Oftentimes you might be interested in the status of your server without having to actually sit there staring at a terminal window. Wouldn't it be nice if you could run a script to email you information about the state of your server? Well, that's exactly what this script does. It outputs HTML 4.01 Strict compliant content containing information on your server including:
open network connections
top 10 memory processes
top 10 CPU processes
top snapshot of all running processes
This script was primarily written for and tested on DreamHost Private Servers.
To install this script, the first thing you want to do is download a copy of the script to use. To do that, SSH to your server under the user you want to run the script as and run this command:
git clone git://github.com/watsonian/server-status-report.git
The script itself is written in Ruby to take advantage of the ERB templating system to produce the HTML content.
Once you've downloaded the script successfully, you need to make sure that the mailx package is installed on your server. To find out, run this command:
dpkg -l | grep mailx
If you see output like this:
ii mailx 8.1.2-0.20050715cvs-1 A simple mail user agent
then that means it's installed. If instead you see output like this:
rc mailx 8.1.2-0.20050715cvs-1 A simple mail user agent
then that means you need to install it. To do so, login with an admin with sudo privileges and run the following command:
sudo apt-get install mailx
Now you're ready to create a cron job to send yourself your status report. The command you want to run is as follows:
/usr/bin/ruby /path/to/script/status.rb | /usr/bin/mail -a "Content-type: text/html;" -s "Status Report: $HOSTNAME" "email@example.com"
You can change the subject to whatever you want and just replace firstname.lastname@example.org with the address you want the email sent to. If you want to CC the email to more email addresses you can use the -c flag and pass it a comma separated list of email addresses. Running it once per hour is probably not a bad idea, but you can run it as frequently or infrequently as you like!
If you set everything up properly, then you should start getting emails that look roughly like this:
Keep in mind that this script will likely be updated as time progresses. So, if this stops working for you, be sure to check back to see if the script has been updated.