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#!/usr/bin/env python
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
| This file is part of the web2py Web Framework
| Developed by Massimo Di Pierro <mdipierro@cs.depaul.edu>,
| limodou <limodou@gmail.com> and srackham <srackham@gmail.com>.
| License: LGPLv3 (http://www.gnu.org/licenses/lgpl.html)
Web2py environment in the shell
--------------------------------
"""
import os
import sys
import code
import logging
import types
import re
import optparse
import glob
import traceback
import gluon.fileutils as fileutils
from gluon.settings import global_settings
from gluon.utils import web2py_uuid
from gluon.compileapp import build_environment, read_pyc, run_models_in
from gluon.restricted import RestrictedError
from gluon.globals import Request, Response, Session
from gluon.storage import Storage, List
from gluon.admin import w2p_unpack
from pydal.base import BaseAdapter
logger = logging.getLogger("web2py")
def enable_autocomplete_and_history(adir, env):
try:
import rlcompleter
import atexit
import readline
except ImportError:
pass
else:
readline.parse_and_bind("tab: complete")
history_file = os.path.join(adir, '.pythonhistory')
try:
readline.read_history_file(history_file)
except IOError:
open(history_file, 'a').close()
atexit.register(readline.write_history_file, history_file)
readline.set_completer(rlcompleter.Completer(env).complete)
def exec_environment(
pyfile='',
request=None,
response=None,
session=None,
):
"""Environment builder and module loader.
Builds a web2py environment and optionally executes a Python file into
the environment.
A Storage dictionary containing the resulting environment is returned.
The working directory must be web2py root -- this is the web2py default.
"""
if request is None:
request = Request({})
if response is None:
response = Response()
if session is None:
session = Session()
if request.folder is None:
mo = re.match(r'(|.*/)applications/(?P<appname>[^/]+)', pyfile)
if mo:
appname = mo.group('appname')
request.folder = os.path.join('applications', appname)
else:
request.folder = ''
env = build_environment(request, response, session, store_current=False)
if pyfile:
pycfile = pyfile + 'c'
if os.path.isfile(pycfile):
exec read_pyc(pycfile) in env
else:
execfile(pyfile, env)
return Storage(env)
def env(
a,
import_models=False,
c=None,
f=None,
dir='',
extra_request={},
):
"""
Returns web2py execution environment for application (a), controller (c),
function (f).
If import_models is True the exec all application models into the
environment.
extra_request allows you to pass along any extra variables to the request
object before your models get executed. This was mainly done to support
web2py_utils.test_runner, however you can use it with any wrapper scripts
that need access to the web2py environment.
"""
request = Request({})
response = Response()
session = Session()
request.application = a
# Populate the dummy environment with sensible defaults.
if not dir:
request.folder = os.path.join('applications', a)
else:
request.folder = dir
request.controller = c or 'default'
request.function = f or 'index'
response.view = '%s/%s.html' % (request.controller,
request.function)
if global_settings.cmd_options:
ip = global_settings.cmd_options.ip
port = global_settings.cmd_options.port
else:
ip, port = '127.0.0.1', '8000'
request.env.http_host = '%s:%s' % (ip, port)
request.env.remote_addr = '127.0.0.1'
request.env.web2py_runtime_gae = global_settings.web2py_runtime_gae
for k, v in extra_request.items():
request[k] = v
path_info = '/%s/%s/%s' % (a, c, f)
if request.args:
path_info = '%s/%s' % (path_info, '/'.join(request.args))
if request.vars:
vars = ['%s=%s' % (k, v) if v else '%s' % k
for (k, v) in request.vars.iteritems()]
path_info = '%s?%s' % (path_info, '&'.join(vars))
