To compile ReDemPtion you need the following packages:
- libboost-dev (contains bjam : software build tool)
- python (python-dev)
$ git submodule init && git submodule update):
Q - Why did you fork xrdp instead of contributing to the project ?
Many reasons. The most important one being we wished to change so many things for our usage, we needed to have control on the project roadmap.
In details, a very important goal was to unit test as much of the program as possible, and to achieve something simpler than xrdp.
The good part was there were obvious constraints of xrdp that we could remove:
ReDemPtion had no need to be fully Windows compatible, enabling us:
- to use a simple (and rock solid) listen and fork model instead of threads,
- to remove abstract system independent compatibility layer,
- to replace dynamically loaded back-end modules by simpler static ones, etc.
several parts of xrdp are trying to optimize program performance through use of complex macros, code duplication, specialized program paths (like avoiding memory duplication when color model does not change), etc. We had a very suspicious look over those. They may or may not enhance performances. As there was no test to check benefits, it was hard to tell. These optimizations also made tests harder to write. We just chose to simplify, removing them whenever possible even if we may reintroduce some at a later time, when performance tests will be available.
we intend to merge the client and the server part of xrdp in one unified library where client and server are (guaranteed) compatible with each other. The method to do this was merging files containing client and server parts to have matching client and server code side by side. That implied many changes in code architecture, while xrdp clearly kept rdesktop inherited client code very similar to original code (and it has it's advantages as it makes porting new code of rdesktop to xrdp easier).
And once we decided to fork, it was also easy to choose other more drastic changes that made our life easier like porting to C++ or going for a simpler build system.
Q - Why did you use C++ for ReDemPtion instead of plain C ?
Any of the two could do the trick, but it appeared that a few components of STL or the boost softwares were handy, mostly for easing unit testing and build process.
Really we do not use much of C++ special features like templates or libraries. We intend to keep the code that way to avoid the number 1 pitfall of C++, bury a program behind so many abstraction layers that nobody can understand any more what this program is doing and how it's doing it. By the way, you can achieve the same kind of troubles with C using enough macro abstraction layers.
Q - Why do you use bjam for ReDemPtion instead of make, cmake, scons, etc ?
It is simple, more that could be thought at first sight, and bjam has the major feature over make to keep source directories clean, all build related informations for all architecture are kept together in bin directory.
The main drawback of bjam is the smaller user base.
But keeping in mind the complexity of make (or worse autotools + make), bjam is a great help. We also used to have an alternative cmake build system, but it was more complex than bjam and not maintained, so was removed.
Q - Fine, now how do I compile and run ReDemPtion ?
Well, that's pretty easy once you installed the required dependencies.
Just run (as user):
Compile executables without tests (as user):
$ bjam exe
and install (as administrator):
# bjam install
Binaries are located in /usr/local/bin.
To test it, executes:
$ python tools/passthrough/passthrough.py
# /usr/local/bin/rdpproxy -nf
Now, at that point you'll just have two servers waiting for connections not much fun. You still have to run some RDP client to connect to proxy. Choose whichever you like xfreerdp, rdesktop, remmina, tsclient on Linux or of course mstsc.exe if you are on windows. All are supposed to work. If some problem occurs just report it to us so that we can correct it.
Example with freerdp when the proxy runs on the same host as the client:
$ xfreerdp 127.0.0.1
A dialog box should open in which you can type a username and a password. With default authhook at least internal services should work. Try login: bouncer and password: bouncer, or login: card and password: card. To access your own remote RDP hosts you'll of course have to configure them in authhook.py. Hopefully at some time in the future these won't be hardcoded, but authhook.py will access to some configuration file. If you want to provide such extensions to current authhook.py, please contribute it, it will be much appreciated.
You can also bypass login dialog box and go directly to the RDP server by providing a login and a password from command line.
$ xfreerdp -u 'bouncer' -p 'bouncer' 127.0.0.1
Q - Why are there so many #pragma messages when compiling ReDemPtion ?
Because we put them there to avoid forgetting foreseen troubles. It also avoid stopping current coding to fix every bit of suspicious code on the fly, but to keep some physical trace (and show to readers) that some parts of the code or of the design are indeed suspicious.
The final goal is to remove them all, but we strongly believe that potential problems or architecture defects should not go unnoticed, even when compiler can't detect them.
Our code contains more or less 250 of such warnings, inserted by hand. When compiling you see them several times as we choose a special "headers only" coding style. Why we did so is another question.
You only see those messages if environment variable
VERBOSE is defined. If not,
then the compiling process will be quite silent (default mode used to be the
other way, but now that has changed).
If you want to see internal warnings, just define
VERBOSE or compile using:
$ VERBOSE=1 bjam
Q - Why did you choose this special "headers only" coding style ?
It may look surprising, but the first consideration doing so is maintenance. When we change functions or methods, we are only doing it in one place the header instead of two places, the header and the implementation of the function. As at this stage, API is far from being stable and we very often change functions signatures or move them around, not having to do it in two places is nice.
It also has some other advantages:
it forces avoiding loops between classes, as this style just can't work with such loops.
distribution of headers only libraries is the easiest possible. Just include them. No target dependent binary, no link necessary.
optimizing compilers - like gcc - can perform a better job when they are not restricted by the linker to some artificial horizon. Even if modern compilers are trying to address this issue, no link is still better.
On the other hands there is also drawbacks, the worst one being that compilation time is much longer. Separate compilation is not an issue with a project this small. Hopefully independant "headers only" libraries will be extracted before it becomes one.
Note by CGR: I know that separate compilation is the right way. If you don't believe me check here: