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* formatter with POS block tags support

* doc update for POS blocktags

* POS tags in types

* compareBlockNumbers with finalized tag support

* test cases for compareBlockNumbers

* change log update

* eth call tests with new block tags

* balance tests with new block tags

* get block  tests with new block tags

* tx count  tests with new block tags

* get code tests with new block tags

* get proof  tests with new block tags

* get storage tests with new block tags

* formatter tests with new block tags

* log formatter tests with new block tags

* change log update

* Update packages/web3-utils/src/index.js

* return undefined for safe vs non zero number

* additional test cases

* Update packages/web3-utils/src/index.js


Co-authored-by: Muhammad Altabba <24407834+Muhammad-Altabba@users.noreply.github.com>
40 contributors

Users who have contributed to this file

@frozeman @nivida @ryanio @cgewecke @nazarhussain @spacesailor24 @jdevcs @GregTheGreek @ewingrj @wbt @vrolland @Velenir

web3.eth.Contract

The web3.eth.Contract object makes it easy to interact with smart contracts on the ethereum blockchain. When you create a new contract object you give it the json interface of the respective smart contract and web3 will auto convert all calls into low level ABI calls over RPC for you.

This allows you to interact with smart contracts as if they were JavaScript objects.

To use it standalone:

var Contract = require('web3-eth-contract');

// set provider for all later instances to use
Contract.setProvider('ws://localhost:8546');

var contract = new Contract(jsonInterface, address);

contract.methods.somFunc().send({from: ....})
.on('receipt', function(){
    ...
});

new contract

.. index:: JSON interface

new web3.eth.Contract(jsonInterface[, address][, options])

Creates a new contract instance with all its methods and events defined in its :ref:`json interface <glossary-json-interface>` object.

Parameters

  1. jsonInterface - Object: The json interface for the contract to instantiate
  2. address - String (optional): The address of the smart contract to call.
  3. options - Object (optional): The options of the contract. Some are used as fallbacks for calls and transactions:
    • from - String: The address transactions should be made from.
    • gasPrice - String: The gas price in wei to use for transactions.
    • gas - Number: The maximum gas provided for a transaction (gas limit).
    • data - String: The byte code of the contract. Used when the contract gets :ref:`deployed <contract-deploy>`.

Returns

Object: The contract instance with all its methods and events.

Example

var myContract = new web3.eth.Contract([...], '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe', {
    from: '0x1234567890123456789012345678901234567891', // default from address
    gasPrice: '20000000000' // default gas price in wei, 20 gwei in this case
});

= Properties =


defaultAccount

web3.eth.Contract.defaultAccount
contract.defaultAccount // on contract instance

This default address is used as the default "from" property, if no "from" property is specified in for the following methods:

Property

String - 20 Bytes: Any ethereum address. You should have the private key for that address in your node or keystore. (Default is undefined)

Example

web3.eth.defaultAccount;
> undefined

// set the default account
web3.eth.defaultAccount = '0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe';

defaultBlock

web3.eth.Contract.defaultBlock
contract.defaultBlock // on contract instance

The default block is used for certain methods. You can override it by passing in the defaultBlock as last parameter. The default value is "latest".

Property

The default block parameters can be one of the following:

  • Number|BN|BigNumber: A block number
  • "earliest" - String: The genesis block
  • "latest" - String: The latest block (current head of the blockchain)
  • "pending" - String: The currently mined block (including pending transactions)
  • "finalized" - String: (For POS networks) The finalized block is one which has been accepted as canonical by >2/3 of validators.
  • "safe" - String: (For POS networks) The safe head block is one which under normal network conditions, is expected to be included in the canonical chain. Under normal network conditions the safe head and the actual tip of the chain will be equivalent (with safe head trailing only by a few seconds). Safe heads will be less likely to be reorged than the proof of work networks latest blocks.

Default is "latest".

