This bash script sends incremental snapshots to another drive for backing up data. Plug in and mount any btrfs-formatted device you want your system to be backed up to (like a USB drive). When you run the script you will be prompted to select a mounted btrfs device, or you can optionally select the disk using its UUID on the command line.
The script iterates through all snapper configurations by default (this can be
changed using the
-c flag). For each configuration it creates a new local
snapshot. If you have never synced to the specified device you will be prompted
to enter a directory on the device where the backup snapshots will go.
Additionally you are shown the location of the backed up snapshot. If you have
performed a backup to this device before, only the changes since the last backup
have to be sent.
snapper is required.
# make install
If your system uses a non-default location for the snapper
configuration file, specify it on the command line with
SNAPPER_CONFIG. For example, for Arch Linux use:
# make SNAPPER_CONFIG=/etc/conf.d/snapper install
The package is also available in the AUR.
Usage: snap-sync [options] Options: -d, --description <desc> Change the snapper description. Default: "latest incremental backup" -c, --config <config> Specify the snapper configuration to use. Otherwise will perform for each snapper configuration. Can list multiple configurations within quotes, space-separated (e.g. -c "root home"). -n, --noconfirm Do not ask for confirmation for each configuration. Will still prompt for backup directory name on first backup -u, --UUID <UUID> Specify the UUID of the mounted BTRFS subvolume to back up to. Otherwise will prompt. If multiple mount points are found with the same UUID, will prompt user. -s, --subvolid <subvlid> Specify the subvolume id of the mounted BTRFS subvolume to back up to. Defaults to 5. -r, --remote <address> Send the snapshot backup to a remote machine. The snapshot will be sent via ssh. You should specify the remote machine's hostname or ip address. The 'root' user must be permitted to login on the remote machine. -p, --port <port> The remote port.
When you run
snap-sync you will be prompted to choose a disk to back up to.
The first time you run
snap-sync for a particular disk (new UUID) you will be
prompted to choose a backup location on that disk. If the directory you specify
does not exist, it will be created.
Example command line usage
# snap-sync Select a mounted BTRFS device on your local machine to backup to. 1) /mnt (uuid=7360922b-c916-4d9f-a670-67fe0b91143c, subvolid=5) 0) Exit Enter a number: 1 You selected the disk with UUID 7360922b-c916-4d9f-a670-67fe0b91143c, subovolid=5. The disk is mounted at /mnt. Initial configuration... Creating new snapshot for home... Will backup /home/.snapshots/4196/snapshot to /mnt/acer-c720/home/4196//snapshot Continue with backup [Y/n]? Creating new snapshot for root... Will backup //.snapshots/8455/snapshot to /mnt/acer-c720/root/8455//snapshot Continue with backup [Y/n]? Performing backups... Sending incremental snapshot for home... At subvol /home/.snapshots/4196/snapshot At snapshot snapshot Modifying data for old snapshot for home... Tagging new snapshot as latest backup for home... Sending incremental snapshot for root... At subvol //.snapshots/8455/snapshot At snapshot snapshot Modifying data for old snapshot for root... Tagging new snapshot as latest backup for root... Done!
The related snapshots from this on the local machine are for
single | 4196 | | Sat 11 Nov 2017 01:37:44 PM EST | root | | latest incremental backup | backupdir=acer-c720, subvolid=5, uuid=7360922b-c916-4d9f-a670-67fe0b91143c
single | 8455 | | Sat 11 Nov 2017 01:37:46 PM EST | root | | latest incremental backup | backupdir=acer-c720, subvolid=5, uuid=7360922b-c916-4d9f-a670-67fe0b91143c
As you can see the userdata column for snapper is used to keep track of these snapshots for the next time the script is run so that only the changes will need to be sent.
With UUID and subvolid specified and no confirmations
# snap-sync --UUID 7360922b-c916-4d9f-a670-67fe0b91143c --subvolid 5 --noconfirm You selected the disk with UUID 7360922b-c916-4d9f-a670-67fe0b91143c, subovolid=5. The disk is mounted at /mnt. Initial configuration... Creating new snapshot for home... Will backup /home/.snapshots/4197/snapshot to /mnt/acer-c720/home/4197//snapshot Creating new snapshot for root... Will backup //.snapshots/8456/snapshot to /mnt/acer-c720/root/8456//snapshot Performing backups... Sending incremental snapshot for home... At subvol /home/.snapshots/4197/snapshot At snapshot snapshot Modifying data for old snapshot for home... Tagging new snapshot as latest backup for home... Sending incremental snapshot for root... At subvol //.snapshots/8456/snapshot At snapshot snapshot Modifying data for old snapshot for root... Tagging new snapshot as latest backup for root... Done!
[Unit] Description=Run snap-sync backup [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target [Service] Type=simple ExecStart=/usr/bin/snap-sync --UUID 7360922b-c916-4d9f-a670-67fe0b91143c --subvolid 5 --noconfirm
[Unit] Description=Run snap-sync weekly [Timer] OnCalendar=weekly AccuracySec=12h Persistent=true [Install] WantedBy=timers.target
Help wanted! Feel free to fork and issue a pull request to add features or tackle an open issue.
snap-sync Copyright (C) 2016-2018, Wes Barnett This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
LICENSE for more information.
See @rzerres's fork which has several enhancments.