MCollective Server and Client Puppet Module
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Latest commit 39b9c8e Aug 23, 2016 @jyaworski jyaworski committed on GitHub Merge pull request #319 from krischblack/patch-1
fix _securityprovider call in user.pp

README.md

mcollective

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Table of Contents

  1. Overview
  2. Module Description - What the module does and why it is useful
  3. Setup - The basics of getting started with mcollective
  4. Usage - Configuration options and additional functionality
  5. Reference - An under-the-hood peek at what the module is doing and how
  6. Limitations - OS compatibility, etc.
  7. Development - Guide for contributing to the module

Overview

The mcollective module installs, configures, and manages the mcollective agents, and clients of an MCollective cluster.

Module Description

The mcollective module handles installing and configuring mcollective across a range of operating systems and distributions. Where possible we follow the standards laid down by the MCollective Standard Deployment guide.

MCollective Terminology

A quick aside, mcollective's terminology differs a little from what you might be used to in puppet. There are 3 main components, the client (the mco commands you run to control your servers), the server (a daemon that runs on all of your managed nodes and executes the commands), and the middleware (a message broker the servers and agent connect to).

If it helps to map these to puppet concepts you loosely have:

  • Middleware -> Puppet Master
  • MCollective Server -> Puppet Agent
  • MCollective Client -> no direct equivalent

Setup

What the mcollective module affects

On a server

  • mcollective package
  • mcollective server configuration file
  • mcollective service

On a client

  • mcollective-client package
  • mcollective client configuration file
  • optionally user configuration files (~/.mcollective and ~/.mcollective.d)

Beginning with mcollective

Your main entrypoint to the mcollective module is the mcollective class, so assuming you have your middleware configured on a node this is all you need to add a server to mcollective.

class { '::mcollective':
  middleware_hosts => [ 'broker1.example.com' ],
}

Usage

Your primary interaction with the mcollective module will be though the main mcollective class, with secondary configuration managed by the defined types mcollective::user, mcollective::plugin, mcollective::actionpolicy, and mcollective::actionpolicy::rule.

I just want to run it, what's the minimum I need?

node 'broker1.example.com' {
  include activemq
}

node 'server1.example.com' {
  class { '::mcollective':
    middleware_hosts => [ 'broker1.example.com' ],
  }
}

node 'control1.example.com' {
  class { '::mcollective':
    client            => true,
    middleware_hosts => [ 'broker1.example.com' ],
  }
}

This default install will be using no TLS, a set of well-known usernames and passwords, and the psk securityprovider. This is against the recommendataion of the standard deploy guide but does save you from having to deal with ssl certificates to begin with.

I'd like to secure the transport channel and authenticate users, how do I do that?

Gather some credentials for the server and users. You'll need the ca certificate, and a keypair for the server to use, and a keypair for each user to allow.

See the standard deploy guide for more information about how to generate these.

node 'broker1.example.com' {
  # Please see
  # https://github.com/voxpupuli/puppet-mcollective/blob/master/examples/ssl_example/mco_profile/manifests/middleware/activemq.pp
  # for this as setting up activemq with a truststore can be quite complex.
}

node 'server1.example.com' {
  class { '::mcollective':
    middleware_hosts    => [ 'broker1.example.com' ],
    middleware_ssl      => true,
    middleware_ssl_cert => "/var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/${::clientcert}.pem",
    middleware_ssl_key  => "/var/lib/puppet/ssl/private_keys/${::clientcert}.pem",
    middleware_ssl_ca   => "/var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/ca.pem",
    securityprovider    => 'ssl',
    ssl_client_certs    => 'puppet:///modules/site_mcollective/client_certs',
    ssl_ca_cert         => 'puppet:///modules/site_mcollective/certs/ca.pem',
    ssl_server_public   => 'puppet:///modules/site_mcollective/certs/server.pem',
    ssl_server_private  => 'puppet:///modules/site_mcollective/private_keys/server.pem',
  }

