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coredns-amazondns

The amazondns plugin behaves Authoritative name server using Amazon DNS Server as the backend.

The Amazon DNS server is used to resolve the DNS domain names that you specify in a private hosted zone in Route 53. However, the server acts as Caching name server. Although CoreDNS has proxy plugin and we can configure Amazon DNS server as the backend, it can't be Authoritative name server. In my case, Authoritative name server is required to handle delegated responsibility for the subdomain. That's why I created this plugin.

Name

amazondns - enables serving Authoritative name server using Amazon DNS Server as the backend.

Syntax

amazondns ZONE [ADDRESS] {
    soa RR
    ns RR
    nsa RR
}
  • ZONE the zone scope for this plugin.
  • ADDRESS defines the Amazon DNS server address specifically. If no ADDRESS entry, this plugin resolves it automatically using Instance Metadata.
  • soa RR SOA record with RFC 1035 style.
  • ns RR NS record(s) with RFC 1035 style.
  • nsa RR A record(s) for the NS(s) with RFC 1035 style. The IP address will be that of the EC2 instance on which CoreDNS is running with this plugin. Note: You need to boot CoreDNS on an EC2 instance in the VPC because we can't access to Amazon DNS server from outside the VPC.

Examples

Setup Route 53 as below.

  • Create your Route 53 private hostead zone with sub.example.org and attach your VPC.
  • Add A record as test.sub.example.org into the zone.
  • Add CNAME record as lb.sub.example.org for your ELB into the zone.

Next, boot two EC2 instances for the name servers and deploy CoreDNS binary, and configure CoreDNS config file as below.

. {
    amazondns sub.example.org {
        soa "sub.example.org 3600 IN SOA ns1.sub.example.org hostmaster.sub.example.org (2018030619 3600 900 1209600 900)"
        ns "sub.example.org 3600 IN NS ns1.sub.example.org"
        ns "sub.example.org 3600 IN NS ns2.sub.example.org"
        nsa "ns1.sub.example.org 3600 IN A 192.168.0.10"
        nsa "ns2.sub.example.org 3600 IN A 192.168.0.130"
    }
}

Start CoreDNS and check it how it works.

The test.sub.example.org is resolved with AUTHORITY SECTION and ADDITIONAL SECTION as below.

> dig @localhost test.sub.example.org +norecurse

; <<>> DiG 9.11.1 <<>> @localhost test.sub.example.org +norecurse
; (1 server found)
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 28681
;; flags: qr aa ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 2, ADDITIONAL: 3

;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 4096
; COOKIE: 23246de45b4a3601 (echoed)
;; QUESTION SECTION:
;test.sub.example.org.        IN  A

;; ANSWER SECTION:
test.sub.example.org.   3600  IN  A  10.0.0.10

;; AUTHORITY SECTION:
sub.example.org.        3600  IN  NS  ns1.sub.example.org.
sub.example.org.        3600  IN  NS  ns2.sub.example.org.

;; ADDITIONAL SECTION:
ns1.sub.example.org.    3600  IN  A   192.168.0.10
ns2.sub.example.org.    3600  IN  A   192.168.0.130

;; Query time: 12 msec
;; SERVER: 127.0.0.1#53(127.0.0.1)
;; WHEN: Tue Feb 20 15:11:55 JST 2018
;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 146

Also it can return NS record(s) for subdomain as below.

> dig @localhost sub.example.org ns

; <<>> DiG 9.11.1 <<>> @localhost sub.example.org ns +norecurse
; (1 server found)
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 2719
;; flags: qr aa ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 2, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 3

;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 4096
; COOKIE: c1c3332966dba8fd (echoed)
;; QUESTION SECTION:
;sub.example.org.            IN  NS

;; ANSWER SECTION:
sub.example.org.       3600  IN  NS  ns1.sub.example.org.
sub.example.org.       3600  IN  NS  ns2.sub.example.org.

;; ADDITIONAL SECTION:
ns1.sub.example.org.   3600  IN  A   192.168.0.10
ns2.sub.example.org.   3600  IN  A   192.168.0.130

;; Query time: 1 msec
;; SERVER: 127.0.0.1#53(127.0.0.1)
;; WHEN: Tue Feb 20 15:08:27 JST 2018
;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 125

And it works like Route 53 alias record when answering CNAME record. Your CNAME record will be removed and A/AAAA records of the CNAME record will be replaces.

> dig @localhost lb.sub.example.org

; <<>> DiG 9.11.1 <<>> @localhost test.sub.example.org +norecurse
; (1 server found)
;; global options: +cmd
;; Got answer:
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 63630
;; flags: qr aa ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 2, AUTHORITY: 2, ADDITIONAL: 3

;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 4096
; COOKIE: 89a840e16b4d3fc7 (echoed)
;; QUESTION SECTION:
;lb.sub.example.org.         IN  A

;; ANSWER SECTION:
lb.sub.example.org.    54    IN  A   10.0.0.16
lb.sub.example.org.    54    IN  A   10.0.0.132

;; AUTHORITY SECTION:
sub.example.org.       3600  IN  NS  ns1.sub.example.org.
sub.example.org.       3600  IN  NS  ns2.sub.example.org.

;; ADDITIONAL SECTION:
ns1.sub.example.org.   3600  IN  A   192.168.0.10
ns2.sub.example.org.   3600  IN  A   192.168.0.130

;; Query time: 11 msec
;; SERVER: 127.0.0.1#53(127.0.0.1)
;; WHEN: Tue Feb 27 11:20:08 JST 2018
;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 174