request.env.path_info = path_info
# Monkey patch so credentials checks pass.
def check_credentials(request, other_application='admin'):
return True
fileutils.check_credentials = check_credentials
environment = build_environment(request, response, session)
if import_models:
try:
run_models_in(environment)
except RestrictedError, e:
sys.stderr.write(e.traceback + '\n')
sys.exit(1)
environment['__name__'] = '__main__'
return environment
def exec_pythonrc():
pythonrc = os.environ.get('PYTHONSTARTUP')
if pythonrc and os.path.isfile(pythonrc):
def execfile_getlocals(file):
execfile(file)
return locals()
try:
return execfile_getlocals(pythonrc)
except NameError:
pass
return dict()
def run(
appname,
plain=False,
import_models=False,
startfile=None,
bpython=False,
python_code=False,
cronjob=False):
"""
Start interactive shell or run Python script (startfile) in web2py
controller environment. appname is formatted like:
- a : web2py application name
- a/c : exec the controller c into the application environment
"""
(a, c, f, args, vars) = parse_path_info(appname, av=True)
errmsg = 'invalid application name: %s' % appname
if not a:
die(errmsg)
adir = os.path.join('applications', a)
if not os.path.exists(adir):
if sys.stdin and not sys.stdin.name == '/dev/null':
confirm = raw_input(
'application %s does not exist, create (y/n)?' % a)
else:
logging.warn('application does not exist and will not be created')
return
if confirm.lower() in ['y', 'yes']:
os.mkdir(adir)
w2p_unpack('welcome.w2p', adir)
for subfolder in ['models', 'views', 'controllers', 'databases',
'modules', 'cron', 'errors', 'sessions',
'languages', 'static', 'private', 'uploads']:
subpath = os.path.join(adir, subfolder)
if not os.path.exists(subpath):
os.mkdir(subpath)
db = os.path.join(adir, 'models/db.py')
if os.path.exists(db):
data = fileutils.read_file(db)
data = data.replace(
'<your secret key>', 'sha512:' + web2py_uuid())
fileutils.write_file(db, data)
if c:
import_models = True
extra_request = {}
if args:
extra_request['args'] = args
if vars:
extra_request['vars'] = vars
_env = env(a, c=c, f=f, import_models=import_models, extra_request=extra_request)
if c:
pyfile = os.path.join('applications', a, 'controllers', c + '.py')
pycfile = os.path.join('applications', a, 'compiled',
"controllers_%s_%s.pyc" % (c, f))
if ((cronjob and os.path.isfile(pycfile))
or not os.path.isfile(pyfile)):
exec read_pyc(pycfile) in _env
elif os.path.isfile(pyfile):
execfile(pyfile, _env)
else:
die(errmsg)
if f:
exec ('print %s()' % f, _env)
return
_env.update(exec_pythonrc())
if startfile:
try:
ccode = None
if startfile.endswith('.pyc'):
ccode = read_pyc(startfile)
exec ccode in _env
else:
execfile(startfile, _env)
if import_models:
BaseAdapter.close_all_instances('commit')
except Exception, e:
print traceback.format_exc()
if import_models:
BaseAdapter.close_all_instances('rollback')
elif python_code:
try:
exec(python_code, _env)
if import_models:
BaseAdapter.close_all_instances('commit')
except Exception, e:
print traceback.format_exc()
if import_models:
BaseAdapter.close_all_instances('rollback')
else:
if not plain:
if bpython:
try:
import bpython
bpython.embed(locals_=_env)
return
except:
logger.warning(
'import bpython error; trying ipython...')
else:
try:
import IPython
if IPython.__version__ > '1.0.0':
IPython.start_ipython(user_ns=_env)
return
elif IPython.__version__ == '1.0.0':
from IPython.terminal.embed import InteractiveShellEmbed
shell = InteractiveShellEmbed(user_ns=_env)
shell()
return
elif IPython.__version__ >= '0.11':
from IPython.frontend.terminal.embed import InteractiveShellEmbed
shell = InteractiveShellEmbed(user_ns=_env)
shell()
return
else:
# following 2 lines fix a problem with
# IPython; thanks Michael Toomim
if '__builtins__' in _env:
del _env['__builtins__']
shell = IPython.Shell.IPShell(argv=[], user_ns=_env)
shell.mainloop()
return
except:
logger.warning(
'import IPython error; use default python shell')
enable_autocomplete_and_history(adir, _env)
code.interact(local=_env)
def parse_path_info(path_info, av=False):
"""
Parses path info formatted like a/c/f where c and f are optional
and a leading `/` is accepted.
Return tuple (a, c, f). If invalid path_info a is set to None.
If c or f are omitted they are set to None.
