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The ultimate vim config

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README.markdown

spf13-vim : Steve Francia's Vim Distribution

This is a distribution of vim plugins and tools intended to be run on top of VIM. It is a good starting point for anyone intending to use VIM for development.

Unlike traditional VIM plugin structure, which similar to UNIX throws all files into common directories, making updating or disabling plugins a real mess, spf13-vim uses pathogen to have a well organized vim directory (Similar to mac's app folders).

Great care has been taken to ensure that each plugin plays nicely with others, and optional configuration has been provided for what we believe is the most efficient use.

It heavily uses git submodules where possible for all plugins. This makes for easy updating.

Lastly (and perhaps, most importantly) It is completely cross platform. It works well on Windows, Linux and OSX without any modifications or additional configurations. If you are using MacVim or Gvim additional features are enabled. So regardless of your environment just clone and run.

Pre-requisites

spf13-vim is built to be completely cross platform. It works equally well on console vim as it does on gVim for Windows, *nix or MacVim.

spf13-vim is dependent on a semi-recent version of VIM and should work well on anything above VIM 7.0.

Git is required for installation. Certain plugins require python or ruby support to be compiled into VIM.

To check if you have python or ruby support run

:echo has('ruby')

If it returns 1 your vim supports ruby.

Installation

Easy Installation (*nix only)

curl https://raw.github.com/spf13/spf13-vim/master/bootstrap.sh -o - | sh

or

Manual Installation

for i in ~/.vim ~/.vimrc ~/.gvimrc; do [ -e $i ] && mv $i $i.old; done
git clone --recursive git://github.com/spf13/spf13-vim.git 

I setup symlinks after this so I can maintain the repo outside of my actual config location.

Use ln -s on mac/unix or mklink on windows.

cd ~
ln -s /path/to/spf13-vim/.vimrc .vimrc
ln -s /path/to/spf13-vim/.vim .vim

Updating to the latest version

cd /path/to/spf13-vim/
git pull
git submodule sync 
git submodule update --init --recursive

Customization

Create ~/.vimrc.local and ~/.gvimrc.local for any local customizations.

For example, to override the default color schemes:

echo color desert  > ~/.vimrc.local
echo color molokai > ~/.gvimrc.local

Fork me on GitHub

I'm always happy to take pull requests from others. A good number of people have already contributed to spf13-vim. Go ahead and fork me.

spf13-vim Features

A highly optimized .vimrc config file

The .vimrc file is suited to programming. It is extremely well organized and folds in sections. Each section is labeled and each option is commented.

It fixes many of the inconveniences of vanilla vim including

  • One config can be used across Windows, Mac and linux
  • Eliminates swap and backup files from littering directories, preferring to store in a central location.
  • Fixes common typos like :W, :Q, etc
  • Setup a solid set of settings for Formatting (change to meet your needs)
  • Setup the interface to take advantage of vim's features including
    • omnicomplete
    • line numbers
    • syntax highlighting
    • A better ruler & status line
    • & more
  • Configuring included plugins

Plugins

spf13-vim contains a curated set of popular vim plugins, colors, snippets and syntaxes. Great care has been made to ensure that these plugins play well together and have optimal configuration.

Most of the bundles are git submodules facilitating easy updating and configuration.

NERDTree

NERDTree is a file explorer plugin that provides "project drawer" functionality to your vim editing. You can learn more about it with :help NERDTree or checkout my post on NERDTree.

QuickStart Launch using <Leader>e.

Customizations: spf13-vim adds a number of customizations to the core NERDTree:

  • Use <C-E> to toggle NERDTree
  • Use <leader>e or <leader>nt to load NERDTreeFind which opens NERDTree where the current file is located.
  • Ignore '.pyc', '~$', '.swo$', '.swp$', '.git', '.hg', '.svn', '.bzr' files
  • Disallow :eing files into the NERDTree buffer
  • Adding Mirroring... Keep your NERDTree window in sync across your tabs (on by default)
  • If NERDTree is open in the current tab, open it in a new one.
  • In general, assume that there is a single NERDTree buffer on the left and one or more editing buffers on the right

Command-T

The Command-T plug-in provides an extremely fast, intuitive mechanism for opening files with a minimal number of keystrokes. It's named "Command-T" because it is inspired by the "Go to File" window bound to Command-T in TextMate.

QuickStart Launch using <Leader>t.

Surround

This plugin is a tool for dealing with pairs of "surroundings." Examples of surroundings include parentheses, quotes, and HTML tags. They are closely related to what Vim refers to as text-objects. Provided are mappings to allow for removing, changing, and adding surroundings.

Details follow on the exact semantics, but first, consider the following examples. An asterisk (*) is used to denote the cursor position.