  mcollective::actionpolicy { 'nrpe':
    default => 'deny',
  }

  mcollective::actionpolicy::rule { 'vagrant user can use nrpe agent':
    agent    => 'nrpe',
    callerid => 'cert=vagrant',
  }
}

node 'control.example.com' {
  class { '::mcollective':
    client              => true,
    middleware_hosts    => [ 'broker1.example.com' ],
    middleware_ssl      => true,
    middleware_ssl_cert => "/var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/${::clientcert}.pem",
    middleware_ssl_key  => "/var/lib/puppet/ssl/private_keys/${::clientcert}.pem",
    middleware_ssl_ca   => "/var/lib/puppet/ssl/certs/ca.pem",
    securityprovider    => 'ssl',
    ssl_client_certs    => 'puppet:///modules/site_mcollective/client_certs',
    ssl_ca_cert         => 'puppet:///modules/site_mcollective/certs/ca.pem',
    ssl_server_public   => 'puppet:///modules/site_mcollective/certs/server.pem',
    ssl_server_private  => 'puppet:///modules/site_mcollective/private_keys/server.pem',
  }

  mcollective::user { 'vagrant':
    certificate => 'puppet:///modules/site_mcollective/client_certs/vagrant.pem',
    private_key => 'puppet:///modules/site_mcollective/private_keys/vagrant.pem',
  }
}

I'd like to secure the transport channel and authenticate users with just their private key, how do I do that?

The Mcollective standard deployment guide uses the 'ssl' securityprovider to handle authentication. If you're interested in performing the authentication without creating SSL certificates for each user, one alternative is to use the 'sshkey' securityprovider. As far as the transport channel encryption goes, it's no different than the above example's use of 'middleware_ssl*' parameters.

Sshkey adds additional flexibility with regards to deployment as it currently supports both a static and a dynamic key management philosophy. You can seperate sshkey from your normal system authentication's backend (known_hosts / authorized_keys) and permit it to send and record its key data for you. If you do this, you should strongly consider using an authorization plugin with mcollective. Alternatively, you can use puppet to enforce the available set of key data to use with requests and responses. Because this could reuse an existing user's ssh private key, it could work along-side your existing user management module.

The use of sshkey is optional. For further information, you can review a sample deployment in the /examples folder, review the sshkey module documentation, and review the sshkeyauth rubygem documentation (helpful for debugging errors).

The ::mcollective:: class

The mcollective class is the main entry point to the module. From here you can configure the behaviour of your mcollective install of server, client, and middleware.

Parameters

The following parameters are available to the mcollective class:

server

Boolean: defaults to true. Whether to install the mcollective server on this node.

client

Boolean: defaults to false. Whether to install the mcollective client application on this node.

rabbitmq_vhost

String: defaults to '/mcollective'. The vhost to connect to/manage when using rabbitmq middleware.

manage_packages

Boolean: defaults to true. Whether to install mcollective and mcollective- client packages when installing the server and client components.

version

String: defaults to 'present'. What version of packages to ensure when mcollective::manage_packages is true.

client_package

String: defaults to 'mcollective-client'. The name of the package to install for the client part. In the case that there is only one package package handling both, client and server, give the same name for 'client_package' and 'server_package'.

server_package

String: defaults to 'mcollective'. The name of the package to install for the server. In the case that there is only one package package handling both, client and server, give the same name for 'client_package' and 'server_package'.

ruby_stomp_ensure

String: defaults to 'installed'. What version of the ruby-stomp package to ensure when mcollective::manage_packages is true. Only relevant on the Debian OS family.

main_collective

String: defaults to 'mcollective'. The name of the main collective for this client/server.

collectives

String: defaults to 'mcollective'. Comma seperated list of collectives this server should join.

connector

String: defaults to 'activemq'. Name of the connector plugin to use.

Currently supported are activemq, rabbitmq, and redis

securityprovider

String: defaults to 'psk'. Name of the security provider plugin to use. 'ssl' is recommended but requires some additional setup.

psk

String: defaults to 'changemeplease'. Used by the 'psk' security provider as the pre-shared key to secure the collective with.

factsource

String: defaults to 'yaml'. Name of the factsource plugin to use on the server.

yaml_fact_path

String: defaults to '/etc/mcollective/facts.yaml'. Name of the file the 'yaml' factsource plugin should load facts from.

ruby_interpreter

String: defaults to '/usr/bin/env ruby' for non PE installations, and to '/opt/puppet/bin/ruby' for PE installations. With factsource 'yaml', a ruby script is installed as cron job, which needs to find the ruby interpreter. This parameter allows overriding the default interpreter.

classesfile

String: defaults to '/var/lib/puppet/state/classes.txt'. Name of the file the server will load the configuration management class for filtering.

rpcauthprovider

String: defaults to 'action_policy'. Name of the RPC Auth Provider to use on the server.

rpcauditprovider

String: defaults to 'logfile'. Name of the RPC Audit Provider to use on the server.

registration

String: defaults to undef. Name of the registration plugin to use on the server.

core_libdir

String: default is based on platform. Path to the core plugins that are installed by the mcollective-common package.

site_libdir

String: default is based on platform. Path to the site-specific plugins that the mcollective::plugin type will install with its source parameter.

This path will be managed and purged by puppet, so don't point it at core_libdir or any other non-dedicated path.

middleware_hosts

Array of strings: defaults to []. Where the middleware servers this client/server should talk to are.

middleware_user

String: defaults to 'mcollective'. Username to use when connecting to the middleware.

middleware_password

String: defaults to 'marionette'. Password to use when connecting to the middleware.

middleware_port

String: defaults to '61613' (for activemq). Port number to use when connecting to the middleware over an unencrypted connection.

middleware_ssl_port

String: defaults to '61614'. Port number to use when connecting to the middleware over a ssl connection.

middleware_ssl

Boolean: defaults to false. Whether to talk to the middleware over a ssl protected channel. Highly recommended. Requires mcollective::ssl_ca_cert, mcollective::ssl_server_public, mcollective::ssl_server_private parameters for the server/client install.

middleware_admin_user

String: defaults to 'admin'. Username for the middleware admin user.

middleware_admin_password

String: defaults to 'secret'. Password to for the middleware admin user.

server_config_file

String: default is '$confdir/server.cfg'. Path to the server configuration file.

server_logfile

String: defaults to '/var/log/mcollective.log'. Logfile the mcollective server should log to.

server_loglevel

String: defaults to 'info'. Level the mcollective server should log at.

server_daemonize

Boolean: defaults to true. Should the mcollective server daemonize when started.

client_config_file

String: defaults to '$confdir/client.cfg'. Path to the client configuration file.

client_logger_type

String: defaults to 'console'. What type of logger the client should use.

client_loglevel

String: defaults to 'warn'. Level the mcollective client should log at.

ssl_ca_cert

String: defaults to undef. A file source that points to the ca certificate used to manage the ssl keys of the mcollective install.

ssl_server_public

String: defaults to undef. A file source that points to the public key or certificate of the server keypair.

ssl_server_private

String: defaults to undef. A file source that points to the private key of the server keypair.

ssl_client_certs

String: defaults to 'puppet:///modules/mcollective/empty'. A file source that contains a directory of user certificates which are used by the ssl security provider in authenticating user requests.

sshkey_server_learn_public_keys

Boolean: defaults to false. Allow writing sshkey public keys to sshkey_server_publickey_dir.

sshkey_server_overwrite_stored_keys

Boolean: defaults to false. Overwrite learned keys.

sshkey_server_publickey_dir

String: defaults to ${confdir}/sshkey_pubdir. Directory to store received keys

sshkey_server_private_key

String: defaults to '/etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key'. The private key used to sign replies with.

sshkey_server_authorized_keys

String: defaults to undefined. The authorized_key file to use. Undefined is interpreted by sshkey to mean the caller's authorized key file.

sshkey_server_send_key

String: defaults to undefined. Specifies the public key sent back with the response for validation. You probably want '/etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key.pub'.

mcollective::user defined type

mcollective::user installs a client configuration and any needed client certificates in a users home directory.

