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A generic design document template for documenting Micro services.


Author: **


What is the goal of the service? What is the problem statement?

If there are any product specification documents, link them to appendix.

Potential Solutions

Section should include alternative implementations/solutions

*Document all the Spikes done to evaluate potential solutions. *

*Should start documenting what was done prior to the spike, what are the specific problems and what kind of solution do we value. *

*Is it feasible? If the time runs out, “we don’t know yet” is a perfectly acceptable answer to “is it feasible?”. Document what you tried or learned so any other team member could continue if it is decided to resume the spike. *

*How much effort does it need for each approach? Pro’s and con’s of each approach. The goal of a spike would be to produce knowledge, document results and to reduce uncertainty. *

*Document what were your alternatives, why you made the decision and how that will affect (positively and potentially negatively) the team and the project. *

Knowledge produced and documented as a result of Spike should be enough for the product owner to create the stories to do the real work and help the development team to estimate it.


Clearly document any assumptions you are making to define clear scope of the deliverable.

Constraints / Limitations

List of all the things that this system is NOT intended to do or can not do.

System Design and Architecture

System diagram or flowchart

Interaction diagram of various inputs, outputs, sub systems and dependencies.

Terminology and components

Nobody likes abbriviations, list of all the key terms and abbriviations

Hard and soft dependencies

What will be the impact on the system if these dependencies go down?

Algorithm or Pseudo code for main components

Describe your logic in this section

Service guarantees that you expect

ACID requirements, Fault tolerance and recovery. If something goes wrong, will the service be able to auto recover or the recovery process has to be manual.

Data definition, schema design and Persistence requirements

Describe your data model and entity relationships

Caching requirements

What are you planning to cache? What will be size of cache? For how long?

Capacity planning

how much data will service generate, retention policy, sharding

Performance requirements

expected throughput and SLA. How you came up with these numbers?


Any PII / PCI data being handled by service?

Multi region story

Any special requirements your service needs to achieve HA must be listed here. E.g. By default, BigTable doesn’t replicate data across zones or regions. If you are using that to store data, explain how will you handle zone outages..

API / gRPC Endpoints

Instructions for documenting gRPC methods and services

Rollout Plan

  • Define the roll out phases
  • A/B tests that you plan to do as part of rollout
  • Data migration

Test Plan

How are you planning to test the service? How will you test the dependencies? Will you be creating the mocks for dependencies or using a sandbox environment? How are you planning to run load and performance tests ?


  • References, links to additional documentation (E.g. Product specification or Business requirements with acceptance criteria )

Review Sign-Off

Internal Review

  • Team lead/manager: *Sign-off by *
  • Sponsor: *Sign-off by *

Target sign-off: no late than 2 weeks from date of submission - format MM/DD/YYYY (WWW).

** **

**[Sign-off Completed on] **


A generic design document template for documenting Micro services.






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