Example

contract.defaultBlock;
> "latest"

// set the default block
contract.defaultBlock = 231;

defaultHardfork

contract.defaultHardfork

The default hardfork property is used for signing transactions locally.

Property

The default hardfork property can be one of the following:

  • "chainstart" - String
  • "homestead" - String
  • "dao" - String
  • "tangerineWhistle" - String
  • "spuriousDragon" - String
  • "byzantium" - String
  • "constantinople" - String
  • "petersburg" - String
  • "istanbul" - String

Default is "petersburg"

Example

contract.defaultHardfork;
> "petersburg"

// set the default block
contract.defaultHardfork = 'istanbul';

defaultChain

contract.defaultChain

The default chain property is used for signing transactions locally.

Property

The default chain property can be one of the following:

  • "mainnet" - String
  • "goerli" - String
  • "kovan" - String
  • "rinkeby" - String
  • "ropsten" - String

Default is "mainnet"

Example

contract.defaultChain;
> "mainnet"

// set the default chain
contract.defaultChain = 'goerli';

defaultCommon

contract.defaultCommon

The default common property is used for signing transactions locally.

Property

The default common property does contain the following Common object:

  • customChain - Object: The custom chain properties
    • name - string: (optional) The name of the chain
    • networkId - number: Network ID of the custom chain
    • chainId - number: Chain ID of the custom chain
  • baseChain - string: (optional) mainnet, goerli, kovan, rinkeby, or ropsten
  • hardfork - string: (optional) chainstart, homestead, dao, tangerineWhistle, spuriousDragon, byzantium, constantinople, petersburg, or istanbul

Default is undefined.

Example

contract.defaultCommon;
> {customChain: {name: 'custom-network', chainId: 1, networkId: 1}, baseChain: 'mainnet', hardfork: 'petersburg'}

// set the default common
contract.defaultCommon = {customChain: {name: 'custom-network', chainId: 1, networkId: 1}, baseChain: 'mainnet', hardfork: 'petersburg'};

transactionBlockTimeout

web3.eth.Contract.transcationBlockTimeout
contract.transactionBlockTimeout // on contract instance

The transactionBlockTimeout is used over socket-based connections. This option defines the amount of new blocks it should wait until the first confirmation happens, otherwise the PromiEvent rejects with a timeout error.

Returns

number: The current value of transactionBlockTimeout (default: 50)


blockHeaderTimeout

web3.eth.Contract.blockHeaderTimeout
contract.blockHeaderTimeout // on contract instance

The blockHeaderTimeout is used over socket-based connections. This option defines the amount seconds it should wait for "newBlockHeaders" event before falling back to polling to fetch transaction receipt.

Returns

number: The current value of blockHeaderTimeout (default: 10 seconds)


transactionConfirmationBlocks

web3.eth.Contract.transactionConfirmationBlocks
contract.transactionConfirmationBlocks // on contract instance

This defines the number of blocks it requires until a transaction is considered confirmed.

Returns

number: The current value of transactionConfirmationBlocks (default: 24)


transactionPollingTimeout

web3.eth.Contract.transactionPollingTimeout
contract.transactionPollingTimeout // on contract instance

The transactionPollingTimeout is used over HTTP connections. This option defines the number of seconds Web3 will wait for a receipt which confirms that a transaction was mined by the network. Note: If this method times out, the transaction may still be pending.

Returns

number: The current value of transactionPollingTimeout (default: 750)


transactionPollingInterval

web3.eth.Contract.transactionPollingInterval
contract.transactionPollingInterval // on contract instance

The transactionPollingInterval is used over HTTP connections. This option defines the number of seconds between Web3 calls for a receipt which confirms that a transaction was mined by the network.

Returns

number: The current value of transactionPollingInterval (default: 1000ms)


handleRevert

web3.eth.Contract.handleRevert
contract.handleRevert // on contract instance

The handleRevert options property defaults to false and returns the revert reason string if enabled on :ref:`send <contract-send>` or :ref:`call <contract-call>` of a contract method.