  Old text                  Command     New text ~
  "Hello *world!"           ds"         Hello world!
  [123+4*56]/2              cs])        (123+456)/2
  "Look ma, I'm *HTML!"     cs"<q>      <q>Look ma, I'm HTML!</q>
  if *x>3 {                 ysW(        if ( x>3 ) {
  my $str = *whee!;         vlllls'     my $str = 'whee!';

For instance, if the cursor was inside "foo bar", you could type cs"' to convert the text to 'foo bar'.

There's a lot more; check it out at :help surround

NERDCommenter

NERDCommenter allows you to wrangle your code comments, regardless of filetype. View help :NERDCommenter for all the details.

QuickStart Toggle comments using <Leader>c<space> in Visual or Normal mode.

Customizations: spf13-vim binds command-/ (<D-/>) to toggle comments.

SuperTab

In insert mode, start typing something and hit <TAB> to tab-complete based on the current context.

QuickStart Hit the tab key in Insert mode.

SnipMate

Snipmate provides snippet support similar to TextMate. A snippet is a piece of often-typed text that you can insert into your document using a trigger word followed by a .

Spf13-vim ships with a very large library of snippets for dozens of languages.

For instance, in a C file using the default installation of snipMate.vim, if you type "for" in insert mode, it will expand a typical for loop in C: >

for (i = 0; i < count; i++) {

}

To go to the next item in the loop, simply over to it; if there is repeated code, such as the "i" variable in this example, you can simply start typing once it's highlighted and all the matches specified in the snippet will be updated. To go in reverse, use .

QuickStart Type a keyword (try something like class) and hit tab in insert mode.

Git Support (Fugitive)

Fugitive adds pervasive git support to git directories in vim. For more information, use :help fugitive

Use :Gstatus to view git status and type - on any file to stage or unstage it. Type p on a file to enter git add -p and stage specific hunks in the file.

Use :Gdiff on an open file to see what changes have been made to that file

QuickStart :Gstatus (in command mode)

PIV (PHP Integration for VIM)

The most feature complete and up to date PHP Integration for Vim with proper support for PHP 5.3+ including latest syntax, functions, better fold support, etc.

PIV provides

  • PHP 5.3 support
  • Auto generation of PHP Doc (,pd on (function, variable, class) definition line)
  • Autocomplete of classes, functions, variables, constants and language keywords
  • Better indenting
  • Full PHP documentation manual (hit K on any function for full docs)

DelimitMate

DelimitMate provides automatic closing of quotes, parenthesis, brackets, etc.; besides some other related features that should make your time in insert mode a little bit easier.

Most of the features can be modified or disabled permanently, using global variables, or on a FileType basis, using autocommands. With a couple of exceptions and limitations, this features don't brake undo, redo or history.

QuickStart Enabled by default, just works. see :help delimitmate for options

Ack.vim

Ack.vim uses ack to search inside the current directory for a pattern. You can learn more about it with :help Ack

Customizations: spf13-vim rebinds command-shift-f (<D-F>) to bring up :Ack.

Align

Align lets you align statements on their equal signs, make comment boxes, align comments, align declarations, etc.

  • :5,10Align => to align lines 5-10 on =>'s

CTags

spf13-vim includes the TagList plugin, which binds :Tlist to an overview panel that lists all ctags for easy navigation.

Customizations: spf13-vim binds <Leader>rt to the ctags command to update tags.

Note: For full language support, run brew install ctags to install exuberant-ctags.

Tip: Check out :help ctags for information about VIM's built-in ctag support. Tag navigation creates a stack which can traversed via Ctrl-] (to find the source of a token) and Ctrl-T (to jump back up one level).

EasyTags

Automated tag generation and syntax highlighting in Vim

Note: Depends on exuberant Ctags. On OSX, For full language support, run brew install ctags to install exuberant-ctags. If you don't have ctags support disable this plugin.

QuickStart CTRL-] while the cursor is on a keyword (such as a function name) to jump to it's definition.

Additional Syntaxes

spf13-vim ships with a few additional syntaxes:

  • Markdown (bound to *.markdown, *.md, and *.mk)
  • Twig
  • Git commits (set your EDITOR to mvim -f)

Color schemes

spf13-vim includes spf13 vim color pack:

  • ir_black
  • molokai
  • peaksea

Use :color molokai to switch to a color scheme.

Snippets

It also contains a very complete set of snippets for use with snipmate.

Intro to VIM

Here's some tips if you've never used VIM before:

Tutorials

Modes

  • VIM has two (common) modes:
    • insert mode- stuff you type is added to the buffer
    • normal mode- keys you hit are interpreted as commands
  • To enter insert mode, hit i
  • To exit insert mode, hit <ESC>

Useful commands

  • Use :q to exit vim
  • Certain commands are prefixed with a <Leader> key, which by default maps to \ by default. Spf13-vim uses let mapleader = "," to change this to , which is in a consistent and convenient location.
  • Keyboard cheat sheet.
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