminer is only meant to support Scrypt. It will be renamed appropriately to reflect the fact if ever ready for general use.

Introduction

This is a multi-threaded multi-pool GPU miner with ATI GPU monitoring, (over)clocking and fanspeed support for scrypt-based coins. It is based on cgminer by Con Kolivas (ckolivas), which is in turn based on cpuminer by Jeff Garzik (jgarzik).

GIT TREE: https://github.com/veox/cgminer

License: GPLv3. See COPYING for details.

See also API-README, GPU-README and SCRYPT-README for more information on each.

Building

Dependencies

Mandatory:

curl dev library    http://curl.haxx.se/libcurl/
(libcurl4-openssl-dev)

pkg-config          http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/pkg-config
libtool             hhttp://www.gnu.org/software/libtool/

AMD APP SDK         http://developer.amd.com/sdks/AMDAPPSDK

Optional:

curses dev library
(libncurses5-dev or libpdcurses on WIN32 for text user interface)

AMD ADL SDK         http://developer.amd.com/sdks/ADLSDK
(Required for ATI GPU monitoring & clocking)

If building from git:

autoconf
automake

CGMiner specific configuration options:

--disable-adl           Override detection and disable building with adl
--without-curses        Compile support for curses TUI (default enabled)

*nix build instructions

# Optionally place the contents of ADL_SDK_4.0.zip in cgminer/ADL_SDK.
./autoreconf -i
CFLAGS="-O2 -Wall -march=native" ./configure <options>

Systemwide installation is optional. You may run cgminer from the build directory directly, or make install if you wish to install cgminer to a system location or location you specified with --prefix.

Windows build instructions

See windows-build.txt (might be outdated).

Basic Usage

WARNING: documentation below this point has not been updated since the fork.

After saving configuration from the menu, you do not need to give cgminer any arguments and it will load your configuration.

Any configuration file may also contain a single

"include" : "filename"

to recursively include another configuration file.

Writing the configuration will save all settings from all files in the output.

Single pool:

cgminer -o http://pool:port -u username -p password

Multiple pools:

cgminer -o http://pool1:port -u pool1username -p pool1password -o http://pool2:port -u pool2usernmae -p pool2password

Single pool with a standard http proxy, regular desktop:

cgminer -o "http:proxy:port|http://pool:port" -u username -p password

Single pool with a socks5 proxy, regular desktop:

cgminer -o "socks5:proxy:port|http://pool:port" -u username -p password

Single pool with stratum protocol support:

cgminer -o stratum+tcp://pool:port -u username -p password

The list of proxy types are: http: standard http 1.1 proxy http0: http 1.0 proxy socks4: socks4 proxy socks5: socks5 proxy socks4a: socks4a proxy socks5h: socks5 proxy using a hostname

If you compile cgminer with a version of CURL before 7.19.4 then some of the above will not be available. All are available since CURL version 7.19.4.

If you specify the --socks-proxy option to cgminer, it will only be applied to all pools that don't specify their own proxy setting like above.

For more advanced usage , run cgminer --help.

See GPU-README for more information regarding GPU mining and SCRYPT-README for more information regarding litecoin mining.

Runtime usage

The following options are available while running with a single keypress:

[P]ool management [G]PU management [S]ettings [D]isplay options [Q]uit

P gives you:

Current pool management strategy: Failover [F]ailover only disabled [A]dd pool [R]emove pool [D]isable pool [E]nable pool [C]hange management strategy [S]witch pool [I]nformation

S gives you:

[Q]ueue: 1 [S]cantime: 60 [E]xpiry: 120 [W]rite config file [C]gminer restart

D gives you:

[N]ormal [C]lear [S]ilent mode (disable all output) [D]ebug:off [P]er-device:off [Q]uiet:off [V]erbose:off [R]PC debug:off [W]orkTime details:off co[M]pact: off [L]og interval:5

Q quits the application.