Note

The revert reason string and signature are properties on the returned error.

Returns

boolean: The current value of handleRevert (default: false)


options

myContract.options

The options object for the contract instance. from, gas and gasPrice are used as fallback values when sending transactions.

Properties

Object - options:

Example

myContract.options;
> {
    address: '0x1234567890123456789012345678901234567891',
    jsonInterface: [...],
    from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe',
    gasPrice: '10000000000000',
    gas: 1000000
}

myContract.options.from = '0x1234567890123456789012345678901234567891'; // default from address
myContract.options.gasPrice = '20000000000000'; // default gas price in wei
myContract.options.gas = 5000000; // provide as fallback always 5M gas

options.address

myContract.options.address

The address used for this contract instance. All transactions generated by web3.js from this contract will contain this address as the "to".

The address will be stored in lowercase.

Property

address - String|null: The address for this contract, or null if not yet set.

Example

myContract.options.address;
> '0xde0b295669a9fd93d5f28d9ec85e40f4cb697bae'

// set a new address
myContract.options.address = '0x1234FFDD...';

options.jsonInterface

myContract.options.jsonInterface

The :ref:`json interface <glossary-json-interface>` object derived from the ABI of this contract.

Property

jsonInterface - Array: The :ref:`json interface <glossary-json-interface>` for this contract. Re-setting this will regenerate the methods and events of the contract instance.

Example

myContract.options.jsonInterface;
> [{
    "type":"function",
    "name":"foo",
    "inputs": [{"name":"a","type":"uint256"}],
    "outputs": [{"name":"b","type":"address"}]
},{
    "type":"event",
    "name":"Event",
    "inputs": [{"name":"a","type":"uint256","indexed":true},{"name":"b","type":"bytes32","indexed":false}],
}]

// set a new interface
myContract.options.jsonInterface = [...];

= Methods =


clone

myContract.clone()

Clones the current contract instance.

Parameters

none

Returns

Object: The new contract instance.

Example

var contract1 = new eth.Contract(abi, address, {gasPrice: '12345678', from: fromAddress});

var contract2 = contract1.clone();
contract2.options.address = address2;

(contract1.options.address !== contract2.options.address);
> true

.. index:: contract deploy

deploy

myContract.deploy(options)

Call this function to deploy the contract to the blockchain. After successful deployment the promise will resolve with a new contract instance.

Parameters

  1. options - Object: The options used for deployment.
    • data - String: The byte code of the contract.
    • arguments - Array (optional): The arguments which get passed to the constructor on deployment.

Returns

Object: The transaction object:

Example

myContract.deploy({
    data: '0x12345...',
    arguments: [123, 'My String']
})
.send({
    from: '0x1234567890123456789012345678901234567891',
    gas: 1500000,
    gasPrice: '30000000000000'
}, function(error, transactionHash){ ... })
.on('error', function(error){ ... })
.on('transactionHash', function(transactionHash){ ... })
.on('receipt', function(receipt){
   console.log(receipt.contractAddress) // contains the new contract address
})
.on('confirmation', function(confirmationNumber, receipt){ ... })
.then(function(newContractInstance){
    console.log(newContractInstance.options.address) // instance with the new contract address
});


// When the data is already set as an option to the contract itself
myContract.options.data = '0x12345...';

myContract.deploy({
    arguments: [123, 'My String']
})
.send({
    from: '0x1234567890123456789012345678901234567891',
    gas: 1500000,
    gasPrice: '30000000000000'
})
.then(function(newContractInstance){
    console.log(newContractInstance.options.address) // instance with the new contract address
});


// Simply encoding
myContract.deploy({
    data: '0x12345...',
    arguments: [123, 'My String']
})
.encodeABI();
> '0x12345...0000012345678765432'


// Gas estimation
myContract.deploy({
    data: '0x12345...',
    arguments: [123, 'My String']
})
.estimateGas(function(err, gas){
    console.log(gas);
});

methods

myContract.methods.myMethod([param1[, param2[, ...]]])