Parameters

username

String: defaults to $name. The username of the user to install for.

group

String: defaults to $name. The group of the user to install for.

homedir

String: defaults to "/home/${name}". The home directory of the user to install for.

certificate

String: defaults to undef. A file source for the certificate of the user. Used by the 'ssl' securityprovider to set the identity of the user. This is mutually exclusive with certificate_content.

certificate_content

String: defaults to undef. The file content for the certificate of the user. Used by the 'ssl' securityprovider to set the identity of the user. This is mutually exclusive with certificate.

private_key

String: defaults to undef. A file source for the private key of the user. Used by the 'ssl' & 'sshkey' securityprovider to sign messages as from this user.
When not supplied to sshkey, this is interpreted to use the user's ssh-agent. This is mutually exclusive with private_key_content.

private_key_content

String: defaults to undef. The file content for the private key of the user. Used by the 'ssl' & 'sshkey' securityprovider to sign messages as from this user.
This is mutually exclusive with private_key.

sshkey_learn_public_keys

Boolean: defaults to false. Allow writing sshkey public keys to sshkey_client_publickey_dir.

sshkey_overwrite_stored_keys

Boolean: defaults to false. Overwrite learned keys.

sshkey_publickey_dir

String: defaults to ${homedir}/.mcollective.d/public_keys. Directory to store received keys.

sshkey_enable_private_key

Boolean: defaults to false. Enable manual specification of the private key to sign requests with. False is interpreted by sshkey to use the user's ssh-agent.

sshkey_known_hosts

String: defaults to '${homedir}/${callerid}/.ssh/known_hosts'. The known_hosts file to use. This is mutually exclusive with sshkey_publickey_dir and is disabled by sshkey_learn_public_keys.

sshkey_enable_send_key

Boolean: defaults to false. Enable sending the user public key inside the request.

mcollective::plugin defined type

mcollective::plugin installs a plugin from a source uri or a package. When installing from a source uri the plugin will be copied to mcollective::site_libdir

mcollective::plugin { 'puppet':
  package => true,
}

When installing a plugin from source you need to create the correct directory structure for it to work.

For example if you wish to sync an agent for apt which ships with apt.ddl and apt.rb you need to create the following structure:

site_mcollective/files/plugins/apt/
                               └── mcollective
                                   └── agent
                                       ├── apt.ddl
                                       └── apt.rb

Now you can then point the source attribute of the defined type to the apt folder in your plugins directory.

mcollective::plugin { 'apt':
  source => 'puppet:///modules/site_mcollective/plugins/apt',
}

For more examples have a look at the directory structure in files/plugins of this module.

Parameters

name

String: the resource title. The base name of the plugin to install.

source

String: will default to "puppet:///modules/mcollective/plugins/${name}". The source uri that will be copied to mcollective::site_libdir

package

Boolean: defaults to false. Whether to install the plugin from a file copy or a package install.

type

String: defaults to 'agent'. The type of the plugin package to install.

has_client

Boolean: defaults to true. When installing from a package, whether to attempt to install mcollective-${name}-client on the client node.

mcollective::actionpolicy defined type

mcollective::actionpolicy configures an agent for use with actionpolicy in conjunction with mcollective::actionpolicy::rule.

Parameters

name

String: the resource title. The name of the agent to set up an actionpolicy for.

default

String: defaults to 'deny'. The default actionpolicy to apply to the agent.

mcollective::actionpolicy::rule defined type

mcollective::actionpolicy::rule represents a single actionpolicy policy entry. See the actionpolicy plugin Policy File Format for specific restrictions on the values of these fields.

