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notmecab-rs is a very basic mecab clone, designed only to do parsing, not training.

This is meant to be used as a library by other tools such as frequency analyzers. Not directly by people. It also only works with UTF-8 dictionaries. (Stop using encodings other than UTF-8 for infrastructural software.)

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.

Testing

Get unidic's sys.dic, matrix.bin, unk.dic, and char.bin and put them in data/. Then invoke tests from the repository root. Unidic 2.3.0 (spoken language or written language variant, not kobun etc) is assumed, otherwise some tests will fail.

Performance

notmecab performs maginally worse than mecab, but there are many cases where mecab fails to find the lowest-cost string of tokens, so I'm pretty sure that mecab is just cutting corners somewhere performance sensitive when searching for an ideal parse.

There are a couple difficult-to-use caching features designed to improve performance. You can upload a matrix of connections between the most common connection edge types with prepare_fast_matrix_cache, which is for extremely large dictionaries like modern versions of unidic, or you can load the entire matrix connection cache into memory with prepare_full_matrix_cache, which is for small dictionaries like ipadic. Note that prepare_full_matrix_cache is actually slower than prepare_fast_matrix_cache for modern versions of unidic after long periods of pumping text through notmecab, though obviously prepare_full_matrix_cache is the best option for small dictionaries.

There are no stability guarantees about the presence or behavior of prepare_fast_matrix_cache, because it's very hacky and if I find a better way to do what it's doing then I'm going to remove it.

Example (from tests)

// you need to acquire a mecab dictionary and place these files here manually
let sysdic = Blob::open("data/sys.dic").unwrap();
let unkdic = Blob::open("data/unk.dic").unwrap();
let matrix = Blob::open("data/matrix.bin").unwrap();
let unkdef = Blob::open("data/char.bin").unwrap();

let dict = Dict::load(sysdic, unkdic, matrix, unkdef).unwrap();

let result = parse(&dict, "これを持っていけ").unwrap();
for token in &result.0
{
    println!("{}", token.feature);
}
let split_up_string = tokenstream_to_string(&result.0, "|");
println!("{}", split_up_string);
assert_eq!(split_up_string, "これ|を|持っ|て|いけ"); // this test might fail if you're not testing with unidic (i.e. the correct parse might be different)

Output of example

代名詞,*,*,*,*,*,コレ,此れ,これ,コレ,これ,コレ,和,*,*,*,*,*,*,体,コレ,コレ,コレ,コレ,0,*,*,3599534815060480,13095
助詞,格助詞,*,*,*,*,ヲ,を,を,オ,を,オ,和,*,*,*,*,*,*,格助,ヲ,ヲ,ヲ,ヲ,*,"動詞%F2@0,名詞%F1,形容詞%F2@-1",*,11381878116459008,41407
動詞,一般,*,*,五段-タ行,連用形-促音便,モツ,持つ,持っ,モッ,持つ,モツ,和,*,*,*,*,*,*,用,モッ,モツ,モッ,モツ,1,C1,*,10391493084848772,37804
助詞,接続助詞,*,*,*,*,テ,て,て,テ,て,テ,和,*,*,*,*,*,*,接助,テ,テ,テ,テ,*,"動詞%F1,形容詞%F2@-1",*,6837321680953856,24874
動詞,非自立可能,*,*,五段-カ行,命令形,イク,行く,いけ,イケ,いく,イク,和,*,*,*,*,*,*,用,イケ,イク,イケ,イク,0,C2,*,470874478224161,1713
これ|を|持っ|て|いけ

You can also call parse_to_lexertoken, which does less string allocation, but you don't get the feature string as a string.

Notes

  • This software is unusably slow if optimizations are disabled.
  • Cost rewriting is not performed when user dictionaries are loaded.
  • There are some cases where multiple parses tie for the lowest cost. It's not defined which parse gets chosen in these cases.
  • There are some cases where mecab failed to find an ideal parse, but notmecab-rs does. Notmecab-rs should never produce a parse that has a higher total cost than the parse that mecab gives. If it does, it indicates some underlying bug, and should be reported, please.

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notmecab-rs is a very basic mecab clone, designed only to do parsing, not training.

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