Easy building and installing of Erlang/OTP instances
Kerl aims to be shell agnostic and its only dependencies, excluding what's required to actually build Erlang/OTP, are curl and git.
Unless explicitly disabled, agner is installed automatically in the sandboxes for supported Erlang/OTP versions.
All is done so that, once a specific release has been built, creating a new installation is as fast as possible.
You can download the script directly from github:
$ curl -O https://raw.github.com/spawngrid/kerl/master/kerl
Then ensure it is executable
$ chmod a+x kerl
and drop it in your $PATH
Optionally download and install kerl's bash_completion file from https://github.com/spawngrid/kerl/raw/master/bash_completion/kerl
How it works
Kerl keeps tracks of the releases it downloaded, built and installed, allowing easy installations to new destinations (without complete rebuilding) and easy switches between Erlang/OTP installations.
List the available releases (kerl ignores releases < 10):
$ kerl list releases Getting the available releases from erlang.org... R10B-0 R10B-2 R10B-3 R10B-4 R10B-5 R10B-6 R10B-7 R10B-8 R10B-9 R11B-0 R11B-1 R11B-2 R11B-3 R11B-4 R11B-5 R12B-0 R12B-1 R12B-2 R12B-3 R12B-4 R12B-5 R13A R13B R13B01 R13B02 R13B03 R13B04 R14A R14B R14B01 R14B02 Run "./kerl update releases" to update this list from erlang.org
Pick your choice and build it:
$ kerl build R14B02 r14b02 Downloading otp_src_R14B02.tar.gz to /home/evax/.kerl/archives (curl progresses...) Verifying archive checksum... (curl progresses...) Checksum verified (229fb8f193b09ac04a57a9d7794349b7) Extracting source code Building Erlang/OTP R14B02 (r14b02), please wait... Erlang/OTP R14B02 has been successfully built Fetching and building agner... Agner has been successfully built
Note that named builds allow you to have different builds for the same Erlang/OTP release with different configure options:
$ KERL_CONFIGURE_OPTIONS=--enable-hipe kerl build R14B02 r14b02_hipe Verifying archive checksum... Checksum verified (229fb8f193b09ac04a57a9d7794349b7) Extracting source code Building Erlang/OTP R14B02 (r14b02_hipe), please wait... Erlang/OTP R14B02 (r14b02_hipe) has been successfully built Fetching and building agner... Agner has been successfully built
(Note that kerl uses the otp_build script internally, and './otp_build configure' disables HiPE on linux)
You can verify your build has been registered:
$ kerl list builds R14B02,r14b02 R14B02,r14b02_hipe
Now install a build to some location (optionally you can disable agner support by adding KERL_DISABLE_AGNER=yes to your $HOME/.kerlrc file, or on the contrary define a list of additional packages to install using the KERL_AGNER_AUTOINSTALL directive in the same file or on the command line):
$ kerl install r14b02 /path/to/install/dir/ Installing Erlang/OTP R14B02 (r14b02) in /path/to/install/dir... Installing agner in /path/to/install/dir... You can activate this installation running the following command: . /path/to/install/dir/activate Later on, you can leave the installation typing: kerl_deactivate
Note that you can install an agnerized version of rebar along with agner using KERL_INSTALL_AGNERIZED_REBAR in your .kerlrc file or on the command line.
Here again you can check the installation's been registered:
$ kerl list installations r14b02 /path/to/install/dir
And at last activate it:
$ . /path/to/install/dir/activate
Activation will backup your $PATH, prepend it with the installation's bin/ directory and do the right thing with AGNER_* vars to constrain agner operations to the sandbox. Thus it's only valid for the current shell session, and until you activate another installation or call kerl_deactivate.
You're now ready to work with your r14b02 installation:
$ erl -version Erlang (SMP,ASYNC_THREADS,HIPE) (BEAM) emulator version 5.8.3 $ agner version 0.4.16
You can use agner to install packages in your activated installation, they'll be directly available:
$ agner install cowboy (...) Installed to: /path/to/install/dir/lib/cowboy-@master $ erl (...) Eshell V5.8.3 (abort with ^G) 1> application:start(cowboy). ok
Note that you can also define a list of packages to be autoinstalled on agner enabled installations using the KERL_AGNER_AUTOINSTALL entry in you $HOME/.kerlrc file
When you're done just type: $ kerl_deactivate
Anytime you can check which installation, if any, is currently active with:
$ kerl active No Erlang/OTP kerl installation is currently active
You can get an overview of the current kerl state with:
$ kerl status Available builds: R14B02,r14b02 R14B02,r14b02_hipe ---------- Available installations: r14b02 /path/to/install/dir ---------- Currently active installation: The current active installation is: /path/to/install/dir
You can delete builds and installations with the following commands:
$ kerl delete build r14b02 The r14b02 build has been deleted $ kerl delete installation /path/to/install/dir The installation in /path/to/install/dir has been deleted
You can easily deploy an installation to another host having ssh and rsync access with the following command:
$ kerl deploy anotherhost /path/to/install/dir Cloning Erlang/OTP r14b02 (/path/to/install/dir) to anotherhost (/path/to/install/dir) ... On anotherhost, you can activate this installation running the following command: . /path/to/install/dir/activate Later on, you can leave the installation typing: kerl_deactivate
You can update the agner version associated with a specific build (this will only affect installations made after that):
$ kerl update agner r14b02 Updating agner for build r14b02... agner has been updated successfully
As an experimental feature, you can build Erlang directly from a git repository with a command of the form "kerl build git <git_url> <git_version> <build_name>" where <git_version> can be either a branch, a tag or a commit id as it will be passed to "git checkout":
$ kerl build git https://github.com/erlang/otp.git dev r14b02_dev Checking Erlang/OTP git repositoy from https://github.com/erlang/otp.git... Building Erlang/OTP r14b02_dev from git, please wait... Erlang/OTP r14b02_dev from git has been successfully built Fetching and building agner... Agner has been successfully built
You can tune kerl using the .kerlrc file in your $HOME directory.
You can set the following variables:
- KERL_DOWNLOAD_DIR where to put downloaded files, defaults to $HOME/.kerl/archives
- KERL_BUILD_DIR where to hold the builds, defaults to $HOME/.kerl/builds
- KERL_DEFAULT_INSTALL_DIR if set in ~/.kerlrc, install builds to this dir if no path is provided on installs, (recommend "$KERL_BASE_DIR/installs")
- KERL_CONFIGURE_OPTIONS options to pass to Erlang's ./configure script, e.g. --without-termcap
- KERL_CONFIGURE_APPLICATIONS if non-empty, subset of applications used in the builds (and subsequent installations) process, e.g. "kernel stdlib sasl"
- KERL_DISABLE_AGNER if non-empty will disable agner support
- KERL_AGNER_AUTOINSTALL a list of packages to pre-install
- KERL_SASL_STARTUP use SASL system startup instead of minimal
- KERL_USE_AUTOCONF use autoconf in the builds process
- KERL_INSTALL_MANPAGES if non-empty will install manpages
- KERL_INSTALL_HTMLDOCS if non-empty will install HTML docs
- KERL_DEPLOY_SSH_OPTIONS if additional options are required, e.g. "-qx -o PasswordAuthentication=no"
- KERL_DEPLOY_RSYNC_OPTIONS if additional options are required, e.g. "--delete"
Here are the abstractions kerl is handling:
releases: Erlang/OTP releases from erlang.org
builds: the result of configuring and compiling releases or git repositories
installations: the result of deploying builds to filesystem locations (also referred to as "sandboxes")
Create a named build either from an official Erlang/OTP release or from a git repository
kerl build <release_code> <build_name> kerl build git <git_url> <git_version> <build_name>
$ kerl build R14B02 r14b02 $ kerl build git https://github.com/erlang/otp dev r14b02_dev
You can disable agner support by setting KERL_DISABLE_AGNER=yes in your $HOME/.kerlrc file
You can specify the configure options to use when building Erlang/OTP with the KERL_CONFIGURE_OPTIONS variable, either in your $HOME/.kerlrc file or prepending it to the command line.
