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BDD style assertions for node.js -- test framework agnostic

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Readme.md

should is an expressive, readable, test framework agnostic, assertion library for node.

It extends the Object prototype with a single non-enumerable getter that allows you to express how that object should behave.

should literally extends node's assert module, in fact, it is node's assert module, for example should.equal(str, 'foo') will work, just as assert.equal(str, 'foo') would, and should.AssertionError is assert.AssertionError, meaning any test framework supporting this constructor will function properly with should.

Example

var user = {
    name: 'tj'
  , pets: ['tobi', 'loki', 'jane', 'bandit']
};

user.should.have.property('name', 'tj');
user.should.have.property('pets').with.lengthOf(4);

someAsyncTask(foo, function(err, result){
  should.not.exist(err);
  should.exist(result);
  result.bar.should.equal(foo);
});

Installation

$ npm install should

assert extras

As mentioned above, should extends node's assert. The returned object from require('should') is thus similar to the returned object from require('assert'), but it has one extra convenience method:

should.exist('hello')
should.exist([])
should.exist(null)  // will throw

This is equivalent to should.ok, which is equivalent to assert.ok, but reads a bit better. It gets better, though:

should.not.exist(false)
should.not.exist('')
should.not.exist({})    // will throw

We may add more assert extras in the future... ;)

chaining assertions

Some assertions can be chained, for example if a property is volatile we can first assert property existence:

user.should.have.property('pets').with.lengthOf(4)

which is essentially equivalent to below, however the property may not exist:

user.pets.should.have.lengthOf(4)

our dummy getters such as and also help express chaining:

user.should.be.a('object').and.have.property('name', 'tj')

exist (static)

The returned object from require('should') is the same object as require('assert'). So you can use should just like assert:

should.fail('expected an error!')
should.strictEqual(foo, bar)

In general, using the Object prototype's should is nicer than using these assert equivalents, because should gives you access to the expressive and readable language described above:

foo.should.equal(bar)   // same as should.strictEqual(foo, bar) above

The only exception, though, is when you can't be sure that a particular object exists. In that case, attempting to access the should property may throw a TypeError:

foo.should.equal(bar)   // throws if foo is null or undefined!

For this case, require('should') extends require('assert') with an extra convenience method to check whether an object exists:

should.exist({})
should.exist([])
should.exist('')
should.exist(0)
should.exist(null)      // will throw
should.exist(undefined) // will throw

You can also check the negation:

should.not.exist(undefined)
should.not.exist(null)
should.not.exist('')    // will throw
should.not.exist({})    // will throw

Once you know an object exists, you can safely use the should property on it.

ok

Assert truthfulness:

true.should.be.ok
'yay'.should.be.ok
(1).should.be.ok

or negated:

false.should.not.be.ok
''.should.not.be.ok
(0).should.not.be.ok

true

Assert === true:

true.should.be.true
'1'.should.not.be.true

false

Assert === false:

 false.should.be.false
 (0).should.not.be.false

arguments

Assert Arguments:

var args = (function(){ return arguments; })(1,2,3);
args.should.be.arguments;
[].should.not.be.arguments;

empty

Asserts that length is 0:

[].should.be.empty
''.should.be.empty
({ length: 0 }).should.be.empty

eql

equality:

({ foo: 'bar' }).should.eql({ foo: 'bar' })
[1,2,3].should.eql([1,2,3])

equal

strict equality:

should.strictEqual(undefined, value)
should.strictEqual(false, value)
(4).should.equal(4)
'test'.should.equal('test')
[1,2,3].should.not.equal([1,2,3])

within

Assert inclusive numeric range:

user.age.should.be.within(5, 50)

a

Assert typeof:

user.should.be.a('object')
'test'.should.be.a('string')

instanceof and instanceOf

Assert instanceof or instanceOf:

user.should.be.an.instanceof(User)
[].should.be.an.instanceOf(Array)

above

Assert numeric value above the given value:

user.age.should.be.above(5)
user.age.should.not.be.above(100)

below

Assert numeric value below the given value:

user.age.should.be.below(100)
user.age.should.not.be.below(5)

match

Assert regexp match:

username.should.match(/^\w+$/)

length

Assert length property exists and has a value of the given number:

user.pets.should.have.length(5)
user.pets.should.have.a.lengthOf(5)

