Piecewise Rigid Scene Model - Implementation IJCV'15
C++ Matlab C Shell


Piecewise Rigid Scene Flow

Copyright 2013-2015 ETH Zurich (Christoph Vogel)

ABOUT: This software implements our approach to scene flow estimation [1,2,3].

The additional packages

  • QPBO or alternatively
  • maxflow are released under the GPL License and are not be included. Please refer to http://pub.ist.ac.at/~vnk/software.html to download that package and read the licensing information provided there.

DISCLAIMER: This demo software has been rewritten for the sake of simplifying the implementation. Therefore, the results produced by the code may differ from those presented in the papers [1,2,3]. In fact the results should be a bit better on the KITTI dataset http://www.cvlibs.net/datasets/kitti/.

IMPORTANT: If you use this software you should cite the following in any resulting publication:

[1] Piecewise Rigid Scene Flow
    C. Vogel, K. Schindler and S. Roth
    In ICCV, Sydney, Australia, December 2013

[2] View-Consistent 3D Scene Flow Estimation over Multiple Frames, 
    C. Vogel, S. Roth, K. Schindler, 
    In: 13th European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), Zurich, Switzerland, 2014

[3] 3D Scene Flow with a Piecewise Rigid World Model, 
    C. Vogel, K. Schindler, S. Roth, 
    In: International Journal of Computer Vision (IJCV), Feb. 2015

For initialisation we use the method described in (with a lot less iterations):

[4] An Evaluation of Data Costs for Optical Flow
    C. Vogel, S. Roth and K. Schindler
    In GCPR, Saarbruecken, Germany, September 2013


  1. Download and install maxflow v3.03 from http://pub.ist.ac.at/~vnk/software.html and place it into ./SceneFlowCode. Alternatively one can also download and the recent version of QPBO from http://pub.ist.ac.at/~vnk/software.html and place it into ./cpp and adjust the definition file DataDefinitionVC.h in the folder SceneFlowCode/VCSF_CODE. Please note that the code was tested with version v1.31 only. Matlab code for the non-linear conjugate gradients optimization procedure 'minimize' by Carl Edward Rasmussen is already included. Make sure your machine has the lapack library. If you use linux the install should be easy, in case of Windows you may have it already as part of your Matlab installation.

  2. Start MATLAB and run compileMex.m to build the utilities binaries. (This step can be omitted if you are using Windows 64 bit or Unix 64 bit.) Reset windows=1 or windows=0 in the file, depending on your OS. Make sure to have lapack installed already, otherwise you need to install it. Adjust the compiler flags accordingly for your purposes (defaults should work in most cases). Additional compiler switches can be looked up in the file DataDefinitionVC.h in the folder SceneFlowCode/VCSF_CODE.

  3. From folder solvePWRSMulti run run_pwrs_red( xx ) - example given as comment in the code.

CHANGES 1.0 April 19, 2014 Initial public release 2.0 March 11, 2015 Including code from [2,3] into the release

Solved Issues:

Multi-core extension is now supported for linux also. 

Basic usage:

  1. Make sure that you read in the correct calibration files and images. As an example some KITTI images are provided along with calibration.

  2. There are the options to run the algorithm with 3 frames. So far it is assumed that the files are given as scenenumber_frame.png as in KITTI. One can use three frames with the assumption of constant 3D velocity, option: p.use3Frames = true; and also to utilize the past solution as proposals, option: p.usePrevProps = true; The procedure should fall back to the standard 2 frame procedure in case there is no video data available.

  3. So far the proposals are taken from semi-global matching and [4] for the flow part. One can use arbitrary procedures for that, e.g. sparse matches.
    For that the function generateProposals has to be modified accordingly. Proposals can simply be concatenated to the proposal set: N_prop, RT_prop. So far it is assumed to have one proposal per segment. In the file pwrsf_v4.m similar proposals are merged, such that some abuse of this constraint is possible (eg. demonstrated already in generateProposals). The cpp-code however does not have such a (unnecessary) constraint but requires to have proposal-id and center per proposal as input - besides a list of moving planes (normal/rigid motion pair). Thus new proposal algorithms could also only provide normal,rigid motion and a center and refrain form the one proposal per segment idiom.

  4. Standard proposal generation is performed by fitting a motion per segment and to compress the information to 1k proposals, this can be adjusted.

  5. Depending on the data set the grid size (initial super-pixel) has to be set. Rule of thumb is to use ~1850 proposals per image, so for KITTI we use p.gridSize= 16. Other scenes might need a different parameter here, eg. 12 for smaller images. This might render the refinement step pointless. In the file pwrsf_v4.m the parameters refineLoop = 1;% run refining based on loop default: ON if 16x16 grid endlevel = 8;% refinement in 2^-1 steps, startlevel = 16, 8, .., endlevel should be set accordingly. Standard is to subdivide the grid once and half the grid size and expansion area. Here endlevel = 8 ensures this in the standard setting, going from 16x16 to 8x8 superpixels. This parameter might need to be changed at a different initial gridsize. Or turned off if the initial size is small, e.g. 10x10 super-pixels

  6. The expansion area can be adjusted with the parameters
    p.gx=8; % 8 kitti - can be adjusted to image size / relative size p.gy=5; % 5 kitti Here we expand around a proposal center 8 grid cells horizontally and 5 cells vertically in each direction. This basically trades speed (small values) against accuracy (larger values) of the method. In the standard procedure we guessed that proposals are not reasonable for segments further away than 8 and 5 cells.

  7. The behaviour of other parameters are analyzed in [3].

  8. Why does a function loadXXX for your data be written by yourself and called in line 213 of run_pwrs_red.m instead of me providing it? The problem is that the code does assume a certain frame numbering, by scene and by frame within the scene. Also calibration matrices are required, which must be provided by you. Furthermore the code needs to load (if 3 frames are used) also the past frame of both cameras along. When reasoning is done over multiple frames the code assumes that data from the per-segment solution of the previous frame is available. To that end the scene-number and the frame-number is used, thus these must be provided by you. You can use the function loadKittiFlow.m in the folder io as a guideline to create your read procedure for your data.

  9. If you cannot run the provided flow library, or your Computer has more the 2 cores, you can download the code from https://github.com/vogechri/DataFlow and compile it respectively. Please change the lines 74-78 in the file 'solvePWRSMulti/proposals/generateProposals.m' from 'TGV_flowDouble' to 'TGV_flow', twice.