Wordmove is a nice little gem that lets you automatically mirror local Wordpress installations and DB data back and forth from your local development machine to the remote staging server. SSH and FTP connections are both supported.
Think of it like Capistrano for Wordpress, complete with push/pull capabilities.
- Push all WordPress, including database and uploads: http://vimeo.com/74648079
- Pull database and uploads, adapting paths and urls: http://vimeo.com/74646861
- Push only theme, transfer only modified files: http://vimeo.com/74647529
gem install wordmove
From version 1.0 we have decided to change wordmove flags' behaviour: they used to tell wordmove which options to skip, now they tell instead which options to include. In the Movefile, we have also changed all "username" fields to be just "user".
So please, be very careful when upgrading
> wordmove help Tasks: wordmove help [TASK] # Describe available tasks or one specific task wordmove init # Generates a brand new Movefile wordmove pull # Pulls WP data from remote host to the local machine wordmove push # Pushes WP data from local machine to remote host
You can configure Wordmove creating a
Movefile. That's just a YAML file with all the local and remote host infos:
local: vhost: "http://vhost.local" wordpress_path: "/home/john/sites/your_site" # use an absolute path here database: name: "database_name" user: "user" password: "password" host: "127.0.0.1" staging: vhost: "http://example.com" wordpress_path: "/var/www/your_site" # use an absolute path here database: name: "database_name" user: "user" password: "password" host: "host" # port: "3308" # Use just in case you have exotic server config exclude: - ".git/" - ".gitignore" - ".sass-cache/" - "bin/" - "tmp/*" - "Gemfile*" - "Movefile" - "wp-config.php" - "wp-content/*.sql" # paths: # you can customize wordpress internal paths # wp_content: "wp-content" # uploads: "wp-content/uploads" # plugins: "wp-content/plugins" # themes: "wp-content/themes" # languages: "wp-content/languages" # themes: "wp-content/themes" # ssh: # host: "host" # user: "user" # password: "password" # password is optional, will use public keys if available. # port: 22 # Port is optional # rsync_options: "--verbose" # Additional rsync options, optional # gateway: # Gateway is optional # host: "host" # user: "user" # password: "password" # password is optional, will use public keys if available. # ftp: # user: "user" # password: "password" # host: "host" # passive: true # scheme: "ftps" # default "ftp" # production: # multiple environments can be specified # [...]
In order for wordmove to work with SSH, you need to install
rsync on your
If you want to use your SSH public key for authentication
Just delete the
remote.ssh.password field in your
Movefile. Easy peasy.
If you want to specify SSH password on the Movefile
Please take a look at the various gotchas of the underlying
In order for wordmove to work with FTP, you need to install
lftp on your
machine. Then in the remote host section in your Movefile:
- Use the relative FTP path as
- Use the absolute FTP path as
wordpress_absolute_path(you may need to recover this from the
If you want to specify a passive FTP connection
Add to the YAML config a
passive flag set to
Problems with server's certificate
If server's certificate is not signed by a known Certificate Authority, you can disable
lftp check by adding
set ssl:verify-certificate no to your
If host name used to connect to the server does not corresponds to the host name in its certificate, you can disable
lftp check by adding
set ssl:check-hostname no to your
lftp configuration flags here.
How the heck you are able to sync the DB via FTP?
We're glad you asked! We basically upload via FTP a PHP script that performs the various
import/export operations. This script then gets executed via HTTP. Don't worry
too much about security though: the script is deleted just after the usage,
and can only be executed by
wordmove, as each time it requires a pre-shared
one-time-password to be run.
Need more tools?
Visit Wordpress Tools.
- The dump script is the
MYSQL-dumpPHP package by David Grudl;
- The import script used is the BigDump library;
(The MIT License)
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