G gives you something like:

GPU 0: [124.2 / 191.3 Mh/s] [A:77 R:33 HW:0 U:1.73/m WU 1.73/m] Temp: 67.0 C Fan Speed: 35% (2500 RPM) Engine Clock: 960 MHz Memory Clock: 480 Mhz Vddc: 1.200 V Activity: 93% Powertune: 0% Last initialised: [2011-09-06 12:03:56] Thread 0: 62.4 Mh/s Enabled ALIVE Thread 1: 60.2 Mh/s Enabled ALIVE

[E]nable [D]isable [R]estart GPU [C]hange settings Or press any other key to continue

The running log shows output like this:

[2012-10-12 18:02:20] Accepted f0c05469 Diff 1/1 GPU 0 pool 1 [2012-10-12 18:02:22] Accepted 218ac982 Diff 7/1 GPU 1 pool 1 [2012-10-12 18:02:23] Accepted d8300795 Diff 1/1 GPU 3 pool 1 [2012-10-12 18:02:24] Accepted 122c1ff1 Diff 14/1 GPU 1 pool 1

The 8 byte hex value are the 2nd 8 bytes of the share being submitted to the pool. The 2 diff values are the actual difficulty target that share reached followed by the difficulty target the pool is currently asking for.

The output line shows the following: (5s):1713.6 (avg):1707.8 Mh/s | A:729 R:8 HW:0 WU:22.53/m

Each column is as follows: 5s: A 5 second exponentially decaying average hash rate avg: An all time average hash rate A: The total difficulty of Accepted shares R: The total difficulty of Rejected shares HW: The number of HardWare errors WU: The Work Utility defined as the number of diff1 shares work / minute (accepted or rejected).

GPU 1: 73.5C 2551RPM | 427.3/443.0Mh/s | A:8 R:0 HW:0 WU:4.39/m

Each column is as follows: Temperature (if supported) Fanspeed (if supported) A 5 second exponentially decaying average hash rate An all time average hash rate The total difficulty of accepted shares The total difficulty of rejected shares The number of hardware erorrs The work utility defined as the number of diff1 shares work / minute

The cgminer status line shows: ST: 1 SS: 0 NB: 1 LW: 8 GF: 1 RF: 1

ST is STaged work items (ready to use). SS is Stale Shares discarded (detected and not submitted so don't count as rejects) NB is New Blocks detected on the network LW is Locally generated Work items GF is Getwork Fail Occasions (server slow to provide work) RF is Remote Fail occasions (server slow to accept work)

The block display shows: Block: 0074c5e482e34a506d2a051a... Started: [17:17:22] Best share: 2.71K

This shows a short stretch of the current block, when the new block started, and the all time best difficulty share you've found since starting cgminer this time.

Multipool

Failover strategies

A number of different strategies for dealing with multipool setups are available. Each has their advantages and disadvantages so multiple strategies are available by user choice, as per the following list:

Failover

The default strategy is failover. This means that if you input a number of pools, it will try to use them as a priority list, moving away from the 1st to the 2nd, 2nd to 3rd and so on. If any of the earlier pools recover, it will move back to the higher priority ones.

Round robin

This strategy only moves from one pool to the next when the current one falls idle and makes no attempt to move otherwise.

Rotate

This strategy moves at user-defined intervals from one active pool to the next, skipping pools that are idle.

Load balance

This strategy sends work to all the pools on a quota basis. By default, all pools are allocated equal quotas unless specified with --quota. This apportioning of work is based on work handed out, not shares returned so is independent of difficulty targets or rejected shares. While a pool is disabled or dead, its quota is dropped until it is re-enabled. Quotas are forward looking, so if the quota is changed on the fly, it only affects future work. If all pools are set to zero quota or all pools with quota are dead, it will fall back to a failover mode. See quota below for more information.

The failover-only flag has special meaning in combination with load-balance mode and it will distribute quota back to priority pool 0 from any pools that are unable to provide work for any reason so as to maintain quota ratios between the rest of the pools.

Balance

This strategy monitors the amount of difficulty 1 shares solved for each pool and uses it to try to end up doing the same amount of work for all pools.

