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"""Browser to test web applications.
(from web.py)
"""
from utils import re_compile
from net import htmlunquote
import httplib, urllib, urllib2
import copy
from StringIO import StringIO
DEBUG = False
__all__ = [
"BrowserError",
"Browser", "AppBrowser",
"AppHandler"
]
class BrowserError(Exception):
pass
class Browser:
def __init__(self):
import cookielib
self.cookiejar = cookielib.CookieJar()
self._cookie_processor = urllib2.HTTPCookieProcessor(self.cookiejar)
self.form = None
self.url = "http://0.0.0.0:8080/"
self.path = "/"
self.status = None
self.data = None
self._response = None
self._forms = None
def reset(self):
"""Clears all cookies and history."""
self.cookiejar.clear()
def build_opener(self):
"""Builds the opener using urllib2.build_opener.
Subclasses can override this function to prodive custom openers.
"""
return urllib2.build_opener()
def do_request(self, req):
if DEBUG:
print 'requesting', req.get_method(), req.get_full_url()
opener = self.build_opener()
opener.add_handler(self._cookie_processor)
try:
self._response = opener.open(req)
except urllib2.HTTPError, e:
self._response = e
self.url = self._response.geturl()
self.path = urllib2.Request(self.url).get_selector()
self.data = self._response.read()
self.status = self._response.code
self._forms = None
self.form = None
return self.get_response()
def open(self, url, data=None, headers={}):
"""Opens the specified url."""
url = urllib.basejoin(self.url, url)
req = urllib2.Request(url, data, headers)
return self.do_request(req)
def show(self):
"""Opens the current page in real web browser."""
f = open('page.html', 'w')
f.write(self.data)
f.close()
import webbrowser, os
url = 'file://' + os.path.abspath('page.html')
webbrowser.open(url)
def get_response(self):
"""Returns a copy of the current response."""
return urllib.addinfourl(StringIO(self.data), self._response.info(), self._response.geturl())
def get_soup(self):
"""Returns beautiful soup of the current document."""
import BeautifulSoup
return BeautifulSoup.BeautifulSoup(self.data)
def get_text(self, e=None):
"""Returns content of e or the current document as plain text."""
e = e or self.get_soup()
return ''.join([htmlunquote(c) for c in e.recursiveChildGenerator() if isinstance(c, unicode)])
def _get_links(self):
soup = self.get_soup()
return [a for a in soup.findAll(name='a')]
def get_links(self, text=None, text_regex=None, url=None, url_regex=None, predicate=None):
"""Returns all links in the document."""
return self._filter_links(self._get_links(),
text=text, text_regex=text_regex, url=url, url_regex=url_regex, predicate=predicate)
def follow_link(self, link=None, text=None, text_regex=None, url=None, url_regex=None, predicate=None):
if link is None:
links = self._filter_links(self.get_links(),
text=text, text_regex=text_regex, url=url, url_regex=url_regex, predicate=predicate)
link = links and links[0]
if link:
return self.open(link['href'])
else:
raise BrowserError("No link found")
def find_link(self, text=None, text_regex=None, url=None, url_regex=None, predicate=None):
links = self._filter_links(self.get_links(),
text=text, text_regex=text_regex, url=url, url_regex=url_regex, predicate=predicate)
return links and links[0] or None
def _filter_links(self, links,
text=None, text_regex=None,
url=None, url_regex=None,
predicate=None):
predicates = []
if text is not None:
predicates.append(lambda link: link.string == text)
if text_regex is not None:
predicates.append(lambda link: re_compile(text_regex).search(link.string or ''))
if url is not None:
predicates.append(lambda link: link.get('href') == url)
if url_regex is not None:
predicates.append(lambda link: re_compile(url_regex).search(link.get('href', '')))
if predicate:
predicate.append(predicate)
def f(link):
for p in predicates:
if not p(link):
return False
return True
return [link for link in links if f(link)]
def get_forms(self):
"""Returns all forms in the current document.
The returned form objects implement the ClientForm.HTMLForm interface.
"""
if self._forms is None:
import ClientForm
self._forms = ClientForm.ParseResponse(self.get_response(), backwards_compat=False)
return self._forms
def select_form(self, name=None, predicate=None, index=0):
"""Selects the specified form."""
forms = self.get_forms()
if name is not None:
forms = [f for f in forms if f.name == name]
if predicate:
forms = [f for f in forms if predicate(f)]
if forms:
self.form = forms[index]
return self.form
else:
raise BrowserError("No form selected.")
def submit(self, **kw):
"""submits the currently selected form."""
if self.form is None:
raise BrowserError("No form selected.")
req = self.form.click(**kw)
return self.do_request(req)
def __getitem__(self, key):
return self.form[key]
def __setitem__(self, key, value):
self.form[key] = value
class AppBrowser(Browser):
"""Browser interface to test web.py apps.
b = AppBrowser(app)
b.open('/')
b.follow_link(text='Login')
b.select_form(name='login')
b['username'] = 'joe'
b['password'] = 'secret'
b.submit()
assert b.path == '/'
assert 'Welcome joe' in b.get_text()
"""
def __init__(self, app):
Browser.__init__(self)
self.app = app
def build_opener(self):
return urllib2.build_opener(AppHandler(self.app))
class AppHandler(urllib2.HTTPHandler):
"""urllib2 handler to handle requests using web.py application."""
handler_order = 100
def __init__(self, app):
self.app = app
def http_open(self, req):
result = self.app.request(
localpart=req.get_selector(),
method=req.get_method(),
host=req.get_host(),
data=req.get_data(),
headers=dict(req.header_items()),
https=req.get_type() == "https"
)
return self._make_response(result, req.get_full_url())
def https_open(self, req):
return self.http_open(req)
try:
https_request = urllib2.HTTPHandler.do_request_
except AttributeError:
# for python 2.3
pass
def _make_response(self, result, url):
data = "\r\n".join(["%s: %s" % (k, v) for k, v in result.header_items])
headers = httplib.HTTPMessage(StringIO(data))
response = urllib.addinfourl(StringIO(result.data), headers, url)
code, msg = result.status.split(None, 1)
response.code, response.msg = int(code), msg
return response
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