Creates a transaction object for that method, which then can be :ref:`called <contract-call>`, :ref:`send <contract-send>`, :ref:`estimated <contract-estimateGas>`, :ref:`createAccessList <contract-createAccessList>` , or :ref:`ABI encoded <contract-encodeABI>`.

The methods of this smart contract are available through:

  • The name: myContract.methods.myMethod(123)
  • The name with parameters: myContract.methods['myMethod(uint256)'](123)
  • The signature: myContract.methods['0x58cf5f10'](123)

This allows calling functions with same name but different parameters from the JavaScript contract object.

Parameters

Parameters of any method depend on the smart contracts methods, defined in the :ref:`JSON interface <glossary-json-interface>`.

Returns

Object: The transaction object:

  • Array - arguments: The arguments passed to the method before. They can be changed.
  • Function - :ref:`call <contract-call>`: Will call the "constant" method and execute its smart contract method in the EVM without sending a transaction (Can't alter the smart contract state).
  • Function - :ref:`send <contract-send>`: Will send a transaction to the smart contract and execute its method (Can alter the smart contract state).
  • Function - :ref:`estimateGas <contract-estimateGas>`: Will estimate the gas used when the method would be executed on chain. Note: You must specify a from address otherwise you may experience odd behavior.
  • Function - :ref:`encodeABI <contract-encodeABI>`: Encodes the ABI for this method. This can be send using a transaction, call the method or passing into another smart contracts method as argument.
  • Function - :ref:`createAccessList <contract-createAccessList>`: Returns an EIP-2930 access list for specified contract method Note: You must specify a from address and gas if it's not specified in options when instantiating parent contract object (e.g. new web3.eth.Contract(jsonInterface[, address][, options])).

Example

// calling a method

myContract.methods.myMethod(123).call({from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'}, function(error, result){
    ...
});

// or sending and using a promise
myContract.methods.myMethod(123).send({from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'})
.then(function(receipt){
    // receipt can also be a new contract instance, when coming from a "contract.deploy({...}).send()"
});

// or sending and using the events

myContract.methods.myMethod(123).send({from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'})
.on('transactionHash', function(hash){
    ...
})
.on('receipt', function(receipt){
    ...
})
.on('confirmation', function(confirmationNumber, receipt){
    ...
})
.on('error', function(error, receipt) {
    ...
});

methods.myMethod.call

myContract.methods.myMethod([param1[, param2[, ...]]]).call(options [, defaultBlock] [, callback])

Will call a "constant" method and execute its smart contract method in the EVM without sending any transaction. Note calling cannot alter the smart contract state.

Parameters

  1. options - Object (optional): The options used for calling.
    • from - String (optional): The address the call "transaction" should be made from. For calls the from property is optional however it is highly recommended to explicitly set it or it may default to address(0) depending on your node or provider.
    • gasPrice - String (optional): The gas price in wei to use for this call "transaction".
    • gas - Number (optional): The maximum gas provided for this call "transaction" (gas limit).
  2. defaultBlock - Number|String|BN|BigNumber (optional): If you pass this parameter it will not use the default block set with :ref:`contract.defaultBlock <defaultblock>`. Pre-defined block numbers as "earliest", "latest", "pending", "safe" or "finalized" can also be used. Useful for requesting data from or replaying transactions in past blocks.
  3. callback - Function (optional): This callback will be fired with the result of the smart contract method execution as the second argument, or with an error object as the first argument.