Quotas

The load-balance multipool strategy works off a quota based scheduler. The quotas handed out by default are equal, but the user is allowed to specify any arbitrary ratio of quotas. For example, if all the quota values add up to 100, each quota value will be a percentage, but if 2 pools are specified and pool0 is given a quota of 1 and pool1 is given a quota of 9, pool0 will get 10% of the work and pool1 will get 90%. Quotas can be changed on the fly by the API, and do not act retrospectively. Setting a quota to zero will effectively disable that pool unless all other pools are disabled or dead. In that scenario, load-balance falls back to regular failover priority-based strategy. While a pool is dead, it loses its quota and no attempt is made to catch up when it comes back to life.

To specify quotas on the command line, pools should be specified with a semicolon separated --quota(or -U) entry instead of --url. Pools specified with --url are given a nominal quota value of 1 and entries can be mixed.

For example: --url poola:porta -u usernamea -p passa --quota "2;poolb:portb" -u usernameb -p passb Will give poola 1/3 of the work and poolb 2/3 of the work.

Writing configuration files with quotas is likewise supported. To use the above quotas in a configuration file they would be specified thus:

"pools" : [
    {
            "url" : "poola:porta",
            "user" : "usernamea",
            "pass" : "passa"
    },
    {
            "quota" : "2;poolb:portb",
            "user" : "usernameb",
            "pass" : "passb"
    }
]

Logging

cgminer will log to stderr if it detects stderr is being redirected to a file. To enable logging simply append 2>logfile.txt to your command line and logfile.txt will contain the logged output at the log level you specify (normal, verbose, debug etc.)

There is also the -m option on Linux which will spawn a command of your choice and pipe the output directly to that command.

The WorkTime details 'debug' option adds details on the end of each line displayed for Accepted or Rejected work done. An example would be:

<-00000059.ed4834a3 M:X D:1.0 G:17:02:38:0.405 C:1.855 (2.995) W:3.440 (0.000) S:0.461 R:17:02:47

The first 2 hex codes are the previous block hash, the rest are reported in seconds unless stated otherwise: The previous hash is followed by the getwork mode used M:X where X is one of P:Pool, T:Test Pool, L:LP or B:Benchmark, then D:d.ddd is the difficulty required to get a share from the work, then G:hh:mm:ss:n.nnn, which is when the getwork or LP was sent to the pool and the n.nnn is how long it took to reply, followed by 'O' on it's own if it is an original getwork, or 'C:n.nnn' if it was a clone with n.nnn stating how long after the work was recieved that it was cloned, (m.mmm) is how long from when the original work was received until work started, W:n.nnn is how long the work took to process until it was ready to submit, (m.mmm) is how long from ready to submit to actually doing the submit, this is usually 0.000 unless there was a problem with submitting the work, S:n.nnn is how long it took to submit the completed work and await the reply, R:hh:mm:ss is the actual time the work submit reply was received

If you start cgminer with the --sharelog option, you can get detailed information for each share found. The argument to the option may be "-" for standard output (not advisable with the ncurses UI), any valid positive number for that file descriptor, or a filename.

To log share data to a file named "share.log", you can use either: ./cgminer --sharelog 50 -o xxx -u yyy -p zzz 50>share.log ./cgminer --sharelog share.log -o xxx -u yyy -p zzz

For every share found, data will be logged in a CSV (Comma Separated Value) format: timestamp,disposition,target,pool,dev,thr,sharehash,sharedata For example (this is wrapped, but it's all on one line for real): 1335313090,reject, ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff00000000, http://localhost:8337,GPU0,0, 6f983c918f3299b58febf95ec4d0c7094ed634bc13754553ec34fc3800000000, 00000001a0980aff4ce4a96d53f4b89a2d5f0e765c978640fe24372a000001c5 000000004a4366808f81d44f26df3d69d7dc4b3473385930462d9ab707b50498 f681634a4f1f63d01a0cd43fb338000000000080000000000000000000000000 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000080020000

RPC API

See API-README.

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