If av=True, parse args and vars
"""
if av:
vars = None
if '?' in path_info:
path_info, query = path_info.split('?', 2)
vars = Storage()
for var in query.split('&'):
(var, val) = var.split('=', 2) if '=' in var else (var, None)
vars[var] = val
items = List(path_info.split('/'))
args = List(items[3:]) if len(items) > 3 else None
return (items(0), items(1), items(2), args, vars)
mo = re.match(r'^/?(?P<a>\w+)(/(?P<c>\w+)(/(?P<f>\w+))?)?$',
path_info)
if mo:
return (mo.group('a'), mo.group('c'), mo.group('f'))
else:
return (None, None, None)
def die(msg):
print >> sys.stderr, msg
sys.exit(1)
def test(testpath, import_models=True, verbose=False):
"""
Run doctests in web2py environment. testpath is formatted like:
- a: tests all controllers in application a
- a/c: tests controller c in application a
- a/c/f test function f in controller c, application a
Where a, c and f are application, controller and function names
respectively. If the testpath is a file name the file is tested.
If a controller is specified models are executed by default.
"""
import doctest
if os.path.isfile(testpath):
mo = re.match(r'(|.*/)applications/(?P<a>[^/]+)', testpath)
if not mo:
die('test file is not in application directory: %s'
% testpath)
a = mo.group('a')
c = f = None
files = [testpath]
else:
(a, c, f) = parse_path_info(testpath)
errmsg = 'invalid test path: %s' % testpath
if not a:
die(errmsg)
cdir = os.path.join('applications', a, 'controllers')
if not os.path.isdir(cdir):
die(errmsg)
if c:
cfile = os.path.join(cdir, c + '.py')
if not os.path.isfile(cfile):
die(errmsg)
files = [cfile]
else:
files = glob.glob(os.path.join(cdir, '*.py'))
for testfile in files:
globs = env(a, import_models)
ignores = globs.keys()
execfile(testfile, globs)
def doctest_object(name, obj):
"""doctest obj and enclosed methods and classes."""
if type(obj) in (types.FunctionType, types.TypeType,
types.ClassType, types.MethodType,
types.UnboundMethodType):
# Reload environment before each test.
globs = env(a, c=c, f=f, import_models=import_models)
execfile(testfile, globs)
doctest.run_docstring_examples(
obj, globs=globs,
name='%s: %s' % (os.path.basename(testfile),
name), verbose=verbose)
if type(obj) in (types.TypeType, types.ClassType):
for attr_name in dir(obj):
# Execute . operator so decorators are executed.
o = eval('%s.%s' % (name, attr_name), globs)
doctest_object(attr_name, o)
for (name, obj) in globs.items():
if name not in ignores and (f is None or f == name):
doctest_object(name, obj)
def get_usage():
usage = """
%prog [options] pythonfile
"""
return usage
def execute_from_command_line(argv=None):
if argv is None:
argv = sys.argv
parser = optparse.OptionParser(usage=get_usage())
parser.add_option('-S', '--shell', dest='shell', metavar='APPNAME',
help='run web2py in interactive shell ' +
'or IPython(if installed) with specified appname')
msg = 'run web2py in interactive shell or bpython (if installed) with'
msg += ' specified appname (if app does not exist it will be created).'
msg += '\n Use combined with --shell'
parser.add_option(
'-B',
'--bpython',
action='store_true',
default=False,
dest='bpython',
help=msg,
)
parser.add_option(
'-P',
'--plain',
action='store_true',
default=False,
dest='plain',
help='only use plain python shell, should be used with --shell option',
)
parser.add_option(
'-M',
'--import_models',
action='store_true',
default=False,
dest='import_models',
help='auto import model files, default is False, ' +
' should be used with --shell option',
)
parser.add_option(
'-R',
'--run',
dest='run',
metavar='PYTHON_FILE',
default='',
help='run PYTHON_FILE in web2py environment, ' +
'should be used with --shell option',
)
(options, args) = parser.parse_args(argv[1:])
if len(sys.argv) == 1:
parser.print_help()
sys.exit(0)
if len(args) > 0:
startfile = args[0]
else:
startfile = ''
run(options.shell, options.plain, startfile=startfile,
bpython=options.bpython)
if __name__ == '__main__':
execute_from_command_line()
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