Aliases: lengthOf

property

Assert property exists and has optional value:

user.should.have.property('name')
user.should.have.property('age', 15)
user.should.not.have.property('rawr')
user.should.not.have.property('age', 0)

ownProperty

Assert own property (on the immediate object):

({ foo: 'bar' }).should.have.ownProperty('foo')

status(code)

Asserts that .statusCode is code:

res.should.have.status(200);

header(field[, value])

Asserts that a .headers object with field and optional value are present:

 res.should.have.header('content-length');
 res.should.have.header('Content-Length', '123');
 res.should.have.header('content-length', '123');

json

Assert that Content-Type is "application/json; charset=utf-8"

  res.should.be.json

html

Assert that Content-Type is "text/html; charset=utf-8"

  res.should.be.html

include(obj)

Assert that the given obj is present via indexOf(), so this works for strings, arrays, or custom objects implementing indexOf.

Assert array value:

[1,2,3].should.include(3)
[1,2,3].should.include(2)
[1,2,3].should.not.include(4)

Assert substring:

'foo bar baz'.should.include('foo')
'foo bar baz'.should.include('bar')
'foo bar baz'.should.include('baz')
'foo bar baz'.should.not.include('FOO')

Assert object includes another object:

var tobi = { name: 'Tobi', age: 1 };
var jane = { name: 'Jane', age: 5 };
var user = { name: 'TJ', pet: tobi };

user.should.include({ pet: tobi });
user.should.include({ pet: tobi, name: 'TJ' });
user.should.not.include({ pet: jane });
user.should.not.include({ name: 'Someone' });

includeEql(obj)

Assert that an object equal to the given obj is present in an Array:

[[1],[2],[3]].should.includeEql([3])
[[1],[2],[3]].should.includeEql([2])
[[1],[2],[3]].should.not.includeEql([4])

throw()

Assert an exception is thrown:

(function(){
  throw new Error('fail');
}).should.throw();

Assert an exception is not thrown:

(function(){

}).should.not.throw();

Assert exepection message matches string:

(function(){
  throw new Error('fail');
}).should.throw('fail');

Assert exepection message matches regexp:

(function(){
  throw new Error('failed to foo');
}).should.throw(/^fail/);

throwError()

An alias of throw, its purpose is to be an option for those who run jshint in strict mode.

(function(){
  throw new Error('failed to baz');
}).should.throwError(/^fail.*/);

keys

Assert own object keys, which must match exactly, and will fail if you omit a key or two:

var obj = { foo: 'bar', baz: 'raz' };
obj.should.have.keys('foo', 'bar');
obj.should.have.keys(['foo', 'bar']);

Optional Error description

As it can often be difficult to ascertain exactly where failed assertions are coming from in your tests, an optional description parameter can be passed to several should matchers. The description will follow the failed assertion in the error:

(1).should.eql(0, 'some useful description')

AssertionError: expected 1 to equal 0 | some useful description
  at Object.eql (/Users/swift/code/should.js/node_modules/should/lib/should.js:280:10)
  ...

The methods that support this optional description are: eql, equal, within, a, instanceof, above, below, match, length, property, ownProperty, include, and includeEql.

Express example

For example you can use should with the Expresso TDD Framework by simply including it:

var lib = require('mylib')
  , should = require('should');

module.exports = {
  'test .version': function(){
    lib.version.should.match(/^\d+\.\d+\.\d+$/);
  }
};

Running tests

To run the tests for should simply update your git submodules and run:

$ make test

OMG IT EXTENDS OBJECT???!?!@

Yes, yes it does, with a single getter should, and no it won't break your code, because it does this properly with a non-enumerable property.

License

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2010-2011 TJ Holowaychuk <tj@vision-media.ca> Copyright (c) 2011 Aseem Kishore <aseem.kishore@gmail.com>

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the 'Software'), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED 'AS IS', WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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