Returns

Promise returns Mixed: The return value(s) of the smart contract method. If it returns a single value, it's returned as is. If it has multiple return values they are returned as an object with properties and indices:

Example

// using the callback
myContract.methods.myMethod(123).call({from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'}, function(error, result){
    ...
});

// using the promise
myContract.methods.myMethod(123).call({from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'})
.then(function(result){
    ...
});


// MULTI-ARGUMENT RETURN:

// Solidity
contract MyContract {
    function myFunction() returns(uint256 myNumber, string myString) {
        return (23456, "Hello!%");
    }
}

// web3.js
var MyContract = new web3.eth.Contract(abi, address);
MyContract.methods.myFunction().call()
.then(console.log);
> Result {
    myNumber: '23456',
    myString: 'Hello!%',
    0: '23456', // these are here as fallbacks if the name is not know or given
    1: 'Hello!%'
}


// SINGLE-ARGUMENT RETURN:

// Solidity
contract MyContract {
    function myFunction() returns(string myString) {
        return "Hello!%";
    }
}

// web3.js
var MyContract = new web3.eth.Contract(abi, address);
MyContract.methods.myFunction().call()
.then(console.log);
> "Hello!%"

methods.myMethod.send

myContract.methods.myMethod([param1[, param2[, ...]]]).send(options[, callback])

Will send a transaction to the smart contract and execute its method. Note this can alter the smart contract state.

Parameters

  1. options - Object: The options used for sending.
    • from - String: The address the transaction should be sent from.
    • gasPrice - String (optional): The gas price in wei to use for this transaction.
    • gas - Number (optional): The maximum gas provided for this transaction (gas limit).
    • value - Number|String|BN|BigNumber (optional): The value transferred for the transaction in wei.
    • nonce - Number (optional): the nonce number of transaction
  2. callback - Function (optional): This callback will be fired first with the "transactionHash", or with an error object as the first argument.

Returns

The callback will return the 32 bytes transaction hash.

PromiEvent: A :ref:`promise combined event emitter <promiEvent>`. Resolves when the transaction receipt is available, OR if this send() is called from a someContract.deploy(), then the promise will resolve with the new contract instance. Additionally the following events are available:

  • sending returns payload: Object: Fired immediately before transmitting the transaction request.
  • sent returns payload: Object: Fired immediately after the request body has been written to the client, but before the transaction hash is received.
  • "transactionHash" returns transactionHash: String: Fired when the transaction hash is available.
  • "receipt" returns receipt: Object: Fired when the transaction receipt is available. Receipts from contracts will have no logs property, but instead an events property with event names as keys and events as properties. See :ref:`getPastEvents return values <contract-events-return>` for details about the returned event object.
  • "confirmation" returns confirmation: Number, receipt: Object, latestBlockHash: String: Fired for every confirmation up to the 24th confirmation.
  • "error" returns error: Error: Fired if an error occurs during sending. If the transaction was rejected by the network with a receipt, the receipt will be available as a property on the error object.

Example

// using the callback
myContract.methods.myMethod(123).send({from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'}, function(error, transactionHash){
    ...
});

// using the promise
myContract.methods.myMethod(123).send({from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'})
.then(function(receipt){
    // receipt can also be a new contract instance, when coming from a "contract.deploy({...}).send()"
});


// using the event emitter
myContract.methods.myMethod(123).send({from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'})
.on('transactionHash', function(hash){
    ...
})
.on('confirmation', function(confirmationNumber, receipt){
    ...
})
.on('receipt', function(receipt){
    // receipt example
    console.log(receipt);
    > {
        "transactionHash": "0x9fc76417374aa880d4449a1f7f31ec597f00b1f6f3dd2d66f4c9c6c445836d8b",
        "transactionIndex": 0,
        "blockHash": "0xef95f2f1ed3ca60b048b4bf67cde2195961e0bba6f70bcbea9a2c4e133e34b46",
        "blockNumber": 3,
        "contractAddress": "0x11f4d0A3c12e86B4b5F39B213F7E19D048276DAe",
        "cumulativeGasUsed": 314159,
        "gasUsed": 30234,
        "events": {
            "MyEvent": {
                returnValues: {
                    myIndexedParam: 20,
                    myOtherIndexedParam: '0x123456789...',
                    myNonIndexParam: 'My String'
                },
                raw: {
                    data: '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385',
                    topics: ['0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7', '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385']
                },
                event: 'MyEvent',
                signature: '0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7',
                logIndex: 0,
                transactionIndex: 0,
                transactionHash: '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385',
                blockHash: '0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7',
                blockNumber: 1234,
                address: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'
            },
            "MyOtherEvent": {
                ...
            },
            "MyMultipleEvent":[{...}, {...}] // If there are multiple of the same event, they will be in an array
        }
    }
})
.on('error', function(error, receipt) { // If the transaction was rejected by the network with a receipt, the second parameter will be the receipt.
    ...
});

