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README.md

Webcom C SDK

Legorange Demo Image

The Webcom C SDK allows the C developers to easily interact with a Webcom server, such as the ones operated by the Orange Flexible Datasync service.

It is licensed under the LGPL V2.1. We appreciate contributions!

The Webcom C SDK has been successfully tested on various linux platforms, including GLibc-based ones, and musl libc ones. It was also, successfully tested on FreeBSD 11.1. If you run it on another platform, kindly let us know so that we can share the information. If you made some modifications to make it work on your platform, please consider opening a pull request so it gets integrated here.

Documentation

The doxygen documentation for the master branch is published at this address:

https://webcom-components.github.io/webcom-sdk-c/

General design

This SDK is meant to be used in a event-loop, and does not provide its own event loop.

Using an event library

An integration with libev is provided but optional. This integration takes care of all the complicated tasks, dealing with the sockets I/O events, and the various timers (keepalive packet timer, reconnect timer).

Example:

#include <webcom-c/webcom.h>
#include <webcom-c/webcom-libev.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
	wc_context_t *ctx;
	
	// get a libev event loop
	struct ev_loop *loop = EV_DEFAULT;
	
	// set a bunch of general-purpose datasync callbacks
	struct wc_eli_callbacks cb = {
			.on_connected = on_connected,
			.on_disconnected = on_disconnected,
			.on_error = on_error,
	};
    // set the connection options
	struct wc_context_options options = {
			.host = "io.datasync.orange.com",
			.port = 443,
			.app_name = "my_namespace",
	};

	// establish the connection to the webcom server, and let it integrate in
	// our libev event loop
	ctx = wc_context_create_with_libev(
			&options,
			loop,
			&cb);

    // we are going to use the datasync service
	wc_datasync_init(ctx);
	
	// ask the SDK to establish the connection to the server
	wc_datasync_connect(ctx);

	// enter the event loop
	ev_run(loop, 0);
	
	// destroy the context when the loop ends
	wc_context_destroy(ctx);

	return 0;
}

// called when the connection to the server is established
static void on_connected(wc_context_t *ctx) {
	wc_datasync_on_child_added(ctx, "/foo/bar", on_foo_bar_added);
}

// called whenever a new child node is appended to /foo/bar
int on_foo_bar_added(wc_context_t *ctx, on_handle_t handle, char *data, char *cur, char *prev) {
	printf("a new child named [%s] with value [%s] was added on path /foo/bar\n", cur, data);
	return 1;
}

(...)

Without any provided event library integration

If you don't rely on the libevent library integration, there is more to de don on your side:

  1. establish a connection to the Webcom server using wc_context_new(), pass a function pointer that will receive the "low level" events to handle,
  2. wait for WC_EVENT_*_FD events to know which file descriptors to add, remove, or modify in your select/poll/epoll set, and wait for the WC_SET_TIMER events
  3. poll that file descriptor in your event loop for write events,
  4. call the internal event dispatching methods wc_dispatch_fd_event() and wc_dispatch_timer_event() when an event occurs.

Note: The Webcom server will close any inactive connection after a 1 minute timeout. The event loop is responsible for calling wc_cnx_keepalive() periodically (e.g. every 50 seconds) to keep the connection alive.

Integrate with CMake

The SDK can be conveninently used in a CMake project using:

find_package(webcom-c)

Get the SDK

There are serveral ways of getting this SDK. The easiest one is to download a precompiled package for your distribution. If we don't provide a package for your distribution, you can build it from the sources, directly on your host, or using a dedicated docker image.

Install the pre-compiled package

Choose one package corresponding to your hardware/distribution from the Github releases tab.

Docker build images

Some Docker images have been crafted in build-images/, to build the Webcom C SDK for several distributions. If you want to build your own package of your own version of the SDK, using these images make it rather straighforward.

Build manually from Git

Build prerequisites

(Note: you can also take a look the Dockerfiles in build-images/ to get an idea of the build requirements)

On a debian-family platform (Debian >= 9, Ubuntu >= 16.04)
# apt-get install cmake gcc cmake make pkg-config libjson-c-dev libwebsockets-dev libev-dev libncurses5-dev doxygen libcurl4-openssl-dev libreadline-dev libsystemd-dev
On a RedHat-family platform (CentOS or RHEL >= 7, Fedora Core >= 24)

for CentOS 7 and RHEL 7

# yum install epel-release
# yum install cmake3

for fedora core >= 24

# yum install cmake

then

# yum install gcc make pkgconfig json-c-devel json-c-devel libwebsockets-devel openssl-devel systemd-devel libev-devel libcurl-devel readline-devel doxygen

Build process

$ git clone [this repo URL]
(...)
$ cd webcom-sdk-c/build
$ cmake ..
(use `cmake3` instead of cmake) under CentOS 7 and RHEL 7)
(...)
$ make all
(...)

It will produce libwebcom-c.so in the lib/ subdirectory, plus the examples, documentation, and the test programs.

Install

[still in the build/ folder]
$ sudo make install

Man pages / HTML documentation

The documentation is produced by doxygen (the public .h files contain the documentation). The binary packages and manual installation do install the man pages, that document the SDK API. You can also generate the documentation in HTML format (requires graphviz):

[still in the build/ folder]
$ cmake .. -DBUILD_HTML_DOCUMENTATION=ON
$ make doc
(builds the HTML doc in doc/html/)

Demos

This SDK comes with two examples: legorange and wcchat in the examples/ directory. They are the C counterparts of Legorange and WebCom Simple Chat. These demos are automatically built and installed along with the SDK, and their source code are meant to be a source of information and inspiration on how to start hacking with the SDK.

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