Parameters

name

String: the resource title. A descriptive name for the rule you are adding.

agent

String: required, no default. The name of the agent you are adding a rule for.

action

String: defaults to 'allow'. What to do when the other conditions of this line are matched.

callerid

String: defaults to '*'. What callerids should match this rule.

actions

String: defaults to '*'. What actions should match this rule.

fact_filter

String: defaults to ''. What facts should match this rule. This can be either '', a space-separated list of fact=value pairs (which match if every listed fact matches), or any valid compound filter string. This matches the "facts" field of the policy file lines.

classes

String: defaults to '*'. What classes should match this rule.

mcollective::common::setting defined type

mcollective::common::setting declares a setting that is common between server and client.

Parameters

setting

String: defaults to the resource title. The name of the setting to set.

value

String: no default. The value to set.

order

String: default '10'. The order in which to merge this setting.

mcollective::server::setting defined type

mcollective::server::setting declares a setting that is exclusive to a server.

Parameters

setting

String: defaults to the resource title. The name of the setting to set.

value

String: no default. The value to set.

order

String: default '30'. The order in which to merge this setting.

mcollective::client::setting defined type

mcollective::client::setting declares a setting that is common to clients and users.

Parameters

setting

String: defaults to the resource title. The name of the setting to set.

value

String: no default. The value to set.

order

String: default '30'. The order in which to merge this setting.

mcollective::user::setting defined type

mcollective::user::setting declares a setting that is specific to a user.

Parameters

username

String: required, no default. Which user to set this value for.

setting

String: required, no default. The name of the setting to set.

value

String: no default. The value to set.

order

String: default '70'. The order in which to merge this setting.

mcollective::server::config::factsource::yaml private class

mcollective::server::config::factsource::yaml is the class that implements cron-based fact generation and configures MCollective to use it. It is a private class and so may not be declared directly, but rather is invoked when the mcollective class is declared with the factsource parameter set to yaml (the default). Although mcollective::server::config::factsource::yaml is private it does have one parameter which can be tuned using data bindings (e.g. Hiera).

Parameters

path

String: default $::path. What PATH environment variable to use when refresh-mcollective-metadata is invoked by cron.

Reference

Configuration merging

The configuration of the server and client are built up from the various calls to mcollective::common::setting, mcollective::server::setting, mcollective::client::setting, and mcollective::user::setting.

Settings for the server will be a merge of mcollective::common::setting and mcollective::server::setting, highest order of the setting wins.

Settings for the client will be a merge of mcollective::common::setting, and mcollective::client::setting, highest order of the setting wins.

Settings for a specific user will be a merge of mcollective::common::setting, mcollective::client::setting and mcollective::user::setting for that specific user, highest order of setting wins.

Overriding existing options

You can override an existing server setting from outside of the module by simply specifying that setting again with a higher order than the default of that type, for example to make a server's loglevel be debug (without simply setting mcollective::server_loglevel) you could write:

mcollective::server::setting { 'override loglevel':
  setting => 'loglevel',
  value   => 'debug',
  order   => '50',
}

Troubleshooting

Why do I have no client.cfg?

I said to install the client, so why when I run mco ping am I seeing this:

$ mco ping
Failed to generate application list: RuntimeError: Cannot find config file '/etc/mcollective/client.cfg'

You've enabled the ssl security provider, which implies each user will have their own ssl credentials to use in the collective. In order to avoid incomplete configuration of clients in this mode we delete the system-wide /etc/mcollective/client.cfg and only generate user configuration files with the mcollective::user definition.

Limitations

This module has been built on and tested against Puppet 3.0 and higher.

The module has been tested on:

  • CentOS 6
  • Ubuntu 12.04

Testing on other platforms has been light and cannot be guaranteed.

Development

Puppet Community modules on are open projects, and community contributions are essential for keeping them great. We can’t access the huge number of platforms and myriad of hardware, software, and deployment configurations that Puppet is intended to serve.

We want to keep it as easy as possible to contribute changes so that our modules work in your environment. There are a few guidelines that we need contributors to follow so that we can have a chance of keeping on top of things.

You can read the complete module contribution guide on the Puppet Labs wiki.

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