Waf is a Python-based framework for configuring, compiling and installing applications. Here are perhaps the most important features of Waf:
- Automatic build order: the build order is computed from input and output files, among others
- Automatic dependencies: tasks to execute are detected by hashing files and commands
- Performance: tasks are executed in parallel automatically, the startup time is meant to be fast (separation between configuration and build)
- Flexibility: new commands and tasks can be added very easily through subclassing, bottlenecks for specific builds can be eliminated through dynamic method replacement
- Extensibility: though many programming languages and compilers are already supported by default, many others are available as extensions
- IDE support: Eclipse, Visual Studio and Xcode project generators (waflib/extras/)
- Documentation: the application is based on a robust model documented in The Waf Book and in the API docs
- Python compatibility: cPython 2.5 to 3.4, Jython 2.5, IronPython, and Pypy
HOW TO CREATE THE WAF SCRIPT
Python >= 2.6 is required to generate the waf script, and the resulting file can then run on Python 2.5. Just execute:
$ ./waf-light configure build
Or, if you have several python versions installed:
$ python3 ./waf-light configure build
The Waf tools in waflib/extras are not added to the waf script. To add some of them, use the --tools switch:
$ ./waf-light --tools=compat15,swig
To add a tool that does not exist in the folder extras, pass an absolute path, and to customize the initialization, pass the parameter 'prelude'. Here is for example how to create a waf file using the compat15 module:
$ ./waf-light --tools=compat15 --prelude=$'\tfrom waflib.extras import compat15\n'
Any kind of initialization is possible, though one may prefer the build system kit (folder build_system_kit):
$ ./waf-light --make-waf --tools=compat15,/comp/waf/aba.py --prelude=$'\tfrom waflib.extras import compat15\n\tprint("ok")'
Or, to avoid regenerating the waf file all the time, just set the
WAFDIR environment variable to the directory containing "waflib".
HOW TO RUN THE EXAMPLES
cp waf demos/c/ cd demos/c/ ./waf configure build