A Tunnel which Improves your Network Quality on a High-latency Lossy Link by using Forward Error Correction.
When used alone, UDPspeeder improves only UDP connection. Nevertheless, if you used UDPspeeder + any UDP-based VPN together, you can improve any traffic(include TCP/UDP/ICMP), currently OpenVPN/L2TP/ShadowVPN are confirmed to be supported。
Assume your local network to your server is lossy. Just establish a VPN connection to your server with UDPspeeder + any UDP-based VPN, access your server via this VPN connection, then your connection quality will be significantly improved. With well-tuned parameters , you can easily reduce IP or UDP/ICMP packet-loss-rate to less than 0.01% . Besides reducing packet-loss-rate, UDPspeeder can also significantly improve your TCP latency and TCP single-thread download speed.
tested on a link with 100ms latency and 10% packet loss at both direction
Ping Packet Loss
SCP Copy Speed
Linux host (including desktop Linux,Android phone/tablet, OpenWRT router, or Raspberry PI).
For Windows and MacOS You can run UDPspeeder inside this 7.5mb virtual machine image.
How does it work
UDPspeeder uses FEC(Forward Error Correction) to reduce packet loss rate, at the cost of addtional bandwidth. The algorithm for FEC is called Reed-Solomon.
In coding theory, the Reed–Solomon code belongs to the class of non-binary cyclic error-correcting codes. The Reed–Solomon code is based on univariate polynomials over finite fields.
It is able to detect and correct multiple symbol errors. By adding t check symbols to the data, a Reed–Solomon code can detect any combination of up to t erroneous symbols, or correct up to ⌊t/2⌋ symbols. As an erasure code, it can correct up to t known erasures, or it can detect and correct combinations of errors and erasures. Reed–Solomon codes are also suitable as multiple-burst bit-error correcting codes, since a sequence of b + 1 consecutive bit errors can affect at most two symbols of size b. The choice of t is up to the designer of the code, and may be selected within wide limits.
Check wikipedia for more info, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reed–Solomon_error_correction
Download binary release from https://github.com/wangyu-/UDPspeeder/releases
Running (improves UDP traffic only)
Assume your server ip is 18.104.22.168, you have a service listening on udp port 7777.
# Run at server side: ./speederv2 -s -l0.0.0.0:4096 -r 127.0.0.1:7777 -f20:10 -k "passwd" # Run at client side ./speederv2 -c -l0.0.0.0:3333 -r22.214.171.124:4096 -f20:10 -k "passwd"
Now connecting to UDP port 3333 at the client side is equivalent to connecting to port 7777 at the server side, and the connection has been boosted by UDPspeeder.
-f20:10 means sending 10 redundant packets for every 20 original packets.
-k enables simple XOR encryption
Improves all traffic with OpenVPN + UDPspeeder
UDPspeeder V2 git version: 3e248b414c build date: Aug 5 2018 21:59:52 repository: https://github.com/wangyu-/UDPspeeder usage: run as client: ./this_program -c -l local_listen_ip:local_port -r server_ip:server_port [options] run as server: ./this_program -s -l server_listen_ip:server_port -r remote_ip:remote_port [options] common options, must be same on both sides: -k,--key <string> key for simple xor encryption. if not set, xor is disabled main options: -f,--fec x:y forward error correction, send y redundant packets for every x packets --timeout <number> how long could a packet be held in queue before doing fec, unit: ms, default: 8ms --report <number> turn on send/recv report, and set a period for reporting, unit: s advanced options: --mode <number> fec-mode,available values: 0,1; mode 0(default) costs less bandwidth,no mtu problem. mode 1 usually introduces less latency, but you have to care about mtu. --mtu <number> mtu. for mode 0, the program will split packet to segment smaller than mtu value. for mode 1, no packet will be split, the program just check if the mtu is exceed. default value: 1250. you typically shouldnt change this value. -q,--queue-len <number> fec queue len, only for mode 0, fec will be performed immediately after queue is full. default value: 200. -j,--jitter <number> simulated jitter. randomly delay first packet for 0~<number> ms, default value: 0. do not use if you dont know what it means. -i,--interval <number> scatter each fec group to a interval of <number> ms, to protect burst packet loss. default value: 0. do not use if you dont know what it means. -f,--fec x1:y1,x2:y2,.. similiar to -f/--fec above,fine-grained fec parameters,may help save bandwidth. example: "-f 1:3,2:4,10:6,20:10". check repo for details --random-drop <number> simulate packet loss, unit: 0.01%. default value: 0. --disable-obscure <number> disable obscure, to save a bit bandwidth and cpu. developer options: --fifo <string> use a fifo(named pipe) for sending commands to the running program, so that you can change fec encode parameters dynamically, check readme.md in repository for supported commands. -j ,--jitter jmin:jmax similiar to -j above, but create jitter randomly between jmin and jmax -i,--interval imin:imax similiar to -i above, but scatter randomly between imin and imax --decode-buf <number> size of buffer of fec decoder,u nit: packet, default: 2000 --fix-latency <number> try to stabilize latency, only for mode 0 --delay-capacity <number> max number of delayed packets --disable-fec <number> completely disable fec, turn the program into a normal udp tunnel --sock-buf <number> buf size for socket, >=10 and <=10240, unit: kbyte, default: 1024 log and help options: --log-level <number> 0: never 1: fatal 2: error 3: warn 4: info (default) 5: debug 6: trace --log-position enable file name, function name, line number in log --disable-color disable log color -h,--help print this help message
Use a fifo(named pipe) for sending commands to the running program. For example
--fifo fifo.file, you can use following commands to change parameters dynamically:
echo fec 19:9 > fifo.file echo mtu 1100 > fifo.file echo timeout 5 > fifo.file echo queue-len 100 > fifo.file echo mode 0 > fifo.file
Check wiki for more info:
You can also try tinyfecVPN, a lightweight high-performance VPN with UDPspeeder's function built-in, repo:
You can use udp2raw with UDPspeeder together to get better speed on some ISP with UDP QoS(UDP throttling), repo: