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README.md

cjdns

Русская версия Readme: README_RU.md

Networking Reinvented

Cjdns implements an encrypted IPv6 network using public-key cryptography for address allocation and a distributed hash table for routing. This provides near-zero-configuration networking, and prevents many of the security and scalability issues that plague existing networks.

Build Status

With built-in security and auto-configuration, everybody can own part of the network

The Internet gives everyone incredible power of expression once reserved for those wealthy enough to own a radio station or newspaper. Still, the Internet's aging protocols have inherent limitations which make them unfavorable toward a network owned by the people.

Recent revelations have triggered public outcry over governments reading of our email but few stop to imagine the implications of an unsecured mesh network, in such a network everybody could read your email.

All over the world we see Internet access markets dominated by a few businesses who charge outrageous rates and have not materially increased Internet speed since crushing the dial-up providers at the beginning of the 21st century. Most agree that we need more competition but few recognize that if we cannot trust the handful of ISPs we have now, how have no hope of trusting the next 10,000 ISP which we will need to bring about meaningful competition.

Indeed the problem of trust extends beyond our private correspondence. The very fabric of the Internet can be torn apart at any moment by a malicious ISP or even an honest mistake as was seen in April 8, 2010 when somebody at China Telecom misconfigured a router causing widespread Internet outages which lasted fifteen minutes.

As governments continue pushing to filter websites, there is an ever increasing risk of back-and-forth retaliatory filtration eventually leaving entire nations isolated and breeding the hate and intolerance which the Internet promised to end.

Cjdns was designed with the understanding that we must securely remove central authority for The Internet to continue spanning the globe without borders and boundaries. It is not just a nice idea, the very future of The Open Web is at stake.

Security

When you receive a packet of information from the Internet, it seems logical to assume that it was meant for you, that it came from the computer which it says it came from and that nobody else has been reading or modifying it on the way. While many popular software applications are designed around these assumptions, the existing Internet does not guarantee any of them and a number of network security exploits come from the cases where these assumptions break down.

Cjdns guarantees confidentiality, authenticity and integrity of data by using modern cryptography in a non-intrusive way. Information transmitted over a cjdns network can't be altered or read en-route. While you can create multiple identities, it's practically impossible to impersonate other nodes on the network and since a node's IPv6 address is the fingerprint of its key, man-in-the-middle attacks are not possible.

Simplicity

Traditional networks require manual configuration of IP addresses. To get these addresses one must join an Internet Registry and file a lengthy application. Cjdns nodes generate their own addresses along with their keys, when two nodes find each other, they connect. When many nodes find one another, they form a network. General network architecture is of course needed to avoid bottlenecks but once the nodes are put in the right places, they will discover their roles in the network.

Scalability

Cjdns is built around the bold and unproven assumption that a non-hierarchical network can scale. Cjdns uses a distributed hash table to spread the load of routing among a number of nodes, rather than requiring every node know the exact location of every other node. At the bottom layer, packets are tagged with the exact route they should take, think of it like driving directions. At the upper layer the nodes maintain and test routes to other nodes who have numerically similar IPv6 addresses to their own. Forwarding is achieved by sending a packet to physically nearby nodes who have destinations numerically close to the target address.

Testimonials

23:26 <@jercos> well, cjdns is now officially more reliable than the open
                internet for getting to my cheaper VPSes :|

12:52 < mariner> so i don't know if it's been done before, and i assume it's
                 obvious, but I think it's neat. Currently on hype from an
                 airplane

00:36 < tester> man sites take so long to load on i2p
00:36 < tester> i value speed over anonymity any day

How close is it to complete?

Hyperboria is the largest cjdns network, with hundreds of active nodes around the world.

Cjdns has been tested on x86, amd64, ARMv5, ARMv7, MIPS, and PowerPC. It's continually tested on Linux, FreeBSD, OS X, and Illumos systems.

The protocols and algorithms are experimental and subject to change. To minimize the harm to the network, please update your cjdns nodes often.

You can help!

We desperately need more OS X buildbots. If you would like to donate one, you could mail it, or you could administer it and provide remote shell access. Please join the IRC channel and ask how you can help.

How does routing work?

In a cjdns network, a packet goes to a router and the router labels the packet with directions to the router best able to handle it. That is, a router which is physically nearby and has an address numerically close to the destination address of the packet. The directions are added to the packet to allow it to go through a number of routers with minimal handling, a verifiable form of source routing. They just read the label and bounce the packet wherever the next bits in the label tell them to. Routers have a responsibility to "keep in touch" with other routers that are physically close by and numerically near to their address.

The router engine is a modified implementation of the Kademlia distributed hash table.

Community

Documentation

Advanced configuration:

Thank you for your time and interest,

The cjdns developers.


How to install cjdns

These instructions are for Debian-based Linux distributions. They should be informative enough for user on other distributions - just don't expect them to work verbatim.

0. Install dependencies

sudo apt-get install cmake git build-essential

Installing cmake, although preferable, is not strictly necessary. If cmake is unavailable or an unacceptable version, it will be downloaded and built in the source tree.

1. Retrieve cjdns from GitHub

Clone the repository from GitHub and change to the source directory:

git clone https://github.com/cjdelisle/cjdns.git cjdns
cd cjdns

2. Build

./do

Look for Build completed successfully, type ./cjdroute to begin setup., then proceed below:


Setup

Run cjdroute without options for HELP:

./cjdroute

0. Make sure you've got the stuff.

cat /dev/net/tun

If it says: cat: /dev/net/tun: File descriptor in bad state Good!

If it says: cat: /dev/net/tun: No such file or directory, create it using:

sudo mkdir /dev/net &&
sudo mknod /dev/net/tun c 10 200 &&
sudo chmod 0666 /dev/net/tun

Then cat /dev/net/tun again.

If it says: cat: /dev/net/tun: Permission denied You're probably using a VPS based on the OpenVZ virtualization platform. Ask your provider to enable the TUN/TAP device - this is standard protocol so they should know exactly what you need.

1. Generate a new configuration file

./cjdroute --genconf >> cjdroute.conf

Protect your conf file! A lost conf file means you lost your password and connections and anyone who connected to you will no longer be able to connect. A compromised conf file means that other people can impersonate you on the network.

To set generate a conf file with permissions set so that only your user can read it and write to it:

(umask 077 && ./cjdroute --genconf > cjdroute.conf)

2. Find a friend

To get into an existing network (e.g. Hyperboria), you need to connect to someone who is already in the network. This is required for a number of reasons:

  1. It helps prevent abuse because bad people will be less likely to abuse a system after they were, in an act of human kindness, given access to that system.
  2. This is not intended to overlay The Old Internet, it is intended to replace it. Each connection will in due time be replaced by a wire, a fiber optic cable, or a wireless network connection.
  3. In any case of a disagreement, there will be a "chain of friends" linking the people involved so there will already be a basis for coming to a resolution.

To find a friend, get out there and join our community. Also, have a look at the Project Meshnet Map to find peers near you (note: scroll the map right, not left; the markers don't repeat).

3. Fill in your friend's info

In your conf file, you will see:

// Nodes to connect to.
"connectTo":
{
    // Add connection credentials here to join the network
    // Ask somebody who is already connected.
}

After adding their connection credentials, it should look like:

// Nodes to connect to.
"connectTo":
{
    "0.1.2.3:45678":
    {
        "password": "thisIsNotARealConnection",
        "publicKey": "thisIsJustForAnExampleDoNotUseThisInYourConfFile.k"
    }
}

You can add as many connections as you want to the connectTo attribute, following JSON syntax.

Your own connection credentials will be shown in a JSON comment above in your "authorizedPasswords" section. Do not modify this but if you want to allow someone to connect to you, give it to them.

It looks like this:

/* These are your connection credentials for people connecting to you with your
default password. Adding more passwords for different users is advisable so
that leaks can be isolated.

"your.external.ip.goes.here:12345":
{
    "password": "thisIsNotARealConnectionEither",
    "publicKey": "thisIsAlsoJustForAnExampleDoNotUseThisInYourConfFile.k"
}
*/

your.external.ip.goes.here is to be replaced with the IPv4 address which people will use to connect to you from over The Old Internet.

See doc/configure.md for more details on configuration, including how to peer with other cjdns nodes over ethernet and wifi.

4. Secure your system - check for listening services

Once your node is running, you're now a newly minted IPv6 host. Your operating system may automatically reconfigure network services to use this new address. If this is not what you intend, you should check to see that you are not offering more services then you intended to. ;)

See doc/network-services.md for instructions.

5. Start it up!

sudo ./cjdroute < cjdroute.conf

If you want to have your logs written to a file:

sudo ./cjdroute < cjdroute.conf > cjdroute.log

To stop cjdns:

sudo killall cjdroute

If you are having problems use killall cjdroute to return to sanity. Use pgrep cjdroute or top to see if it running.

Note: this starts cjdns as the root user so it can configure your system without concern for permissions. To start cjdns as a non-root user, see doc/non-root-user.md.

6. Get in IRC

Welcome to the network! You're now a network administrator. There are responsibilities which come with being a network administrator which include being available in case there is something wrong with your equipment. You should stay on IRC so that people can reach you.

Admin interface

When cjdnroute is up and running, the admin interface will be available at http://localhost:11234 (this can be changed in the cjdroute.conf configuration file). See admin/README.md for more information about the admin interface.

You can access the admin API with:

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