$ KERL_CONFIGURE_OPTIONS=--enable-hipe kerl build R14B02 r14b02_hipe
If non-empty, you can specify the subset of applications to use when building (and subsequent installing) Erlang/OTOP with the KERL_CONFIGURE_APPLICATIONS variable, either in your $HOME/.kerlrc file or prepending it to the command line.
$ KERL_CONFIGURE_APPLICATIONS="kernel stdlib sasl" kerl build R15B01 r15b01_minimal
You can enable the use of autoconf in the build process setting KERL_USE_AUTOCONF=yes in your $HOME/.kerlrc file
Note: autoconf is always enabled for git builds
Install a named build to the specified filesystem location
kerl install <build_name> [path]
If path is omitted the current working directory will be used. However, if KERL_DEFAULT_INSTALL_DIR is defined in ~/.kerlrc, KERL_DEFAULT_INSTALL_DIR/ will be used instead.
Note: kerl assumes the specified directory is for its sole use. If you later delete it with the kerl delete command, the whole directory will be deleted, along with anything you may have added to it!
$ kerl install r14b02 /srv/otp/r14b02
You can auto-install agner packages listing them in the KERL_AGNER_AUTOINSTALL variable in your $HOME/.kerlrc file or on the command line, e.g. KERL_AGNER_AUTOINSTALL="erlzmq cowboy"
You can have SASL started automatically setting KERL_SASL_STARTUP=yes in your $HOME/.kerlrc file or prepending it to the command line
You can have manpages installed automatically setting KERL_INSTALL_MANPAGES=yes in your $HOME/.kerlrc file or prepending it to the command line
HTML docs installation
You can have HTML docs installed automatically setting KERL_INSTALL_HTMLDOCS=yes in your $HOME/.kerlrc file or prepending it to the command line
Deploy the specified installation to the given host and location
kerl deploy <[user@]host> [directory] [remote_directory]
If remote_directory is omitted the specified directory will be used.
If directory and remote_directory is omitted the current working directory will be used.
NOTE: kerl assumes the specified host is accessible via ssh and rsync.
$ kerl deploy anotherhost /path/to/install/dir
Additional SSH options
You can have additional options given to SSH by setting them in the KERL_DEPLOY_SSH_OPTIONS variable in your $HOME/.kerlrc file or on the command line, e.g. KERL_DEPLOY_SSH_OPTIONS="-qx -o PasswordAuthentication=no"
Additional RSYNC options
You can have additional options given to RSYNC by setting them in the KERL_DEPLOY_RSYNC_OPTIONS variable in your $HOME/.kerlrc file or on the command line, e.g. KERL_DEPLOY_RSYNC_OPTIONS="--delete"
Update the releases list or the agner version of the specified named build
kerl update releases kerl update agner <build_name>
List the releases, builds or installations available
kerl list <releases|builds|installations>
Delete the specified build or installation
kerl delete build <build_name> kerl delete installation <path>
$ kerl delete build r14b02 The r14b02 build has been deleted $ kerl delete installation /srv/otp/r14b02 The installation in /srv/otp/r14b02 has been deleted
Print the path of the currently active installation, if any
$ kerl active The current active installation is: /srv/otp/r14b02
Print the available builds and installations as well as the currently active installation
$ kerl status Available builds: R14B02,r14b02 git,r14b02_dev ---------- Available installations: r14b02 /srv/otp/r14b02 r14b02 /srv/otp/r14b02_dev ---------- No Erlang/OTP kerl installation is currently active