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README.rdoc

ActiveRecord::MultiConditions

MultiConditions is a simple ActiveRecord plugin for storing ActiveRecord query conditions and make complex queries painless.

Overview

This plugin doesn't replace ActiveRecord#with_scope method, nor the basic :condition usage but extends it with the ability of storing illimitate conditions in multiple step.

conditions = MultiConditions.new
# ... do some elaboration
conditions.append_condition(['active = ? AND query LIKE ?', true, '%foo']
# ... other elaboration
conditions.append_condition(['name = ?', 'aname']

conditions.to_conditions
# => "active = true AND query LIKE '%foo' AND name = 'aname'"

Dependencies

  • Ruby 1.8.6

  • ActiveRecord 2.0 (or greater)

If you want to run the test suite:

  • sqlite3-ruby

Source

MultiConditions source code is managed via GIT and hosted at GitHub: github.com/weppos/activerecord-multiconditions/.

Download and Installation

Installing ActiveRecord MultiConditions as a GEM is probably the best and easiest way. You must have RubyGems installed for the following instruction to work:

$ sudo gem install activerecord-multiconditions

To install the library manually grab the source code from the website, navigate to the root library directory and enter:

$ sudo ruby setup.rb

If you need the latest development version you can download the source code from the GIT repositories listed above. Beware that the code might not as stable as the official release.

Usage

First, don't forget to require the library.

gem 'activerecord-multiconditions'
require 'multi_conditions'

Now MultiConditions object is automatically available as subclass of any ActiveRecord object.

class Task < ActiveRecord::Base; end

multiconditions = Task::Multiconditions.new
# => new instance

Create a new instance

As stated by the Important section above, you first need a valid ActiveRecord model to create a MultiConditions instance. Because MultiConditions helps you to deal with ActiveRecord queries, it's easy to understand why you MUST establish a valid database connection and have at least one table (mapped with a Model) to query.

If you use ActiveRecord from Rails, this is just a matter of creating a new Model.

# create the Task model
class Task < ActiveRecord::Base
end

Now MultiConditions is automatically available within your Task namespace. You can use it in whatever class method, for example:

class Task < ActiveRecord::Base

  def complex_search()
    c = MultiConditions.new(:foo => 'bar')
    Task.find(:all, c.to_conditions)
  end

end

But you can also create a new instance from an other library, class or model. Just remember to initialize MultiConditions from its own namespace.

class Foo
  class << self
    def my_cool_conditions
      Task::MultiConditions.new(:foo => 1).to_conditions
    end
  end
end

Foo.my_cool_conditions
# => 'foo = 1'

Appending conditions

You can append new conditions calling

  • #append_condition

  • #prepend_condition

and passing the conditions you want to append or prepend. See Condition Types section to lean more about supported objects.

conditions = MultiConditions.new
conditions.append_condition(['active = ? AND query LIKE ?', true, '%foo']
conditions.prepend_condition(['name = ?', 'aname']

conditions.to_conditions
# => "name = 'aname' AND active = true AND query LIKE '%foo'"

Condition types

The MultiConditions object accepts any type of conditions supported by ActiveRecord, including Strings, Arrays and Hashes, and merges them alltogether just before sending the final :condition value to ActiveRecord search method.

conditions = MultiConditions.new
conditions.append_conditions(:foo => 1, :bar => 2)
conditions.append_conditions('active = 1')
conditions.append_conditions(['name LIKE ?', '%foo'])

conditions.to_conditions
# => 'foo = 1 AND :bar = 2 AND active = 1 AND name LIKE '%foo'

See ActiveRecord::Base#find documentation for more conditions examples.

Important

Once loaded, this library become part of ActiveRecord package and creates its own namespace at ActiveRecord::Base::MultiConditions.

require 'multi_conditions'

For various reason, you cannot initialize a new ActiveRecord::Base::MultiConditions but you MUST initialize a MultiConditions instance from a Model.

# The wrong way
# raises Message: <"undefined method `abstract_class?' for Object:Class">
ActiveRecord::Base::MultiConditions.new

# The right way
class Model < ActiveRecord::Base

  def a_method()
    c = MultiConditions.new
    find(:all, :conditions => c.to_conditions)
  end

end

Author

If you like this software, please recommend me at Working with Rails.

Website and Project Home

FeedBack and Bug reports

Feel free to email Simone Carletti with any questions or feedback.

Please submit your bug reports to the Redmine installation for MultiConditions available at code.simonecarletti.com/activerecord-multiconditions.

Changelog

See CHANGELOG file.

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