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go-bind-plugin Build Status Coverage Status GoDoc Go Report Card Say thanks!

TL;DR: See end-to-end example in go-bind-plugin-example.

go-bind-plugin is go:generate tool for building golang 1.8 plugins and generating wrappers around exported symbols (functions and variables).

What is it?

go-bind-plugin generates neat API around symbols exported by a *.so plugin built with go build -buildmode=plugin in upcoming go 1.8. plugin.Plugin holds information about exported symbols as map[string]interface{}.

go-bind-plugins uses reflection to find out actual types of symbols and generates typed API wrapping plugin with additional functionalities (like dereferencing exported variables and checking SHA256 sum).

Note: Basic usage does not require plugin sources as wrapper can be generated using only *.so file.

Why should I use it?

In example if plugin exports func AddTwoInts(a, b int) int and var BuildVersion string instead of using Plugin.Lookup directly:

plug, err := plugin.Open("plugin.so")

if err != nil {
  panic(err)
}

symbol, err := plug.Lookup("AddTwoInts")
if err != nil {
  panic("AddTwoInts was not found in a plugin")
}

if typed, ok := symbol.(func(int, int) int); ok {
  result := typed(10, 20)
} else {
  panic("AddTwoInts has different type than exported by plugin")
}

symbol, err := plug.Lookup("BuildVersion")
if err != nil {
  panic("BuildVersion was not found in a plugin")
}

if typed, ok := symbol.(*string); ok {
  fmt.Println(*typed)
} else {
  panic("BuildVersion is not a string reference")
}

you can just simply do:

plug, err := pluginapi.BindPluginAPI("plugin.so") // plug is *plugin_api.PluginAPI

if err != nil {
  panic(err)
}

result := plug.AddTwoInts(10, 20)
fmt.Println(plug.BuildVersion) // or fmt.Println(*plug.BuildVersion) if -dereference-vars is not used

pluginapi.BindPluginAPI() ensures that plugin exports required symbols and their types are correct.

Usage

go get -u github.com/wendigo/go-bind-plugin
go-bind-plugin -help

Usage of go-bind-plugin:
  -dereference-vars
    	Dereference plugin variables
  -format
    	Format generated output file with gofmt (default true)
  -hide-vars
    	Do not export plugin variables
  -interface
    	Generate and return interface instead of struct (turns on -hide-vars)
  -output-name string
    	Output struct name (default "PluginAPI")
  -output-package string
    	Output package (can be derived from output-path) (default "main")
  -output-path string
    	Output file path (default "plugin_api.go")
  -plugin-package string
    	Plugin package url (as accepted by go get)
  -plugin-path string
    	Path to plugin (.so file)
  -rebuild
    	Rebuild plugin on every run
  -sha256
    	Write plugin's sha256 checksum to wrapper and validate it when loading it

Example

//go:generate go-bind-plugin -format -plugin-package github.com/plugin_test/plug -rebuild -sha256 -dereference-vars -output-name TestPlugin -output-path tmp/plugin.go -plugin-path tmp/plugin.so -output-package pluginapi

go-bind-plugin will do following things on invocation:

  • build plugin to tmp/plugin.so (even if plugin exists it will be rebuilded) from github.com/plugin_test/plug source (must exist in $GOPATH or vendor/)
  • generate wrapper struct wrapper.TestPlugin in tmp/plugin.go
  • dereference variables in the generated wrapper
  • format generated wrapper with gofmt -s -w
  • write sha256 checksum to tmp/plugin.go that will be checked when loading plugin with pluginapi.BindTestPlugin(path string) (*TestPlugin, error)

Wrapper API example (for -output-name "PluginAPI")

BindPluginAPI(path string) (*PluginAPI, error) - loads plugin from path and wraps it with type PluginAPI struct:

  • all functions exported by the plugin are exposed as methods on struct PluginAPI
  • all variables exported by the plugin are exposed as fields on struct PluginAPI (if -dereference-vars is used fields are not references to plugin's variables)

func (*PluginAPI) String() string - provides nice textual representation of the wrapper

Wrapper as interface

When -interface is used instead of generating and returning struct interface containing all exported symbols is generated. This eases mocking and working with multiple plugins exporting the same API.

Note that -interface effectively enables -hide-vars so variables won't be exported from the plugin.

Generated code quality

Generated code passes both go vet and golint and can be formatted using gofmt -s -w. Exported symbols names are not changed in any way so names not following go naming convention will still be reported by golint as invalid.

Example generated wrapper information

Wrapper info:
	- Generated on: 2016-11-08 16:15:07.513150982 +0100 CET
	- Command: go-bind-plugin -plugin-path ./internal/test_fixtures/generated/basic_plugin/plugin.so -plugin-package ./internal/test_fixtures/basic_plugin -output-name TestWrapper -output-path ./internal/test_fixtures/generated/basic_plugin/plugin.go -output-package main -sha256 true -format true -rebuild true

Plugin info:
	- package: github.com/wendigo/go-bind-plugin/internal/test_fixtures/basic_plugin
	- sha256 sum: 55aa13402686f3200f5067604c04ce8d365e7cf2095d8278b2ff52ae26df7e6d
	- size: 1232572 bytes

Exported functions (3):
	- ReturningInt32 func() (int32)
	- ReturningStringSlice func() ([]string)
	- ReturningIntArray func() ([3]int32)

Plugin call overhead

Using -buildmode=plugin with generated wrapper seems not to add overhead when calling methods on a wrapper (creating plugin instance and loading *.so file is constant cost).

BenchmarkCallOverhead/plugin-8         	30000000	        58.0 ns/op	       0 B/op	       0 allocs/op
BenchmarkCallOverhead/plugin-8         	30000000	        59.3 ns/op	       0 B/op	       0 allocs/op
BenchmarkCallOverhead/plugin-8         	30000000	        54.8 ns/op	       0 B/op	       0 allocs/op
BenchmarkCallOverhead/native-8         	20000000	        59.3 ns/op	       0 B/op	       0 allocs/op
BenchmarkCallOverhead/native-8         	20000000	        59.8 ns/op	       0 B/op	       0 allocs/op
BenchmarkCallOverhead/native-8         	20000000	        59.7 ns/op	       0 B/op	       0 allocs/op

About

go-bind-plugin generates API for exported plugin symbols (-buildmode=plugin) - go1.8+ only (http://golang.org/pkg/plugin)

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