A cross-language remote procedure call(RPC) framework for rapid development of high performance distributed services.
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README.md

Motan

License Maven Central Build Status OpenTracing-1.0 Badge Skywalking Tracing

Overview

Motan is a cross-language remote procedure call(RPC) framework for rapid development of high performance distributed services.

Motan-go is golang implementation.

Motan-PHP is PHP client can interactive with Motan server directly or through Motan-go agent.

Motan-openresty is a Lua(Luajit) implementation based on Openresty

Features

  • Create distributed services without writing extra code.
  • Provides cluster support and integrate with popular service discovery services like Consul or Zookeeper.
  • Supports advanced scheduling features like weighted load-balance, scheduling cross IDCs, etc.
  • Optimization for high load scenarios, provides high availability in production environment.
  • Supports both synchronous and asynchronous calls.
  • Support cross-language interactive with Golang, PHP, Lua(Luajit), etc.

Quick Start

The quick start gives very basic example of running client and server on the same machine. For the detailed information about using and developing Motan, please jump to Documents.

The minimum requirements to run the quick start are:

  • JDK 1.7 or above
  • A java-based project management software like Maven or Gradle

Synchronous calls

  1. Add dependencies to pom.
    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.weibo</groupId>
        <artifactId>motan-core</artifactId>
        <version>1.0.0</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.weibo</groupId>
        <artifactId>motan-transport-netty</artifactId>
        <version>1.0.0</version>
    </dependency>
    
    <!-- dependencies blow were only needed for spring-based features -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.weibo</groupId>
        <artifactId>motan-springsupport</artifactId>
        <version>1.0.0</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
        <version>4.2.4.RELEASE</version>
    </dependency>
  1. Create an interface for both service provider and consumer.

    src/main/java/quickstart/FooService.java

    package quickstart;
    
    public interface FooService {
        public String hello(String name);
    }
  2. Write an implementation, create and start RPC Server.

    src/main/java/quickstart/FooServiceImpl.java

    package quickstart;
    
    public class FooServiceImpl implements FooService {
    
    	public String hello(String name) {
            System.out.println(name + " invoked rpc service");
            return "hello " + name;
    	}
    }

    src/main/resources/motan_server.xml

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    	xmlns:motan="http://api.weibo.com/schema/motan"
    	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd
       http://api.weibo.com/schema/motan http://api.weibo.com/schema/motan.xsd">
    
        <!-- service implemention bean -->
        <bean id="serviceImpl" class="quickstart.FooServiceImpl" />
        <!-- exporting service by motan -->
        <motan:service interface="quickstart.FooService" ref="serviceImpl" export="8002" />
    </beans>

    src/main/java/quickstart/Server.java

    package quickstart;
    
    import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
    import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;
    
    public class Server {
    
        public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
            ApplicationContext applicationContext = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("classpath:motan_server.xml");
            System.out.println("server start...");
        }
    }

    Execute main function in Server will start a motan server listening on port 8002.

  3. Create and start RPC Client.

    src/main/resources/motan_client.xml

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
    xmlns:motan="http://api.weibo.com/schema/motan"
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-2.5.xsd
       http://api.weibo.com/schema/motan http://api.weibo.com/schema/motan.xsd">
    
        <!-- reference to the remote service -->
        <motan:referer id="remoteService" interface="quickstart.FooService" directUrl="localhost:8002"/>
    </beans>

    src/main/java/quickstart/Client.java

    package quickstart;
    
    import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
    import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;
    
    
    public class Client {
    
        public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
            ApplicationContext ctx = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("classpath:motan_client.xml");
            FooService service = (FooService) ctx.getBean("remoteService");
            System.out.println(service.hello("motan"));
        }
    }

    Execute main function in Client will invoke the remote service and print response.

Asynchronous calls

  1. Based on the Synchronous calls example, add @MotanAsync annotation to interface FooService.

    package quickstart;
    import com.weibo.api.motan.transport.async.MotanAsync;
    
    @MotanAsync
    public interface FooService {
        public String hello(String name);
    }
  2. Include the plugin into the POM file to set target/generated-sources/annotations/ as source folder.

    <plugin>
        <groupId>org.codehaus.mojo</groupId>
        <artifactId>build-helper-maven-plugin</artifactId>
        <version>1.10</version>
        <executions>
            <execution>
                <phase>generate-sources</phase>
                <goals>
                    <goal>add-source</goal>
                </goals>
                <configuration>
                    <sources>
                        <source>${project.build.directory}/generated-sources/annotations</source>
                    </sources>
                </configuration>
            </execution>
        </executions>
    </plugin>
  3. Modify referer's attribute interface in motan_client.xml from FooService to FooServiceAsync.

    <motan:referer id="remoteService" interface="quickstart.FooServiceAsync" directUrl="localhost:8002"/>
  4. Start asynchronous calls.

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ApplicationContext ctx = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(new String[] {"classpath:motan_client.xml"});
    
        FooServiceAsync service = (FooServiceAsync) ctx.getBean("remoteService");
    
        // sync call
        System.out.println(service.hello("motan"));
    
        // async call
        ResponseFuture future = service.helloAsync("motan async ");
        System.out.println(future.getValue());
    
        // multi call
        ResponseFuture future1 = service.helloAsync("motan async multi-1");
        ResponseFuture future2 = service.helloAsync("motan async multi-2");
        System.out.println(future1.getValue() + ", " + future2.getValue());
    
        // async with listener
        FutureListener listener = new FutureListener() {
            @Override
            public void operationComplete(Future future) throws Exception {
                System.out.println("async call "
                        + (future.isSuccess() ? "sucess! value:" + future.getValue() : "fail! exception:"
                                + future.getException().getMessage()));
            }
        };
        ResponseFuture future3 = service.helloAsync("motan async multi-1");
        ResponseFuture future4 = service.helloAsync("motan async multi-2");
        future3.addListener(listener);
        future4.addListener(listener);
    }

Documents

Contributors

License

Motan is released under the Apache License 2.0.