Simple 8 port logic sniffer written in Verilog for the Lattice MachXO2 Breakout Board.
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Simple Logic Sniffer for Lattice MachXO2 Breakout Board

09.06.2015 Stefan Wendler

This project provides a very simple 8 port logic sniffer written in Verilog for the Lattice MachXO2 Breakout Board. Currently also a simple Python API is available to control the logic sniffer through its on board USB port.

The main features of the logic sniffer ar so far:

  • 8 input ports
  • up to 48MHz sampling rate
  • 16KB sample buffer (using FPGA EBR)
  • serial interface through on board FTDI for control at 921600 Baud
  • support for simple trigger masks
  • configurable sample cock

The Python API supports the following:

  • configure sample clock (48MHz to 800Hz)
  • configure trigger
  • start sampling (with or without trigger) and download samples
  • write raw samples
  • write samples in VCD (value change definition) for use with GTKWave
  • write samples in Sigrok format vor use with Pulseview

Project Directory Layout

The top-level directory structure of the project looks something like this:

  • This README
  • LICENSE The license which applies to the sources of this project (if nothing else is stated in the source files itself!)
  • api APIs to access the LogicSniffer, currently only the beginning of a Python API
  • logic Verilog code for the FPGA


To build and run the Logic:

To use the Python API:

Build the Logic for the MachXO2

Open sniffer.ldf from the logic subdirectory in Diamond. On the left side swich to "Process" tab, right klick "JEDEC File/Rerun All".
Then flash it to the FPGA by starting the programmer (Tools/Programmer).

Using the Python API

The API currently is poorly documented. Some example usage could be found in api/python/LogicSniffer.pyat the end.

To sample without trigger and save the samples as VCD, the following could be done:

from LogicSniffer import *

# we use the UART IO driver to the Lattice
rio = RegIoUartDriver('/dev/ttyUSB1')

# and we need the low-level sniffer driver ...
lsd = LogicSnifferDriver(rio)

# ... to build the logic sniffer high-level interface
lsn = LogicSniffer(lsd)

# begin sampling 

# write samples to VCD file which could be opend e.g. in GTKWave

Or sample at 10KHz and trigger sampling as soon as port 0 goes to high, write Sigrok file:

from LogicSniffer import *

rio = RegIoUartDriver('/dev/ttyUSB1')
lsd = LogicSnifferDriver(rio)
lsn = LogicSniffer(lsd)

# set sample clock
lsn.sample_clock = 10 * KHz

# set trigger (first param is the mask, second the value)
lsn.trigger = (0x01, 0x01)

# begin sampling on trigger

# write samples to Sigrok file which could be opend e.g. in Pulseview