methods.myMethod.estimateGas

myContract.methods.myMethod([param1[, param2[, ...]]]).estimateGas(options[, callback])

Returns the amount of gas consumed by executing the method locally without creating a new transaction on the blockchain. The returned amount can be used as a gas estimate for executing the transaction publicly. The actual gas used can be different when sending the transaction later, as the state of the smart contract can be different at that time.

Note: You must specify a from address otherwise you may experience odd behavior.

Parameters

  1. options - Object (optional): The options used for calling.
    • from - String (optional): The address the call "transaction" should be made from.
    • gas - Number (optional): The maximum gas provided for this call "transaction" (gas limit). Setting a specific value helps to detect out of gas errors. If all gas is used it will return the same number.
    • value - Number|String|BN|BigNumber (optional): The value transferred for the call "transaction" in wei.
  2. callback - Function (optional): This callback will be fired with the result of the gas estimation as the second argument, or with an error object as the first argument.

Returns

Promise returns Number: The gas amount estimated.

Example

// using the callback
myContract.methods.myMethod(123).estimateGas({gas: 5000000}, function(error, gasAmount){
    if(gasAmount == 5000000)
        console.log('Method ran out of gas');
});

// using the promise
myContract.methods.myMethod(123).estimateGas({from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'})
.then(function(gasAmount){
    ...
})
.catch(function(error){
    ...
});

methods.myMethod.encodeABI

myContract.methods.myMethod([param1[, param2[, ...]]]).encodeABI()

Encodes the ABI for this method. The resulting hex string is 32-bit function signature hash plus the passed parameters in Solidity tightly packed format. This can be used to send a transaction, call a method, or pass it into another smart contract's method as arguments. Set the data field on web3.eth.sendTransaction options as the encodeABI() result and it is the same as calling the contract method with contract.myMethod.send().

Some use cases for encodeABI() include: preparing a smart contract transaction for a multisignature wallet, working with offline wallets and cold storage and creating transaction payload for complex smart contract proxy calls.

Parameters

none

Returns

String: The encoded ABI byte code to send via a transaction or call.

Example

myContract.methods.myMethod(123).encodeABI();
> '0x58cf5f1000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000007B'

methods.myMethod.createAccessList

myContract.methods.myMethod([param1[, param2[, ...]]]).createAccessList(options, blockHashOrBlockNumber [, callback])

Will call to create an access list a method execution will access when executed in the EVM. Note: Currently eth_createAccessList seems to only be supported by Geth. Note: You must specify a from address and gas if it's not specified in options when instantiating parent contract object (e.g. new web3.eth.Contract(jsonInterface[, address][, options])).

Parameters

  1. options - Object: The options used for calling.
    • from - String: The address the call "transaction" should be made from.
    • gas - Number (optional): The maximum gas provided for this call "transaction" (gas limit). Setting a specific value helps to detect out of gas errors. Access list response will return amount of gas used.
  2. block - String|Number|BN|BigNumber (optional): The block number or hash. Or the string "earliest", "latest" , "pending" , "safe" or "finalized" as in the :ref:`default block parameter <eth-defaultblock>`.
  3. callback - Function (optional): This callback will be fired with the result of the access list generation as the second argument, or with an error object as the first argument.

Returns

Promise returns Object: The generated access list for transaction.

{
    "accessList": [
        {
            "address": "0x00f5f5f3a25f142fafd0af24a754fafa340f32c7",
            "storageKeys": [
                "0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000"
            ]
        }
    ],
    "gasUsed": "0x644e"
}

Example

// using the callback
myContract.methods.myMethod(123).createAccessList({from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe', gas: 5000000}, function(error, accessList){
    ...
});

// using the promise
myContract.methods.myMethod(123).createAccessList({from: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe', gas: 5000000})
.then(function(accessList){
    ...
})
.catch(function(error){
    ...
});

= Events =


once

myContract.once(event[, options], callback)

Subscribes to an event and unsubscribes immediately after the first event or error. Will only fire for a single event.

Parameters

  1. event - String: The name of the event in the contract, or "allEvents" to get all events.
  2. options - Object (optional): The options used for deployment.
    • filter - Object (optional): Lets you filter events by indexed parameters, e.g. {filter: {myNumber: [12,13]}} means all events where "myNumber" is 12 or 13.
    • topics - Array (optional): This allows you to manually set the topics for the event filter. If given the filter property and event signature, (topic[0]) will not be set automatically. Each topic can also be a nested array of topics that behaves as “or” operation between the given nested topics.
  3. callback - Function: This callback will be fired for the first event as the second argument, or an error as the first argument. See :ref:`getPastEvents return values <contract-events-return>` for details about the event structure.

Returns

undefined

Example

myContract.once('MyEvent', {
    filter: {myIndexedParam: [20,23], myOtherIndexedParam: '0x123456789...'}, // Using an array means OR: e.g. 20 or 23
    fromBlock: 0
}, function(error, event){ console.log(event); });

// event output example
> {
    returnValues: {
        myIndexedParam: 20,
        myOtherIndexedParam: '0x123456789...',
        myNonIndexParam: 'My String'
    },
    raw: {
        data: '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385',
        topics: ['0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7', '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385']
    },
    event: 'MyEvent',
    signature: '0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7',
    logIndex: 0,
    transactionIndex: 0,
    transactionHash: '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385',
    blockHash: '0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7',
    blockNumber: 1234,
    address: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'
}

events

myContract.events.MyEvent([options][, callback])

Subscribe to an event.

Parameters

  1. options - Object (optional): The options used for deployment.
    • filter - Object (optional): Let you filter events by indexed parameters, e.g. {filter: {myNumber: [12,13]}} means all events where "myNumber" is 12 or 13.
    • fromBlock - Number|String|BN|BigNumber (optional): The block number (greater than or equal to) from which to get events on. Pre-defined block numbers as "earliest", "latest" , "pending" , "safe" or "finalized" can also be used. For specific range use :ref:`getPastEvents <getPastEvents>`.
    • topics - Array (optional): This allows to manually set the topics for the event filter. If given the filter property and event signature, (topic[0]) will not be set automatically. Each topic can also be a nested array of topics that behaves as “or” operation between the given nested topics.
  2. callback - Function (optional): This callback will be fired for each event as the second argument, or an error as the first argument.

Returns

EventEmitter: The event emitter has the following events:

  • "data" returns Object: Fires on each incoming event with the event object as argument.
  • "changed" returns Object: Fires on each event which was removed from the blockchain. The event will have the additional property "removed: true".
  • "error" returns Object: Fires when an error in the subscription occours.
  • "connected" returns String: Fires once after the subscription successfully connected. Returns the subscription id.

The structure of the returned event Object looks as follows:

  • event - String: The event name.
  • signature - String|Null: The event signature, null if it's an anonymous event.
  • address - String: Address this event originated from.
  • returnValues - Object: The return values coming from the event, e.g. {myVar: 1, myVar2: '0x234...'}.
  • logIndex - Number: Integer of the event index position in the block.
  • transactionIndex - Number: Integer of the transaction's index position the event was created in.
  • transactionHash 32 Bytes - String: Hash of the transaction this event was created in.
  • blockHash 32 Bytes - String: Hash of the block this event was created in. null when it's still pending.
  • blockNumber - Number: The block number this log was created in. null when still pending.
  • raw.data - String: The data containing non-indexed log parameter.
  • raw.topics - Array: An array with max 4 32 Byte topics, topic 1-3 contains indexed parameters of the event.

Example

myContract.events.MyEvent({
    filter: {myIndexedParam: [20,23], myOtherIndexedParam: '0x123456789...'}, // Using an array means OR: e.g. 20 or 23
    fromBlock: 0
}, function(error, event){ console.log(event); })
.on("connected", function(subscriptionId){
    console.log(subscriptionId);
})
.on('data', function(event){
    console.log(event); // same results as the optional callback above
})
.on('changed', function(event){
    // remove event from local database
})
.on('error', function(error, receipt) { // If the transaction was rejected by the network with a receipt, the second parameter will be the receipt.
    ...
});

// event output example
> {
    returnValues: {
        myIndexedParam: 20,
        myOtherIndexedParam: '0x123456789...',
        myNonIndexParam: 'My String'
    },
    raw: {
        data: '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385',
        topics: ['0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7', '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385']
    },
    event: 'MyEvent',
    signature: '0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7',
    logIndex: 0,
    transactionIndex: 0,
    transactionHash: '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385',
    blockHash: '0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7',
    blockNumber: 1234,
    address: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'
}

events.allEvents

myContract.events.allEvents([options][, callback])

Same as :ref:`events <contract-events>` but receives all events from this smart contract. Optionally the filter property can filter those events.


getPastEvents

myContract.getPastEvents(event[, options][, callback])

Gets past events for this contract.

Parameters

  1. event - String: The name of the event in the contract, or "allEvents" to get all events.
  2. options - Object (optional): The options used for deployment.
    • filter - Object (optional): Lets you filter events by indexed parameters, e.g. {filter: {myNumber: [12,13]}} means all events where "myNumber" is 12 or 13.
    • fromBlock - Number|String|BN|BigNumber (optional): The block number (greater than or equal to) from which to get events on. Pre-defined block numbers as "earliest", "latest" , "pending" , "safe" or "finalized" can also be used.
    • toBlock - Number|String|BN|BigNumber (optional): The block number (less than or equal to) to get events up to (Defaults to "latest"). Pre-defined block numbers as "earliest", "latest" , "pending" , "safe" or "finalized" can also be used.
    • topics - Array (optional): This allows manually setting the topics for the event filter. If given the filter property and event signature, (topic[0]) will not be set automatically. Each topic can also be a nested array of topics that behaves as “or” operation between the given nested topics.
  3. callback - Function (optional): This callback will be fired with an array of event logs as the second argument, or an error as the first argument.

Returns

Promise returns Array: An array with the past event Objects, matching the given event name and filter.

For the structure of a returned event Object see :ref:`getPastEvents return values <contract-events-return>`.

Example

myContract.getPastEvents('MyEvent', {
    filter: {myIndexedParam: [20,23], myOtherIndexedParam: '0x123456789...'}, // Using an array means OR: e.g. 20 or 23
    fromBlock: 0,
    toBlock: 'latest'
}, function(error, events){ console.log(events); })
.then(function(events){
    console.log(events) // same results as the optional callback above
});

> [{
    returnValues: {
        myIndexedParam: 20,
        myOtherIndexedParam: '0x123456789...',
        myNonIndexParam: 'My String'
    },
    raw: {
        data: '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385',
        topics: ['0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7', '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385']
    },
    event: 'MyEvent',
    signature: '0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7',
    logIndex: 0,
    transactionIndex: 0,
    transactionHash: '0x7f9fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead79fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91385',
    blockHash: '0xfd43ade1c09fade1c0d57a7af66ab4ead7c2c2eb7b11a91ffdd57a7af66ab4ead7',
    blockNumber: 1234,
    address: '0xde0B295669a9FD93d5F28D9Ec85E40f4cb697BAe'
},{
    ...
}]